• Title, Summary, Keyword: Riparian environments

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Impacts of Aquatic and Riparian Environmental Factors on Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra) Presence Characteristics in the Nakdong River Basin (낙동강 권역의 하천 수면공간 및 수변환경이 수달의 출현에 미치는 영향분석)

  • Shin, Geehoon;Rho, Paikho
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.26 no.12
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    • pp.1341-1353
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    • 2017
  • This study aimed to identify the aquatic and riparian factors associated with the presence/absence of the Eurasian otter in the Nakdong river basin, where the species is relatively more abundant than other otter species. Environmental factors and presence records were collected. Geographical Information System technology and chi-square test were used to compare environmental gradients in aquatic and riparian factors between presence and absence sites. Aquatic habitat attributes were evaluated with natural riverside sandbars and channel crossing artificial structures, the ratio of channel width to alluvial plain width, riverbed substrate, and flow diversity. Riverbank characteristics, bank materials, man-made embankment types, and land use/land cover of inland and riverside areas were selected as riparian habitat attributes. Compared to the aquatic attributes, riparian attributes were highly significant when assessing otter presence and absence sites, suggesting that conservation of suitable riparian areas to provide maternity and resting areas for otter species is essential in the Nakdong river basin. None of the aquatic attributes examined were statistically significant when evaluating otter presence or absence. These results indicate that the presence of suitable riparian area for resting and reproduction habitats is more critical to the presence of Eurasian otter than food availability in aquatic areas. To inform implementation of effective conservation actions, broad-scale factors, such as watershed attributes, would be needed to further assess habitat conditions of the Eurasian otter.

Status of Riparian Vegetation and Implication for Restoration in the Seunggi Stream, Incheon (인천 승기천에서 하안식생의 현황과 복원 방안)

  • Cho, Kang-Hyun;Kim, Jaai;Lee, Hyo Hye Mi;Kwon, Oh Byung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.62-73
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    • 2001
  • The riparian environments of urban streams in Korea have been disturbed through the channelization for flood control and artificial land use as well as water pollution and flow decrease due to industrialization and urbanization. The flora and vegetation structure were investigated and an implication of stream restoration was discussed for the conservation of biodiversity in the riparian area of the Seunggi stream in Incheon. Naturalized plants and ruderal plants were widely distributed in the riparian area which was disturbed from cultivating, trampling, dumping etc. Submerged and floating hydrophytes were not found in the stream due to channelization and water pollution. Some halophytes were remained in downstream and reservoir after reclamation and embankment. The communities of Humulus japonicus, Panicum dichotomiflorum, Digitaria sanguinalis, Artemisia montana, Amaranthus retroflexus, and Aster pilosus were distributed in the disturbed area of bank slope and floodplain in the stream. As a natural potential vegetation, Phragmites australis in the wet meadow, Typha latifolia, Typha angustifolia, Oenanthe javanica, Persicaria thunbergii, and Penthorum chinense in the marsh, and Salix babylonica and Salix matsudana for. tortuosa in the woodland appeared in the floodplain. The topography in the stream played an important role on the distribution of riparian vegetation in the Seunggi stream. Appropriate methods for conservation and restoration of the riparian ecosystems must be planned on the basis of the actual vegetation in the disturbed urban stream.

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Selecting Core Areas for Conserving Riparian Habitat Using Habitat Suitability Assessment for Eurasian Otter (서식지 적합성 평가를 이용한 수변지역 핵심 보전지역 선정 - 수달을 대상으로 -)

  • Jeong, Seunggyu;Park, Chong Hwa;Woo, Donggul;Lee, Dong Kun;Seo, Changwan;Kim, Ho Gul
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.19-32
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    • 2015
  • In Korea, significant riparian areas have been developed due to river maintenance projects. Introduction of new riparian facilities can negatively affect wildlife in the riparian areas. This study focuses on selecting core conservation areas for Eurasian Otter(Lutra lutra) to support decision making process for development of riparian areas. For the study, first of all, field data of study site were collected by field surveys. Secondly, stream naturalness was assessed to understand physical environments of the study sites. Thirdly, habitat suitability was assessed using occurrence data of Eurasian Otter and environmental data. Lastly, core areas for conservation was selected by comparing and synthesizing stream naturalness map and habitat suitability map. The selected core areas showed several characteristics. The number of artificial facilities is low in the core areas. Rocks which are preferred by Eurasian Otter to eat and excrete are plentiful in the core areas. Also, the ratio of adjacent farmland is high. Based on the analyses, it is expected that this study can contribute to decision making process for environmental spatial plans to better conserve habitats of Eurasian Otter.

Application of Continuous Fiber Soil Reinforcement System in Riparian Slopes (연속섬유보강토공법의 하천구역 적용사례에 관한 연구)

  • Koh, Jeung-Hyun;Hur, Young-Jin;Choi, Jaeyong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.169-176
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the ecologically suitable restoration characteristics in riparian slopes constructed by continuous fiber soil reinforced system (Geofiber system) which does not contain the concrete materials. The findings are as follows : (1) as the tested soil was not washed away by rainfalls and floods, Geofiber could replace the concrete wall and gravity stone net bag technique from the civil engineering structural point of view; (2) after one year of the construction, it was monitored that land cover ratio was 80-90%, which indirectly shows that vegetation is safely maintained; and (3) at the same time, 5-8 flora species were found in each test grid and more importantly dominant species have been moved from alien species to native herbaceous plants. From the above findings, Geofiber system is recommendable to restore the riparian slopes in terms of stability and natural landscape points. However, a long term monitering is needed considering flora succession process in a given environment as well as suitability tests should be carried out through the comparative investigations in other environments.

Differences in functional traits of leaf blade and culm of common reed in four habitat types

  • Hong, Mun Gi;Nam, Bo Eun;Kim, Jae Geun
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.98-103
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    • 2019
  • We compared the functional traits of leaf blades and culms of common reed (Phragmites australis) in four habitat types of distinguished environments such as temperature, precipitation, water characteristics, and indices related to biomass production (montane fen, MF; riparian marsh, RM; lagoon, LG; and salt marsh, SM). We also examined the relationships between the functional traits within and among populations. Four populations showed remarkable differences in the functional traits of leaf blades and culms. MF and RM had relatively tall (> 300 cm) and thick (> 8 mm) culms bearing long leaf blades (> 40 cm), whereas LG and SM had relatively shorter and thinner culms bearing shorter leaf blades than MF and RM. Some relationships between the functional traits of leaf blades and culms showed negative or not significant correlations within the population, whereas most of the relationships between the functional traits showed positive correlations particularly when all the data from four populations was included into the correlation analysis.

The riparian vegetation community models according to hydrologic and soil environments - Case of Daecheongho lake reservoirs - (수문 및 토양환경을 고려한 수변식생군락 조성 모델 - 대청호 저수지를 사례로 -)

  • Park, Miok
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.144-154
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    • 2017
  • The riparian vegetation is one of corridor type ecosystems, an ecotone and able to improve the ecological soundness by structural and functional link. And they act as habitats, sources and sinks of species, conduits, filters and barriers. This study was carried out to develop the vegetation model for the fluctuation areas of lake reservoirs consider of hydrologic and soil environments according to the vegetation structure of the reference ecosystem. To develop the case study, 2 sites within 10degree slope of the Daecheong Lake were selected. The riparian vegetation models were built by the results of GIS analysis, remote satellite analysis, field survey results, consider of water level, flooded frequency, soil and topographic index, land cover or land use etc. 1) study area varied from FWL to -5m of NFWL, 2) slope 10% below, 3) vegetations flooded below 100days yearly are Salix koreensis, Salix chaenomeloides, Salix gracilistyla, 4)land cover type classified wildlife grassland, abandoned paddy field, cropland according to landuse (or landcover), 5)finally model was constructed as ecological landscape forest. The model designs were suggested by 2 types in Daecheong lake reservoir. The model for the riparian vegetation corridors could be the basic and useful data to improve the ecological and landscape properties.

Development of Habitat-riparian Quality Indexing System as a Tool of Stream Health Assessment: Case Study in the Nakdong River Basin

  • Jeong, Kwang-Seuk;Joo, Gea-Jae;Kim, Dong-Kyun;Lineman, Maurice;Kim, Sang-Hyeon;Jang, Il;Hwang, Soon-Jin;Kim, Jin-Hong;Lee, Jae-Kwan;Byeon, Myeong-Seop
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.499-511
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    • 2008
  • The major focus of this study is to evaluate a newly developed stream naturalness index system 'Habitat-riparian Indexing System (HIS).' There have been many studies that have assessed stream naturalness in order to provide information required for restoration. The results of these studies were enough for the purpose of the studies; however, the methodologies were limited especially with respect to rapid measurement and the representation of ecological habitats. Therefore, we derived crucial variables from a popularly utilized method and merged them with other criteria obtained from overseas approaches, resulting in the development of the HIS method. The stability of HIS was evaluated by comparing the results with the Stream Naturalness Index (SNI) of Cho (1997). We monitored 100 stream sites in the Nakdong River system using the two different methods for two sampling periods (spring and autumn), and the results were compared using statistical analyses. The determination coefficients between the index values from two methods were c.a. 0.6 for both seasons, and statistics revealed that HIS had a relatively higher stability, providing index values for stream environments. The results of this work suggest a possibility of the utility of HIS for other stream habitats.

Applicability and Limitations of Groundwater Yield Estimation Equations for Radial Collector Wells (방사형 집수정의 취수량 추정식의 적용성 및 한계점 고찰)

  • Kim, Gyoo-Bum;Lee, Ho-Jeong;Choi, Myoung-Rak
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.443-453
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    • 2018
  • Radial collector wells have been widely used for large-capacity groundwater development in riparian environments, and many empirical equations have been developed for initial estimates of groundwater yield. We compare the initial yield estimates produced by several empirical equations for the radial collector well at the Anseongcheon stream site. The results of Babac's, Kordas', and Petrovic's methods are similar to the actual yield of $6,124m^3/d$, but Milojevic's method predicts a higher yield than the observed value. The conditions under which these methods are applicable explain the observed differences between the actual and estimated yields. The applicability of empirical equations is evaluated by changing the input variables of distance from well to river, number of horizontal wells, thickness of aquifer, length of horizontal well, and hydraulic conductivity. The results indicate that the conditions under which each method is applicable must be considered carefully when estimating groundwater yield, and hydraulic conductivity must be estimated accurately.

A Study on the Distribution and Changes of Sand Dune at the Lower Reach of Duman River, North Korea (두만강 하류 사구의 분포와 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Lee Min-Boo;Kim Nam-Shin;Lee Gwang-Ryul;Han Uk;Jin, Shizhu
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.331-345
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    • 2006
  • This study deals with geomorphological process of the sand dune landform including the distribution and surface environments, characteristics of sediments, origins and moving processes in lower reach and mouth delta of Duman River, Northeast Korea and China. The methodology of the study includes image analysis of Landsat TM(1992.10) and ETM(2000.9) and Spot(2005.4) for analysis of land cover, 2 times field survey for recognition of landform and acquisition of sediments raw data materials, and grain analysis and exoscopy about raw data materials. The geomorphic elements from satellite image analysis are composed of the delta, sand spit, active and stable dune, sand bar and riparian vegetated zone. Results of the grain analysis indicate the sediments originated from marine coastal zone than riverine one. This means that present sand dune not so much reflect present climatic and geomorphic environments. Result of the exoscopy analysis show that ratio of quartz, which is comparatively resistant to environment, is highest as $65{\sim}83%$ out of sediments. But the surface of the $30{\sim}40%$ of mineral grains was coated by yellow-colored stained materials, due to chemical weathering. Some grains show rough skin, looking as acicular, network structure and etching pits, affected by physical and chemical weathering.