• Title, Summary, Keyword: SELDI

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Optimization of SELDI-TOF MS for Peptide Profiling of Sorghum Seed (수수종자의 펩타이드 분석을 위한 SELDI-TOF MS 최적화 연구)

  • Park, Sei Joon;Park, June Young;Lee, Yong Ho;Hwang, Su Min;Kim, A Ram;Ko, Jee-Yeon;Kim, Tae Wan
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.58 no.1
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    • pp.50-56
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    • 2013
  • For accurate analysis of low molecular peptides using SELDI-TOF MS (surface enhanced laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry), the optimized analytical conditions should be established for a specific biological sample. This study was conducted to optimize SELDI-TOF MS analytical conditions for profiling low molecular peptide below 10 kDa presented in sorghum seeds. Analytical conditions were as follows; (1) protein chips: CM10 (weak cation exchanger) and Q10 (strong anion exchanger), (2) dilution factors of binding buffer: 1/2, 1/5, 1/10, 1/20, 1/50, 1/100, and 1/200, (3) the stringency of Q10 binding buffer: 10 mM and 100 mM, and (4) protein extraction buffers: sodium borate, sodium borate + acetone, phenol, and TCA buffers. Optimum dilution factors were selected as 1/20 and 1/50 in both protein chips, CM10 and Q10. Low stringency of Q10 binding buffer (10mM) detected more peptide peaks than high stringency (100 mM). Selected protein extraction buffers of sorghum seed for SELDI-TOF MS analysis was the sodium borate buffer in the range of 2~10 kDa, while the phenol buffer was more suitable in the range of 10~20 kDa.

An Algorithm for Baseline Correction of SELDI/MALDI Mass Spectrometry Data

  • Lee, Kyeong-Eun
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.1289-1297
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    • 2006
  • Before other statistical data analysis the preprocessing steps should be performed adequately to have meaningful results. These steps include processes such as baseline correction, normalization, denoising, and multiple alignment. In this paper an algorithm for baseline correction is proposed with using the piecewise cubic Hermite interpolation with block-selected points and local minima after denoising for SELDI or MALDI mass spectrometry data.

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Differential Expressions of Apoptosis Regulators and Protein Profiling by SELDI-TOF Mass Spectrometry in Human Testis with Obstructive and Non-obstructive Azoospermia (폐쇄성과 비폐쇄성 무 정자증 환자의 고환 내 세포 자연사 관련 인자들의 발현 변화와 SELDI-TOF Mass Spectrometry를 이용한 단백질 발현 분석)

  • Kim, Suel-Kee;Kim, Ho-Seung;Lee, Ho-Joon;Park, Yong-Seog;Seo, Ju-Tae;Yoon, Yong-Dal
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.121-132
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    • 2005
  • 연구목적: 본 연구에서는 비폐쇄성 무정자증 환자에서 나타나는 정자형성과정의 이상과 고환세포의 세포자연사와의 연관관계 여부를 확인하였다. 또한 SELDI-TOF MS 분석을 통하여 고환 내 단백질 발현 양상을 확인하고, 질환에 따른 효과적인 biomarker 개발 가능성 여부를 확인하였다. 재료 및 방법: RT-PCR 및 면역조직화학법을 사용하여 고환에서의 Fas, FasL, Bcl-2, Bax와 Caspase-3의 발현 양상을 확인하고, in situ DNA 3'-end-labelling 방법으로 고환세포의 세포자연사 양상을 확인하였다. SELDI-TOF MS 분석법에 의한 고환의 병리학적 소견에 따른 단백질 발현 변화는 소수성 칩 ($H_4$)을 사용하여 분자량 10~100 kDa 범위 내에서 분석하였다. 결 과: 정상적인 정자형성과정을 보이는 폐쇄성 무정자증 환자의 고환에 비해 지주세포 증후군 (Sertoli cell only syndrome)과 성숙정지 (maturation arrest)를 보이는 고환 내 생식세포와 지주세포에서 세포자연사가 현저하게 증가한 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 세포자연사 관련인자들의 발현 양상을 확인한 결과, 지주세포 증후군과 성숙정지 환자군에서 Fas와 FasL mRNA의 발현이 증가하였으나, bcl-2, bax와 caspase-3 mRNA 발현의 경우에는 두 질환 모두에서 유의한 차이를 확인할 수 없었다. FasL 단백질 발현의 경우, 세포자연사의 증가가 관찰되었던 지주세포 증후군과 성숙정지를 보이는 환자의 간질세포와 지주세포에서 증가하는 양상을 나타내었다. SELDI-TOF MS 분석 결과에서 폐쇄성 무정자증 환자군에 비해 전체적인 단백질 발현양이 지주세포 증후군과 성숙정지 환자의 고환에서 감소하는 양상을 보였으며, 특히, 16.730 kDa 단백질의 현저한 감소를 확인할 수 있었다. 결 론: 본 연구결과를 통해 비폐쇄성 무정자증 환자에서 나타나는 정자형성과정의 장애는 생식세포의 비정상적인 세포자연사와 연관되어 있으며, 고환 내 Fas와 FasL의 비정상적인 발현이 주된 원인인 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 또한, SELDI-TOF MS 분석법을 통한 단백질 발현 양상의 연구는 무정자증 환자에서의 다양한 병리학적 소견을 쉽게 파악할 수 있는 biomarker 발굴뿐만 아니라 질환의 원인규명을 위한 연구에도 유용하게 이용될 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.

SELDI-TOF MS Combined with Magnetic Beads for Detecting Serum Protein Biomarkers and Establishment of a Boosting Decision Tree Model for Diagnosis of Pancreatic Cancer

  • Qian, Jing-Yi;Mou, Si-Hua;Liu, Chi-Bo
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.1911-1915
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    • 2012
  • Aim: New technologies for the early detection of pancreatic cancer (PC) are urgently needed. The aim of the present study was to screen for the potential protein biomarkers in serum using proteomic fingerprint technology. Methods: Magnetic beads combined with surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization (SELDI) TOF MS were used to profile and compare the protein spectra of serum samples from 85 patients with pancreatic cancer, 50 patients with acute-on-chronic pancreatitis and 98 healthy blood donors. Proteomic patterns associated with pancreatic cancer were identified with Biomarker Patterns Software. Results: A total of 37 differential m/z peaks were identified that were related to PC (P < 0.01). A tree model of biomarkers was constructed with the software based on the three biomarkers (7762 Da, 8560 Da, 11654 Da), this showing excellent separation between pancreatic cancer and non-cancer., with a sensitivity of 93.3% and a specificity of 95.6%. Blind test data showed a sensitivity of 88% and a specificity of 91.4%. Conclusions: The results suggested that serum biomarkers for pancreatic cancer can be detected using SELDI-TOF-MS combined with magnetic beads. Application of combined biomarkers may provide a powerful and reliable diagnostic method for pancreatic cancer with a high sensitivity and specificity.

Different Level of Plasma Free Hemoglobin between Qi-deficiency and Fire Heat among Korean Stoke Subjects (한국인 중풍환자의 기허군 화열군의 plasma free hemoglobin의 비교)

  • Lim, Ji-Hye;Ko, Mi-Mi;Lee, Jung-Sup;Lee, Myeong-Soo;Cha, Min-Ho
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.697-701
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to fine proteins, which have significantly different level in plasma between Qi-deficiency and Fire-heat group of Korean Oriental Stroke pattern identification (PI) among Korean stroke patients. Eighteen stroke patients with Qi-deficiency and forty nine patients with Fire-heat, which had critical syndrome of each PI, were participated in this study. Plasma protein pattern were analyzed by SELDI-TOF MS using Q10 strong anion exchange chip and Mass spectral data (m/z) statistically determined. The expression level of proteins, which were different between Qi-deficiency and Fire-heat in the results by SELDI-TOF MS, were confirmed by western blot. As a result of analyzing plasma protein by SELDI-TOF MS, six protein peaks were significantly higher in Fire-heat group than Qi-deficiency group. Two peaks among of them, M15003 and M15745, were respectively identified as hemoglobin alpha and beta in previous study. Expression level of plasma free hemoglobin of Fire-heat group was also confirmed higher in Fire-heat group than in Qi-deficiency group. These findings suggest that plasma free hemoglobin is a candidate for discriminating Qi-deficiency and Fire-heat group according to pattern identification (PI) of stroke.

Identification of Protein Candidates in Porcine Oocytes during In Vitro Maturation

  • Lee, Jae-Dal;Cui, Xiang-Shun;Im, Gi-Sun;Seong, Hwan-Hoo;Kim, Nam-Hyung
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.71-79
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    • 2008
  • Surface-enhanced laser desorption and ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF MS) is one of the recently developed proteomic technologies which is based on capturing proteins and peptides by chemically modified surfaces and highly sensitive for the analysis of complex biological samples. In the present study, to gain insights into oocyte maturation and early embryo development, SELDI-TOF-MS was used to find the protein candidates that are specifically or prominently expressed in porcine oocytes at the in vitro matured metaphase II (MIIl) and germinal vesicle (GV) stages. By selected CM10 chip, 16 candidates were found to be up-regulated in GV stage oocytes compared with in MII stage oocytes, their molecular weights were 8,180 (2 candidates), 10,226 (5 candidates), 15,767 (5 candidates) and 16,770 (4 candidates) Da respectively. And the expression of 29 candidates were higher in MII than in GV stage oocytes, their molecular weight were 10,832 (3 candidates), 17,743 (8 candidates), 20,122 (3 candidates), 22,131 (3 candidates), 24,857 (7 candidates) and 33,507 (5 candidates) Da, respectively. The expression of selected 13 candidates (0.2 and 1.0 % error tolerances) were analyzed using real time RT-PCR. The proteins that differentially regulated during oocyte in vitro maturation in the pigs may be potential biomarkers of oocyte maturation and quality.

Peptide Profiling and Selection of Specific-Expressed Peptides in Hypoglycemic Sorghum Seed using SELDI-TOF MS (SELDI-TOF MS를 활용한 혈당강하 수수 종자의 펩타이드 프로파일링 및 특이 발현 펩타이드 선발)

  • Park, Sei Joon;Hwang, Su Min;Park, Jun Young;Ko, Jee-Yeon;Kim, Tae Wan
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.59 no.3
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    • pp.252-262
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    • 2014
  • Sorghum seed is traditionally used as secondary food sources in addition to rice in Korea. While the hypoglycemia regulating phytochemicals have been found in sorghum seed, peptides related with hypoglycemia never been studied before. To obtain the peptide characteristics and the specifically high-expressed peptides in hypoglycemic sorghum seed, peptide profiles of seven hypoglycemic and five non-hypoglycemic sorghum lines bred in RDA were determined using surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF MS). The twelve sorghum lines exhibited 104 peptides on CM10 protein chip array (weak cation exchange) and 95 peptides on Q10 (weak cation exchange) in the molecular mass range from 2,000 to 20,000 Da. Heat map via supervised hierarchical clustering of the significantly different peptides (p < 0.01) in peak intensity among the 12 lines effectively revealed the specifically upregulated peptides in each line and distinguished between 7 hypoglycemic and 5 non-hypoglycemic lines. Through the comparison with hypoglycemic and non-hypoglycemic lines, 10 peptides including 2231.6, 2845.4, 2907.9, 3063.5, 3132.6, 3520.8, 4078.8, 5066.2, 5296.5, 5375.5 Da were specifically high-expressed in hypoglycemic lines at p < 0.00001. This study characterized seed peptides of 12 sorghums and found ten peptides highly expressed for hypoglycemic sorghum lines, which could be used as peptide biomarkers for identification of hypoglycemic sorghum.

Identification of Developmental Related Genes in the Lab Animal (실험동물 발생 유전자의 확인)

  • Lee, Jae-Dal
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.1407-1413
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    • 2009
  • The present study was conducted to gain insights into oocyte maturation and early embryo development, SELDI-TOF-MS was used to find the protein candidates that are specifically or prominently expressed in mouse oocytes at the in vitro matured metaphase II (MIl) and germinal vesicle (GV) stages. By using selected CM10 chip, found 16 candidates which were up-regulated in GV stage oocytes compared with in MIl stage oocytes, molecular weight are 8180 (2 candidates), 10226 (5 candidates), 15767 (5 candidates) and 16770 (4 candidates) Da respectively. And 29 candidates were higher in MIl than in GV stage oocytes, molecular weight are 10832 (3 candidates), 17744(8 candidates), 20122 (3 candidates), 22131 (3 candidates), 24857 (7 candidates) and 33507 (5 candidates) Da, respectively. All (45) candidate (0.2 and 1.0 % error tolerances) were performed real time RT-PCR analysis and further selected 13 more potential candidates.

Comparative Proteomic Analyses of the Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae KNU5377 Strain Against Menadione-Induced Oxidative Stress

  • Kim, Il-Sup;Yun, Hae-Sun;Jin, In-Gnyol
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.207-217
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    • 2007
  • The Saccharomyces0 cerevisiae KNU5377 strain, which was isolated from spoilage in nature, has the ability to convert biomass to alcohol at high temperatures and it can resist against various stresses [18, 19]. In order to understand the defense mechanisms of the KNU5377 strain under menadione (MD) as oxidative stress, we used several techniques for study: peptide mass fingerprinting (PMF) by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) followed by two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis, liquid chromatography electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS), and surface-enhanced laser desorption ionization-time of flight (SELDI-TOF) technology. Among the 35 proteins identified by MALDI-TOF MS, 19 proteins including Sod1p, Sod2p, Tsa1p, and Ahp1p were induced under stress condition, while 16 proteins were augmented under normal condition. In particular, five proteins, Sod1p, Sod2p, Ahp1p, Rib3p, Yaf9p, and Mnt1p, were induced in only stressed cells. By LC-ESI-MS/MS analysis, 37 proteins were identified in normal cells and 49 proteins were confirmed in the stressed cells. Among the identified proteins, 32 proteins were found in both cells. Five proteins including Yel047cp and Met6p were only upregulated in the normal cells, whereas 17 proteins including Abp1P and Sam1p were elevated in the stressed cells. It was interesting that highly hypothetical proteins such as Ynl281wp, Ygr279cp, Ypl273wp, Ykl133cp, and Ykr074wp were only expressed in the stressed cells. SELDI-TOF analysis using the SAX2 and WCX2 chips showed that highly multiple-specific protein patterns were reproducibly detected in ranges from 2.9 to 27.0 kDa both under normal and stress conditions. Therefore, induction of antioxidant proteins, hypothetical proteins, and low molecular weight proteins were revealed by different proteomic techniques. These results suggest that comparative analyses using proteomics might contribute to elucidate the defense mechanisms of KNU5377 under MD stress.