• Title, Summary, Keyword: SWIR band

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How is SWIR useful to discrimination and a classification of forest types?

  • Murakami, Takuhiko
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.760-762
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    • 2003
  • This study confirmed the usefulness of short-wavelength infrared (SWIR) in the discrimination and classification of evergreen forest types. A forested area near Hisayama and Sasaguri in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan, served as the study area. Warm-temperate forest vegetation dominates the study site vegetation. Coniferous plantation forest, natural broad-leaved forest, and bamboo forest were analyzed using LANDSAT5/TM and SPOT4/HRVIR remote sensing data. Samples were extracted for the three forest types, and reflectance factors were compared for each band. Kappa coefficients of various band combinations were also compared by classification accuracy. For the LANDSAT5/TM data observed in April, October, and November, Bands 5 and 7 showed significant differences between bamboo, broad-leaved, and coniferous forests. The same significant difference was not recognized in the visible or near-infrared regions. Classification accuracy, determined by supervised classification, indicated distinct improvements in band combinations with SWIR, as compared to those without SWIR. Similar results were found for both LANDSAT5/TM and SPOT4/HRVIR data. This study identified obvious advantages in using SWIR data in forest-type discrimination and classification.

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SWIR 이미지 센서 기술개발 동향 및 응용현황

  • Lee, Jae-Ung
    • Ceramist
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.59-74
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    • 2018
  • Imaging in the Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) provides several advantages over the visible and near-infrared regions: enhanced image resolution in in foggy or dusty environments, deep tissue penetration, surveillance capabilities with eye-safe lasers, assessment of food quality and safety. Commercially available SWIR imagers are fabricated by integrating expensive epitaxial grown III-V compound semiconductor sensors with Si-based readout integrated circuits(ROIC) by indium bump bonding Infrared image sensors made of solution-processed quantum dots have recently emerged as candidates for next-generation SWIR imagers. They combine ease of processing, tunable optoelectronic properties, facile integration with Si-based ROIC and good performance. Here, we review recent research and development trends of various application fields of SWIR image sensors and nano-materials capable of absorption and emission of SWIR band. With SWIR sensible nano-materials, new type of SWIR image sensor can replace current high price SWIR imagers.

THE EFFICIENT METHOD TO DETECT DEFECTIVE DETECTOR OF THE SWIR BAND OF SPOT 4

  • Jung Hyung-sup;Kang Myung-Ho;Lee Yong-Woong;Won Joong-Sun
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.130-133
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    • 2005
  • This paper presents the efficient method to detect the defective detectors of the SWIR band of SPOT 4. The key of this method are to flatten the baseline of the data using high pass band filter instead of differentiation. This method is made up six steps. First step is to apply image enhancement techniques to enhance the lines imaged by defective detector and improve the quality of an image. Second step is processed by summing the enhanced image in line direction. These summed data have the peaks that represent the defective detectors and the curved baseline characterized by the reflectivity of Earth surface. In order to exactly detect these peaks, third step is to flatten the curved baseline using high pass filtering in the frequency domain. In fourth step, the data with flat baseline is normalized to have zero mean and unity standard deviation. In fifth step, the defective detectors are detected using $99.9\%$ confidence interval. Finally, after removing the detected ones in summed data, the steps from third to five are iterated. Three SPOT 4 images, which have different reflectivity of Earth surface and different sensor, were used to validate this method. The overall accuracy of detection for three images was $97.9\%$. This result shows that this method can detect efficiently the lines made by defective detectors.

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SWIR/VIS Reflectance Ratio Over Korea for Aerosol Retrieval

  • Lee, Kwon-Ho;Li, Zhangqing;Kim, Young-Joon
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2007
  • Relatively simplified method for determination of surface reflectance has been used by using the ratio between SWIR and VIS band reflectance over land surface. The surface reflectance ratios (SWIR/VIS) were estimated over land in Korea from Terra Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectre-radiometer (MODIS) L1 data. The ratios by using the minimum reflectance technique were lower than those by MODIS operational aerosol retrieval algorithm. Although the comparison between MODIS and sunphotometer Aerosol Optical Thickness (AOT) has a good correlation coefficient (R=0.84), slightly overestimated MODIS AOTs were shown with a slope of linear regression line of 0.89. The comparison between the ratio and AOT dearly exhibit that the error of MODIS AOT could be originated from the underestimated surface reflectances by MODIS operational algorithm.

Geological Mapping using SWIR and VNIR Bands of ASTER Image Data

  • Shanmugam, Sanjeevi;Singaravelu, Jayaseelan
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.1230-1232
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    • 2003
  • This study aims to extract maximum geological information using the ASTER (Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection radiometer) images of a part of south India. The area chosen for this study is characterized by rock types such as Migmatite, Magnetite Quartzite, Charnockite, Granite, dykes, Granitoid gneiss and Ultramafic rocks, and minerals such as Bauxite, Magnesite, Iron ores, Calcite etc. Advantage was taken of the characteristic reflectance and absorption phenomenon in the VNIR, SWIR and TIR bands for these rocks and minerals, and they were mapped in detail. Image processing methods such as contrast stretching, PC analysis, band ratios and fusion were used in this study. The results of the processing matched with the field details and showed additional details, thus demonstrating the usefulness of ASTER (especially the SWIR bands) data for better geological mapping.

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A Defective Detector Suppression in the Short Wave Infrared Band of SPOT/VEGETATION-1

  • Han, Kyung-Soo;Kim, Young-Seup
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.403-409
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    • 2003
  • Since SPOT4 satellite contained VEGETATION 1 sensor launched, the noise in VEGETATION data was occasionally arisen a difficulty for the data traitement. Blind line noise types were studied in VEGETATION-l short wave infrared channel(SWIR). In order to provide a precis product, the procedure for removing this noise is strongly recommended. In the case that the blind values are clearly distinguished from contamination-free values a simple threshold method was applied, while a changeable threshold method was used for the blind value mixed with contamination-free values. New algorithm presented in this study is consists of two method for each type of SWIR blind. After removing blind line, there were again some residual pixels of blind, because the threshold is not determinated sufficiently low. Lower threshold could remove the blind line as well as the contamination-free pixels. Nevertheless, the results showed a good qualitative improvement as compared with other algorithm.

Estimated Temperature Error Compensation for Wavelength-Band Conversion of Infrared Image (적외선영상의 파장대역변환을 위한 추정온도 오차 보정)

  • Kim, Young-Choon;Ahn, Sang-Ho
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.1270-1278
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    • 2014
  • The modern infrared (IR) imaging systems use mainly one or more wavelength bands among short wavelength IR (SWIR), middle wavelength IR (MWIR), and long wavelength IR (LWIR) bands. In the process of IR image synthesis and modeling, IR image wavelength-band conversion which transforms arbitrary band image to other band one is required. The wavelength-band conversion procedure includes a temperature estimation process of an object surface. However, in this procedure, an approximated Planck's radiation equation causes errors in estimated temperature. In this paper, we propose an estimation temperature error attenuation method in IR image band conversion procedure. The estimated temperature is corrected with a slope information of radiance according to it. The corrected temperature is used for generation of the other band IR image. The verification of proposed method is demonstrated through the simulation.

Effects of Shortwave Infrared Bands of ASTER and ETM+ for Assessing Vegetative Information

  • Lee, Kyu-Sung;Jang, Ki-Chang;Kim, Sun-Hwa;Park, Yoon-Il;Ryu, Joung-Mi
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.1027-1029
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    • 2003
  • The primary uses of SWIR bands of ASTER data are to analyze geological features. In this study, we are attempting to evaluate the effect of using the narrow band A STER data for extracting information related to biophysical information of forest vegetation. ASTER and ETM+ data have been obtained simultaneously over the study area in Kyongan-River basin on May 8, 2003. Two data sets were initially processed to reduce atmospheric effects and converted to percent reflectance values, which make them comparable each other. ASTER and ETM+ reflectance were then analyzed by using the field survey data that include forest leaf area index (LAI), cover types, species composition, and stand density. Preliminary results show that ASTER reflectance were not much different to ETM+ reflectance to explain LAI.

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Methodology to Apply Low Spatial Resolution Optical Satellite Images for Large-scale Flood Mapping (대규모 홍수 매핑을 위한 저해상도 광학위성영상의 활용 방법)

  • Piao, Yanyan;Lee, Hwa-Seon;Kim, Kyung-Tak;Lee, Kyu-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.787-799
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    • 2018
  • Accurate and effective mapping is critical step to monitor the spatial distribution and change of flood inundated area in large scale flood event. In this study, we try to suggest methods to use low spatial resolution satellite optical imagery for flood mapping, which has high temporal resolution to cover wide geographical area several times per a day. We selected the Sebou watershed flood in Morocco that was occurred in early 2010, in which several hundred $km^2$ area of the Gharb lowland plain was inundated. MODIS daily surface reflectance product was used to detect the flooded area. The study area showed several distinct spectral patterns within the flooded area, which included pure turbid water and turbid water with vegetation. The flooded area was extracted by thresholding on selected band reflectance and water-related spectral indices. Accuracy of these flooding detection methods were assessed by the reference map obtained from Landsat-5 TM image and qualitative interpretation of the flood map derived. Over 90% of accuracies were obtained for three methods except for the NDWI threshold. Two spectral bands of SWIR and red were essential to detect the flooded area and the simple thresholding on these bands was effective to detect the flooded area. NIR band did not play important role to detect the flooded area while it was useful to separate the water-vegetation mixed flooded classes from the purely water surface.

High Performance of SWIR HgCdTe Photovoltaic Detector Passivated by ZnS

  • Lanh, Ngoc-Tu;An, Se-Young;Suh, Sang-Hee;Kim, Jin-Sang
    • Journal of Sensor Science and Technology
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.128-132
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    • 2004
  • Short wave infrared (SWIR) photovoltaic devices have been fabricated from metal organic vapour phase epitaxy (MOVPE) grown n- on p- HgCdTe films on GaAs substrates. The MOVPE grown films were processed into mesa type discrete devices with wet chemical etching employed for meas delineation and ZnS surface passivatlon. ZnS was thermally evaporated from effusion cell in an ultra high vacuum (UHV) chamber. The main features of the ZnS deposited from effusion cell in UHV chamber are low fixed surface charge density, and small hysteresis. It was found that a negative flat band voltage with -0.6 V has been obtained for Metal Insulator Semiconductor (MIS) capacitor which was evaporated at $910^{\circ}C$ for 90 min. Current-Voltage (I-V) and temperature dependence of the I-V characteristics were measured in the temperature range 80 - 300 K. The Zero bias dynamic resistance-area product ($R_{0}A$) was about $7500{\Omega}-cm^{2}$ at room temperature. The physical mechanisms that dominate dark current properties in the HgCdTe photodiodes are examined by the dependence of the $R_{0}A$ product upon reciprocal temperature. From theoretical considerations and known current expressions for thermal and tunnelling process, the device is shown to be diffusion limited up to 180 K and g-r limited at temperature below this.