• Title, Summary, Keyword: SHP1-P2

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Epithelial-Specific SHP1-P2 Methylation - a Novel Universal Tumor Marker for Detection of Colorectal Cancer Lymph Node Metastasis

  • Rattanatanyong, Prakasit;Keelawat, Somboon;Kitkumthorn, Nakarin;Mutirangura, Apiwat
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.4117-4123
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    • 2016
  • Background: Methylation of promoter 2 of the SHP1 gene is epithelial cell specific, with reported potential as a lymph node metastatic marker. Objective: To demonstrate SHP1-P2 methylation-specific quantitative PCR effectiveness in detecting colorectal cancer (CRC) DNA in lymph nodes. Materials and Methods: SHP1-P2 methylation levels were measured in lymph nodes of CRC patients and compared with pathological findings and patient prognosis. Results: Lymph nodes of CRC metastatic patients without microscopically detectable cancer cells had higher SHP1-P2 methylation levels than lymph nodes of controls (p<0.001). In addition, a higher SHP1-P2 methylation level was associated with a shorter duration until adverse disease events, metastasis, recurrence and death (r2 = 0.236 and p value = 0.048). Studying two cohorts of 74 CRC patients without microscopic lymph node metastases showed that only the cohort containing samples with high SHP1-P2 methylation levels had a significant hazard ratio of 3.8 (95%CI = 1.02 to 14.2). Conclusions: SHP1-P2 methylation PCR can detect CRC DNA in lymph nodes even if cancer cells are not visible under a microscope, confirming applicability as a potential universal lymph node metastatic marker.

Protein-protein interaction between caveolin-1 and SHP-2 is dependent on the N-SH2 domain of SHP-2

  • Park, Hyunju;Ahn, Keun Jae;Kang, Jihee Lee;Choi, Youn-Hee
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.184-189
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    • 2015
  • Src homology 2-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase 2 (SHP-2) is known to protect neurons from neurodegeneration during ischemia/reperfusion injury. We recently reported that ROS-mediated oxidative stress promotes phosphorylation of endogenous SHP-2 in astrocytes and complex formation between caveolin-1 and SHP-2 in response to oxidative stress. To examine the region of SHP-2 participating in complex formation with caveolin-1, we generated three deletion mutant constructs and six point mutation constructs of SHP-2. Compared with wild-type SHP-2, binding of the N-SH2 domain deletion mutant of SHP-2 to p-caveolin-1 was reduced greatly, using flow cytometric competitive binding assays and surface plasmon resonance (SPR). Moreover, deletion of the N-SH2 domain of SHP-2 affected $H_2O_2$-mediated ERK phosphorylation and Src phosphorylation at Tyr 419 in primary astrocytes, suggesting that N-SH2 domain of SHP-2 is responsible for the binding of caveolin-1 and contributes to the regulation of Src phosphorylation and activation following ROS-induced oxidative stress in brain astrocytes.

Effects of alkali-treated dietary keratin on nutrient digestibility and egg production in Korean native chickens and commercial laying hens

  • Oh, Hyun Min;Heo, Jung Min;Lee, Hyung Suk;Cho, Hyun Min;Hong, Jun Seon;Lee, Soo Kee
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.485-492
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    • 2018
  • Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of feeding a diet supplemented with swine hair protein (SHP) on the nutrient digestibility of Korean native chickens and their egg production as well as on egg quality. In experiment 1, twenty roosters of the Hanhyup-3 strain were assigned to an individual cage to give 10 replicates per treatment (i.e., 0 and 10% of SHP), and the nutrient digestibility in response to the SHP supplementation was measured. In experiment 2, fifty-four layers of the Hy-Line strain were assigned to an individual cage to give 27 replicates per treatment (i.e., 0 and 10% of SHP), and egg production and egg quality were measured. In experiment 1, no significant difference (p > 0.05) was found in the digestibility of crude protein, crude fat, nitrogen-free extract (NFE), and crude fiber in response to the diet supplemented with SHP. In experiment 2, although no significant difference (p > 0.05) was found with the dietary treatments, the 10% SHP supplemented diet decreased (p < 0.05) the feed intake of laying hens. However, the SHP supplemented diet did not affect (p > 0.05) the laying rate, egg weight and feed conversion ratio of those fed the diet. Eggshell thickness and yolk color decreased (p < 0.05); however, eggshell strength, eggshell color, albumen height and Haugh units increased (p < 0.05) by feeding layers a diet supplemented with SHP. In conclusion, the results suggest that 10% SHP supplemented in a poultry diet could be a useful protein source.

Effect of Ca and BSA on Hydrogen Ion Concentration in Bovine Sperm Washed Solution (Ca과 BSA가 소 정자세척액내 수소이온농도에 미치는 영향)

  • 박영식;임경순
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.201-205
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    • 1991
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of Ca and BSA on hydrogen ion concentration in sperm washed solution. The results obtained were as follows : 1. The hydrogen concentration in 1st and 2nd sperm washed solutions was signifcinatly(p<0.01) higher when sperm was washed with SHPsolution containing 2mM Ca than when sperm washed with SHP solution or SHP solution containing 10mM Ca. 2. The hydrogen ion concentration in sperm washed solution was significnatly(p<0.05) higher when seprm was washed with SHP solution containing BSA-FAF than when sperm was washed with SHP solution or SHP solution containing BSA-V.

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Effect of Salicornia herbacea L. Powder on the Quality Characteristics of Bread (함초 분말 첨가가 식빵의 품질 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Bae, Jong-Yoon;Park, La-Young;Lee, Shin-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.37 no.9
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    • pp.1196-1201
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    • 2008
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of Salicornia herbacea L. powder (SHP) on white bread quality. Crude fiber, crude ash, Fe and Ca contents of bread with SHP were higher than those of control and increased with increasing SHP concentration. The pH of bread with SHP was higher than that of without SHP. Salinity of bread prepared with SHP (0.6, 1.2, 1.8, and 2.4%) did not show any significant difference compared with control. L and b value of the bread were decreased by the addition of SHP. The inside color of SHP (1.8%) added bread did not show significant difference compared with control. The texture (hardness, chewiness, cohesivness, and springiness) of bread prepared with SHP was higher than that of without SHP. DPPH-radical scavenging activity of SHP added bread (0, 0.6, 1.2, 1.8, 2.4, and 6.0%) was 27.95, 30.42, 33.91, 39.51, 41.17 and 63.82%, respectively. DPPH-radical scavenging activity was increased significantly by the addition of SHP. Inhibition of lipid rancidity and total polyphenol contents of the breads were increased by the addition of SHP.

E-Band Wideband MMIC Receiver Using 0.1 ${\mu}m$ GaAs pHEMT Process

  • Kim, Bong-Su;Byun, Woo-Jin;Kang, Min-Soo;Kim, Kwang Seon
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.485-491
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, the implementations of a $0.1{\mu}m$ gallium arsenide (GaAs) pseudomorphic high electron mobility transistor process for a low noise amplifier (LNA), a subharmonically pumped (SHP) mixer, and a single-chip receiver for 70/80 GHz point-to-point communications are presented. To obtain high-gain performance and good flatness for a 15 GHz (71 GHz to 86 GHz) wideband LNA, a five-stage input/output port transmission line matching method is used. To decrease the package loss and cost, 2nd and 4th SHP mixers were designed. From the measured results, the five-stage LNA shows a gain of 23 dB and a noise figure of 4.5 dB. The 2nd and 4th SHP mixers show conversion losses of 12 dB and 17 dB and input P1dB of -1.5 dBm to 1.5 dBm. Finally, a single-chip receiver based on the 4th SHP mixer shows a gain of 6 dB, a noise figure of 6 dB, and an input P1dB of -21 dBm.

Hypoxic repression of CYP7A1 through a HIF-1α- and SHP-independent mechanism

  • Moon, Yunwon;Park, Bongju;Park, Hyunsung
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.173-178
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    • 2016
  • Liver cells experience hypoxic stress when drug-metabolizing enzymes excessively consume O2 for hydroxylation. Hypoxic stress changes the transcription of several genes by activating a heterodimeric transcription factor called hypoxia-inducible factor-1α/β (HIF-1α/β). We found that hypoxic stress (0.1% O2) decreased the expression of cytochrome P450 7A1 (CYP7A1), a rate-limiting enzyme involved in bile acid biosynthesis. Chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA), a major component of bile acids, represses CYP7A1 by activating a transcriptional repressor named small heterodimer partner (SHP). We observed that hypoxia decreased the levels of both CDCA and SHP, suggesting that hypoxia repressed CYP7A1 without inducing SHP. The finding that overexpression of HIF-1α increased the activity of the CYP7A1 promoter suggested that hypoxia decreased the expression of CYP7A1 in a HIF-1-independent manner. Thus, the results of this study suggested that hypoxia decreased the activity of CYP7A1 by limiting its substrate O2, and by decreasing the transcription of CYP7A1.

Effect of X-537A on Hydrogen Ion Concentration in Sperm Washed Solution and Sperm Acrosome Reacton in Bovine (X-537A가 정자세척액내 수소이온농도와 소 정자의 첨모반응에 미치는 영향)

  • 박영식;임경순
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.189-193
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    • 1991
  • This study was carried out ot investigate effects of X-537A on hydrogen ion concentration insperm washed solution and sperm acrosome reaction. The results obtained were as follows. 1. When bovine sperm was twice washed with SHP solutions of pH 6.8 and 7.4 and again washed with SHP solution containing 4$\mu$M of X-537A, in case of pH 6.8 the sperm washed with 4$\mu$M of X-537A showed signifciantly(p<0.01) higher hydrogen ion concentration in sperm washed solution than the sperm washed without X-537A. 2. When the sperm was twice washed with SHP solution and then washed with SHP solution containing 4$\mu$M of X-537A, sperm acrosome rection rate was signifciantly(p<0.01) increased from 12min after incubation in the sperm washed without X-537A, but was signifciantly(p<0.01) increased from 8 min after incubation in the sperm washed with 4$\mu$M of X-537A. 3. When the sperm was twice washed with SHP solution and then washed with SHP solution containing 0, 4 and 40$\mu$M of X-537A, and then incubated in m-TALP for 120 min, sperm acrosome reaction rate was significantly(p<0.01) increased from 15 min after incubation in 0, 4 and 40$\mu$m OF X-537A. However at 60 min incubation 40$\mu$M of X-537A showed significantly(p<0.01) higher sperm acrosome reaction rate than 0 and 4$\mu$M and at 120 min incubation 4 and 40$\mu$M of X-537A showed signifciantly(p<0.01) higher acrosome reaction rate than 0$\mu$M of X-537A.

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Effect of pH Stimulation on Acrosome Reaction of Bovine Spermatozoa (pH 자극이 소 정자의 첨모반응에 미치는 영향)

  • 박영식;임경순
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.195-199
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    • 1991
  • This study was carried out ot investigate effect of pH stimulation on acrosome reaction of bovine spermatozoa. The results obtained were as follows : 1. When sperm was sequentially washed with SHP solution of pH 7.4, 7.7 and 7.4 and incubated in mTALP solution of pH 7.4 for 120min, 15, 30, 60 and 120min incubations showed significantly(p<0.05) higher sperm acrosome reaction rate than 0 min. 2. When sperm was sequentially washed with SHP solution of pH 7.4, 8.0 and 7.4 and incubated in mTALP solution of pH 7.4 for 15 minutes, sperm acrosome reaction rate was significantly(p<0.01) increased until 9 min. Incubation, but not increased thereafter. 3. When sperm were separately washed with SHP solutions of pH 7.0, 7.4 and 8.0 and incubated in mTALP solution of pH 7.4 for 9min, sperm acrosome reaction rate was 74.8, 71.8 and 93.4%. pH 8.0 showed signifciantly(p<0.01) higher sperm acrosome reaction rate than pH 7.0 and 7.4. The results suggest that stimulation of sperm with high pH induces sperm crosome reaction.

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Effects of Some Sodium Phosphates as Auxiliary Agents for Softening Hard Water to Degum Silk (인산염이 견사련용수의 경수연화에 미치는 영향)

  • 신봉섭;남중희
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.37-43
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    • 1994
  • The effects of some sodium phosphates as auxiliary agents were studied on the blockade of hardness for silk degumming. In this work, four kinds of sodium phosphates were tested and the results were obtained through masking effects of metallic ions, difference of pH value and boil-off ratio. The degumming of calcium ingredient was analyzed by means of atomic absorption spectrophotometer and degumming test of cocoon shell was performed in the presence of calcium ingredient and sodium phosphates added to soap solution. In the view of the effects of sodium phosphates on calcium hardness, tetrasodium pyrophosphate(TSPP) and sodium phosphate dibasic(SPD) masked calcium ions more than sodium phosphate monobasic(SPM) and sodium hexametaphosphate(SHP). SHP and TSPP have excellent abilities of masking ferrous ions. The pH values of TSPP solution is higher than others, but lower than soap solution. The pH values were differently measured one another among the sodium phosphates but the boil-off ratio was increased in case of sodium phosphate with high pH value.

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