• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sal-like 1 Gene

Search Result 3, Processing Time 0.034 seconds

Generation of Fibroblasts Lacking the Sal-like 1 Gene by Using Transcription Activator-like Effector Nuclease-mediated Homologous Recombination

  • Kim, Se Eun;Kim, Ji Woo;Kim, Yeong Ji;Kwon, Deug-Nam;Kim, Jin-Hoi;Kang, Man-Jong
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.29 no.4
    • /
    • pp.564-570
    • /
    • 2016
  • The Sal-like 1 gene (Sall1) is essential for kidney development, and mutations in this gene result in abnormalities in the kidneys. Mice lacking Sall1 show agenesis or severe dysgenesis of the kidneys. In a recent study, blastocyst complementation was used to develop mice and pigs with exogenic organs. In the present study, transcription activator-like effector nuclease (TALEN)-mediated homologous recombination was used to produce Sall1-knockout porcine fibroblasts for developing knockout pigs. The vector targeting the Sall1 locus included a 5.5-kb 5' arm, 1.8-kb 3' arm, and a neomycin resistance gene as a positive selection marker. The knockout vector and TALEN were introduced into porcine fibroblasts by electroporation. Antibiotic selection was performed over 11 days by using $300{\mu}g/mL$ G418. DNA of cells from G418-resistant colonies was amplified using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to confirm the presence of fragments corresponding to the 3' and 5' arms of Sall1. Further, mono- and bi-allelic knockout cells were isolated and analyzed using PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism. The results of our study indicated that TALEN-mediated homologous recombination induced bi-allelic knockout of the endogenous gene.

Cloning of hadA-like Sigma Factor Gene from Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) (Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2)에서 hrdA유사 Sigma 인자 유전자의 클로닝)

  • Hahn, Ji-Sook;Cho, Eun-Jung;Roe, Jung-Hye
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
    • /
    • v.32 no.4
    • /
    • pp.264-270
    • /
    • 1994
  • A gene coding for a novel putative $\sigma$ factor of RNA polymerase has been identified from Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) using Escherichia coli rpoS gene fragment as a probe. The 486 bp rpoS gene fragment was amplified from E. coli genomic DNA by PCR with two synthetic oligonucleotides, the sequences of which were deduced from the amino acid sequences in the regions 2.3 and 4.2 conserved among various bacterial factors. When E. coli genomic DNA fragments were hybridized with cloned rpoS probe, only one band corresponding to rpoS gene (3.2 kb PvuII fragment or 2.3 kb KpnI fragment) was detected. In S. coelicolor, however, two bands were detected both in PvuII digested DNA and SalI digested DNA. 3.5 kb PvuII fragment which binds the rpoS gene probe was cloned (pMS1) from the sublibrary, and the nucleotide sequences of 1.0 kb BamH'/HincII subclone (pBH2) was partially determined. The nucleotide sequences revealed extensive similarity to other $\sigma$ factor genes of S. coelicolor (hrdA, hrdB, hrdC, hrdD), S. aureofaciens (hrdA, hrdB, hrdC, hrdD), Synechococcus species, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Stigmatella aurantiaca, and Anabaena species. The nucleotide sequences in regions 1.2 and 4 were compared with the corresponding regions of 5 known ${\sigma}$ factor genes of S. coelicolor by multiple alignment. It turned out that the cloned gene is most closely related to hrdA showing 88% amino acid similarity in region 1.2 and 75% in region 4.

  • PDF

Investigation of functional roles of transcription termination factor-1 (TTF-I) in HIV-1 replication

  • Park, Seong-Hyun;Yu, Kyung-Lee;Jung, Yu-Mi;Lee, Seong-Deok;Kim, Min-Jeong;You, Ji-Chang
    • BMB Reports
    • /
    • v.51 no.7
    • /
    • pp.338-343
    • /
    • 2018
  • Transcription termination factor-1 (TTF-I) is an RNA polymerase 1-mediated transcription terminator and consisting of a C-terminal DNA-binding domain, central domain, and N-terminal regulatory domain. This protein binds to a so-called 'Sal box' composed of an 11-base pair motif. The interaction of TTF-I with the 'Sal box' is important for many cellular events, including efficient termination of RNA polymerase-1 activity involved in pre-rRNA synthesis and formation of a chromatin loop. To further understand the role of TTF-I in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-I virus production, we generated various TTF-I mutant forms. Through a series of studies of the over-expression of TTF-I and its derivatives along with co-transfection with either proviral DNA or HIV-I long terminal repeat (LTR)-driven reporter vectors, we determined that wild-type TTF-I downregulates HIV-I LTR activity and virus production, while the TTF-I Myb-like domain alone upregulated virus production, suggesting that wild-type TTF-I inhibits virus production and trans-activation of the LTR sequence; the Myb-like domain of TTF-I increased virus production and trans-activated LTR activity.