• Title, Summary, Keyword: SMEs

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Strategic typologies of Korean SMEs in manufacturing industries (국내 중소기업의 전략유형과 특성;제조업을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Byeong-Heon;Park, Sang-Mun;Son, Byeong-Ho;Jang, Ji-Ho
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.139-166
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    • 2006
  • This paper explored strategic types of Korean SMEs in manufacturing industries and investigated key differences among strategic types by analysing firm size, product market, technological capabilities and performances. According to previous studies, this papers categorized SMEs into four strategic types-technological innovative SMEs, multi-product SMEs, capital-intensive SMEs, and OEM-based SMEs types. Based on the empirical survey from 1,077 Korea SMEs in diverse industries, there are significant differences among strategic types on the key characteristics including product market, resource capability and performance. Finally this paper suggested implications for the studies on SMEs and managerial and policy directions to support SMEs.

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Analysis of R&D efficiency for IT SMEs (IT 중소기업의 연구개발투자 효율성 분석)

  • Seo, Hwan-Ju;Gang, Seong-Jin;Kim, Jeong-Eon
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.41-63
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    • 2008
  • Employing firm-level data during the period of 1980-2006, this paper analyzes the R&D efficiency of IT SMEs. We focus on comparing the R&D efficiency of IT SMEs with that of large-sized IT firms and non-IT SMEs. The results are summarized as follows. First, the R&D investment of IT SMEs has not been increased since 2000. In IT manufacturing industry, the portion of the R&D investment of IT SMEs is no more than 10.6% in 2005. Second, we analyze the innovation capacity of SMEs with the number of the patent application. The result is similar with the trend of R&D investment. The portion of the patent application of SMEs has not been increased since 2000. Third, the R&D efficiency of non-IT firms is higher than that of IT SMEs regardless of the firm size. The R&D efficiency of non-IT SMEs is over three times as large as that of IT SMEs. Meanwhile, The R&D efficiency of the large-sized non IT firms is 1.86 times as large as that of IT large-sized firms. Finally, we estimate the R&D elasticity and compare between IT manufacturing and service industry. The result shows that the R&D elasticity of IT service industry is higher than that of IT manufacturing industry, regardless of firm size.

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Product Characteristics, Market Competitive Strategies, and SMEs Performance: Testing Their Relationships

  • HARJADI, Dikdik;YUNIAWAN, Ahyar;ABDURRAHMAN, Agus;DANANJOYO, Radyan;FILATROVI, Eldes Willy;ARRANIRI, Iqbal
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.7 no.10
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    • pp.613-620
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    • 2020
  • COVID-19 pandemic has made the economy in Indonesia sluggish, especially Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). Simultaneously, the SMEs existence in Indonesia is fundamental and considered important by the government since it is able to assist numerous laborers and become an income source for the lower and middle classes of the community. The productivity of SME in a region will undeniably influence the availability of job and, of course, reduce the number of unemployed. Therefore, in this study, the researchers looked at how to improve SMEs performance to continue to exist amid the COVID-19 pandemic, by identifying the relationships between product characteristics, market competitive strategies, and the performance of SMEs. The research was done on SMEs in West Java, Indonesia. The example employed was Batik SMEs in Cirebon with at least 10 years in existence, and the total number of these SMEs was 165. As the basis of a quantitative approach, this study employed survey instruments by distributing a questionnaire. In analyzing the data, it utilized the structural equation modeling (SEM). The result showed a significant relationship between Product Characteristics, Market Competitive Strategy, and Price and Product Success Rate on SMEs Performance. This study's findings contribute to the SMEs performance literature.

Study on the Selection Method of the Focused Supporting Industries for the Maximization of SMEs' Technological Innovation (중소기업 기술혁신 극대화를 위한 중점지원분야 선정방안 연구)

  • Yoo, Hyoung Sun;Kim, Ji Hui;Jun, Seung-Pyo;Seo, Jinny;Yoo, Jae Young
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.41-62
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    • 2013
  • In order to facilitate the R&D of SMEs and foster innovative SMEs, the Small and Medium Business Administration is funding the SMEs in the focused supporting industries which are selected by a primary consideration of the political conformity. The correlations among the distribution of engaged SMEs, the distribution of SMEs which applied the fund, and the distribution of SMEs funded in the industries are analysed, in order to realize the effectiveness of the top-down method for selecting the focused supporting industries. As a result, there was a large deviation of both the number of the engaged SMEs and the number of the applied SMEs in the each industry, which means that the selected industries did not accurately reflect the needs for the technology development of SMEs. In addition, the distribution of the applied SMEs was strongly depended on the distribution of the engaged SMEs, which shows the trend that SMEs are trying to make R&D plans in their current industry rather than following the political drive. Moreover, because the distribution of the funded SMEs is strongly correlated with that of the applied SMEs, one could know that the selected industries were neither fostered strategically nor evenly but the fund was distributed simply according to the distribution of the applied SMEs. In this study, in order to complement the limitations of the top-down method, the bottom-up method which primarily consider the needs for the technology development of SMEs was suggested. It is desirable to consider in the order of the needs and the capabilities of SMEs, the technological perspective and marketability of the industry, and the political importance in the bottom-up method, and it is expected that the method could be flexibly used in the planning of the various programs.

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Analysis of Government's Supporting Policy for SMEs: Focusing on GRIs (중소기업 지원 실태 분석: 출연(연)을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jinmin;Hong, Jaebum
    • The Journal of Small Business Innovation
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.15-26
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    • 2018
  • SMEs need a strategy to respond to rapid changes in the global business environment of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. In order to overcome such a business environment, SMEs must concentrate on the core competency. Because of the structural characteristics of SMEs, government support is very important, as it is difficult for SMEs to carry out the entire supply chain role. The support of GRIs is very important for ensuring competitiveness through technological innovation of SMEs. Recently, the construction of SMEs network for business expansion is demanded. SMEs can form networks to induce synergistic effects. In order to secure the competitiveness of SMEs by utilizing the advantages of mutually cooperating networks, the necessity of cooperation of SMEs is increasing. The government has proposed various support programs to support network cooperation. In this research, in order to derive an effective strategy of the SME support program, we analyzed the difference in necessity and satisfaction of the GRIs support program. We analyze the differences between government policies and perceptions for SMEs and to derive strategies for supporting SMEs in a systematic approach for the development of SMEs. In a situation where research to revitalize SMEs is insufficient, in consideration of the market demand of SMEs, we grasp the problems of the current system and try to guide improvement strategies. Also, we suggest policies that can derive and utilize support strategies for SMEs. From a long-term perspective, research related SMEs must be conducted and a sustainable support program for SMEs must be developed.

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Characteristic of a Superconducting Magnet for 3MJ SMES (3MJ SMES용 초전도 마그네트 특성연구)

  • 김해종;성기철;조전욱;배준한;김석환;심기덕;이언용;김해준;권영길
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers B
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    • v.52 no.11
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    • pp.572-576
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    • 2003
  • For quite a long time various researches and developments of superconducting magnetic energy storage(SMES) device have been done for enhancement of power qualify control of sensitive electric load. This paper describes the design. fabrication and experimental results for the 3MJ SMES magnet made by using the design code of a SMES device that we developed. A computer code was developed to find the parameters of the SMES magnet which has minimum amount of superconductor for the same stored energy, and the 3MJ SMES magnet was designed based upon that. And the 3MJ SMES magnet designed based upon those. In addition, 3MJ SMES magnet was made based on several research results which were ramp up to 1㎄ without quench.

SMEs' Quality Competitiveness Improvement Approach for Industrial Innovation 3.0 (산업혁신 3.0을 위한 중소기업의 품질경쟁력 향상방안)

  • Shin, Wan Seon;Park, Keon-Young;Kim, Chong-Man
    • Journal of Applied Reliability
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.152-161
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    • 2014
  • According to Korea Federation of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs)' report, SMEs account for 99% and number of SMEs workers account for 87% in Korea. Thus, SMEs has an important role in the future Korean industry. This paper considers the improvement methods of SMEs' quality competitiveness. For this study, we developed the quality measurement model for identifying SMEs' quality level and investigated many companies by survey and interviews. We also performed the benchmarking study and the gap analysis between Korea and other countries. This paper suggests some policies for increasing the quality of SMEs.

A Case Study on Main Factors for Export of SMEs in Busan Region - Focused on Medium-sized and Small-sized Enterprises - (부산 지역 중소기업의 해외수출 결정요인에 관한 사례 -중견과 중소기업을 대상으로-)

  • HA, Choong-Lyong;KIM, Eun-Bin;LIM, Yong-Suk
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.1244-1257
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    • 2016
  • Recently, the export for SMEs is the main issue as the successful key for enterprises. For this reason, Many SMEs want to try the export and the supports are provided by government. This phenomenon reflects that the export should be necessary to SMEs, even other enterprises. This study analyzes 6 enterprises (Enterprise of middle standing: 2, SMEs:4) to research the main factors for export using the interview and survey. The result provides 5 implications for the export of SMEs in Busan Region. In summary, we can provide 3 main proposes for the export of SMEs. 1) The differentiation of various support that can be a real help to SMEs, 2) The differentiation of education on exports. 3) The simplification for the complex administrative procedures about export.

Innovation Capabilities and Small and Medium Enterprises' Performance: An Exploratory Study

  • ALI, Hazem;HAO, Yunhong;AIJUAN, Chen
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.7 no.10
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    • pp.959-968
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    • 2020
  • Research underlined that Small and Medium Enterprises' performance is enhanced by different types of innovation capabilities. This research tends to present a comprehensive model to explain the relationship between innovation capabilities and SMEs' financial and operational performance. Specifically, this study tends to achieve three objectives: explores the set of product, process, organizational and marketing innovation capabilities possessed by owners/managers of SMEs and their impact on Chinese manufacturing SMEs' operational and financial performance dimensions, identify the determinants of innovation capabilities, and determine the contextual factors that moderate innovation capabilities and SMEs' performance. This research employed a qualitative research method using in-depth interviews with eight owners/managers of Chinese manufacturing SMEs. Research findings revealed that product and marketing innovation capabilities have a significant impact on SMEs' financial performance while process and organizational innovation capabilities positively influence SMEs' operational performance. The major determinants of innovation capabilities involved availability of sufficient organizational resources, entrepreneurial orientation, knowledge development and external networks. The contextual moderating factors on the relationship between innovation capabilities and SMEs' performance involved internal factors which are: SME size, SMEs' owner/manager work experience, entrepreneurial mindset; and external factors: market dynamism and cooperation strategies. This paper ends by drawing some concluding remarks and proposing future research avenues.

Determinants of Voluntary Audit of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises: Evidence from Vietnam

  • HA, Hanh Hong;NGUYEN, Anh Huu
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.41-50
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    • 2020
  • The paper investigates the factors that affect the demand for a voluntary audit of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Vietnam. A structured questionnaire survey of 284 SMEs was employed, preceded by in-depth interviews with auditors and SMEs' managers. The research used logistic regression estimator to address econometric issues and to improve the accuracy of the regression coefficients. The results show that the degree of director's view on voluntary audit, related stakeholder, degree of recommendation, and firm size have a statistically significant positive effect on audit decisions of SMEs while degree of audit fee has a statistically significant negative effect, and degree of subjective norm does not affect. This indicated that SMEs are more likely to have an external audit if they have some typical features: it is becoming larger in terms of size, and the directors consider that the audit has a relative benefit outweighing its cost. The research results suggested that Vietnam Government should make a statutory audit of SMEs' financial statements rather than make it an option for SMEs. The auditing firms were also recommended to actively take their audit services to SMEs rather than waiting for the SMEs' managers to contact them for their services.