• 제목, 요약, 키워드: SDOF Building

검색결과 51건 처리시간 0.054초

등가 1 자유도계에 의한 철근콘크리트 건물의 비선형 동적해석의 검토 (Estimation of Nonlinear Response for Moment Resisting Reinforced Concrete Frames Using Equivalent SDOF System)

  • 전대한;노필성
    • 한국지진공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.205-212
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    • 2003
  • To evaluate the seismic performance of multistory building structures use an equivalent SDOF model. This paper presents a method of converting a MDOF system into an equivalent SDOF model. The principal objective of this investigation is to evaluate appropriateness of converting method through perform nonlinear time history analysis of a multistory building structures and an equivalent SDOF model. The hysteresis rules to be used an equivalent SDOF model is obtained from the pushover analysis. The conclusion of this study is following; A method of converting a MDOF system into an equivalent SDOF model through the nonlinear time history response analysis is valid. The representative lateral displacement of a moment resisting reinforced concrete frames is close to the height of the first modal participation vector $_1$$\beta$$_1$u}=1. It can be found that the hysteresis rule of an equivalent SDOF model have influence on the time history response. Therefore, it is necessary for selecting hysteresis rules to consider hysteresis characteristics of a moment resisting reinforced concrete frames.

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초고층 건물의 양방향 풍응답 제어를 위한 액체댐퍼 실험 (Experiment of a Liquid Damper Controlling Bi-directional Wind Responses of a Tall Building)

  • 이혜리;민경원
    • 한국소음진동공학회논문집
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.287-295
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    • 2010
  • This study deals with the design of a bi-directional damper using a tuned liquid damper(TLD) and a tuned liquid column damper(TLCD) for a SDOF building. Two dampers are usually needed to reduce wind-induced responses of tall buildings since they are along and across wind ones. The proposed damper has the advantage of controlling both responses with a single damper. The damper used in this study behaves as both a TLCD in a specific translational direction and a TLD in the other orthogonal direction. This paper presents experimental verification to confirm its control performance. First, shaking table test is carried out to investigate reducing responses by the damper. Control performance of the damper is expressed by the transfer function from shaking table accelerations to SDOF building ones. Testing results show that the damper reduced bi-directional responses of a SDOF building. Also, it reduced torsion responses.

등가 1자유도계를 이용한 철근콘크리트 골조건물의 층간변위 응답 산정 (Estimation of Interstory Drift for Moment Resisting Reinforced Concrete Frames Using Equivalent SDOF System)

  • 강호근;전대한
    • 한국지진공학회논문집
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.25-33
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    • 2004
  • 성능설계법에서 다층 건축물의 내진성능을 평가하기 위해서는 다자유도계를 등가 1자유도계로 변환할 필요가 있다. 본 논문은 다자유도계를 등가 1자유도계로 변환하여 다층 골조구조물의 층간변위 응답을 추정하는 방법을 제안한다. 본 연구의 목적은 다층 골조구조물과 등가 1자유도계의 시간이력해석을 수행하여 등가 1자유도계 변환 방법의 타당성을 확인하는 것이다. 다층 골조구조물의 시간이력해석에 의한 층간변위 응답과 등가 1자유도계에 의해 추정된 층간변위 응답을 비교하여, 등가 1자유도계에 의한 층간변위 응답에 대한 추정 방법의 타당성을 확인한다. 본 연구에서 얻어진 결과는 다음과 같다. 시간이력해석을 통하여 다자유도계를 등가 1자유도계로 변환하는 방법의 타당성을 확인할 수 있었다. 다층 골조구조물의 층간변위 응답은 비탄성 1차 모드를 이용한 등가 1자유도계의 변위응답으로부터 보다 정확히 추정할 수 있었다.

등가 1 자유도계에 의한 철근콘크리트 모멘트 골조구조의 비선형 지진응답 평가법의 검토 (Evaluation of Nonlinear Response for Moment Resisting Reinforced Concrete Frames Based on Equivalent SDOF System)

  • 송호산;전대한
    • 한국지진공학회논문집
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2003
  • 건축구조물의 내진성능을 효율적으로 평가하기 위해서는 다자유도계 구조물을 등가 1자유도계로 표현하는 것이 필요하다. 본 연구는 다층 철근콘크리트 골조구조를 등가 1자유도계로 치환하는 방법을 제시하였다. 다층 철근콘크리트 모멘트 골조를 등가 1자유도계로 치환하여 모델화에 따른 비선형 시간이력해석을 통하여 다자유도계 구조물의 축약 방법의 타당성을 검토하는 것이 목적이다. 다층 골조구조의 정적 비선형 해석을 수행하여, 등가 1자유도계의 복원력 모델을 설정하였다. 다층 골조 구조의 비선형 시간이력해석 응답치와 등가 1자유도계의 시간이력해석 응답치를 비교하여, 등가 1자유도계 모델의 타당성을 검증하였다. 다층 철근콘크리트 골조구조를 등가 1자유도계로 치환하여 비선형 지진응답을 구하는 방법은 충분히 그 타당성이 있다는 것이 확인되었다. 다층 철근콘크리트 골조구조의 대표변위로서 1차모드참여 yector$_1$,$\beta${$_1$$\mu$}= 1인 높이가 등가 1자유도계의 응답을 가장 근사하게 나타내는 것을 알 수 있었다. 등가 1자유도계의 지진응답해석에 사용하는 복원력 모델의 이력곡선에 따라 응답파형에 차이가 생기므로, 실제 frame 구조의 복원력 특성을 반영한 이력모델을 선정하는 것이 중요하다.

Damage potential of earthquake records for RC building stock

  • Ozmen, Hayri Baytan;Inel, Mehmet
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.1315-1330
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    • 2016
  • This study investigates ground motion parameters and their damage potential for building type structures. It focuses on low and mid-rise reinforced concrete buildings that are important portion of the existing building stock under seismic risk in many countries. Correlations of 19 parameters of 466 earthquake records with nonlinear displacement demands of 1056 Single Degree of Freedom (SDOF) systems are investigated. Properties of SDOF systems are established to represent RC building construction practice. The correlation of damage and ground motion characteristics is examined with respect to number of story and site classes. Equations for average nonlinear displacement demands of considered RC buildings are given for some of the ground motion parameters. Velocity related parameters are generally found to have better results than the acceleration, displacement and frequency related ones. Correlation of the parameters may be expected to decrease with increasing intensity of seismic event. Velocity Spectrum Intensity and Peak Ground Velocity have been found to have the highest correlation values for almost all site classes and number of story groups. Common parameter of Peak Ground Acceleration has lower correlation with damage when compared to them and some other parameters like Effective Design Acceleration and Characteristic Intensity.

건축구조물의 시스템 연성요구도 평가를 위한 대표응답의 활용 (Responses of Equivalent SDOF System for System Ductility Demands Evaluation of Multistory Building Structures)

  • 최원호;이동근
    • 한국전산구조공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.446-453
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    • 2001
  • System-level ductility is an essential parameter for seismic performance evaluation of multistory building structures. The ductility demands for single degree of freedom structures or individual structural members can be determined easily. However, there is no clearly established method to determine the ductility demands for structural systems. The system ductility demands are estimated in this study by the equivalent SDOF system methods and proposed method which used the representative responses obtained from the MDOF systems directly. And seismic performance of building structures is evaluated by the modified Capacity Spectrum Method using the representative responses, and the result was compared with those of the inelastic time history analysis.

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Semi-active fuzzy based control system for vibration reduction of a SDOF structure under seismic excitation

  • Braz-Cesar, Manuel T.;Barros, Rui C.
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.389-395
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    • 2018
  • This paper presents the application of a semi-active fuzzy based control system for seismic response reduction of a single degree-of-freedom (SDOF) framed structure using a Magnetorheological (MR) damper. Semi-active vibration control with MR dampers has been shown to be a viable approach to protect building structures from earthquake excitation. Moreover, intelligent damping systems based on soft-computing techniques such as fuzzy logic models have the inherent robustness to deal with typical uncertainties and non-linearities present in civil engineering structures. Thus, the proposed semi-active control system uses fuzzy logic based models to simulate the behavior of MR damper and also to develop the control algorithm that computes the required control signal to command the actuator. The results of the numerical simulations show the effectiveness of the suggested semi-active control system in reducing the response of the SDOF structure.

Ductility inverse-mapping method for SDOF systems including passive dampers for varying input level of ground motion

  • Kim, Hyeong-Gook;Yoshitomi, Shinta;Tsuji, Masaaki;Takewaki, Izuru
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.59-81
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    • 2012
  • A ductility inverse-mapping method for SDOF systems including passive dampers is proposed which enables one to find the maximum acceleration of ground motion for the prescribed maximum response deformation. In the conventional capacity spectrum method, the maximum response deformation is computed through iterative procedures for the prescribed maximum acceleration of ground motion. This is because the equivalent linear model for response evaluation is described in terms of unknown maximum deformation. While successive calculations are needed, no numerically unstable iterative procedure is required in the proposed method. This ductility inverse-mapping method is applied to an SDOF model of bilinear hysteresis. The SDOF models without and with passive dampers (viscous, viscoelastic and hysteretic dampers) are taken into account to investigate the effectiveness of passive dampers for seismic retrofitting of building structures. Since the maximum response deformation is the principal parameter and specified sequentially, the proposed ductility inverse-mapping method is suitable for the implementation of the performance-based design.

기초체계의 운동학적 상호작용을 고려한 고층건물의 응답스펙트럼에 미치는 고차모드의 영향 (Effects of Higher Modes on the Response Spectra of High-rise Buildings considering the Kinematic Interaction of a Foundation System)

  • 김용석
    • 한국지진공학회논문집
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2015
  • Response spectra of a building are made with a SDOF system taking into account a first mode shape, even though higher modes may affect on the dynamic responses of a high-rise building. A soft soil layer under a building also affects on the responses of a building. In this study, seismic responses of a MDOF system were investigated to examine the effects of higher modes on the response of a tall building by comparing them with those of a SDOF system including the kinematic interaction effect. Study was performed using a pseudo 3D finite element program with seven bedrock earthquake records downloaded from the PEER database. Effects of higher modes on the seismic responses of a tall building were investigated for base shear force and base moment of a MDOF system including story shear forces and story moments. Study results show that higher modes of a MDOF system contribute to a reduction of base shear force up to 1/4-1/5 of KBC and base moment. The effect of higher modes is more significant on the base shear force than on the base moment. Maximum story shear force and moment occurred at the top part of a building rather than at a base in the cases of tall buildings differently from short buildings, and higher modes of a tall building affected on the base forces making them almost constant at the base. A soft soil layer also affects some on the base shear force of a high-rise building independently on the soft soil type, but a soft soil effect is prominent on the base moment.

능동마찰 가새를 적용한 다자유도 구조물의 지진동 제어 (Seismic Control for A Multi-Degree-of-Freedom Structure Using Active Friction Slip Braces)

  • 이형래
    • 대한건축학회연합논문집
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2018
  • The the FSB concept is modified and new type of hybrid energy dissipation device, the Active Friction Slip Braces (AFSB), is described. The FSB is by far improved in the AFSB by inclusion of an active clamping mechanism on the friction interface. The results of Single-Degree-of Freedom(SDOF) structure have indicated that the action of dissipating vibrational energy in the AFSB impacts on the response at later cycles by keeping the drift amplitudes at much lower levels, revealing overshooting problem due to its early slippage, and the problem has been taken cared by modifying the algorithm successfully shown in the previous publication in December 2016. It has also shown that providing predetermined constant incremental strengths to the building by AFSB members with the proposed algorithm for a SDOF structure has improved the responses by reducing drift amplitudes and base shear under small and medium amplitude ground accelerations. In this study, the algorithm is tested on the Multiple-Degree-of-Freedom(MDOF) structure to verify the effectiveness of AFSB supplemented by the algorithm. A six story steel building which is the prototype building for part of the US-Japan Corporative Research Program is selected as an example building. The building is designed and modeled as an FSB and ASFB building, and subjected to a series of ground motions. The response envelopes of both buildings are obtained and compared to evaluate the design implication of AFSB applications.