• Title, Summary, Keyword: SCB액비

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The Ground-water Monitoring of the Water Quality on SCB Liquefied Manure Application in Forestry Watershed (SCB 액비 처리에 따른 산림유역의 지하수 수질 모니터링)

  • Yoo, Seung-Hwan;Choi, Jin-Yong;Nam, Won-Ho;Hong, Eun-Mi;Lee, Sang-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.630-634
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    • 2009
  • 최근 산림지 및 조림지역에의 축산 분뇨 액비 처리가 자연순환농업의 일환으로써 하나의 대안으로 대두되고 있는데 액비처리에 의한 환경영향, 특히 수분 및 영양성분 수지의 불균형을 초래하여 수질 오염 및 토양에 과잉 영양분을 축적할 우려가 있어 이에 수질에 미치는 영향에 대한 모니터링과 분석 시행함으로써 적용의 문제점 및 대책 방안 도출이 필요할 것으로 판단된다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 산림 유역에서 SCB액비 처리에 따른 지하수에 미치는 영향을 살펴보기 위하여 지하수의 수질 모니터링을 실시하였다. 질산태 질소 중심으로 SCB액비 처리에 의한 지하수의 수질 영향을 분석하고, 질소 동위원소비를 이용하여 지하수의 질산태 질소 오염원을 판별하였다. 그 결과 바이오순환림이 액비처리에 의해 지하수 하류부에서 질산태 질소가 증가하는 경향을 나타내었는데, 이는 질소 동위원소비 분석 결과, 액비로부터 침출된 것으로 분석되었다. 반면에 유휴지의 경우, 액비 시용으로 인한 지하수 수질 영향은 거의 없는 것으로 나타났다. 추후 SCB액비 시용에 따른 산림유역에 대해서 지속적인 모니터링과 샘플링을 실시하여 다양한 항목에 대한 조사 및 분석을 이루어진다면 조림지와 같은 산림지역에서의 SCB액비 시용에 따른 수질 영향 모델링 및 모형 구축의 기초 자료로 사용할 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.

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Effect of Growth and Yield with SCB Leachate Application Rates in Rice (SCB 퇴비단 여과액비의 시용 수준이 벼 생육과 수량에 미치는 영향)

  • Ryoo, Jong-Won;Park, Chi-Ho;Yoon, Tae-Han
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.631-642
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    • 2012
  • This study was carried out to determine the effect of SCB compost leachate on the growth and yield of rice. Field experiment was conducted on sandy loam soil under the different fertilizer management; 80%, 100%, 130% N level of SCB leachate based on 13kg N/10a of conventional farmer application level and chemical fertilizer as control. The plant height and tiller's number of 80 and 100% N levels of SCB leachate were lower than that of the chemical fertilizer plot. But in the plot of 130% N level of SCB leachate the plant height and tillers was higher than that of chemical fertilizer. And the SPAD reading value of leaf in plot of 130% N level was higher than that of the chemical fertilizer. Rice yield in the 80% and 100% SCB leachate was increased from 12 to 13% that of plot of chemical fertilizer. But rice yield of 130% N-level was decreased 7% compared with chemical fertilizer. Rice quality of the application levels of 80 and 100% SCB leachate levels was significantly better than those of chemical fertilizer and 130% level of SCB leachate. In conclusion, the 100% N application of SCB leachate was improved yield and quality of rice.

Effects of Split Application of SCB Liquid Fertilizer on Rice Yield and Soil Chemical Property in Honam Plain Field (호남평야지에서 SCB 액비 분시가 쌀 수량과 토양 화학성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sang-Bok;Cho, Kwang-Min;Yang, Chang-Hu;Oh, Young-Jin;Park, Tai-Il;Kim, Kee-Jong
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.56 no.2
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    • pp.140-145
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    • 2011
  • In order to establish the application method of slurry composting & biofilteration liquid fertilizer (SCB LF) in rice cultivation, experiments were studied on split application method of it and effects of it on soil chemical properties and rice yields. Land leveling by rotary tillage within 2 days after application of SCB LF, $NH_4$-N concentration in soil was maintained uniformly in all paddy field. Initial concentrations of $NH_4$-N and $NO_3$-N in soil were high at standard fertilization and 100% application of SCB LF as basal fertilization, however, after tillering stage they maintained similar concentrations in all experimental plots. $NO_3$-N content in infiltration water was slightly lower at 70% application of SCB LF as basal fertilization and 30% application of SCB LF as fertilization at panicle initiation stage than at standard fertilization. Yields of rice by split application of SCB LF were lower at 100% application of SCB LF as basal fertilization, however, those of the other application of SCB LF were similar with that of standard fertilization. In case of rice quality, perfect kernel rates were high and protein contents were lower at non-application and 100% application of SCB LF. Rice quality of 70% application of SCB LF as basal fertilization and 30% application of SCB LF as fertilization at panicle initiation stage were similar with that of standard fertilization.

The Nitrate-Nitrogen Contamination Monitoring of Groundwater from Low Concentration Liquid Manure Application in Forestry Watershed (산림유역에서 SCB액비 시용에 따른 지하수 질산성질소 모니터링)

  • Hong, Eun-Mi;Choi, Jin-Yong;Yoo, Seung-Hwan;Nam, Won-Ho;Choi, In-Gyu
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.471-471
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    • 2011
  • 2012년 가축분뇨 해양투기가 전면 금지됨에 따라 가축분뇨의 자원화의 필요성이 대두되고 있다. 하지만 현재 가축분뇨 발생량의 일부는 퇴비화로 농경지로 환원되고 있으며, 지역에 따라 일부 지역에서는 농경지면적 대비 가축분뇨 필요량을 초과하는 것으로 나타나, 산림지 및 조림지역으로의 가축분뇨 환원이 새로운 대안중 하나로 대두되고 있다. 특히, SCB (Slurry Composting and Biofiltration) 액비는 성분이 비교적 균질하고 저농도이며 냄새가 없어 산림유역에 시비가 가능할 것으로 판단된다. 하지만, 액비 시비량에 따라 수분 및 영양성분 수지 불균형 등을 초래하여 토양에 축적될 우려가 있고, 지하수로 침출될 가능성이 있어 이에 대한 모니터링이 필요할 것으로 판단된다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 산림유역 중 백합나무 조림지인 바이오순환림과 포플러 조림지인 유휴지에 SCB액비를 시용하였을 때 지하수에 미치는 영향을 살펴보기 위하여 매주 지하수 수질 모니터링을 실시하였다. 특히, 청색증 등을 유발시켜 지하수 오염의 지표인 질산성질소를 중심으로 지하수 수질 분석을 하였으며 질산성질소의 오염원을 판단하기 위하여 질소 동위원소비를 분석하였다. 시험림의 물리적 특성이 다른 두 산림유역에서의 SCB액비 시용에 따른 지하수 모니터링 결과는 향후 지속적인 모니터링이 이루어진다면 산림지에서 SCB액비 시용에 따른 수질영향 평가 및 모델링 기초 자료로 활용될 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.

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The Characteristics of Growth and Fruiting in Chestnut Trees by SCB (Slurry Composting and Biofiltration) Liquid Fertilizer (SCB액비처리에 따른 밤나무 생장 및 결실특성)

  • Kwon, Yong-Hee;Lee, Uk;Hwang, Suk-In;Baik, Eul-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.98 no.6
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    • pp.676-680
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    • 2009
  • The study was conducted to investigate the characteristics of growth and fruiting in chestnut trees by SCB (Slurry Compostion and Biofilteration) liquid fertilizer instead of Chemical fertilizer. The experiment was done between April, 2008 and September, 2009, using seven years old grafting trees 'Tsukuba'. Fertilizer treatment was designed as follows; SCB liquid fertilizer, chemical fertilizer, organic fertilizers and no fertilized. Results were as follows; In the 2nd year, height and basal diameter gain of 8.04% and 25.90% over than the 1st year by SCB liquid fertilizer. The number of burrs per bearing mother branch showed no significant increment by SCB liquid fertilizer but fruiting rate was higher than other treatments. These results indicated that the SCB liquid fertilizer has a value of new eco-friendly fertilizer.

Growth and Biomass Production of Fast Growing Tree Species Treated with Slurry Composting and Biofiltration Liquid Fertilizer (SCB액비가 속성수의 생장 및 biomass 생산에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hyun-Chul;Yeo, Jin-Kie;Koo, Yeong-Bon;Shin, Han-Na;Choi, Jin-Young;Lee, Heon-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.206-214
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    • 2011
  • Fifteen clones of poplars, 2 clones of willows, and yellow poplar were used to evaluate the effects of 5 treatments such as SCBLF (slurry composting and biofiltration liquid fertilizer), general slurry liquid fertilizer, chemical fertilizer, groundwater, and control (no treatment) on vitality, growth performance, and biomass production. Five cuttings for each tree species were planted in 3 replications. After planting cuttings, a coppice was induced by cutting off stems at 10cm above the ground. Data were collected for first growing season and trees were harvested at the end of October. Maximum mortality rate i.e. 96% was recorded in the cuttings treated with groundwater and minimum 92% with control (no treatment). In all tree species, sprouting of stump was not differ significantly among the treatments. Total nitrogen concentrations of leaves and stump sprouts were higher in the treatment of SCBLF than the control, 26.6% and 22.9%, respectively. Biomass production was highest in the stumps treated with chemical fertilizer, $1.98Mg\;ha^{-1}\;year^{-1}$, and lowest in control ($1.34Mg\;ha^{-1}\;year^{-1}$).

Side-Effects of SCB Liquid Fertilizer on Seed Germination and Physiological Activity of Pinus densiflora and Maackia amurensis Seedling (소나무와 다릅나무의 종자 발아와 유묘의 생리적 활성에 대한 SCB 액비 효과)

  • Han, Sim-Hee;Kim, Du-Hyun;Kim, Hyun-Suk;Yoo, Se-Kuel;Kim, Pan-Gi
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.98 no.3
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    • pp.255-262
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    • 2009
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of SCB (Slurry Composting & Biofiltration) liquid fertilizer on seed germination properties and physiological activities of P. densiflora and M. amurensis seedling on the sand and tailing soil. Seed germination of two, tree species on the sand and tailing soil was delayed and inhibited under SCB treatment. Seedling growth of two species was also reduced by SCB application, and the growth reduction was associated with its concentration. Chlorophyll content decreased in the leaves of SCB-treated P. densiflora but increased in the leaves of SCB-treated M. amurensis when compared to control seedlings irrigated with tap water. On the other hand, Malondialdehyde (MDA) content, an indicator of lipid peroxidation, decreased in the leaves of SCB-treated P. densiflora, whereas it increased in the leaves of SCB-treated M. amurensis. Antioxidative enzyme activities in the leaves of P. densiflora increased on sand soil treated with 1/6 diluted SCB solution and on tailing soil treated with 1/3 diluted one, whereas those of M. amurensis seedlings increased only on tailing soil applied with the normal SCB solution and the 1/3 diluted SCB solution, respectively. These results were considered as side-effects of SCB liquid fertilizer which might accumulate salt through the physical changes in the soil.c

Nutrient Transfer in the Application of the Swine Slurry Liquid Fertilizer in Rice Paddy (벼 재배에서 양돈분뇨 액비 시용시 양분이동)

  • Kwon, Soon-Ik;Kim, Kwon-Rae;Kim, Min-Kyeong;Jung, Goo-Bok;Hong, Seung-Gil;Shin, Joong-Du;Park, Woo-Kyun;Seong, Ki-Seog;Lee, Deog-Bae
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.77-85
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    • 2010
  • Pig slurry has been considered as environmental waste to be treated in an appropriate manner. Recently, there has been the movement toward reusing the pig slurry as an alternative fertilizer sources for agricultural lands. For instance, SCB(Slurry Composting & Biofiltration) liquid fertilizer has been developed and widely used in Korea. However, the impacts of swine slurry liquid fertilizers on both agricultural environment and crop yield have not been investigated yet. Therefore, the current study was conducted to accumulate the basic data which can be subsequently used to determine appropriate application amount of swine slurry liquid fertilizers (SCB liquid fertilizer and storage liquid fertilizer) as well as the application method for each liquid fertilizer. For this, growth of rice was cultivated under the treatment of SCB liquid fertilizer, storage liquid fertilizer, and chemical fertilizer. Also, control treatment (no fertilizer) was included for comparison and all treatments were conducted in five replication. Rice growth was good with the treatment in the order of chemical fertilizer>storage liquid fertilizer>SCB liquid fertilizer>control and likewise, the yield amount of rice straw was in the same order of rice growth. The rice yield amount appeared to be no difference among the treatment except control which showed the least yield amount. Also there was no difference in nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations in rice among the treatment except control which showed the least concentration.

Effect of SCB Liquid Manure Application in Pear Orchard Managed by Cover Crop System on Tree Growth, Potential Nutrient Recovery and Soil Physicochemical Properties (녹비작물 재배 시 SCB 액비 혼용이 배나무 생육 및 양분 환원 가능량, 토양 물리화학성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Seong-Eun;Park, Jin-Myeon;Choi, Dong-Geun
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.779-786
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    • 2012
  • Many farmers have been seeking alternatives to chemical fertilizer for successful organic fruit production. This experiment was carried out to investigate the replaceability of chemical fertilizer by cover crop and slurry composting biofiltration (SCB) liquid manure (LM) application in pear orchard. Three treatments were contained in this experiment; cover crop only and cover crop + LM treatment, and control (chemical fertilizer application). Dry weight and mineral contents of gramineous cover crops were significantly increased in LM-combined treatments than that of leguminous species. Bulk density of soil was decreased in rye + LM and hairy vetch + LM treatments, compared with each cover crop treatment. Soil pH was lowest in fertilizer treatment and soil nitrate content became similar between treatments after rainy season. Available soil phosphate was lower in cover crop and cover crop + LM treatmemts than control, but exchangeable Mg was higher. The mineral content and net assimilation rate of leaves showed no difference between the treatments. As a result, it is suggested that the application of SCB liquid manure in pear orchard managed by cover crops is desirable to maintain the productivity by improving soil physical properties and potential nutrient recovery.

The Growth Effects of Creeping Bentgrass by SCB(Slurry Composting and Biofilteration) Liquid Fertilizer application (SCB 저농도액비의 시용이 크리핑벤트그래스의 생육에 미치는 영향)

  • Ham, Suon-Kyu;Kim, Young-Sun;Park, Chi-Ho
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.56-61
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of application of SCB liquid fertilizer produced after slurry composting and biofiltration (SCB) on turfgrass growth in golf course during 6 month period from May to October in 2008. The change of soil properties by applying CF and SCB was unaffected respective treatments. As compared with NF, turf color index of CF, S-1 and S-2 increased by 1.8%, 2.5%, and 3.4%, respectively and chlorophyll content by 13%, 19%, and 25%, respectively. Dry weight of S-1 and S-2 was increased by 15% and 26% than that of CF. As compared with CF, N uptake rate in S-1 and S-2 was increased by 21% and 37%, P uptake rate 57% and 28%, and K uptake rate 16% and 27%, respectively. S-2 showed the best effect for turf color index, chlorophyll content, dry weigh and nutrient uptake rate in creeping bentgrass. These results suggested that an mixed application of SCB and compound fertilizer was improved turf quality and growth of creeping bentgrass by increasing nutrient uptake rate of turfgrass.