• Title, Summary, Keyword: SAFE damper

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Structural Performance of RC Frame with SAFE Damper (SAFE댐퍼 보강골조의 구조성능 실험적 평가)

  • So, Byeong-Chan;Lee, Chang-Hwan;Ju, Young-Kyu
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.85-94
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    • 2015
  • SAFE damper is a hybrid damper which is comprised of a friction damper and a metallic damper. These two dampers combine to resist external energy in stages. Under minor earthquake loads, the friction damper operates alone. However, the friction damper and metallic damper dissipate the energy together when a severe earthquake occurs. In comparison with other methods for seismic retrofitting, the SAFE damper has many advantages. The SAFE damper doesn't cause damage to façade of the building, and the construction period can be reduced when retrofitting. This paper describes experiments evaluating the structural performance of the SAFE damper. From the results, it was found that the structural performance of a conventional RC bare frame can be significantly improved by the installation of the SAFE damper.

A Study on the Structural Safety Evaluation of Light Weight Damper for Offshore Rigs (해양시추선용 경량수밀댐퍼의 구조안전성 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Jang, Ji-Seong;Ji, Sang-Won;Han, Seung-Hun
    • Journal of Power System Engineering
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.80-86
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    • 2016
  • In this study, The watertight damper was designed to improve conventional DN 350A butterfly valve. The FSI(Fluid-Structure Interaction) analysis has performed to investigate the safety factor for the watertight damper. When watertight damper of disk was closed, the disk of pressure value is constant. However depending on the opening angle of disk, the flow velocity and pressure are changed. The maximum velocity was appeared at the end of disk on the small outlet area of duct. When the opening angel of disk is $90^{\circ}$, the maximum velocity was appeared at the center of ending disk. So we were found the opening angle of disk is bigger, the flow rate is increased and velocity is also increased from the result of FSI analysis. We can find the least deformation and stress when the opening angel of damper is $90^{\circ}$. When the $45^{\circ}$ opening angle of disk, the largest deformation and stress was found and the minimum safety factor 1.3 was calculated. As a result, we found that the structure of watertight damper is safe enough irrespective of opening angel.

Design of a Light Weight Watertight Damper for Offshore Rigs (해양시추선용 경량수밀댐퍼 설계)

  • HAN, Seung-Hun;JANG, Ji-Seong;JI, Sang-Won
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.1470-1477
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    • 2016
  • This study has designed and evaluated the safety of watertight damper for Offshore Rigs. The watertight damper is an improved design for conventional DN 350 butterfly valve. Numerical analysis has been performed to investigate the safety factor and seat leakage of the designed 3-type disk dampers. The structure analysis results present the deformations, the equivalent stresses and the safety factor. It was confirmed that the designed disk, rib-disk and streamlined disk of watertight damper are safe enough in maximum operating pressure of 0.98MPa. The results show that the disk damper had the smallest maximum deformations and stress among 3-type disk dampers and the safety factor was 4.3. Therefore it is confirmed that the disk damper has the most excellent strength. Also linear static structural analysis was individually conducted for disk and body. The results show that the maximum disk deformation was larger than the body deformation, Therefore the disk damper is causes no seat leakage.

Safe Arm Design with MR-based Passive Compliant Joints and Visco-elastic Covering for Service Robot Applications

  • Yoon Seong-Sik;Kang Sungchul;Yun Seung-kook;Kim Seung-Jong;Kim Young-Hwan;Kim Munsang
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.1835-1845
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    • 2005
  • In this paper a safe arm with passive compliant joints and visco-elastic covering is designed for human-friendly service robots. The passive compliant joint (PCJ) is composed of a magneto-rheological (MR) damper and a rotary spring. In addition to a spring component, a damper is introduced for damping effect and works as a rotary viscous damper by controlling the electric current according to the angular velocity of spring displacement. When a manipulator interacts with human or environment, the joints and cover passively operate and attenuate the applied collision force. The force attenuation property is verified through collision experiments showing that the proposed passive arm is safe in view of some evaluation measures.

Compliance Analysis and Vibration Control of the Safe Arm with MR-based Passive Compliant Joints

  • Yun, Seung-Kook;Yoon, Seong-Sik;Kang, Sung-Chul;Yeo, In-Teak;Kim, Mun-Sang;Lee, Chong-Won
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.2010-2015
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    • 2003
  • In this paper, a design and control of the safe arm with passive compliant joints(PCJ) is presented. Each PCJ has a magneto- rheological damper and maximum 6 springs. Compliance analysis in Cartesian space is performed with the compliance ellipsoid; this analysis shows a map between compliance in the joint space and compliance in Cartesian space. Vibration control of the arm using an input shaping technique is also presented; the results of a simulation and an experiment prove that a fast motion of the safe arm without residual vibration can be performed.

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Force Control of Main Landing Gear using Hybrid Magneto-Rheological Damper (하이브리드 MR댐퍼를 이용한 주륜 착륙장치 하중제어기법 연구)

  • Hyun, Young-O;Hwang, Jae-Up;Hwang, Jae-Hyuk;Bae, Jae-Sung;Lim, Kyoung-Ho;Kim, Doo-Man;Kim, Tae-Wook;Park, Myung-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.315-320
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    • 2010
  • To improve not only the basic performance but also the fail-safe performance, power consumption of the main landing gear for helicopters, a semi-active control landing gear using hybrid MR damper, was introduced in this paper. This damper of the configuration to install a permanent magnet in a electromagnet MR damper, was designed by the trade-off study on permanent magnet location and a magnet field analysis. Force control algorithm which keep the sum of air spring force and damping force at a specified value during landing, was used for the controller. The drop simulations using ADAMS Model for this semi-active control landing gear, were done. The improvement of the preceding performances as the result to evaluate the landing performance by the simulations, has been confirmed.

Magneto-rheological and passive damper combinations for seismic mitigation of building structures

  • Karunaratne, Nivithigala P.K.V.;Thambiratnam, David P.;Perera, Nimal J.
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.1001-1025
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    • 2016
  • Building structures generally have inherent low damping capability and hence are vulnerable to seismic excitations. Control devices therefore play a useful role in providing safety to building structures subject to seismic events. In recent years semi-active dampers have gained considerable attention as structural control devices in the building construction industry. Magneto-rheological (MR) damper, a type of semi-active damper has proven to be effective in seismic mitigation of building structures. MR dampers contain a controllable MR fluid whose rheological properties vary rapidly with the applied magnetic field. Although some research has been carried out on the use of MR dampers in building structures, optimal design of MR damper and combined use of MR and passive dampers for real scale buildings has hardly been investigated. This paper investigates the use of MR dampers and incorporating MR-passive damper combinations in building structures in order to achieve acceptable levels of seismic performance. In order to do so, it first develops the MR damper model by integrating control algorithms commonly used in MR damper modelling. The developed MR damper is then integrated in to the seismically excited structure as a time domain function. Linear and nonlinear structure models are evaluated in real time scenarios. Analyses are conducted to investigate the influence of location and number of devices on the seismic performance of the building structure. The findings of this paper provide information towards the design and construction of earthquake safe buildings with optimally employed MR dampers and MR-passive damper combinations.

Basic Study on the Performance of a Pressure-difference Control Damper Affected by Flow Disturbance in a Wind Tunnel (풍도 내 유동 교란과 자동차압 댐퍼의 성능 특성 기초 연구)

  • Yun, Yung-Min;Lee, Min-Jung;Kim, Nam-Il;Ryou, Hong-Sun
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.16-23
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    • 2009
  • The performance characteristics of a smoke damper, which aims to suppress the penetration of smoke to a safe area, have been tested under the regulation of the FIS 001. However, the improvement of the test methods and the regulation has consecutively been requested. From a view-point of fluid mechanical theory, a pressure control damper, that is installed at the end of the flow control system, is important and it dominates flow characteristics in all designed flow systems. In this study, the weak points of the regulation of the FIS 001 concerned with the pressure control damper was visited and the some important characteristics of the damper was examined. Based on these results, it was confirmed that the effects of flow disturbance in the air supplying duct on the performance of the damper are not significant. This results gives some information for the modification of the experimental regulation concerned to the pressure control damper.

A Ship Berthing System Design by Cooperating with Tugboats and Dampers (터그보트와 댐퍼 협조제어를 통한 선박접안시스템 설계에 관한 연구)

  • Tran, Anh-Minh D.;Ji, S.W.;Kim, Y.B.
    • Journal of Drive and Control
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.7-13
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    • 2014
  • Everyday about 90% of cargos are delivered by ships, and thousands of vessels enter and depart the international container harbors such as Shanghai, Singapore, Hong Kong, Busan, Rotterdam, etc. Maneuvering at harbor is known as the most sophisticated and difficult procedure, because the effectiveness of actuators during low speed berthing is reduced. In this paper, a new berthing method is discussed. Tugboats are combined with damper systems to ensure safe berthing. A mathematical model describing the interaction between unactuated ship, tugboats and damper systems is presented. An optimal controller is designed to maneuver the ship without oscillation and overshoot. MCL (Marine Cybernetics Lab) model ship is used to evaluate the efficiency of the proposed approach through MatLab simulation.

Shaking Table Test and Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Frame with Steel Shear Wall with Circular Opening and Slit Damper

  • Shin, Hye-Min;Lee, Hee-Du;Shin, Kyung-Jae
    • International journal of steel structures
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.1420-1430
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    • 2018
  • Earthquakes of 5.8 and 5.4 Richter scale recently occurred one after another in Korea, changing the Korean peninsula from an earthquake safe zone but 'earthquake danger zone'. Therefore, seismic reinforcements must expand to include structures with low seismic resistance in order to prepare for earthquakes on a larger scale in the future. This study investigated the performances of various seismic reinforcement systems such as X-braced steel rod reinforcement, steel shear wall with circular opening reinforcement, and slit damper reinforcement using shaking table test and computational analyses of seismic data in order to establish a proper seismic reinforcement plan. These three seismic reinforcement systems could increase the stiffness and strength of existing structures and reduce maximum drift ratio in the event of an earthquake.