• Title, Summary, Keyword: Russet mite

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Morphology, Biology and Chemical Control of Tomato Russet mite, Aculops lycopersici Massee (Acari: Eriophyidae) in Korea (토마토녹응애의 형태, 생태 및 방제)

  • 김동근;박덕기;김승한;박인숙;최성국
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.255-261
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    • 2002
  • Tomato russet mite, Aculops lycopersici Massee (Acari. Eriophyidae) was recorded in Korea and their SEM observations, distribution, host range, development on different temperature, and chemical control method were studied. Tomato russet mite is a microscopic animal (134.9 $\mu\textrm{m}$) with 2 pairs of legs which had 4 rays of feathered craw. Infected leaf turn reddish brown, stem loss hair, become shiny or surface cross-cracked, and shoot wilted or shrunk. Surface of fruit around fruit stalk appeared rusted or cross-cracked. It was found in glass greenhouse at Buyeo and Yuseong in Chungnam Province, Pyeongchang in Gangwon Province, and Chilgok and Guryongpo in Gyeongbuk Province. Convolvulus, black nightshade, chinese lanternplant, eggp1ant, morning glory, petunia, potato, pepper, tobacco and tomato were confirmed as a host plant in inoculation test. It could develop at temperature around $15-30^{\circ}C$, it took 6-11 days from eggs to adult, higher temperature shorten its life cycle. Female lived longer than male and it lived as long as 12 days at 25-28"C. Among acaricides tested, fenazaquin and cypermethrin were most effective.tive.

Occurrence of Tomato Russet Mites, Aculops lycopersici Massee (Acari: Eriophyidae) in a Greenhouse and Selection of an Eco-friendly Organic Insecticide (시설내 토마토녹응애의 발생양상과 유기농업자재 선발)

  • Choi, Yong-Seok;Whang, In-Su;Jo, Shin-Hyuk
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.55 no.3
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    • pp.277-283
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    • 2016
  • The first occurrence of the tomato russet mite, Aculops lycopersici Massee was in mid-late April, and the maximum occurrence was in mid-late June in 2013 and 2014. However, in 2015, the density of tomato russet mites increased in July. This pattern is thought to be attributed to temperature fluctuations, in which, low temperatures at night promoted their reproduction and long periods of high temperatures during the day promoted their dispersion. Comparison of the use of 11 Eco-friendly organic insecticides (EOIs) showed that, the mortality rates after application of 0.6% matrin(EOIMa) and 10% clove oil (EOICo) were 92.1% and 95.1%, respectively, when administered at 500-fold diluted concentrations. At 1,000-fold and 2,000-fold diluted concentrations, the mortality rates of EOIMa were 90.4% and 88.2%, respectively. In a field test, the mortality rates of EOIMa at the 1,000-fold diluted concentration and of EOICo at the 500-fold diluted concentration were 91.5% and 93.9%, respectively. In conclusion, theses two EOIs are sufficient to replace pesticides, and EOIMa seems to be particularly useful as a prophylactic given that it induced a mortality rate of 88.2% at a 2,000-fold diluted concentration.

Occurrence Monitoring and Population Growth of Tomato Russet Mite, Aculops lycopersici Massee (Acari: Eriophyidae) Using Green Label Sticker (시설토마토에서 녹색 라벨 스티커를 이용한 토마토녹응애의 발생예찰과 개체군 생장)

  • Choi, Yong Seok;Nam, Yun Gyu;Whang, In Su;Park, Hong Hyun;Kim, Hyeong Hwan;Park, Deok Gee
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.405-410
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    • 2012
  • This study is conducted to develop a new method of early occurrence monitoring for Aculops lycopersici Massee (Acari: Eriophyidae), a major pest in tomato. A. lycopersici causes damage to plants such as curling of leaflet edges, followed by leaflet bronzing. As feeding continues by the mites, the plant takes on a russeted, wilted appearance, eventually culminating in leaflet desiccation and finally plant death. Fruit damages in tomato were shown when the density of mites was very high. Also, A. lycopersici caused more damage to unripe fruits than ripe fruits. The time taken to detect A. lycopersici on green label sticker was 7.0 seconds, the shortest. Blue, orange and white label stickers took 17.1, 19.8 and 12.3 seconds respectively. The permeable microscope with side illumination was useful in observing A. lycopersici on label stickers. A. lycopersici began to occur in late-April and the density of the mites increased rapidly after mid-May. The density peaked in mid to late-June, and decreased after late-June. A. lycopersici was observed on lower stems 20 days after the release of mites and observed on higher stems 60 days after. The peaked densities were observed on stems 40 and 60 days after and on leaf 80 days after. The label sticker is enough to monitor early occurrence of A. lycopersici in tomato cultivation facilities.