• Title, Summary, Keyword: SDOF Building

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Design of Friction Dampers for Seismic Response Control of a SDOF Building (단자유도 건물의 지진응답제어를 위한 마찰감쇠기 설계)

  • Min, Kyung-Won;Seong, Ji-Young
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.22-28
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    • 2010
  • Approximate analysis for a building installed with a friction damper is performed to get insight of its dynamic behavior. Energy balance equation is used to have a closed analytical form solution of dynamic magnification factor(DMF). It is found out that DMF is dependent on friction force ratio and resonance frequency. Approximation of DMF and equivalent damping ratio of a friction damper is proposed with such assumption that the building with a friction damper shows harmonic steady-state response and narrow banded response behavior near resonance frequency. Linear transfer function from input external force to output building displacement is suggested from the simplified DMF equation. Root mean square of a building displacement is derived under earthquake-like random excitation. Finally, design procedure of a friction damper is proposed by finding friction force corresponding to target control ratio. Numerical analysis is carried out to verify the proposed design procedure.

A new statistical moment-based structural damage detection method

  • Zhang, J.;Xu, Y.L.;Xia, Y.;Li, J.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.445-466
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    • 2008
  • This paper presents a novel structural damage detection method with a new damage index based on the statistical moments of dynamic responses of a structure under a random excitation. After a brief introduction to statistical moment theory, the principle of the new method is put forward in terms of a single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) system. The sensitivity of statistical moment to structural damage is discussed for various types of structural responses and different orders of statistical moment. The formulae for statistical moment-based damage detection are derived. The effect of measurement noise on damage detection is ascertained. The new damage index and the proposed statistical moment-based damage detection method are then extended to multi-degree-of-freedom (MDOF) systems with resort to the leastsquares method. As numerical studies, the proposed method is applied to both single and multi-story shear buildings. Numerical results show that the fourth-order statistical moment of story drifts is a more sensitive indicator to structural stiffness reduction than the natural frequencies, the second order moment of story drift, and the fourth-order moments of velocity and acceleration responses of the shear building. The fourth-order statistical moment of story drifts can be used to accurately identify both location and severity of structural stiffness reduction of the shear building. Furthermore, a significant advantage of the proposed damage detection method lies in that it is insensitive to measurement noise.

Parametric study on earthquake induced pounding between adjacent buildings

  • Naserkhaki, Sadegh;Abdul Aziz, Farah N.A.;Pourmohammad, Hassan
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.503-526
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    • 2012
  • Pounding between closely located adjacent buildings is a serious issue of dense cities in the earthquake prone areas. Seismic responses of adjacent buildings subjected to earthquake induced pounding are numerically studied in this paper. The adjacent buildings are modeled as the lumped mass shear buildings subjected to earthquake acceleration and the pounding forces are modeled as the Kelvin contact force model. The Kelvin model is activated when the separation gap is closed and the buildings pound together. Characteristics of the Kelvin model are extensively explored and a new procedure is proposed to determine its stiffness. The developed model is solved numerically and a SDOF pounding case as well as a MDOF pounding case of multistory adjacent buildings are elaborated and discussed. Effects of different separation gaps, building heights and earthquake excitations on the seismic responses of adjacent buildings are obtained. Results show that the seismic responses of adjacent buildings are affected negatively by the pounding. More stories pound together and pounding is more intense if the separation gap is smaller. When the height of buildings differs significantly, the taller building is almost unaffected while the shorter building is affected detrimentally. Finally, the buildings should be analyzed case by case considering the potential earthquake excitation in the area.

3D FEM analysis of earthquake induced pounding responses between asymmetric buildings

  • Bi, Kaiming;Hao, Hong;Sun, Zhiguo
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.377-386
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    • 2017
  • Earthquake-induced pounding damages to building structures were repeatedly observed in many previous major earthquakes. Extensive researches have been carried out in this field. Previous studies mainly focused on the regular shaped buildings and each building was normally simplified as a single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) system or a multi-degree-of-freedom (MDOF) system by assuming the masses of the building lumped at the floor levels. The researches on the pounding responses between irregular asymmetric buildings are rare. For the asymmetric buildings subjected to earthquake loading, torsional vibration modes of the structures are excited, which in turn may significantly change the structural responses. Moreover, contact element was normally used to consider the pounding phenomenon in previous studies, which may result in inaccurate estimations of the structural responses since this method is based on the point-to-point pounding assumption with the predetermined pounding locations. In reality, poundings may take place between any locations. In other words, the pounding locations cannot be predefined. To more realistically consider the arbitrary poundings between asymmetric structures, detailed three-dimensional (3D) finite element models (FEM) and arbitrary pounding algorithm are necessary. This paper carries out numerical simulations on the pounding responses between a symmetric rectangular-shaped building and an asymmetric L-shaped building by using the explicit finite element code LS-DYNA. The detailed 3D FEMs are developed and arbitrary 3D pounding locations between these two buildings under bi-directional earthquake ground motions are investigated. Special attention is paid to the relative locations of two adjacent buildings. The influences of the left-and-right, fore-and-aft relative locations and separation gap between the two buildings on the pounding responses are systematically investigated.

Pseudo 3D FEM analysis for wave passage effect on the response spectrum of a building built on soft soil layer

  • Kim, Yong-Seok
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.1241-1254
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    • 2015
  • Spatially variable ground motions can be significant on the seismic response of a structure due to the incoherency of the incident wave. Incoherence of the incident wave is resulted from wave passage and wave scattering. In this study, wave passage effect on the response spectrum of a building structure built on a soft soil layer was investigated utilizing a finite element program of P3DASS (Pseudo 3-dimensional Dynamic Analysis of a Structure-soil System). P3DASS was developed for the axisymmetric problem in the cylindrical coordinate, but it is modified to apply anti-symmetric input earthquake motions. Study results were compared with the experimental results to verify the reliability of P3DASS program for the shear wave velocity of 250 m/s and the apparent shear wave velocities of 2000-3500 m/s. Studied transfer functions of input motions between surface mat foundation and free ground surface were well-agreed to the experimental ones with a small difference in all frequency ranges, showing some reductions of the transfer function in the high frequency range. Also wave passage effect on the elastic response spectrum reduced the elastic seismic response of a SDOF system somewhat in the short period range.

Saturated Sliding Mode Control of SDOF System under Earthquake Leadings (지진을 받는 단자유도 진동계의 포화 슬라이딩 모드 제어)

  • 민경원;이상현;이영철;이승준;박민규
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.477-484
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    • 2003
  • Recently, sliding mode control(SMC) method has been investigated for control of building structures under earthquake loadings. SMC keeps responses of a structure in sliding surface while the structure is stable. This control method uses both linear controller and nonlinear controller such as bang-bang controller. This paper presents vibration control of a structure using saturated sliding mode controller, whose maximum conrtol force is limited. The effectiveness of SMC method with controler saturation is investigated based on two performance evaluation criteria: root mean square(RMS) and maximum values of floor drifts and accelerations. Simulation results indicate that SMC method is effective in reduction of displacement and acceleration utilizing the saturated controller's capacity efficiently.

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Parametric Study on SDOF System with MR Damper Using Hysteretic Biviscous Model (단자유도 시스템에 대한 이력이점성 모델을 사용한 MR감쇠기 변수 연구)

  • 이상현;민경원;이루지;김대곤
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.27-33
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, various dynamic model of magnetorheological (MR) damper, is required for describing the hysteresis of MR damper and for their application are investigated to structural control. The dynamic characteristics and control effects of the modeling methods for MR dampers such as Bingham, biviscous, hysteretic biviscous, simple Bouc-Wen, Bouc-Wen with mass element and phenomenological models are studied. Of these models, hysteretic biviscous model which is simple and describes the hysteretic characteristics, is chosen for numerical studies. The capacity of MR damper is determined as a portion of not the building weight but the lateral restoring force.

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Equivalent Damping Ratio of the Inelastic SDOF Structures with Friction Damper (마찰감쇠기가 설치된 비선형 단자유도 건물의 등가감쇠비)

  • 김형섭;민경원;이상현;박지훈;문병욱
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.492-499
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this paper is to present a design procedure of coulomb friction dampers for controlling elastic and inelastic responses of building structures. The equivalent damping and frequency increased by the friction damper are estimated using ATC-40 and ATC-55 procedures which provide equivalent linear system for bilinear one, and then a design formula to achieve target performance response level by friction damper is presented. It is identified that there exists error between the responses obtained by this formula and by performing nonlinear analysis and the features of the error vary according to the hardening ratio, yield strength ratio, and structural period. Equations for compensating this er개r are reposed based on the least square method, and the results from numerical analyses indicate that the error is significantly reduced, and the proposed formula can be used without much error for designing coulomb friction damper for retrofitting a structure showing elastic or inelastic behavior.

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Reducing bi-directional response of SDOF building by new type Tuned Liquid Damper (새로운 형태의 동조액체댐퍼에 의한 단자유도 건물의 양방향 응답제어)

  • Lee, Hye-Ri;Min, Kyung-Won
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.778-782
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    • 2010
  • 본 논문에서는 TLD와 TLCD를 사용한 하나의 액체 감쇠기를 이용하여 건물의 양방향 응답 제어를 연구하였다. 초고층 건물이 풍하중을 받을때는 풍방향과 풍직각방향으로 진동하여 두 개의 댐퍼를 필요로 한다. 이 논문에서 제안된 댐퍼는 건물의 양방향 응답을 하나의 감쇠기로 제어할 수 있다는 장점이 있다. 이 댐퍼의 TLCD는 건물의 주축방향으로 TLD는 주축으로 직각되는 다른 방향으로 거동을 하게 된다. 실험을 통해 양방향 감쇠기를 사용하여 건물의 양방향 응답제어를 증명하였다. 첫 번째로 양방향 감쇠기에 의한 건물의 응답제어를 알기 위한 진동대 실험을 실시하였다. 진동대 가속도를 입력으로 하고 단자유도 건물의 가속도를 출력으로 하는 전달함수를 통해 결과를 나타내었다. 실험 결과 이 연구에서 제안된 감쇠기는 단자유도 건물의 양방향 응답을 제어하였고, 비틀림 응답도 제어 하였다.

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A Vibration Control of the Strcture using Immune Response Algorithm (면역반응 알고리즘을 이용한 구조물의 진동제어)

  • 이영진;이권순
    • Journal of Korean Port Research
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.389-398
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    • 1999
  • In the biological immunity, the immune system of organisms regulates the antibody and T-cells to protect the attack from the foreign materials which are virus, germ cell, and other antigens, and supports their stable state. It has similar characteristics that has the adaptation and robustness to overcome disturbances and to control the plant of engineering application. In this paper, we build a model of the T-cell regulated immune response mechanism. We have also designed an immune response controller(IRC) focusing on the T-cell regulated immune response of the biological immune system that include both a help part to control the response and a suppress part to adjust system stabilization effect. We show some computer simulation to control the vibration of building structure system with strong wind forces excitation also demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed controller for applying a practical system even with existing nonlinear terms.

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