• Title, Summary, Keyword: SF-MPQ

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Assessment of the Nature and Severity of Pain Using SF-MPQ for Cancer Patients at the National Institute of Oncology in Rabat in 2015

  • Nabila, Rouahi;Zineb, OuazzaniTouhami;Hasna, Ahyayauch;Nisrin, El Mlili;A, Filali-Maltouf;Zakaria, Belkhadir
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.3997-4001
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    • 2016
  • Background: Cancer is a worldwide health problem and pain is among the most common and unpleasant effects affecting well-being of cancer patients. Accurate description of pain can help physicians to improve its management. Many English tools have been developed to assess pain. Onkly a limited number of these are applied in Arab countries. Our aim was to assess the quality, the nature and the severity of pain using the short McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) on cancer patients in the National Institute of Oncology (NIO) in Rabat, Morocco. Materials and Methods: The tool used is the SF-MPQ inspired from the Arabic version of the MPQ. The subjects were cancer patients (N=182) attending the NIO, from 24th October 2015 to 8th January 2016, aging ${\geq}18$ years old, experiencing pain and coming to have or to update their pain medication. Results: The rate of participation was 96.3%. Eight patients had difficulties to express their pain using descriptors, but could use the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and the body diagram. The most frequent sensory descriptors were 'Throbbing', 'Shooting', 'Hot-Burning'. The most used affective descriptor was 'Tiring-Exhausting'. The mean VAS was 6.6 (2.4). The mean score of all items was 11.9 (7.8). The patients were suffering from severe pain. The internal consistency of the form was s acceptable. Conclusions: The findings indicate that most of the patients attending the pain center of the NIO could use the descriptors of the SF-MPQ to describe their pain. They indicate the usefulness of the SF-MPQ to assess the nature and the severity of pain in cancer patients. This tool should be tested in other Moroccan and Arabic contexts associated with other tools in clinical trials.

Effect of treatment with S.O.T block on musculoskeletal pain caused by Traffic Accident (교통사고 환자를 대상으로 한 S.O.T block의 치료 효과)

  • Liu, Chi-Cheng;Oh, Min-Seok
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.127-135
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of treatment with Sacro-Occipital Technique block on musculoskeletal pain caused by traffic accident by analysis of the Visual Analogue Scale(VAS), Neck Disability Index(NDI), Pain Disability Index(PDI), Oswestry Low back Pain Disability Index(ODI) and Short Form - McGill Pain Qusetionnaire (SF-MPQ). Methods : This study carried out on 18 patients who have received hospital treatment in Daejeon Univ. Dun-San Oriental Hospital. Control group got acupunture-therapy, herbal medication, physical therapy and Experimental group got all the therapies and treatment with Sacro-Occipital Technique block. We measured VAS, NDI, PDI, ODI and SF-MPQ on 1st day and 7 days later. Results : After being treated by our methods, Both group were improved in VAS, NDI, PDI, ODI, and SF-MPQ. Especially, Experimental group was significantly meaningful improved in VAS, PDI, and ODI. Control group was significantly meaningful improved in VAS and SF-MPQ. But, differences between control and experimental group were nonsignificant. Conclusions : The results suggest that treatment with Sacro-Occipital Technique block is not significantly meaningful but gives a positive impact on musculoskeletal pain caused by traffic accident. But further long term study in a large scale is needed.

Short-term Clinical Observation of the Early Postpartum Low Back Pain in the Korean Medical Hospital (한방치료를 받은 출산 초기 산모의 요통 경과 고찰)

  • Lee, Eun-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.174-184
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to observe the early postpartum low back pain and pelvic girdle pain in the Korean medical hospital for 2-weeks. Methods: Fifty-one postpartum women who admitted for postpartum care in Korean hospital from December 3rd, 2011 to January 31st, 2012 had written out pain measurement questionnaires(SF-MPQ, VAS, ODI) three times for 2-weeks. SPSS 18.0 for Windows was used to analyse the data and the independent samples t-test, paired T-test were used to verify the results. Results: 1. Evaluation of low back pain within the first week after birth was as follows: SF-MPQ sensory area was $5.06{\pm}4.41$ points; SF-MPQ emotional areas was $0.86{\pm}1.34$ points; VAS mean was $3.79{\pm}2.02$ points; and ODI mean was $10.27{\pm}6.69$. 2. Early postpartum low back pain and pelvic girdle pain were significantly decreased in SF-MPQ, VAS, and ODI after 2-weeks(p < 0.01). 3. Age, birth type, parity, weight, and BMI increased during pregnancy does not affect the postpartum low back pain and pelvic girdle pain. Conclusions: The top 10% of postpartum low back pain scale was 10.8 points or more in the sensory area of SF-MPQ, and 3 points or more in the affective area of SF-MPQ. In the case of VAS, it was more than 7 points, and ODI was more than 21.8 points. Postpartum back pain with oriental medical treatment was significantly improved.

One Case Report of Fibromyalgia Syndrome(FMS) Patient Improved by Korean Medical Combined Treatment (한방 복합치료로 호전된 섬유근통 증후군 치료 1례)

  • Kim, Min-Chul;Kim, Sung-Ho
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.149-158
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of oriental medical combined treatment on the fibromyalgia syndrome patient. Methods : Oriental medical combined treatment was administered during 3 weeks at 2 times admissions. The improvement of clinical symptom was evaluated by VAS(visual analogue scale), SF-MPQ(short form-McGill pain questionnarie) and PRS(pain rating scale), change of tender points. Results : After treatment, the patient's VAS score was reduced to 3-5, 4-5 point. First admission, there is no observable change in the SF-MPQ. But, Second admission, SF-MPQ score was reduced from 16 to 6. The PRS score was reduced from 72 to 24, from 75 to 48 respectively. Tender points was reduced generally. Conclusions : Oriental medical combined treatment for the fibromyalgia syndrome patient was effective. Although this case presented valuable result, further research is encouraged to confirm the effectiveness of this treatment with large number of patient.

Severity of Musculoskeletal Pain and Its Effect on Psychosocial Factors in Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

  • Kwon, Chun-suk;Kim, Suhn-yeop
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.29-37
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    • 2015
  • PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between psychosocial factors and the severity of musculoskeletal pain in veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: A total of 60 subjects were recruited from among the veterans with musculoskeletal pain at D Veterans Hospital. PTSD was evaluated by using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition; severity of pain was measured by using the short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ); depression and anxiety were measured by using the Symptom Checklist-90-Revision; and the quality of sleep was measured by using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. All data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0 software for Windows. RESULTS: The averages cores of pain intensity ($7.48{\pm}1.67$), SF-MPQ-sensory ($13.84{\pm}7.52$), SF-MPQ-affective ($4.41{\pm}3.79$), depression ($19.30{\pm}11.37$), anxiety ($13.39{\pm}7.99$), and quality of sleep ($10.05{\pm}5.89$) were obtained in veterans with PTSD. SF-MPQ-sensory measures sleep quality (r=0.346, p<0.01), SF-MPQ-affective measures depression (r=0.318, p<0.01) and anxiety (r=0.404, p<0.01), and these showed a statistically significant positive correlation in veterans with PTSD. Pain levels were observed to be higher in veterans with PTSD. Moreover, in these subjects, physical pain had a significant influence on the anxiety variable among the psychosocial factors. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that musculoskeletal pain provides meaningful information about depression, anxiety, and sleep disorder in veterans with PTSD. Our data suggest that musculoskeletal pain may need to be addressed as part of the health management process of veterans.

The Clinical Studies for Non Surgical Spinal Decompression Treatment on Cervical Disc Herniation (경추추간판 탈출증환자의 감압치료 병행효과에 대한 임상적 연구)

  • Seo, Sang-Kyoung;Kim, Byoung-Jung;Park, Kuk-Ji;Kang, Jun-Hyuk;Kim, Seong-Ki;Seo, Deok-Won
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.131-143
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    • 2011
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to make a survey of the effectiveness of the non surgical spinal decompression treatment in patients with cervical disc herniation documented on magnetic resonance imaging(MRI). Methods: We studied about 27 cases of cervical disc herniation which were treated with non surgical spinal decompression and other medical treatment (acupuncture, interferential current therapy and ice poultice). Each patient has been treated with spine decompression and other medical treatment. And degree of improvement has been evaluated by short form-McGill pain questionnaire(SF-MPQ), visual analogue scale(VAS) and neck disability index(NDI) before treatment and 5th, 10th times after treatments. Results: 1. The VAS SF-MPQ and NDI scores showed statistically significant improvement after 5th and 10th treatment. 2. The VAS, SF-MPQ and NDI scores after 5th treatment showed better improvement than those of after 10th treatment. 3. The VAS, SF-MPQ and NDI scores in Subacute stage showed more statistically significant improvement among the other stages. Conclusions: As a result, non surgical spinal decompression treatment has clinical effects of pain reduction on patient with cervical disc herniation.

The Clinical Studies for the effects of MyoFascial Releasement on Patients with Nuchal Pain Caused by Traffic Accidents (교통사고로 유발된 경항통 환자의 근막이완술의 효과에 대한 임상적 연구)

  • Jung, Won-Hee;Jung, Ji-Eun;Seo, Sang-Kyoung;Kang, Jun-Hyuk;Lee, Chang-Hee
    • The Journal of Korea CHUNA Manual Medicine for Spine and Nerves
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.21-29
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to find out the effects of myofascial releasement on nuchal pain caused by traffic accidents. Methods : The 30 patients were divided into 2 groups : group A was treated except myofascial releasement and group B was treated with myofascial releasement. Both group were treated with acupuncture treatment, physical theraphy and herbal medication. Patients were evaluated by McGill Pain Questionnaire-Short Form(SF-MPQ), Visual Analogue Scale(VAS), Pain Disability Index(PDI) and Neck Disability Index(NDI). Results : 1. Both Group were significantly decreased in affective of SF-MPQ, VAS, after 10 times of treatment. 2. Group B compared with the Group A was significantly decreased in affective of SF-MPQ, NDI and PDI after 10 times of treatment. Conclusions : We found out that myofascial releasement is considered to be effective and useful on nuchal pain caused by traffic accidents.

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Two Cases of Korean Medicine Therapy for Fibromyalgia Syndrome (섬유근통 증후군에 대한 치험 2례)

  • Yim, Min Young;Kim, Jae Soo;Lee, Hyun Jong;Lim, Sung Chul;Lee, Yun Kyu
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.46-53
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    • 2020
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to report the effects of Korean medicine therapy on patients with fibromyalgia syndrome. Methods : In this study, we used Korean medicine treatments, including acupuncture, bee venom therapy, chuna manual therapy, and others, to treat hospitalized patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia syndrome. Improvements in clinical symptoms were evaluated using a numeric rating scale (NRS), the short form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ), and changes in the number of tender points. Results : After Korean medicine treatment, the NRS scores reduced from 10 to 7 (Patient 1) and from 10 to 5 (Patient 2). The SF-MPQ scores decreased from 33 to 26 (Patient 1) and from 25 to 18 (Patient 2). The number of tender points reduced from 18 to 15 (Patient 1) and from 12 to 11 (Patient 2). Conclusions : In both patients, the NRS scores, SF-MPQ scores, and number of tender points significantly improved. The results suggest that Korean medicine treatments, including acupuncture, bee venom therapy, chuna manual therapy, and others, may be effective for treating fibromyalgia syndrome.

The Clinical Study for the Effects of Flexion-Distraction Technique on Patients with Low Back Pain (요통 환자의 굴곡신연기법의 효과에 대한 임상적 연구)

  • Jung, Won-Hee;Seo, Sang-Kyoung;Park, Kuk-Ji;Kang, Jun-Hyuk
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.61-74
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to find out the effects of flexion-distraction technique on low back pain. Methods : The 40 patients were divided into 2 groups: group a was treated except flexion-distraction technique and group B was treated with flexion-distraction technique. Both groups were treated with acupuncture treatment, physical therapy and manipulation. Patients were evaluated by McGill pain questionnaire-short form(SF-MPQ), visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry disability index(ODI) and pain disability index(PDI). Results : 1. Both Groups were significantly decreased in VAS and ODI after 3 weeks of treatment. 2. Group B compared with Group A was significantly decreased in SF-MPQ, VAS, ODI and PDI after 3 weeks of treatment. Conclusions : We found out that flexion-distraction technique is considered to be effective and useful on low back pain.

The Clinical Study on Effects of Moxa-pellet Therapy in Chronic Low Back Pain Patients (만성요통(慢性腰痛) 환자(患者)에 대한 압봉료법(壓蓬療法)의 임상적(臨床的) 관찰(觀察))

  • Ko, Young-Jin;Lee, Ro-Min;Kim, Joo-Hee;Nam, Sang-Su;Kim, Chang-Hwan
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.187-196
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : This study was designed to evaluate the effect of Moxa Pellet therapy on chronic low back pain. Methods: Subjects were voluntarily recruited by newspapers and internet. The Moxa Pellet therapy was performed for 4 weeks. Patients were randomized to three groups: Moxa Pellets, Control-l and Control-2 group. Moxa Pellets group administered with Moxa Pellets, Control-l group administered with moxa pellet-shaped moxa pellet without available components and Control-2 group administered with round bonded fabric that could not give pressing stimulation. Acupuncture points used in this study were $GV_3$, $BL_{23}$, $BL_{24}$, $BL_{25}$ and $BL_{22}$. The patient's symptoms were assessed before and after 4 weeks treatments by VAS, SF-MPQ and SF- 36. Results : The results are follows; 1. VAS score showed significant difference in Moxa Pellet group and Control-l group after treatment. 2. SF-MPQ score showed significant difference only in Moxa Pellet group. 3. Moxa Pellet group showed significant difference in PF, RE, MR, and BP of SF- 36 score after treatment; Control-l group showed no significant difference; Control-2 group showed significant difference in BP. There were no significant difference among the groups. Conclusions : This study suggests that Moxa Pellet therapy can be applicable to improve symptoms in the patients with chronic low back pain. Further studies on the Moxa Pellet therapy and other treatment in the patients with chronic low back pain is recommended.

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