• Title, Summary, Keyword: SOD

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Genomic Structure of the Cu,Zn Superoxide Dismutase (SOD1) Gene of Paecillomyces tenuipes and Paecilomyces sp.

  • Park Nam Sook;Lee Kwang Sik;Lee Sang Mong;Je Yeon Ho;Park Eunju;Sohn Hung Dae;Jin Byung Rae
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2005
  • We describe here the complete nucleotide sequence and the exon-intron structure of the Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene of Paecilomyces tenuipes and Paecilomyces sp. The SOD1 gene of P. tenuipes spans 966 bp, and consisted of three introns and four exons coding for 154 amino acid residues. Three unambiguous introns in P. tenuipes separate exons of 13, 332, 97, and 20 bp, all exhibiting exon sizes identical to Cordyceps militaris SOD1 gene. The SOD1 gene of Paecilomyces sp. contains 946 bp and consisted of four introns and five exons coding for 154 amino acid residues. Five exons of Paecilomyces sp. SOD1 are composed of 13, 180, 152, 97, and 20 bp. Interestingly, this result showed that the total length of exons 2 (180 bp) and 3 (152 bp) of Paecilomyces sp. SOD1 is same to exon 2 length (332 bp) of C. militaris SOD1 and P. tenuipes SOD1. The deduced amino acid sequence of the P. tenuipes SOD1 showed $95\%$ identity to C. militaris SOD1 and $78\%$ to Paecilomyces sp. SOD1. Phylogenetic analysis confirmed that the C. militaris SOD1, P. tenuipes SOD1 and Paecilomyces sp. SOD1 are placed together within the ascomycetes group of fungal clade.

Effect of Bottom Sediments on Oxygen Demand of Overlying Water in Onshore of Lake (팔당호 수변부 퇴적물이 수층의 산소소모에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Yang-Mi;Song, Hong-Gyu
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.23-30
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    • 2000
  • n situ sediment oxygen demand (SOD), which takes place with the uptake of dissolved oxygen for biological metabolism and chemical oxidation in sediments, ranged from 1.57 to $12.55\;mg\;O_2\;m^{-2}\;h^{-1}$ in onshore of Lake Paldang from April to November 1999. SOD was influenced by the amount of organics and oxygen diffusion. Comparing the oxygen demands partitioning between overlying water and sediment during initial phase, SOD accounted for $63.8{\sim}94%$ of total oxygen demand in Lake Paldang. The chemical SOD and nitrogenous oxygen demand ranged $1.2{\sim}18.3%$ and $8.3{\sim}51.7%$ of total SOD, respectively. This result indicated that SOD in Lake Paldang occurred mainly by aerobic respiration and nitrification. Although the flow velocity could increase SOD within a certain limit, the effect of sediment depth on SOD was dependent on physicochemical properties of the sediment. This study showed that SOD can represent a significant portion of the total oxygen up-take in Lake Paldang. Therefore, the assessment of SOD might be necessary for the control of water quality.

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Induction of antioxygenic enzymes as defense systems in plant cells against low temperature stress : (II) $Mn^{+2}-induced$ SOD activation and enhancement of cold tolerance in rice seedlings (식물의 냉해에 대한 생체방어기구로서 항산소성 효소의 유도 : (II) $Mn^{+2}$이온에 의한 세포내 SOD의 활성화와 벼 유묘의 내냉성 향상)

  • Hahn, Chang-Kyun;Kim, Jong-Pyung;Jung, Jin
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.168-173
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    • 1991
  • The uptake of $Mn^{+2}$, a metal cofactor Mn-SOD, by rice seedings resulted in not only a substantial increase in SOD activity in leaf tissues of the plants, but also a significant enhancement of their cold tolerance : the relative extent of the cold tolerance appeared to accord with relative level of the SOD activity. In contrast, $Fe^{+3},\;Cu^{+2}$ and $Zn^{+2}$, which are the cofactors of Fe-SOD and Cu/Zn-SOD, were found to be ineffective for increasing the SOD activity as well as for improving the chilling-resistant capacity of the plants. The results suggest that Mn-SOD, which is most likely induced by its substrate(superoxide) and activated by the presence of $Mn^{+2}$a at high level, is the enzyme acting as an active component of the defense system against low temperature stress in rice plants. In addition, the application of abscisic acid which has been know to protect to some extent certain plants from chilling injury brought about an increase in SOD activity in rice tissues, providing another affirmative information for the crucial role of SOD under the circumstance of cold stress in plants.

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Characterization of Enzymes Against Oxygen Derivatives Produced by Rhodobacter sphaeroides D-230 (Rhodobacter sphaeroides D230이 생성하는 산소 유도체에 작용하는 효소의 특성)

  • 김동식;이혜주
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.94-99
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    • 2004
  • The activities of enzymes that act on oxygen derivatives in Rhodobacter sphaeroides D-230 were investigated under various culture conditions. Intracellular SOD activity from the cells grown in aerobic or anaerobic culture conditions was highest at pH 7.0 and pH 8.0, respectively. On the other hand, extracellular SOD activity was highest at pH 6.0. Catalase activity was highest at neutral pH in both cases. Growth of R. sphaeroides D-230 in aerobic or anaerobic culture conditions was inhibited by methyl viologen. As R. sphaeroides D-230 was cul-tured aerobically, SOD activity was increased about 2-fold by addition of iron ion. But $Mn^+2$ had little effect on the SOD activity of R. sphaeroides D-230 grown in aerobically. NaCN, the inhibitor of Cu$.$Zn-SOD, did not inhibit SOD activity. But, $NaN_3$, the inhibitor of Mn-SOD, inhibited SOD activity in anaerobic cultures con-dition. Therefore, R. sphaeroides D-230 produce Mn-SOD in anaerobic condition, although Fe-Sod is produced in aerobic condition. The activity of catalase was induced by methyl viologen, however, extremely inhibited by NaCN and $NaN_3$.

Comparison of Carbonaceous Sediment Oxygen Demand in Lake Paldang and Lake Chungju (팔당호와 충주호 퇴적물의 탄소성 산소요구량 비교)

  • Shin, Yu-Na;Park, Hae-Kyung;Lee, Sang-Won;Kong, Dong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.439-448
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the seasonal variations of sediment oxygen demand (SOD) in Lake Paldang and Lake Chungju of the Han River system and to suggest SOD values as parameters for the water quality prediction models of two lakes. SOD was measured at laboratory using sediment collected at 2 sites in Lake Paldang from June to November and at 4 sites in Lake Chungju from May to November in 2005, respectively. It was found from the laboratory test that the SOD in Lake Paldang ranged from 337.8 to 881.0 mg $O_2m^{-2}d^{-1}$ and in Lake Chungju ranged from 143.0 to 969.1 mg $O_2m^{-2}d^{-1}$. The SOD of Lake Paldang showed similar variations to the content of organic matter of sediment. The SOD of Lake Chungju was positively correlated with temperature (r=0.78, p<0.01), $PO_4-P(r=0.79,\;p<0.01)$, TP (r=0.55, p<0.05), DTP (r=0.55, p<0.05), $NO_3-N$ (r=(0.72, p<0.01) of hypolimnetic water. These results indicate that the SOD of Lake Paldang was affected by the content and origin of organic matter of sediment and the SOD of Lake Chungju was closely correlated with physical and chemical factors.

Selection and Cultivation of Microorganism Producing Iron Superoxide Dismutase(Fe-SOD) (Iron Superoxide Dismutase( Fe-SOD)를 생산하는 미생물의 선발 및 배양)

  • 이태호;정숙현
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.1020-1026
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    • 1994
  • Pseudomonas plycolor was used to investigated the optimal culture condition to examine the various properties of superoxide dismutase (SOD). this SOD was inhibited by $H_2O_2$, azide ion, but not by cyanide ion. This result indicates that the enzyme might be a Fe-SOD. The composition of optimal culture medium for the enzyme production was 3% of glycerin, 1% of polypeptone, 0.5% of meat extract, 0.2% of KCI and the initial ph was 9.0 . The cultivation for the enzyme production was carried out in 500ml shaking flask containing 100ml of the optimal medium at $30^{\circ}C$ on a reciprocal shaker. The enzyme production reached maximum at 15hrs of cultivation and then declined sharply afterward.

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Zinc(II) ion promotes anti-inflammatory effects of rhSOD3 by increasing cellular association

  • Kim, Younghwa;Jeon, Yoon-Jae;Ryu, Kang;Kim, Tae-Yoon
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.85-90
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    • 2017
  • Recently, we demonstrated that superoxide dismutase 3 (SOD3) is a strong candidate for biomedicine. Anti-oxidant function of SOD3 was accomplished without cell penetration, and it inhibited the inflammatory responses via non-enzymatic functions. SOD3 has the heparin binding domain associating cell surface. Interestingly, we found that $Zn^{2+}$ promotes transduction effects of recombinant human SOD3 (rhSOD3) by increasing uptake via the heparin binding domain (HBD). We demonstrated an uptake of rhSOD3 from media to cell lysate via HBD, resulting in an accumulation of rhSOD3 in the nucleus, which was promoted by the presence of $Zn^{2+}$. This resulted in increased inhibitory effects of rhSOD3 on NF-{\kappa}B and STAT3 signals in the presence of $Zn^{2+}$, which shows elevated association of rhSOD3 into the cells. These results suggest that an optimized procedure can help to enhance the inflammatory efficacy of rhSOD3, as a novel biomedicine.

Major Fe-Superoxide Dismutase (FeSOD) Activity in Pseudomonas putida is Essential for Survival Under Conditions of Oxidative Stress During Microbial Challenge and Nutrient Limitation

  • Kim, Young-Cheol;Kim, Cheol-Soo;Cho, Baik-Ho;Anderson, Anne-J.
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.859-862
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    • 2004
  • An isolate of Pseudomonas putida has been found to aggressively colonize root tips and induce plant resistance to Fusarium wilt. However, P. putida mutants lacking Fe-superoxide dismutase (SOD) or both FeSOD and MnSOD activities are less competitive in root tip colonization. In the current study, the growth of an FeSOD mutant was found to be more sensitive than that of the wild-type or a MnSOD mutant to oxidative stress imposed by paraquat treatment and culturing with the soil fungus Talaromyces flavus, which generates reactive oxygen species. Also, the loss of culturability with an aging stationary-phase culture was greater for a double SOD mutant than an FeSOD mutant, while no reduction in culturability was observed with the wild-type and a MnSOD mutant under the same protracted stationary-phase conditions. Accordingly, it was concluded that FeSOD activity is the major form of SOD in P. putida and plays an essential role in survival under stress conditions when increased oxidative stress is encountered.

Production of Superoxide Dismutase by Deinococcus radiophilus

  • Yun, Young-Sun;Lee, Young-Nam
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.282-287
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    • 2003
  • The production of superoxide dismutase (SOD) varied in Deinococcus radiophilus, the UV resistant bacterium, depending upon different phases of growth, UV irradiation, and superoxide treatment. A gradual increase in total SOD activity occurred up to the stationary phases. The electrophoretic resolution of the SOD in cell extracts of D. radiophilus at each growth phase revealed the occurrence of MnSOD throughout the growth phases. The SOD profiles of D. radiophilus at the exponential phase received oxidative stress by the potassium superoxide treatment or UV irradiation also revealed the occurrence of a single SOD. However, these treatments caused an increase in SOD activity. The data strongly suggest that D. radiophilus has only one species of SOD as a constitutive enzyme, which seems to be a membrane-associated protein.

Comparison of Cu(II)-DIPS and Human Recombinant Superoxide Dismutase, an Antioxidant (항산화제인 Cu(II)-DIPS와 재조합 인간 수퍼옥사이드 디스뮤타제의 비교)

  • Yong, Chul-Soon;Nam, Doo-Hyun;Huh, Keun
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.145-152
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    • 1995
  • The superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetic activity of copper complex of 3,5-disopropylsalicylic acid (Cu(II)-DIPS) was tested and compared to those of human recombinant SOD (hrSOD) and its conjugate form with polyethyleneglycol (PEG) using fer- ricytochrome c reduction assay. Stability constant of Cu(II)-DIPS was measured po- tentiometrically using SCOGS2 program. In the presence of 10 g/L albumin, Cu(II)-DIPS lost most of its SOD mimetic activity. HrSOD was modified with polyethylene glycol (PEG) of M.W. 5000. These conjugates have markedly prolonged plasma half-lives of enzymatic activity (15.5 hr) compared to native hrSOD (5 min). In summary, efficient SOD mimetics should be stable enough not to dissociate in blood by serum protein. HrSOD could have longer half-life by conjugation with inert PEG for sustained SOD effect.

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