• Title, Summary, Keyword: SDOF Building

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Estimation of Nonlinear Response for Moment Resisting Reinforced Concrete Frames Using Equivalent SDOF System (등가 1 자유도계에 의한 철근콘크리트 건물의 비선형 동적해석의 검토)

  • 전대한;노필성
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.205-212
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    • 2003
  • To evaluate the seismic performance of multistory building structures use an equivalent SDOF model. This paper presents a method of converting a MDOF system into an equivalent SDOF model. The principal objective of this investigation is to evaluate appropriateness of converting method through perform nonlinear time history analysis of a multistory building structures and an equivalent SDOF model. The hysteresis rules to be used an equivalent SDOF model is obtained from the pushover analysis. The conclusion of this study is following; A method of converting a MDOF system into an equivalent SDOF model through the nonlinear time history response analysis is valid. The representative lateral displacement of a moment resisting reinforced concrete frames is close to the height of the first modal participation vector $_1$$\beta$$_1$u}=1. It can be found that the hysteresis rule of an equivalent SDOF model have influence on the time history response. Therefore, it is necessary for selecting hysteresis rules to consider hysteresis characteristics of a moment resisting reinforced concrete frames.

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Experiment of a Liquid Damper Controlling Bi-directional Wind Responses of a Tall Building (초고층 건물의 양방향 풍응답 제어를 위한 액체댐퍼 실험)

  • Lee, Hye-Ri;Min, Kyung-Won
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.287-295
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    • 2010
  • This study deals with the design of a bi-directional damper using a tuned liquid damper(TLD) and a tuned liquid column damper(TLCD) for a SDOF building. Two dampers are usually needed to reduce wind-induced responses of tall buildings since they are along and across wind ones. The proposed damper has the advantage of controlling both responses with a single damper. The damper used in this study behaves as both a TLCD in a specific translational direction and a TLD in the other orthogonal direction. This paper presents experimental verification to confirm its control performance. First, shaking table test is carried out to investigate reducing responses by the damper. Control performance of the damper is expressed by the transfer function from shaking table accelerations to SDOF building ones. Testing results show that the damper reduced bi-directional responses of a SDOF building. Also, it reduced torsion responses.

Estimation of Interstory Drift for Moment Resisting Reinforced Concrete Frames Using Equivalent SDOF System (등가 1자유도계를 이용한 철근콘크리트 골조건물의 층간변위 응답 산정)

  • Kang, Ho-Geun;Jun, Dae-Han
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.25-33
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    • 2004
  • To evaluate the seismic capacity of a multistorey building structures in performance based seismic design, it is needed to convert MDOF model into equivalent SDOF model. This paper presents predictions for interstory drift of multistorey structures using method of converting a MDOF system into an equivalent SDOF model. The principal objective of this investigation is to evaluate appropriateness of converting method through performing nonlinear time history analysis of a multistory building structures and an equivalent SDOF model. Comparing the interstory drift of multistorey structures calculated by time history analysis and those evaluated by an equivalent SDOF model, the adequacy and the validity of converting method is verified. The conclusion of this study is following; A method of converting a MDOF system into an equivalent SDOF model through the nonlinear time history response analysis is valid. Inelastic first mode shapes are expected to be more accurate than elastic first mode shapes in obtaining interstory drift of multistorey structures from equivalent SDOF model.

Evaluation of Nonlinear Response for Moment Resisting Reinforced Concrete Frames Based on Equivalent SDOF System (등가 1 자유도계에 의한 철근콘크리트 모멘트 골조구조의 비선형 지진응답 평가법의 검토)

  • 송호산;전대한
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2003
  • To evaluate the seismic performance of multistory building structures use an equivalent SDOF model to represent the resistance of the structure to deformation as it respond in its predominant mode. This paper presents a method of converting a MDOF system into an equivalent SDOF model. The principal objective of this investigation is to evaluate appropriateness of converting method through perform nonlinear time history analysis of a multistory building structures and an equivalent SDOF model. The hysteresis rules to be used an equivalent SDOF model is obtained from the pushover analysis. Comparing the peak inelastic response of a moment resisting reinforced concrete frames and an equivalent SDOF model, the adequacy and the validity of the converting method is verified. The conclusion of this study is following; A method of converting a MDOF system into an equivalent SDOF model through the nonlinear time history response analysis is valid. The representative lateral displacement of a moment resisting reinforced concrete frames is close to the height of the first modal participation vector \ulcorner$_1{\beta}$${_1{\mu}}=1$. It can be found that the hysteresis rule of an equivalent SDOF model have influence on the time history response. Therefore, it necessary for selecting hysteresis rules to consider hysteresis characteristics of a moment resisting reinforced concrete frames.

Damage potential of earthquake records for RC building stock

  • Ozmen, Hayri Baytan;Inel, Mehmet
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.1315-1330
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    • 2016
  • This study investigates ground motion parameters and their damage potential for building type structures. It focuses on low and mid-rise reinforced concrete buildings that are important portion of the existing building stock under seismic risk in many countries. Correlations of 19 parameters of 466 earthquake records with nonlinear displacement demands of 1056 Single Degree of Freedom (SDOF) systems are investigated. Properties of SDOF systems are established to represent RC building construction practice. The correlation of damage and ground motion characteristics is examined with respect to number of story and site classes. Equations for average nonlinear displacement demands of considered RC buildings are given for some of the ground motion parameters. Velocity related parameters are generally found to have better results than the acceleration, displacement and frequency related ones. Correlation of the parameters may be expected to decrease with increasing intensity of seismic event. Velocity Spectrum Intensity and Peak Ground Velocity have been found to have the highest correlation values for almost all site classes and number of story groups. Common parameter of Peak Ground Acceleration has lower correlation with damage when compared to them and some other parameters like Effective Design Acceleration and Characteristic Intensity.

Responses of Equivalent SDOF System for System Ductility Demands Evaluation of Multistory Building Structures (건축구조물의 시스템 연성요구도 평가를 위한 대표응답의 활용)

  • 최원호;이동근
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.446-453
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    • 2001
  • System-level ductility is an essential parameter for seismic performance evaluation of multistory building structures. The ductility demands for single degree of freedom structures or individual structural members can be determined easily. However, there is no clearly established method to determine the ductility demands for structural systems. The system ductility demands are estimated in this study by the equivalent SDOF system methods and proposed method which used the representative responses obtained from the MDOF systems directly. And seismic performance of building structures is evaluated by the modified Capacity Spectrum Method using the representative responses, and the result was compared with those of the inelastic time history analysis.

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Seismic Control for A Multi-Degree-of-Freedom Structure Using Active Friction Slip Braces (능동마찰 가새를 적용한 다자유도 구조물의 지진동 제어)

  • Lee, Hyungra
    • Journal of the Regional Association of Architectural Institute of Korea
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2018
  • The the FSB concept is modified and new type of hybrid energy dissipation device, the Active Friction Slip Braces (AFSB), is described. The FSB is by far improved in the AFSB by inclusion of an active clamping mechanism on the friction interface. The results of Single-Degree-of Freedom(SDOF) structure have indicated that the action of dissipating vibrational energy in the AFSB impacts on the response at later cycles by keeping the drift amplitudes at much lower levels, revealing overshooting problem due to its early slippage, and the problem has been taken cared by modifying the algorithm successfully shown in the previous publication in December 2016. It has also shown that providing predetermined constant incremental strengths to the building by AFSB members with the proposed algorithm for a SDOF structure has improved the responses by reducing drift amplitudes and base shear under small and medium amplitude ground accelerations. In this study, the algorithm is tested on the Multiple-Degree-of-Freedom(MDOF) structure to verify the effectiveness of AFSB supplemented by the algorithm. A six story steel building which is the prototype building for part of the US-Japan Corporative Research Program is selected as an example building. The building is designed and modeled as an FSB and ASFB building, and subjected to a series of ground motions. The response envelopes of both buildings are obtained and compared to evaluate the design implication of AFSB applications.

Semi-active fuzzy based control system for vibration reduction of a SDOF structure under seismic excitation

  • Braz-Cesar, Manuel T.;Barros, Rui C.
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.389-395
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    • 2018
  • This paper presents the application of a semi-active fuzzy based control system for seismic response reduction of a single degree-of-freedom (SDOF) framed structure using a Magnetorheological (MR) damper. Semi-active vibration control with MR dampers has been shown to be a viable approach to protect building structures from earthquake excitation. Moreover, intelligent damping systems based on soft-computing techniques such as fuzzy logic models have the inherent robustness to deal with typical uncertainties and non-linearities present in civil engineering structures. Thus, the proposed semi-active control system uses fuzzy logic based models to simulate the behavior of MR damper and also to develop the control algorithm that computes the required control signal to command the actuator. The results of the numerical simulations show the effectiveness of the suggested semi-active control system in reducing the response of the SDOF structure.

Ductility inverse-mapping method for SDOF systems including passive dampers for varying input level of ground motion

  • Kim, Hyeong-Gook;Yoshitomi, Shinta;Tsuji, Masaaki;Takewaki, Izuru
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.59-81
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    • 2012
  • A ductility inverse-mapping method for SDOF systems including passive dampers is proposed which enables one to find the maximum acceleration of ground motion for the prescribed maximum response deformation. In the conventional capacity spectrum method, the maximum response deformation is computed through iterative procedures for the prescribed maximum acceleration of ground motion. This is because the equivalent linear model for response evaluation is described in terms of unknown maximum deformation. While successive calculations are needed, no numerically unstable iterative procedure is required in the proposed method. This ductility inverse-mapping method is applied to an SDOF model of bilinear hysteresis. The SDOF models without and with passive dampers (viscous, viscoelastic and hysteretic dampers) are taken into account to investigate the effectiveness of passive dampers for seismic retrofitting of building structures. Since the maximum response deformation is the principal parameter and specified sequentially, the proposed ductility inverse-mapping method is suitable for the implementation of the performance-based design.

Effects of Higher Modes on the Response Spectra of High-rise Buildings considering the Kinematic Interaction of a Foundation System (기초체계의 운동학적 상호작용을 고려한 고층건물의 응답스펙트럼에 미치는 고차모드의 영향)

  • Kim, Yong-Seok
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2015
  • Response spectra of a building are made with a SDOF system taking into account a first mode shape, even though higher modes may affect on the dynamic responses of a high-rise building. A soft soil layer under a building also affects on the responses of a building. In this study, seismic responses of a MDOF system were investigated to examine the effects of higher modes on the response of a tall building by comparing them with those of a SDOF system including the kinematic interaction effect. Study was performed using a pseudo 3D finite element program with seven bedrock earthquake records downloaded from the PEER database. Effects of higher modes on the seismic responses of a tall building were investigated for base shear force and base moment of a MDOF system including story shear forces and story moments. Study results show that higher modes of a MDOF system contribute to a reduction of base shear force up to 1/4-1/5 of KBC and base moment. The effect of higher modes is more significant on the base shear force than on the base moment. Maximum story shear force and moment occurred at the top part of a building rather than at a base in the cases of tall buildings differently from short buildings, and higher modes of a tall building affected on the base forces making them almost constant at the base. A soft soil layer also affects some on the base shear force of a high-rise building independently on the soft soil type, but a soft soil effect is prominent on the base moment.