• Title, Summary, Keyword: Role

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Men's Role Conflicts in Dual-Earner Family (맞벌이 가족 남서의 역할갈등에 관한연구)

  • 김태현
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.81-94
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study is to examine men's role conflicts of dual-earner family based on man's role type. Man's role type is composed of man's sex role attitude and family-role performance and categorized in four types such as traditionalism type neo-traditionalism type equalitarianism type and inconsistancy type. The test analysis can be summarized as follows; First test analysis can be summarized as follows; role performance and man's role conflict as working hours is long wife's role requirement is high family-role conflict as working hours is long wife's role requirement is high family-role is not commit man's role conflict directly affected. In addition indirect affect through family-role performance shows that man's role conflict level is low as level of income is high level of income difference between man and wife is low child is younger and intent to modern sex-role attitude. Second looking into the difference role conflict to man's role type it shows that equalita ianism type's role conflict is low and man's role conflict in traditionalism and neo-traditonalism types is high.

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Husband's Role Recognition and Role Performance in Family (남편의 가정내 역할인지와 역할수행에 관한 연구)

  • 이정우
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to probe the role recognition and role performance of husbands if family and to find out the variables which influence role recognition and role performance. the sample were selected from 503 husbands with children more than one living in Seoul The major findings were : 1) husbands` role recognition was relatively higher than role performance 2) Influential variables on the husbands` role recognition were the degree of home-orientedness communication-satisfaction and stage of life cycle. 3) Husbands` role performance was affected by communication-satisfaction degree of social support job satisfactions sex-role attitudes flexibility of job and jusbands` role recognition.

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Proposal of Role of Quality People and Role of Quality Department in Korea (한국의 품질인 및 품질부서 역할 제안)

  • Ree, Sangbok
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Quality Management
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.785-796
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: Currently, the morale of Quality People and Quality Department in Korea is low, so it is not doing enough work. This is one of the reasons why there is no theoretical support for the role of Role of Quality People and Quality Department. In this paper propose Role of Quality People and Quality Department in Korea. Methods: We reviewed 'Quality History' of Juran and other literature Role of Quality People and future Quality. In addition, We surveyed the actual condition of Role of Quality People and Role of Quality Department in Korean. We propose Role of Quality People and Quality Department in Korea. Results: We propose the Definition, Mission, Characteristic and Quality People Knowledge for the Role of Quality People and Role of Quality Department in Korean. Conclusion: There is still work Role of Quality People and Role of Quality Department in Korean. We expect continuously to improve Quality Competitiveness by Quality Management with good Role of Quality People and Quality Department.

A Study on the Grandparents' Role in Their Relationship with Grandchildren in Adolescent (청소년기 손자녀에 대한 조부모의 역할에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Yeong-Sug
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.673-681
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to examine grandparents' role to their grandchildren, the role type, and the variables that influence the role. For this purpose, data were collected from 542 grandparents through questionnaire. The main findings are as follows: 1. The most frequent role activity that grandparents perform include 'advising their grandchildren to be successful,' 'encouraging them to study hard,' 'having them help housework,' and 'teaching them how to behave', whereas the least one is 'to teach things such as cooking, paduk, and chess.' 2. Supporting role, educating role and raising role are three types of grandparents' role activity to their grandchildren. 3. One of the significant variables affecting their role level is living arrangement of grandparents. In addition, age, economic level, and educational level are partially effective variables in grandparents' role, along with whether they work or not, how often they meet their grandchildren, and how old their grandchildren are. However, it is not among significant variables whether they are healthy, or whether they are paternal or maternal.

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Dual-career Couples' Role Expectations Role Conflicts and Marital Satisfactions (맞벌이 부부의 역할기대 및 역할 갈등과 결혼만족도)

  • 김오남
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 1996
  • The purposes of this article are to find out general trends of dual-career couples' role expectations role conflicts and marital satisfactions and to estimate the differences according to related variables and to analyze the effects of indepedent variables on ole conflicts and marital satisfactions. For these objectives two kinds of questionaire were used and the data were obtained through 169 dual-career couples. The results were as follows; The results were as follows; 1) Dual-career couples' role expectations and marital satisfactions were relatively high but role conflicts were not. Husbands' role expectations were higher than them of wives but wive's role conflicts and marital satisfactions were higher than them of husbands. 2) Dual-career couples' role expectations role conflicts and marital satisfcations were significantly different by communication role related variables and job related variables. 3) Husbands' role conflicts and marital satisfactions were significantly influenced by communication satisfaction and role expectations,. Wives' role conflicts and marital satisfactions were significantly influenced by communication satisfaction husbands' housework aid and role expectations.

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The Relationships Between Midlife Working Women s Psychological Well-Being and Reward/Cost of Family Role and Work Role (중년기 기혼 취업여성의 가족역할과 직업역할의 보상/비용에 따른 심리적 복지)

  • 신기영;옥선화
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.38 no.8
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    • pp.29-51
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to examine how midlife working women's psychological well-being is associated with their reward/cost of family role and work role according to their kinds of job. For empirical research, 627 married working women living in Seoul, aged between 40-55 answered the structured questionnaire. The subjects consisted of 301 professional working women and 326 non-professional working women. The data were analysed by the frequencies, mean, oneway ANOVA, and multiple regression. The major findings were as follows 1) Two sub areas of midlife working women's psychological well-being-self esteem and life satisfaction-were higher than an average level. 2) The more midlife working women performed family role and work role, they perceived reward more than cost. 3) For the professional working women, the more they perceived the reward of family role and work role, the higher their psychological well-being was. The more they perceived the cost of family role and work role, the lower their psychological well-being was. These consequencies applied to not only general reward/cost of family role and work role but also interrole reward/cost between family role and work role. For the non-professional working women, general and interrole reward of family role and work role had the positive effects on psychological well-being. Their general cost of spouse role, general and interrole cost of mother role, general cost of work role had the negative erects on psychological well-being. However interrole cost between spouse role and work role did not have a significant effect on psychological well-being. Finally, the result of multiple regression analysis showed that general reward of work role had the largest positive effect on midwife working women's self-esteem. General reward/cost of spouse role had the largest effect on their life satisfaction.

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Korean Nurses과 Nursing Role Conceptions and Professional Commitment (간호사의 역할개념 양상과 간호직에 대한 헌신몰입에 관한 연구)

  • 이상미
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.307-322
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    • 1991
  • The purpose of this exploratory study was to analyze nursing role conceptions and test the relationships between nursing role conceptions and professional commitment among selected Korean nurses. Data were obtained from a convenience sample of 262 practising nurses of varying positions, education, and experience. The total sample represents a response rate of 93 percent. Subscales of Nursing Role Conceptions (Pieta, 1976) were used to measure professional, service, and bureaucratic role conceptions 1 the tool to measure professional commitment was developed by the investigator. The results of this study were as follows. 1. Professional role conception and service role conception were positively related(normative r= .61 : categorical r= .64). Bureaucratic role conception scores(32.6$\pm$4.97) were higher than professional and service role conception scores. 2. Experience was positively related to bureaucratic professional categorical role conception(r= .17, p< .01), and negatively related to bureaucratic professional role discrepancy(r=- .12, p< .01). There was no relationship between experience and service role conception. This study also showed that nurses who had longer experience tended to have higher role conceptions on all three subscales. 3. Nurses with a master's degree had significantly higher professional and bureaucratic role conceptions scores. Bacealaureates graduates had the lowest bureaucratic categorical role conception scores ; associate nurses had the lowest professional categorical role conception scores. 4. Nursing supervisors and head nurses had significantly higher bureaucratic categorical role coneption scores, whereas they had lower bureaucratic normative and professional role conception scores. 5. Age and experience were positively related to professional commitment (r= .24, r= .28). Hierarchical multiple regression analyses showed that the combination of nursing role conceptions explained greater variance in professional commitment pair of the variables alone. Further research employing dynamic designs is needed to execute rigorous tests of causal models of nursing role conceptions and professional commitment. The findings of this study suggest that antecedents and moderating variables of nursing role conception and professional commitment need to be explored for further theoretical. specification and empirical evaluation.

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Sex-Role Development in Late Childhood and Adolescence: -Relationships among Sex-Role Stereotypes, Sex-Role Ideology, Sex-Role Identity, and Self-Esteem (아동 후기에서 청소년기에 이르는 성역할발달에 관한 연구 - 성역할 고정관념, 성역할 이데올로기, 성역할 정체감, 자아존중감간의 관계를 중심으로 -)

  • Yoo, Ka Hyo
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.127-144
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this study was to identify intrapsychic processes of self socialization in sex role development during late childhood and adolescence. For this purpose I investigated the sex-role stereotypes, sex-role ideology, sex-role identity, and self-esteem of 6th, 8th, and 10th graders and examined the causal relationships among these sex-role variables. Data were gathered through questionnaires administered twice with an interval of three months. The methods of analysis were one-way ANOVA, $x^2$, and multiple regression. The results showed, (1) Adolescents' sex-role stereotypes had significant relationships with sex typing. Subjects with low scores on sex-role stereotypes were more likely to show opposite sex typing. (2) Sex-role ideologies had significant relationships with sex typing. As Subjects agreed more with egalitarianism, they were more likely to exhibit opposite sex typing. (3) Adolescents' sex typing had significant relationships with their self-esteem. The androgynous group exhibited the highest scores on self-esteem. (4) Path analysis from the multiple regression analysis indicated different processes between sexes in sex-role development. In the boys' sex-role development, it was found that only masculinity contributed to self -esteem. Girls' masculinity also contributed most to self -esteem, but other sex -role variables such as femininity and sex-role stereotypes made some contributions to girls' self-esteem.

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Current States and Effects of Role Model on the Expertise Development in Engineers (공학 분야 역할모델의 현황과 전문성 계발에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Soowon;Cho, Eunbyul;Lee, ByungYoon;Shin, Jongho;Rhee, Shin Hyung
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.3-12
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the current states of role model and effects on the expertise development in engineers (i.e., undergraduate students and experts in the field of engineering). Based on the previous studies, role model was categorized into two domain, general role model and value sharing role model. A total of 257 participants (162 undergraduate students, 95 experts) answered survey questions about their role model (the number of their role model, the frequency of meeting with them, and the number of sharing value with them), major confidence, knowledge acquisition, and research performance. The results showed that engineers had 1 or 2 general role models and that the contents of role model were different between the two groups. The value-sharing role model significantly predicted major confidence and research performance in undergraduate students whereas the number of general role model was closely associated with major satisfaction in experts. These results suggest that it is important for engineering major students to have general role model and value-sharing role model in order to enhance expertise development. Establishing infrastructure for having and meeting with role models can facilitate the development of personal expertise in engineers.

Consideration of Sematic Roles of Korean Subcategory in Computational Linguistics (전산언어학에서의 한국어 필수논항의 의미역 상정과 재고)

  • Kim, Yun-Jeong;Kim, Wan-Su;Ock, Cheol-Young
    • Language and Information
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.169-199
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    • 2014
  • This study was performed to assume the Sematic role of the obligatory argument of the predicate in a Korean sentence, and to accomplish the task to attach the assumed thematic role to the real corpus. With this study, the maximum of the Sematic role was determined and the Criterion of the Sematic role was set. The maximum of the Sematic role was determined 22. This study arranged the Sematic role of case marker and attached the Sematic role to the predicate of the sentence within The standard Korean Dictionary. The program to attach the thematic role was developed(UTagger-SR). The Sematic role of case marker and Case frame dictionary was equipped in this program. By attaching the Sematic role, it was found that the most important the Sematic role in the korean sentence is the theme of the predicate and the next is the subject of the predicate.

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