• Title, Summary, Keyword: Rice paddy

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Diseases and Weeds Occurrence and Control in Organic and Conventional Rice Paddy Field (유기 및 관행벼 재배지 병해와 잡초 발생 및 방제에 관한 연구)

  • Lee Sang-Guei;Lee Yong-Hoan;Kim Ji-Soo;Lee Byong-Mo;Kim Mi-Ja;Shin Jae-Hoon;Kim Han-Myeng;Choi Doo-Hoi
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.291-300
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    • 2005
  • Diseases were surveyed in 5 Rice paddy field areas of Organic paddy field and conventional paddy field. The 3 major diseases, rice leaf blast, bacterial leaf blight and sheath blight in rice were surveyed at duck raising, rice bran and conventional rice paddy field. They were serious in duck raising paddy field, rice bran paddy field more than conventional paddy field. The Ilpum variety were infected seriously more than Chucheong. At the effectivity test of the environment-friendly substance for the rice-seed sterilization, 1000-times diluted brown-rice vinegar showed controlling effect against Bakanae disease, and germination rate also was good. There was no Weeds Control efficacy by cultivating of hairy vetch in rice paddy field. However, extract of hairy vetch Leaf and root repressed the germinating of lettuce seed.

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Changes in the Grain Quality of Rice with Respect to the Duration of Lodging Time

  • Hwang, Tai-Jeong;Lee, Won-Jong;Shin, Jin-Chul;Lee, Chul-Won;Kim, Suk-Shin
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.1459-1463
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    • 2009
  • The specific objective of this study was to determine the changes in grain quality of lodged rice with respect to the duration of lodging time and compare the changes with those of unlodged one. The rice 'Janganbyeo' was cultivated and half of paddy field was totally lodged at 30 days after heading. Both lodged paddy and unlodged paddy were harvested at intervals and used for the grain quality determination. The lodged rice did not show any remarkable changes in grain quality until the $4^{th}$ day of lodging for rough rice and until the $2^{nd}$ or the $4^{th}$ day of lodging for brown rice and white rice. The overall grain quality of lodged rice could be kept for 2 to 4 days of lodging.

The Analysis of Vegetation Characteristics of Organic Rice Paddy for Value Assessment of the Rice Paddy Wetland (논습지 가치평가를 위한 유기재배 논의 식생특성 분석)

  • Park, Kwang-Lai;Kong, Min-Jae;Kim, Nam-Choon;Son, Jin-Kwan
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.59-73
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    • 2012
  • The importance of rice paddy wetland has been raised since the 10th Ramsar Convention in 2010. However, there is shortage of study on the evaluation of rice paddy wetland and also of the study on the effect of organic agriculture on the vegetation characteristics. Accordingly, this study examined the vegetation characteristics of organic rice paddy for the basic resources of evaluating value of rice paddy wetland. 6 places of organic rice paddy and conventional rice paddy were chosen as research targets. It analyzed the function of 'Floral Diversity and Wildlife Habitat' among the revised RAM, an existing wetland evaluation system. As to the factor affecting the analysis result, simple land-use result was proved to determine the evaluation. As a result of vegetation investigation total 176 taxa, 53 families, 146 generics, 148 species, 26 varieties and 1 forma. When the difference of appearance of life form between organic area and conventional area was examined, organic paddy had higher appearance of life form in Therophyte and Megaphanerophyte. For the distribution of Naturalized plants, organic rice paddy had lower naturalized rate and urbanization index than conventional rice paddy. As to the Pearson correlation analysis between growing condition and vegetation characteristics, variety of rice paddy vegetation showed it was not heavily influenced by the land use. However, the organic rice paddy area had more variety in vegetation than conventional rice paddy. There was about 1% correlation with types of Cyperaceae, which means that the classification group of Cyperaceae can be utilized in evaluating rice paddy wetland later on. It is determined that the wetland evaluation has been widely influenced by soil environment, water environment and surrounding natural and artificial landscape as well as vegetation characteristics. Accordingly, further research seems to be required with minute investigation to an extensive area.

Investigation of Possible Horizontal Gene Transfer from Transgenic Rice to Soil Microorganisms in Paddy Rice Field

  • Kim, Sung-Eun;Moon, Jae-Sun;Kim, Jung-Kyu;Choi, Won-Sik;Lee, Sang-Han;Kim, Sung-Uk
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.187-192
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    • 2010
  • In order to monitor the possibility of horizontal gene transfer between transgenic rice and microorganisms in a paddy rice field, the gene flow from a bifunctional fusion (TPSP) rice containing trehalose-6-phosphate synthase and phosphatase to microorganisms in soils was investigated. The soil samples collected from the paddy rice field during June 2004 to March 2006 were investigated by multiplex PCR, Southern hybridization, and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP). The TPSP gene from soil genomic DNAs was not detected by PCR. Soil genomic DNAs did not show homologies on the Southern blotting data, indicating that gene transfer did not occur during the last two years in the paddy rice field. In addition, the AFLP band patterns produced by soil genomic DNAs from both transgenic and non-transgenic rice fields appeared similar to each other when analyzed by the NTSYSpc program. Thus, these data suggest that transgenic rice does not give a significant impact on the communities of soil microorganisms, although long-term observation may be needed.

Reuse of Reclaimed Water for Irrigation on Paddy Rice Culture and Its Effect

  • Chun G. Yoon;Ham, Jong-Hwa;Jeon, Ji-Hong
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.44 no.7
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    • pp.14-24
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    • 2002
  • The effect of reclaimed water irrigation on paddy rice culture was evaluated by pilot study at the experimental field of Konkuk University in Seoul, Korea. The sewage was treated by constructed wetland system, and its effluent was used as irrigation water for four treatments and one control plots with three replications. Irrigation of reclaimed water onto paddy rice cultures did not adversely affect the growth and yield of rice. Instead, experimental rice plots of reclaimed water irrigation displayed about 10 to 50% more yield on average than controls. This implies that reclaimed water irrigation might be beneficial rather than harmful to rice culture as long as the sewage is treated adequately and used properly. The amount of irrigation water had little effect on experimental rice cultures, but its strength was important. The strength of treated sewage was not a limiting factor in this study, and no lodging was observed even with a relatively high nitrogen concentration (up to 160mg/L). In general the paddy soil was not affected by reclaimed water irrigation. However, there was an indication that continuous irrigation with high strength of reclaimed water might cause salt accumulation in the soil. Supplemental use of reclaimed water with existing sources of irrigation water is recommended rather than irrigation with a single source of reclaimed water. Overall, the results demonstrated that reclaimed water could be reused as a supplemental source of irrigation water for paddy rice culture without causing adverse effects as long as it is properly managed. For full-scale application, further investigation should be done on environmental risks, tolerable water quality, and fraction of supplemental irrigation.

Seasonal Occurrence and Control of Rice Skipper, Parnara guttata Brener et Grey (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) in Paddy Field

  • Choi, Man-Young;Lee, Geon-Hwi;Paik, Chae-Hoon;Seo, Hong-Yul;Kim, Jae-Duk
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.337-339
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    • 2005
  • In Iksan, Korea, Parnara guttata Brener et Grey spend three generations per year, 1st generation adult emerged mid to late May from pupa developed from overwintered larva in weeds on bank around rice paddy field or on hillside and moved to rice paddy field to lay eggs on leaves of rice. The damage to rice by 2nd generation larva began to increase late July and reached peak from mid to late August. The 3rd generation adults were observed early to mid September and flew away from rice paddy field. There was significant relationship between the transplanting time and the occurrence of P. guttata in rice paddy fields. P. guttata preferred the rice transplanted in late season in paddy field. Insecticide treatment on late July about a week before the peak larval occurrence reduced the damage by P. guttata up to 91.2%, whereas the treatment on early August was a lot less effective reducing only 57.2% of the damage.

A Study on the Effect of the Permeability to Yield Weight of Paddy Rice on the Compressed Soil (압축토양의 투수성과 수도생육 및 수확량에 관한 연구)

  • 조형용
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.2968-2979
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    • 1973
  • The aim of this study was to bring light on the effect of permeability to yield weight of paddy rice on the compressed soil. a) The percolation volume during the growth of paddy rice reduced, while the degree of compression on soil column increased and varied by the evaporation and absorption volumn. b) The percolation volume in the natural soil column was notably low compared with that of in the artificial and had little influence to the variation of permeabilty by compression. c) The results in growth of paddy rice were best on the section of low compression and the yield weight reduced, while the degree of compression on the soil column increased. d) The relationship between the yield weight and percolation volumn, under the condition when percolation volume is 1mm/day, had little difference in the yield weight but immediately reduced under $0.5{\sim}1.0mm/day$. The consequences of investigation are not so perfect, but have done my best to get some new data for effect on additional yield by inquiring into influences of permeability to the yield weight of paddy rice on compressed paddy field. I will have a great pleasure if treatise helps investigaters or the men of affairs in this field.

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Characteristics of Nutrient Export from Paddy Rice Fields with Irrigation Practices (관개수원에 따른 논에서의 영양물질 배출 특성)

  • Hwang, Ha-Sun;Kong, Dong Soo;Shin, Dong-Suk;Jeon, Ji-Hong
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.597-602
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    • 2004
  • Field experimental study was performed to examine characteristics of nutrient export from paddy rice fields with irrigation practices. Experimental fields with surface-water and ground-water irrigation were monitored and analyzed during rice culture period. The water balance showed that outflow generally balanced the inflow showing that about half (58~68%) of total outflow was lost by surface drainage. Water and nutrient export are more in surface-water irrigation paddy than in ground-water irrigation paddy. The reasons might be more irrigation water available and easy to use in surface-water irrigation. If irrigation water reduced, it could result in reduction of nutrient export in paddy rice fields, which can save water and protect water quality. However, deviation from conventional standard practices might affect the rice yield and further investigations are necessary.

Water and Nutrient Balance during rice cropping period using difference fertilization paddy plot in ground water irrigation region (지하수관개지역에서의 수도재배기간중 시비량의 변화에 따른 영양물질 수지 분석)

  • Hwang, Ha-Sun;Yoon, Chun-Gyeng
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers Conference
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    • pp.451-455
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    • 2001
  • This study was performed to examine water and nutrient balance during rice cropping period using difference fertilization paddy plot in ground water irrigation region. The experimental rice paddy consist of three plot, Treatment of Excess fertilization(TEF) and Treatment of Standard Fertilization(TSF) and Treatment of Reduce Fertilization(TRF). As result, input amount to rice paddy was almost rainfall and output was direct runoff through drainage. nutrient input amount was upper paddy in case COD and fertilization in case Total nitrogen and total phosphorus, and output was drainage in all nutrient.

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Estimation of Crop Yield and Evapotranspiration in Paddy Rice with Climate Change Using APEX-Paddy Model (APEX-Paddy 모델을 이용한 기후변화에 따른 논벼 생산량 및 증발산량 변화 예측)

  • Choi, Soon-Kun;Kim, Min-Kyeong;Jeong, Jaehak;Choi, Dongho;Hur, Seung-Oh
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.59 no.4
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    • pp.27-42
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    • 2017
  • The global rise in atmospheric $CO_2$ concentration and its associated climate change have significant effects on agricultural productivity and hydrological cycle. For food security and agricultural water resources planning, it is critical to investigate the impact of climate change on changes in agricultural productivity and water consumption. APEX-Paddy model, which is the modified version of APEX (Agricultural Policy/Environmental eXtender) model for paddy ecosystem, was used to evaluate rice productivity and evapotranspiration based on climate change scenario. Two study areas (Gimjae, Icheon) were selected and the input dataset was obtained from the literature. RCP (Representitive Concentration Pathways) based climate change scenarios were provided by KMA (Korean Meteorological Administration). Rice yield data from 1997 to 2015 were used to validate APEX-Paddy model. The effects of climate change were evaluated at a 30-year interval, such as the 1990s (historical, 1976~2005), the 2025s (2011~2040), the 2055s (2041~2070), and the 2085s (2071~2100). Climate change scenarios showed that the overall evapotranspiration in the 2085s reduced from 10.5 % to 16.3 %. The evaporations were reduced from 15.6 % to 21.7 % due to shortend growth period, the transpirations were reduced from 0.0% to 24.2 % due to increased $CO_2$ concentration and shortend growth period. In case of rice yield, in the 2085s were reduced from 6.0% to 25.0 % compared with the ones in the 1990s. The findings of this study would play a significant role as the basics for evaluating the vulnerability of paddy rice productivity and water management plan against climate change.