• Title, Summary, Keyword: SNP

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Identification of Candidate SNP (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism) for Growth and Carcass Traits Related to QTL on Chromosome 6 in Hanwoo (Korean Cattle)

  • Lee, Y.S.;Lee, J.H.;Lee, J.Y.;Kim, J.J.;Park, H.S.;Yeo, J.S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.21 no.12
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    • pp.1703-1709
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    • 2008
  • As genetic markers, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) are very appropriate for the development of genetic tests for economic traits in livestock. Several microsatellite markers have been identified as useful markers for the genetic improvement of Hanwoo. Among those markers, ILSTS035 was recently mapped at a similar position with four SNPs (AH1_11, AH1_9, 31465_446, and 12273_165) in a linkage map of EST-based SNP in BAT6. Among the four SNPs, two SNPs (31465_446 and 12273_165) were analyzed using BLAST at the NCBI web site. The sequences including the 12273_165 SNP were identified at the intron region within the LOC534614 gene on the gene sequence map (Bos taurus NCBI Map view, build 3.1). The LOC534614 gene represents a protein similar to myosin heavy chain, fat skeletal muscle, embryonic isoform 1 in the dog, and myosin_1 (Myosin heavy chain D) in Macaca mulatta. In cattle, the myosin heavy chain was associated with muscle development. The phenotypic data for growth and carcass traits in the 415 animals were analyzed by the mixed ANCOVA (analysis of covariance) linear model using PROC GLM module in SAS v9.1. By the genotyping of Hanwoo individuals (n = 415) to evaluate the association of SNP with growth and carcass traits, it was shown that the 12273_165 SNP region within LOC534614 may be a candidate marker for growth. The results of the statistical analyses suggested that the genotype of the 12273_165 SNP significantly affected birth weight, weight of the cattle at 24 months of age, average daily gain and carcass cold weight (p<0.05). Consequently, the 12273_165 SNP polymorphisms at the LOC534614 gene may be associated with growth in Hanwoo, and functional validation of polymorphisms in LOC534614 should be performed in the future.

Effect of single nucleotide polymorphism on the total number of piglets born per parity of three different pig breeds

  • Do, Kyoung-Tag;Jung, Soon-Woo;Park, Kyung-Do;Na, Chong-Sam
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.628-635
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    • 2018
  • Objective: To determine the effects of genomic breeding values (GBV) and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) on the total number of piglets born (TNB) in 3 pig breeds (Berkshire, Landrace, and Yorkshire). Methods: After collecting genomic information (Porcine SNP BeadChip) and phenotypic TNB records for each breed, the effects of GBV and SNP were estimated by using single step best linear unbiased prediction (ssBLUP) method. Results: The heritability estimates for TNB in Berkshire, Landrace, and Yorkshire breeds were 0.078, 0.107, and 0.121, respectively. The breeding value estimates for TNB in Berkshire, Landrace, and Yorkshire breeds were in the range of -1.34 to 1.47 heads, -1.79 to 1.87 heads, and -2.60 to 2.94 heads, respectively. Of sows having records for TNB, the reliability of breeding value for individuals with SNP information was higher than that for individuals without SNP information. Distributions of the SNP effects on TNB did not follow gamma distribution. Most SNP effects were near zero. Only a few SNPs had large effects. The numbers of SNPs with absolute value of more than 4 standard deviations in Berkshire, Landrace, and Yorkshire breeds were 11, 8, and 19, respectively. There was no SNP with absolute value of more than 5 standard deviations in Berkshire or Landrace. However, in Yorkshire, four SNPs (ASGA 0089457, ASGA0103374, ALGA0111816, and ALGA0098882) had absolute values of more than 5 standard deviations. Conclusion: There was no common SNP with large effect among breeds. This might be due to the large genetic composition differences and the small size of reference population. For the precise evaluation of genetic performance of individuals using a genomic selection method, it may be necessary to establish the appropriate size of reference population.

Single Nucleotide Polymorphism of TBC1D1 Gene Association with Growth Traits and Serum Clinical-Chemical Traits in Chicken

  • Manjula, Prabuddha;Cho, Sunghuyn;Suh, Kook Jin;Seo, Dongwon;Lee, Jun Heon
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.291-298
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    • 2018
  • TBC1D1 gene has known functional effects on body energy homeostasis and glucose uptake pathway in skeletal muscle tissue. This biological function is reported to have significant effects on traits of growth and meat quality in chicken. In this study, we focused on two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (g.70179137A>G and g.70175861T>C) identified through SNP annotation information of Korean native chicken and previous literature for TBC1D1 in chicken. Association of SNPs in TBC1D1 with growth and serum clinical-chemical traits were evaluated. A total of 584 male and female birds from five Korean native chicken lines were used in the study. The SNP1 (g.70179137A>G) is located in intron 11 and SNP2 (g.70175861T>C) is a non-synonymous missense mutation in exon 10, responsible for the amino acid change from Methionine to Valine. The A allele of SNP1 and T allele of SNP2 had the highest allele frequencies. Both SNPs indicated moderate polymorphism information content values (0.25

Prediction of Chronic Hepatitis Susceptibility using Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Data and Support Vector Machine (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism(SNP) 데이타와 Support Vector Machine(SVM)을 이용한 만성 간염 감수성 예측)

  • Kim, Dong-Hoi;Uhmn, Saang-Yong;Hahm, Ki-Baik;Kim, Jin
    • Journal of KIISE:Computer Systems and Theory
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    • v.34 no.7
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    • pp.276-281
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    • 2007
  • In this paper, we use Support Vector Machine to predict the susceptibility of chronic hepatitis from single nucleotide polymorphism data. Our data set consists of SNP data for 328 patients based on 28 SNPs and patients classes(chronic hepatitis, healthy). We use leave-one-out cross validation method for estimation of the accuracy. The experimental results show that SVM with SNP is capable of classifying the SNP data successfully for chronic hepatitis susceptibility with accuracy value of 67.1%. The accuracy of all SNPs with health related feature(sex, age) is improved more than 7%(accuracy 74.9%). This result shows that the accuracy of predicting susceptibility can be improved with health related features. With more SNPs and other health related features, SVM prediction of SNP data is a potential tool for chronic hepatitis susceptibility.

Identification of genetic polymorphisms in FABP3 and FABP4 and putative association with back fat thickness in Korean native cattle

  • Cho, Seo-Ae;Park, Tae-Sung;Yoon, Du-Hak;Cheong, Hyun-Sub;Namgoong, Sohg;Park, Byung-Lae;Lee, Hye-Won;Han, Chang-Soo;Kim, Eun-Mi;Cheong, Il-Cheong;Kim, Hee-Bal;Shin, Hyoung-Doo
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.29-34
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    • 2008
  • The aim of this study was to determine whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the beef cattle adipocyte fatty-acid binding protein 3 and 4 (FABP3 and FABP4) genes are associated with carcass weight (CW) and back fat thickness (BF) of beef cattle. By direct DNA sequencing in 24 unrelated Korean native cattle, we identified 20 SNPs in FABP3 and FABP4. Among them, 10 polymorphic sites were selected for genotyping in our beef cattle. We performed SNP, haplotype and linkage disequilibrium studies on 419 Korean native cattle with the 10 SNPs in the FABP genes. Statistical analysis revealed that 220A>G (I74V) and 348+303T>C polymorphisms in FABP4 showed putative associations with BF traits (P=0.02 and 0.01, respectively). Our findings suggest that the polymorphisms in FABP4 may play a role in determining one of the important genetic factors that influence BF in beef cattle.

Inhibition of Nitric Oxide-induced Neuronal Apoptosis in PC12 Cells by Epigallocatechin Gallate

  • Jung, Ji-Yeon;Jeong, Yeon-Jin;Han, Chang-Ryoung;Kim, Sun Hun;Kim, Hyun-Jin;Lee, Ki-Heon;Park, Ha-Ok;Kim, Won-Jae
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.239-246
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    • 2005
  • In the central nervous system, nitric oxide (NO) is associated with many pathological diseases such as brain ischemia, neurodegeneration and inflammation. The epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a major compound of green tea, is recognized as protective substance against neuronal diseases. This study is aimed to investigate the effect of EGCG on NO-induced cell death in PC12 cells. Administration of sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a NO donor, decreased cell viability in a dose- and time-dependent manner and induced genomic DNA fragmentation with cell shrinkage and chromatin condensation. EGCG diminished the decrement of cell viability and the formation of apoptotic morphologenic changes as well as DNA fragmentation by SNP. EGCG played as an antioxidant that attenuated the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by SNP. The cells treated with SNP showed downregulation of Bcl-2, but upregulation of Bax. EGCG ameliorated the altered expression of Bcl-2 and Bax by SNP. The release of cytochrome c from mitochondria into cytosol and expression of voltage -dependent anion channel (VDAC)1, a cytochrome c releasing channel in mitochondria, were increased in SNP-treated cells, whereas were attenuated by EGCG. The enhancement of caspase-9, preceding mitochondria-dependent pathway, caspase-8 and death receptor-dependent pathway, as well as caspase-3 activities were suppressed by EGCG. SNP upragulated Fas and Fas-L, which are death receptor assembly, whereas EGCG ameliorated the expression of Fas enhanced by SNP. These results demonstrated that EGCG has a protective effect against SNP-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells, through scavenging ROS and regulating the mitocondria- and death receptor-mediated signal pathway. The present study suggest that EGCG might be a natural neuroprotective substance.

Rapid Identification of Ginseng Cultivars (Panax ginseng Meyer) Using Novel SNP-Based Probes

  • Jo, Ick-Hyun;Bang, Kyong-Hwan;Kim, Young-Chang;Lee, Jei-Wan;Seo, A-Yeon;Seong, Bong-Jae;Kim, Hyun-Ho;Kim, Dong-Hwi;Cha, Seon-Woo;Cho, Yong-Gu;Kim, Hong-Sig
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.504-513
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    • 2011
  • In order to develop a novel system for the discrimination of five ginseng cultivars (Panax ginseng Meyer), single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping assays with real-time polymerase chain reaction were conducted. Nucleotide substitution in gDNA library clones of P. ginseng cv. Yunpoong was targeted for the SNP genotyping assay. From these SNP sites, a set of modified SNP specific fluorescence probes (PGP74, PGP110, and PGP130) and novel primer sets have been developed to distinguish among five ginseng cultivars. The combination of the SNP type of the five cultivars, Chungpoong, Yunpoong, Gopoong, Kumpoong, and Sunpoong, was identified as 'ATA', 'GCC', 'GTA', 'GCA', and 'ACC', respectively. This study represents the first report of the identification of ginseng cultivars by fluorescence probes. An SNP genotyping assay using fluorescence probes could prove useful for the identification of ginseng cultivars and ginseng seed management systems and guarantee the purity of ginseng seed.

A parallel SNP detection algorithm for RNA-Seq data (RNA 시퀀싱 데이터를 이용한 병렬 SNP 추출 알고리즘)

  • Kim, Deok-Keun;Lee, Deok-Hae;Kong, Jin-Hwa;Lee, Un-Joo;Yoon, Jee-Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.1260-1263
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    • 2011
  • 최근 차세대 시퀀싱 (Next Generation Sequencing, NGS) 기술이 발전하면서 DNA, RNA 등의 시퀀싱 데이터를 이용한 유전체 분석 방식에 관한 연구가 활발히 이루어지고 있다. 차세대 시퀀싱 데이터를 이용한 유전체 분석 방식은 마이크로어레이 혹은 EST/cDNA 데이터를 이용한 기존의 분석 방식에 비하여 비용이 적게 들고 정확한 결과를 얻을 수 있다는 장점이 있다. 그러나 이 들 DNA, RNA 시퀀싱 데이터는 각 시퀀스의 길이가 짧고 전체 용량은 매우 커서 이 들 데이터로부터 정확한 분석 결과를 추출하는 데에 많은 어려움이 있다. 본 연구에서는 클라우드 컴퓨팅 기술을 기반으로 하여 대용량의 RNA 시퀀싱 데이터를 고속으로 처리하는 병렬 SNP 추출 알고리즘을 제안한다. 전체 게놈 데이터 중 유전자 영역만을 high coverage로 시퀀싱하여 얻어지는 RNA 시퀀싱 데이터는 유전자 변이 추출을 목적으로 분석되며, SNP(Single Nucleotide Polymorphism)와 같은 유전자 변이는 질병의 원인 규명 및 치료법 개발에 직접 이용된다. 제안된 알고리즘은 동시에 실행되는 다수의 Map/Reduce 함수에 의해서 대규모 RNA 시퀀스를 병렬로 처리하며, 레퍼런스 시퀀스에 매핑된 각 염기의 출현 빈도와 품질점수를 이용하여 SNP를 추출한다. 또한 이 들 SNP 추출 결과에 대한 시각적 분석 도구를 제공하여 SNP 추출 과정 및 근거를 시각적으로 확인/검증할 수 있도록 지원한다.

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Nitro oxide in human cytomegalovirus replication and gene expression

  • Lee, Jee-Yeon;Lee, Chan-Hee
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.152-157
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    • 1997
  • Infection of human fibroblast (HF) cells with human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) result in changes in the intracellular level of second messengers. Since nitric oxide (NO) production has been known to be related with other second messengers, it is probable that HCMV infection of HF cells may involve NO. To test this possibility, the amount of NO was measured following ogenous addition of NO generators such as sodium nitroprusside (SNP) or S-nitroso-N-a-cetylpenicillamine (SNAP) immediately after HCMV infection, however, inhibited virus multiplication. Furthermore, immunoblot experiment using monoclonal antibody to HCMV major immediate early (MIE) proteins or CAT assay using pCMVIE/CAT (plasmid containing CAT gene driven by HCMV MIE promoter) revealed that SNP or SNAP blocked the MIE gene expression. SNP was more effective than SNAP in hibiting HCMV multiplication or MIE gene expression. SNP produced more NO than SNAP in inhibiting HCMV multiplication or MIE gene expression. SNP produced more NO than SNAP. Although the mechanism for the inhibition of HCMV multiplication and MIE gene expression by NO is still elusive some correlation with NO-mediated inhibition of HCMV-induced increase in cytosolic free Ca$\^$2+/ concentration ([Ca$\^$2+/]) was observed. The increase of [Ca$\^$2+/] following HCMV infection was inhibited by SNP, and less effectively by SNAP. Raising [Ca$\^$2+/ with bromo-A23187 partially reversed the SNP block of MIE gene expression. Thus, there appear to e some relationships among NO. [Ca$\^$2+/], and HCMV MIE gene expression.

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Acute Cyclosporin A-Treatment Impairs the Cytosolic Guanylate Cyclase-Mediated Vasodilatation in Rat Thoracic Aorta

  • Kook, Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.471-477
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    • 1998
  • Cyclosporin A (CsA), a widely used immunosuppressant, is well known to cause nephrotoxicity and hypertension as major side effects. The present study was aimed at investigating the effects of CsA-pretreatment on the activities of cytosolic guanylate cyclase (cGC) in relation to the alteration of relaxant responses in the rat thoracic aorta. CsA $(10\;{\mu}M)-preincubation$ for 90 min significantly attenuated the vasodilatation induced by sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a cytosolic guanylate cyclase activator, shifting the dose-response curve to the right. The increase in cGMP contents induced by SNP was markedly attenuated by CsA. SNP ($1\;{\mu}M{\sim}\;mM$) increased the cGC activity dose-dependently, and the increase was completely abolished by CsA. CsA attenuated the SNP-induced cGC activation dose-dependently. The abolishing effect of CsA-pretreatment on the SNP-induced cGC activation was not affected by washing the preparation, suggesting that the inhibition is irreversible. When CsA was added simultaneously with SNP, cGC activation was not attenuated. 1-(5-isoquinolinylsulfonyl)-2-methyl piperazine (H-7), a protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, decreased SNP-induced cGC activation and blocked the CsA-attenuation of cGC activation. These results suggest that CsA directly inhibits cGC participating in the CsA-induced impairment of vasodilatation, and that PKC is involved in the inhibitory action of CsA on cGC.

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