• Title, Summary, Keyword: Safety culture

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Development of A New Methodology for Evaluating Nuclear Safety Culture (원자력 안전문화의 정량화 방법론 개발)

  • Jae, Moosung;Han, Kiyoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.174-180
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    • 2015
  • This study developed a Safety Culture Impact Assessment Model (SCIAM) which consists of a safety culture assessment methodology and a safety culture impact quantification methodology. The SCIAM uses safety culture impact index (SCII) to monitor the status of safety culture of the NPPs periodically and it uses relative core damage frequency (RCDF) to present the impact of safety culture on the safety of the NPPs. As a result of applying SCIAM to the reference plant (Kori 3), the standard for the healthy safety culture of the reference plant is suggested. SCIAM might contribute to improve the safety of the NPPs (Nuclear Power Plants) by monitoring the status of safety culture periodically and presenting the standard of healthy safety culture.

Regulatory Oversight of Nuclear Safety Culture and the Validation Study on the Oversight Model Components

  • Choi, Young Sung;Jung, Su Jin;Chung, Yun Hyung
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.263-275
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    • 2016
  • Objective: This paper introduces the regulatory oversight approaches and issues to consider in the course of safety culture oversight model development in the nuclear field. Common understanding on regulatory oversight and present practices of international communities are briefly reviewed. The nuclear safety culture oversight model of Korea is explained focusing on the development of safety culture definition and components, and their basic meanings. Oversight components are identified to represent the multiple human and organizational elements which can affect and reinforce elements of defense in depth system for nuclear safety. Result of validation study on safety culture components is briefly introduced too. Finally, the results of the application of the model are presented to show its effectiveness and feasibility. Background: The oversight of nuclear licensee's safety culture has been an important regulatory issue in the international community of nuclear safety regulation. Concurrent with the significant events that started to occur in the early 2000s and that had implications about safety culture of the operating organizations, it has been natural for regulators to pay attention to appropriate methods and even philosophy for intervening the licensee's safety culture. Although safety culture has been emphasized for last 30 years as a prerequisite to ensure high level of nuclear safety, it has not been of regulatory scope and has a unique dilemma between external oversight and the voluntary nature of culture. Safety culture oversight is a new regulatory challenge that needs to be approached taking into consideration of the uncontrollable aspects of cultural changes and the impacts on licensee's safety culture. Although researchers and industrial practitioners still struggle with measuring, evaluating, managing and changing safety culture, it was recognized that efforts to observe and influence licensees' safety culture should not be delayed. Method: Safety culture components which regulatory oversight will have to focus on are developed by benchmarking the concept of physical barriers and introducing the defense in depth philosophy into organizational system. Therefore, this paper begins with review of international regulatory oversight approaches and issues associated with the regulatory oversight of safety culture, followed by the development of oversight model. The validity of the model was verified by statistical analysis with the survey result obtained from survey administration to NPP employees in Korea. The developed safety culture oversight model and components were used in the "safety culture inspection" activities of the Korean regulatory body. Results: The developed safety culture model was confirmed to be valid in terms of content, construct and criterion validity. And the actual applicability in the nuclear operating organization was verified after series of pilot "safety culture inspection" activities. Conclusion: The application of the nuclear safety culture oversight model to operating organization of NPPs showed promising results for regulatory tools required for the organizations to improve their safety culture. Application: The developed oversight model and components might be used in the inspection activities and regulatory oversight of NPP operating organization's safety culture.

Effectiveness Verification of KHNP Safety Culture Principles and Assessment (한수원 안전문화 원칙 및 평가 유효성 검증)

  • Hur, Nam Young;Kim, Young Gab;Song, Tae-Young
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Pressure Vessels and Piping
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.25-30
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    • 2014
  • Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power Co.,LTD(KHNP) was strongly interested in promotion of employee's Safety Culture because it is needed to change the recognition of Safety Culture after the Fukushima accident and Kori-1 blackout event. So, KHNP developed the KHNP Safety Culture Definition, Principles and Attributes and shared them with all employees. By using them, Safety Culture Assessment for a site plant employees was carried out. Through the pilot Safety Culture Assessment in 2012, In 2013, it was expanded to 6 plants and various improvements had been obtained from that. KHNP has been developing a variety of training materials, Safety Culture posters, videos which was designed to give lessons about safety culture with a variety of event cases. And keep trying to form Safety Culture Circumstances In this study, statistic methods are used to verify the effectiveness of KHNP Safety Culture Principles and Safety Culture Assessment.

Measuring Safety Culture to Promote Aviation Safety Culture

  • Kim, Dae Ho;Choi, Jeong Yeol
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.111-123
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The objective of this research is to study preceding literature on safety culture surveying tools and indicators used in aviation organizations to help the further understanding of aviation safety culture by presenting Korea-Safety Culture Survey Indicator (K-SCSI) as a relevant case. Background: The aviation field puts a great deal of effort in preventive safety management through the application of Safety Management System (SMS), which was co-developed by international aviation organizations such as ICAO and FAA. To successfully operate safety management system, safety culture factors such as the organization member's level of consciousness, attitude and faith regarding safety must be put together. However, the aviation field currently lacks programs to promote safety culture and the exact understanding of some safety culture concepts. Method: This research inquired into the definition of safety culture in the aviation field and the surveying tools used to measure it. It then described the development and application process of the Korea-Safety Culture Survey Indicator (K-SCSI) mainly focusing on case studies. Results: In this research are presented safety culture promoting programs that can be applied to subordinate indicators of K-SCSI such as organization commitment, management involvement, rationality of reward system, employee empowerment and reporting system. Conclusion: For a mature safety culture to settle successfully, it is essential that safety culture survey indicators are developed and applied in a way that fits the organization's features. Also, behavior measuring indicators are required to develop a more objective indicator and thus must be standardized. Application: Cases that deal with the development and application of safety culture measuring tools within the aviation field can be studied and applied in other domains to spread safety culture.

Research about Researcher's Safety Ethnic Level and Improvement Extent of Safety Culture, Based on Organizational Safety Efforts (조직의 안전행동에 따른 연구원의 안전의식 수준 및 안전문화 향상정도에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Su Kyung;Park, Chang Bok;Yoon, Yeo Song
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.123-134
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    • 2015
  • This study was conducted with the following three study objectives. First, effects of safety awareness level of lab researchers to the improvement of safety culture in the organization Second, effects of organizational safety behaviors to the improvement of safety culture Third, test of mediating effects of organizational safety behaviors in the relationship between safety awareness level and the improvement of safety culture. The results show that organizational safety behavior is an indispensable factor for the improvement level of safety culture. Especially, the factors in safety training activities, safety compliance and management system are mediating variables which affect the safety awareness level and improvement level of safety culture, which shows these variables are very important factors in reducing safety accidents through the improvement of safety culture. Therefore, safety behaviors in the organization should be considered with priority. If the organization leads to improve safety awareness through regular safety training and rewards and punishes according to the test results, safety awareness could be improved. This study was conducted to identify the necessary factors to improve the overall safety culture in the organization and contribute to the diffusion of safety culture by improving the safety training awareness of the researchers.

A Study on the Characteristics of Safety Culture by Workplace Size and Work Type in the Group Company (동일업종 그룹 계열사의 사업장 규모 및 작업형태별 안전문화 특성연구)

  • Kwon, Hyo Seung;Lee, Keun-Oh
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.125-130
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    • 2017
  • The government operates autonomous safety management activities in the regulated safety management in order to prevent industrial accidents. On the other side, companies are promoting safety management in the workplace, such as improving the safety level of the safety system, but the major reason for the accidents is safety ignorance in the event of big accidents. This study aims to improve the safety culture level by analyzing the difference in safety culture among six workplace sites in the manufacture of food products and drawing the improvement point. The main result is as follows. In order to enhance the safety level of the safety system, it is necessary to minimize the number of systems to be implemented, and to strengthen the small safety management activities that workers participate directly in the workforce, and the incentive policy for the promotion of the safety management activities should be coordinated by each group. Due to the high proportion of female workers, the proportion of female workers should be encouraged to actively participate in the safety of women, thereby improving safety culture levels and improving safety awareness through customized safety education. By learning work procedures through theory and practice, the level of safety culture should be increased. Employees voluntary safety participation activities should increase the level of mutual safety culture. Depending on spontaneous safety participation activities, one should promote safety culture enhancement activities by enhancing the safety level of the safety culture and enhance safety culture through safety awareness, and promote safety culture and procedures for improving safety culture.

A Study on Degree of Perception Changes of Korean National Carriers' Pilots in Safety Culture (국적항공사 조종사들의 항공안전문화 인식도 변화에 대한 연구)

  • Moon, Bong-Sub;Kim, Ki-Woong;Choi, Youn-Chul
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.88-93
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    • 2015
  • Among other various aspects of safety culture, this research has considered safety culture from the view of aviation. A tool to examine aviation safety culture has been developed on the basis of Global Aviation Safety Network's safety culture survey. Using this tool, the degree of perception of Korean national carriers' pilots in safety culture has been examined three times for the period from 2002 to 2015. Compared to an initial result of the survey in 2002, results in 2008 and 2015 demonstrate that safety culture among pilots has rapidly changed from negative and bureaucratic to positive. Hence, it is expected that positive index of safety culture will increase 28% (total approximate 90%) in 2020.

Suggestions for More Reliable Measurement of Korean Nuclear Power Industry Safety Culture

  • Lee, Dhong Ha
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.75-84
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The aim of this study is to suggest some improvement ideas based on the validity and the reliability analyses of the current safety culture measurement method applied to the Korean nuclear power industry. Background: Wrong safety culture is known as one of the major causes of the disasters such as the space shuttle Columbia disaster or the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant accident. Assessment of safety culture of an organization is important to build a safer organizational environment as well as to identify the risks hidden in the organization. Method: A face validity of the current safety culture measurement method was analyzed by comparison of the key factors of safety culture in the Korean nuclear power industry with those factors reviewed in the previous studies. The current interview method was analyzed to identify the problems which degrade the consistency of evaluation. Results: Most safety culture factors reviewed in the literatures are covered in the list of the Korean nuclear power industry safety culture factors. However the unstructured questions used in the interview may result in inconsistency of safety culture evaluation among interviewers. Conclusion: This study suggests some examples which might improve the consistency of interviewers' evaluation on safety culture such as a post interview evaluation form. Application: An extended post interview evaluation form might help to increase the accuracy of the interviewing method for Korean nuclear industry safety culture evaluation.

A Study on the Effect of Safety culture on safety in railway industry (철도산업에서 Safety culture 가 Safety에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Heo, Eun-Mee;Kim, Sa-Kil;Byun, Seong-Nam
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1783-1786
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze human safety culture of the railway driver in domestic railway industry. This study proposes safety culture improvement of domestic railway by intensively comparing railway safety system overseas to reinforce domestic railway safety. Domestic railways well known the well-organized railway safety culture has brought up safety issues on their process of private management. With this process, also, domestic safety culture is requested by increasing sense of the safety for general public. This study expects Korean railways to become a well-organized that as removing insecure factors of domestic railway based on result comparing and analyzing the manual, factors and requirements of guideline for internal and external safety culture.

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A Study on the Perception of Safety Program (안전프로그램(Safety Program) 및 안전문화(Safety Culture)에 대한 조사)

  • Gil, Ho Seong;Lee, Hak Bong;Song, Byung Heum
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.82-89
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    • 2019
  • There are many ways to identify airline's perception of the safety program and safety culture. In particular, various studies are under way to measure airline safety culture and safety awareness of airline employees. Often, survey methods are used a lot, but there is a limit to understanding the complex and diverse aviation culture through surveys alone. Nevertheless, the Air Safety Management System (SMS) of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) emphasizes the importance of safety surveys as a means of ensuring awareness of safety culture. The safety surveys is effective in identifying and providing awareness of the relationship between employees and the Air Safety Program (SMS, Safety Management and Safety Culture aspects). In this study, we conducted a survey of Z Airlines flight attendants and cabin crew to compare their perception of safety programs and culture, and based on this survey, we would like to compare and analyze simple safety culture measurements and safety awareness.