• Title, Summary, Keyword: SPB method

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Development of Biotelemetry Method by Combining the SSBL Method and the Pinger Synchronizing Method (1) - Design and production of system - (SSBL 방식과 핑거동기 방식을 조합한 바이오텔레메터리 방식의 개발 (1) -시스템의 설계 및 제작 -)

  • 박주삼;고탁창언
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.218-229
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    • 2003
  • A new biotelemetry method that the installation and the treatment of equipment is convenient and the instantaneously detailed location of the fish attached the pinger is able to track comparatively easily was developed. The receiving system in this biotelemetry method was advanced for track the detailed behavior of the fish by the miniature tracking pinger, because it was a burden to fish to add the pinger with the water temperature and the pressure sensor. By combining of the super short base line (SSBL) method to detect the direction of pinger and the pinger synchronizing method to measure the range from receiving transducer to pinger, the three dimensional locations of fish to the receiving transducer is gotten instantaneously. The receiving system is devised to realize the high precision or wide detection range by application of the basic design method for receiving system of biotelemetry developed by the present authors and the hydrophone array configuration. The measurement distance error in the pinger synchronizing method is minimized through the correction of which the deviation of transmission pluse period of pinger is caused by changing water temperature. A prototype system which is able to track the instantaneously detailed location of the fish by the SSBL and pinger synchronizing biotelemetry (SPB) method was produced.

Development of Biotelemetry Method by Combining the SSBL Method and the Pinger Synchronizing Method (2) - Evaluation for Precision of System - (SSBL 방식과 핑거동기 방식을 조합한 바이오텔레메터리 방식의 개발 (2) -시스템의 정도 평가 -)

  • 박주삼;고탁창언
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.318-325
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    • 2003
  • The new biotelemetry method and system that the installation and the treatment of equipment is convenient and the instantaneously detailed position of the fish attached the pinger is able to track comparatively easily had been developed, an availabilities of it were verified in water tank by using hydrophone and pinger. First of all, the receiving system for biotelemetry was calibrated so as to measure tracking of high precision or wide detection range. In the next place, the precision at narrow and wide beam array of receiving system by using hydrophone was investigated and the actual position was compared with measured hydrophone position. The mean standard deviations of the position by narrow beam array of receiving system were 6.4em in phase beam of fore-aft pair and 6.3em in starboard-port pair, and the wide beam array were 24em and 23em respectively. The precision of distance, position, and velocity at narrow beam array of receiving system by using pinger were investigated and the actual values were compared with measured values. The distance from receiving system to pinger was measured by the pinger synchronizing method, angle of direction of pinger was detected by the super short base line (SSBL) method. The three dimensional position of pinger to the receiving system was measured by combining of two kinds of methods (SPB method), the velocity of pinger was obtained with a differential of the three dimensional positions. The mean standard deviations of the distance by pinger synchronizing method in narrow beam array of receiving system was 1. 8 em, that of the position by SPB method was 7.7cm.

Detection Method for Unapproved Genetically Modified Rose Plants in Korea Using Duplex Polymerase Chain Reaction (우리나라 미승인 유전자변형 장미의 duplex PCR검출법)

  • Kim, Jae-Hwan;Park, Young-Doo;Kim, Hae-Yeong
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.672-677
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    • 2010
  • A duplex PCR method was developed to detect a transformation vector pSPB130 used in the development of a genetically modified (GM) rose plant. To detect a GM rose plant, the anthocyanin synthase ($ANS$) was used as an endogenous reference gene of rose in PCR detection. The primer pair RHANS-KF/KR producing 107 bp amplicon was used to amplify the $ANS$ gene and no amplified product was observed in any of the 9 different plants used as a template. The primer pair GMRH-KF/KR was designed to amplify the junction sequence between 35S promoter and flavonoid 3',5'-hydroxylase ($F3^{\prime}5^{\prime}H$) gene in pSPB130. The detection limit of the duplex PCR method is approximately 0.5%. This result indicates that this duplex PCR method could be useful for monitoring unauthorized GM rose in Korea.

Improvement of Whiteness of Glyoxal Treated Cotton Fabrics by Additives (글리옥살 처리 면직물의 첨가제에 의한 백도 증진)

  • Shin, In-Soo;Kim, Yong-Tae;Lee, Eui-So
    • Textile Science and Engineering
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.282-286
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    • 2008
  • Cotton fabrics were treated with glyoxal for a nonformaldehyde durable-press finish by a pad-dry-cure method. $MgCl_{2}/citric$ acid mixture or $Al_{2}(SO_{4})_{3}$ were used as a catalyst. The effects of additives such as sodium tetraborate decahydrate (STB), sodium peroxoborate tetrahydrate (SPB), and sodium chlorite (SC) were examined. The additives improved the whiteness and strength retention of the treated fabrics. SPB was superior to STB for the whiteness and strength retention. SC was better than either SPB or STB in the wrinkle recovery angles (WRA) and strength retention while the whiteness was similar to that of SPB or STB. SC was more effective for improving the whiteness and strength retention when it was used together with sodium phosphate monobasic.

IEA ECBCS Annex 54 Economic Assessment Study of a Fuel Cell Integrated Ground Source Heat Pump Microgeneration System (연료전지 지열히트펌프 마이크로제너레이션 IEA ECBCS Annex 54 경제성 평가 연구)

  • Na, Sun-Ik;Kang, Eun-Chul;Lee, Euy-Joon
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.199-205
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    • 2014
  • The integration of FC (Fuel Cell) and GSHP (Ground Source Heat Pump) hybrid system could produce a synergistic advantage in thermal and electric way. This study intends to analyse the economical aspect of a FC integrated GSHP hybrid system compared to the conventional system which is consisted with a boiler and a chiller. Based on the hourly simulation, the study indicated that GSHP system and FC+GSHP hybrid system could reduce the energy consumption on a building. The method of the economic assessment has been based on IEA ECBCS Annex 54 Subtask C SPB(Simple Payback) method. The SPB was calculated using the economic balanced year of the alternative system over the conventional (reference) system. The SPB of the alternative systems (GSHP and FC+GSHP) with 50% initial incentive was 4.06 and 26.73 year respectively while the SPB without initial incentive of systems was 10.71 and 57.76 year.

Separation properties of 209 PCB congeners on capillary columns and identification of PCBs congeners in aroclor standards for source identification (오염원 해석을 위한 폴리염화비페닐류(PCBs) 209 이성체의 컬럼별 분리 특성과 Aroclor 표준품의 이성체 확인)

  • Kim, Kyoung-Soo;Kim, Kyeo-Keun;Kim, Jong-Guk
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.352-364
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    • 2006
  • This study was performed to search for useful separation properties and elution orders of three GC columns (DB-1, DB-5MS, SPB-Octyl) for 209 PCBs congeners using M-1668A-0.01X-SET of the AccuStandard Inc.. In addition, to confirm the quantitative peak in peak pattern method, the IUPAC Nos. of PCBs congener peaks were identified with 4 Aroclor standards (Aroclor-1242, 1248, 1254 and 1260). The separation property of dioxin-like PCBs congeners by four columns (DB-1, DB-5MS, SP-2331 and SPB-Octyl) was excellent in SP-2331. DB-1 and SPB-Octyl columns are necessary to use with a column of other types.

International Harmonized Economic Assessment Study of a Ground Source Heat Pump System (국제 호환형 지열히트펌프 시스템 경제성 평가 연구)

  • Na, Sun-Ik;Kang, Eun-Chul;Lee, Euy-Joon
    • Transactions of the Korea Society of Geothermal Energy Engineers
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.7-13
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    • 2014
  • This study intends to analyse the economical aspect of a GSHP(Ground Source Heat Pump) system compared to the conventional system which is consisted with a boiler and a chiller. This study has simulated four systems in Incheon. It developed and analyzed for applications in a residential and an office building which was based on the hourly EPI(Energy Performance Index, $kWh/m^2yr$). Case 1 is utilizing a boiler and a chiller to meet heating and cooling demand of a house. Case 2 is utilizing the same conventional set up as Case 1 of a office. Case 3 is summation of Case 1(house) and 2(office) systems and loads. And Case 4 is utilizing a GSHP to meet the combined loads of the house and office. The method of the economic assessment has been based on IEA ECBCS Annex 54 Subtask-C SPB(Simple Payback) method. The SPB calculated the economic balanced year of the alternative system over the reference system. The SPB of the alternative systems (GSHP) with 10%, 30% and 50% initial incentive has been calculated as 9.38, 6.72 and 4.06 year respectively while the SPB without initial incentive of systems was 10.71 year.

Innovative Method to Expand a Degree of Freedom of Observation in the Depth Direction without Losses of the Horizontal Number of Views in Autostereoscopic Multi-Views 3D Display System (시차장벽식 무안경 다시점 입체디스플레이 시스템에서 수평방향의 시점 수 저하 없이 깊이방향의 자유도를 증가시키기 위한 혁신적 방법)

  • Lee, Kwang-Hoon;Park, Min-Chul
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.38C no.10
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    • pp.903-910
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    • 2013
  • An autostereoscopic multi-view 3D display system has the narrower degrees of freedom in the observational directions, such as the horizontal and perpendicular directions to the display plane, than the glasses-on type of 3D display. In this paper, we propose an innovative method to expand the width of the viewing zone formed in the depth direction while maintaining the number of views in the horizontal direction by using a triple segmented-slanted parallax barrier (TS-SPB) in the glasses-off type of 3D display. The validity of the proposal was verified by an optical simulation based on an environment similar to an actual case. The maximum number of views that can be displayed in the horizontal direction is 2n, and the width of the viewing zone with depth increased up to a factor of 3.36 compared to the existing one-layered parallax barrier system.

Analysis of Volatile Compounds in the Gardenia Absoulute Oil (Gardenia Absolute Oil을 구성하고 있는 휘발성 성분의 분석)

  • Ha, Chang-Gyu;Yang, Hae-Ju;Yun, Seok-Sin
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.31-56
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    • 1993
  • The characteristic aroma of Gardenia Absolute Oil made from Gardenia Jasminoides Ellis was investigated by GC and GC-MSD and by sensory evaluation The method of GC Analysis was used Double Column System by Carbowax 20M /SPB-1 of Pola/nonPola columns. And the result data of analysis was checked automatic Relent ion Indexs Match System by GC Workstation. A total of 51 compounds were identified in Gardenia Absolute Oil, including t entatively erstimated 9 compounds. The major components were Linalool, Farnesene of various form, Jasmin Lactone, Gamma undecalactone and Cis-3-hexone derivatives.

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Study on the Whiteness Improvement of Glyoxal Treated Cotton Fabric - Effects of Additives - (글리옥살 처리 면직물의 백도 개선에 대한 연구 - 첨가제의 영향 -)

  • Cho, Hang Sung;Lee, Bum Hoon
    • Textile Coloration and Finishing
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.284-290
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    • 2017
  • The glyoxal has been used as formaldehyde free DP(durable press) agents in wrinkle free treatment for cotton fabrics. However, the yellowing problem is a disadvantage of DP finishing process for cotton fabrics with glyoxal. In order to improve the whiteness, it was investigated that the effect of coreactant and treatment method with various whitening additives such as STB(sodium tetraborate, $Na_2B_4O_7$), SPB(sodium perborate, $NaBO_3$), SC(sodium chlorite, $NaClO_2$) and SPC(sodium percarbonate, $Na_2CO_3{\cdot}1.5$ $H_2O_2$). The increasing the concentration of whitening additives(STB, SPB, SC and SPC), the whiteness and the strength retention ratio of cotton fabrics were increased but the wrinkle recovery angles were decreased in one bath method. It was not suitable to improve whiteness because the whiteness value is about 60. In the case of SC used two bath method, the whiteness is near 70, which is similar to untreated fabrics, without decreasing of WRA and strength.