• Title, Summary, Keyword: SME

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Analysing the Influence of Technology on the Business Performance of Rattan Processing SME's in South Kalimantan

  • Wiratmadja, Iwan Inrawan;Govindaraju, Rajesri;Setiawati, Evy
    • Industrial Engineering and Management Systems
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.104-108
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    • 2011
  • Technology is one of the major competitive advantages for small and medium enterprises (SME), especially ones operating in the manufacturing sector. Increasing technological capabilities is the basis for SME's business performance improvement. The main problem of SME's is a limitation in the areas of production facilities, technology, and human resources. Some of these constraints cause a decline in business performance and competitiveness of SME's. In this case analysis of technology components has to be carried out to determine the effect of technology on SME's business performance improvement. This study aims to measure the components of technology and to analyze the influence of each technology component on business performance of rattan processing SME's in South Kalimantan. The assessment is carried out on the technoware, humanware, inforware, and orgaware components using the technometric method (UNESCAP). Business performance is measured through a combination of financial and non-financial aspects deducted from financial and marketing figures. Analysis of the influence of technology components on business performance of SME's is done using the Structural Equation Model (SEM) with Partial Least Square software (PLS). Data is collected through interviews and questionnaires from 21 rattan processing SME's in South Kalimantan that produce rattan furnitures. The results show that the value of the contribution of technology (TCC) to the performance of rattan processing SME's in South Kalimantan is still quite low. Analysis of the results shows a direct influence of technoware and humanware on business performance, while orgaware influences business performance indirectly through humanware.

A Study on the Establishment Plan for the SME Specialized Graduate School

  • Bae, Hoyoung
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.42-42
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    • 2017
  • There are lots of specialized graduate schools such as law school, medical school, business school. These specialized graduate schools has been designed to train the special experts practically from 1990s in Korea. For all that, there are no specialized graduate schools supported by the Small and Medium Business Administration(SMBA). So we will research the establishment plan of SME(Small and Medium Enterprise) specialized school for the development of SMEs. Recently, the SMBA supports the 2 types of graduate school such as the entrepreneurship graduate school and consulting graduate school. However, it is clear that these 2 types of schools are yet insufficient in terms of efficiency and redundancy. As the representative specialized graduate schools are law school and MOT(Management of Technology) in Korea, we do the comparative study with law school and MOT school. Through the comparative study, we can find some implication for SME specialized graduate school. As a result, the SME school has to need the training system such as the special master's and doctor's degree, over 3 year course work, daytime class, many practical professors, specialized programs with industry like the MOT school. In conclusion, we suggest that : First, the SME specialized graduate school has to be designed for potential SME consultants. Second, the entrepreneurship graduate school and the consulting graduate school can be integrated into the SME specialized school easily. Third, the SME specialized graduate school can have new educational models.

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Anti-oxidative Effect of Sapindus mukorossi Fruits Extract in LPS-stimulated macrophages via Activation of Nrf2/HO-1 pathway (LPS가 처리된 대식세포에서 Nrf2/HO-1 경로 활성을 통한 무환자나무 열매 추출물의 항산화 효과)

  • Kim, Dae-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.1306-1313
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    • 2020
  • The aims of this study were to determine the effects of Sapindus mukorossi fruit extracts (SME) on the anti-oxidant activity in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages. The results showed that SME significantly reduced the production of ROS in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. The expression of pro-inflammatory proteins including COX-2 and iNOS were also obviously inhibited by SME in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. Further studies revealed that SME up-regulated HO-1 and Nrf2 expression. Additionally, SME increased phosphorylation of Akt and GSK-3β. These results suggest that SME could attenuate oxidative stress by activating the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway.

Impacts of SME Credit and Technology Information Sharing upon Banks' Credit Analysis (중소기업정보 공유가 은행의 신용분석에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Kyeong-Hoon
    • The Journal of Small Business Innovation
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.19-30
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    • 2017
  • Today's new engine of economic growth is innovative technology intensive SMEs. However, they have limited access to funding because of asymmetric information problems. Sharing of SME information helps reduce information asymmetry. This paper explains the Korean system of SME technology information sharing, as well as SME credit information sharing. It also provides theoretical analysis about the effects of the SME information sharing on banks' credit analysis activities, based on Karapetyan and Stacescu (2013). Sharing of SME credit and technology information expands the data set of banks and it will enhance their credit analysis. In addition, SME information sharing increases banks' investments in credit analysis activities. To encourage SME information sharing and production, the government can subsidize the production of SME technology information.

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An e-Business Strategy for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises and Case Studies (중소기업 정보화 추진 전략과 적용 사례)

  • 김은홍;서정우;안성만;장성봉
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.219-222
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    • 2003
  • This paper is to propose e-business strategies for individual SME's(small and medium-sized enterprises). e-business maturity model is used to assess e-business maturity level of a target SME, and then corresponding e-business strategy is proposed based on the current maturity level. We studied two SME's to show how it works. Most SME's are small and do not have enough resources to invest on information systems. As it turns out, e-business strategies of SME should heavily depend on its relationship with customers and suppliers. One of the studied SME's is found to be in higher maturity level, because its manufacturing system is tightly related to its customer. One of major implications of this study is that e-business level of SME's should be upgraded considering how it is doing business with its customers and suppliers.

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Case Study for Restructuring Informatization Level Indices of Small and Medium sizd Enterprises (중소기업정보화 수준 조사 지표 개선 사례 연구)

  • Yang, Hee-Dong;Kim, Ki Ho;Han, Hyun-Soo
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.197-212
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, we report the public IT policy case results to restructure informatization level indices for small and medium sized enterprise(SME). The indices restructuring project was initiated by TIPA with the group of experts during 2011, and the newly amended indices was employed as the formal instrument to measure SME informatization level. The critical drivers to reform the indices include simplification for more accurate measurement of SME informatization level, reshaping key representative indices of smart IT to better publicize SME's interest toward advanced IT, and systematic reconfiguration of performance measures which reflect business performance enhancement effect through IT investment. Indeed, the IT performance indices are unified to incorporate the instrument for general SME informatization level survey and IT adoption subsidy's effectiveness appraisal. The procedures and details of logic illustrated in this paper provides useful insight for successful implementation of SME informatization as well as for the better policy deployment of IT subsidization for SMEs.

Performance Evaluation of SME Banking in Bangladesh using Stochastic Frontier Analysis

  • Hossain, M.K.;Hossain, M.A.;Baten, M.A.
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.31-42
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    • 2016
  • Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are suitable to provide employment with lower investment in densely populated countries like Bangladesh. A stochastic frontier model is used to evaluate performance of SME Banking of the commercial banks in Bangladesh. Input (Total Deposit, Cost of Fund and Salary Expenditure) and output (Finance to SME) data are collected on 45 banks which are dealt with SME for 13 quarters from $1^{st}$quarter of 2010 to $2^{nd}$quarter of 2013. Average performance of the SME banking is 0.716 in Bangladesh. That is, banks have opportunity to increase 30% performance in SME banking from the same inputs. Bangladesh Development Bank has lowest performance (0.540) while Eastern bank has the highest performance (0.753). Highest (0.743) and lowest (0.662) performance is observed during the second quarter of 2013 and fourth quarter of 2010 respectively. Inefficient Bank might be benefited by following the rules of efficient banks.

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Postantibiotic Effects and Postantibiotic Sub-MIC Effects of Antibiotics on Fusobacterium nucleatum and Porphyromonas gingivalis

  • Hong, Jin;Lee, Si-Young
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.59-63
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    • 2005
  • Postantibiotic effects (PAE) refer to suppression of the bacterial growth following limited periods of exposure to an antibiotic and subsequent to the removal of the antibiotic agent. Fusobacterium nucleatum and Porphyromonas gingivalis are Gram-negative anaerobic bacteria associated with several periodontal diseases. In this study, postantibiotic effects (PAE), postantibiotic sub-MIC effect (PA SME) and sub-MIC effect (SME) of antibiotics on F. nucleatum ATCC 25586 and P. gingivalis W50 were investigated. The PAE was induced by 10X the MIC of antibiotic and antibiotic was eliminated by washing. The PA SMEs were studied by addition of 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3X MICs during the postantibiotic phase of the bacteria, and the SMEs were studied by exposition of the bacteria to antibiotic at the sub-MICs only. Amoxicillin, doxycycline and tetracycline induced PAE for F. nucleatum ATCC 25586 and P. gingivalis W50. But metronidazole and penicillin induced PAE for only F. nucleatum ATCC 25586. Metronidazole and doxycycline induced PA SME and SME for both species of anaerobic bacteria used in this study. The PA SME values for both strains were substantially longer than the SME values. The present study showed the existence of PAE, PA SME and SME for various antibiotics against F. nucleatum ATCC 25586 and P. gingivalis W50.

IT SME Ventures' External Information Network Diversity and Productivity Improvement : The Mediating Role of the Production Period Reduction (IT 중소벤처기업의 외부 정보 네트워크의 다양성과 생산성 향상 : 생산 기간 단축의 매개적 역할)

  • Hau, Yong Sauk
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.144-149
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    • 2017
  • This study empirically analyzes the effect of IT SME ventures' external information network diversity on their production period reduction and productivity improvement generated from technology development. This research constructs a mediating model based on the open innovation perspective and tests it with the 138 samples of South Korean IT SME ventures based on the ordinary least squares regression. This research is expected to make a good contribution by shedding a new light on the following three points about the critical role of IT SME ventures' external information network diversity in increasing their production period reduction and productivity improvement generated from technology development which has scarcely been illuminated in the extant studies in the field of the management of technology for SMEs. First, IT SME ventures' external information network diversity positively influences their production period reduction. Second, the external information network diversity positively influences IT SMEs' ventures' productivity improvement. Third, IT SME ventures' production period reduction partially mediates the influence of IT SME ventures' external network diversity on their productivity improvement. These three fresh points are expected to provide useful theoretical and practical implications. Related to the theoretical implication, this research provides a fresh implication that IT SME ventures' external information network diversity positively influences not only their production period reduction but also productivity improvement generated from technology development. Concerning the practical implication, this study suggests that the CEOs in IT SME ventures make strategic efforts to use more diverse external information sources in order to increase their production period reduction and productivity improvement generated from technology development.

A Study on the Evaluation of SME's Information Infrastucture (중소기업 정보인프라 진단에 관한 연구)

  • Sung, Tae-Kyung;Chu, Seok-Jin;Kim, Joong-Han;Kim, Jae-Kyeong
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.199-223
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the components of SME's information infrastructure through literature review, empirically investigate the components, and develop a model for SME's information infrastructure. The fact that SME's are having difficulties in building their own information infrastructure due to the limitation of capital investment, technology, and manpower is the main motive for the study The survey questionnaires were distributed to CEO's and users of 3W SME's and intensive interviews were cornea out to CIO's and information services personnel to further investigate H/W and S/W components of Information Infrastructure. The study results show that there seems to be five main factors for SME's information infrastructure. They are: (1) Informatization Capacity, (2) Software and Network, (3) Management Recognition and Utilization, (4) Hardware, and (5) Alignment between Users and Information Services.

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