• Title, Summary, Keyword: Rice

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Prospect and Production Technology of Brand Rice (브랜드 쌀의 생산기술과 전망)

  • 손종록
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Postharvest Science and Technology of Agricultural Products Conference
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    • pp.51-70
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    • 2003
  • In recent years, Korean rice must compete with the rice of advanced countries under Doha Development Agenda(DDA) and free Trade Agreement(FTA). Therefore we should find more active and positive solution in rice industry according to the inncreasing power of international pressure. Increasing rice production was the most important policy during the past food-deficient days, but recently, with overproduction of rice, various circulation system by the brand(price)-differentiation should be settled in a recent market of Korea. Nowadays, some advanced rice farmers and Rice Processing Complex(RPC) managers developed new brands of rice with high-quality, adding healthy materials and environment-friendly farming methods. Therefore, the future strategy of making a new brand rice should be planned including selection of rice variety, cultural and post-harvest techniques, circulation and processing methods to compete against foreign rice. And environment-friendly farming is also recommendable for food safety and differentiate from imported rice. For the purpose of successful brand-rice, the following points might be considered. Firstly, selection of good quality rice and continual development of good variety must be conducted for the differentiation of Korean rice from foreign rice. Secondly, a special contract between producer and consumer with functional-rice, organic filming-rice, specific-rice will be recommendable. Thirdly, improvement of post-harvest management and milling system are necessary for the production of differentiated-rice. Fortunately, standard of inspection, rules of description for brand-rice must be developed by a more scientific examination in order to settlement of trust for consumer. Finally, provincial or regional-representative brand rice must be settled and conducted for the development of agreement market system between producer and consumer.

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Effects of Cordyceps militans Cultivated on Rice on Lipid Metabolism in Rats Fed High Fat-cholesterol Diets

  • Lee, Sang-Mong;Park, Nam-Sook;Park, Eun-Ju
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.36-41
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    • 2006
  • Dongchunghacho rice, produced by cultivating Dongchunghacho fungus on rice, could be an effective functional food because it offers added value to rice and thus increases rice consumption. However, the physiological effect of Dongchunghacho rice has not been reported yet although there is increasing consumers demand. Therefore, we investigated the effect of Dongchunghacho rice (unpolished rice cultivated with Cordyceps militaris) on lipid metabolism in hyperlipidemic rats. Forty of 8 wk-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups after a 1 week of adaptation period and fed either a normal diet (66% polished rice diet, NC), high fat (12 g/100 g)-high cholesterol (1 g/100 g) diet with 53% polished rice (HC), or high fat-high cholesterol diets supplemented with 30% of the total rice as either unpolished rice (DR) or Dongchunghacho rice (DR). After 4 weeks, rats fed the Dongchunghacho rice diet with high fat and cholesterol had dramatically lower plasma LDL cholesterol concentrations and atherogenic indexes and higher plasma HDL cholesterol levels compared with the rats consuming polished rice or unpolished rice with high fat and cholesterol diet. Dongchunghacho rice led to less total lipid and total cholesterol accumulation in liver. However, these significant reductions in plasma or hepatic lipid profiles were not closely correlated with fecal total lipid or total cholesterol excretion. The plasma concentration of total cholesterol and triglycerides were not affected by Dongchunghacho rice. This hypolipidemic effect of Dongchunghacho rice seemed to be unrelated to unpolished rice itself, because the plasma and hepatic lipid profiles of DR group were not different from that of the HC group. These results suggest that unpolished rice containing cultivated Cordyceps militaris can improve plasma and hepatic lipid profiles in rats fed with high fat-high cholesterol diet.

Quality Characteristics of Rice Cookies using Rice Flour (쌀가루로 제조한 쌀 쿠키의 품질 특성)

  • Lee, Youn Ri
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.571-575
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    • 2018
  • The author made rice cookies using 100% rice and measured their density, spreadability, color, hardness, and fatty acid contents. The density was not significantly different between wheat cookies and the rice cookies made here; however, the density of dough tended to be higher in the rice cookies. Spreadability tended to be lower in rice cookies than wheat cookies. Regarding the color of rice cookies, L, indicating brightness, was found to be higher in rice cookies than in wheat cookies, and a, indicating redness, was found to be lower in rice cookies than in wheat cookies. B, indicating yellowness, was not significantly different between wheat cookies and rice cookies, and hardness tended to be lower in rice cookies. Regarding fatty acid contents, saturated fatty acids such as myristic acids, palmitic acids, and stearic acids were found in rice cookies; However, the contents of saturated fatty acids tended to be lower in rice cookies than in wheat cookies. The monounsaturated fatty acids found in rice cookies were mainly oleic acids, and the polyunsaturated fatty acids found in them were linoleic acid, and these were found more in rice cookies than in wheat cookies. Concerning essential fatty acids such as linoleic acids, linolenic acids, or arachidonic acids, they were found more in cookies made of rice powder than in those made of wheat powder.

쌀의 조리 과정 중 Aflatoxin 감소 효과

  • 김종규;여현종
    • Proceedings of the Korean Environmental Health Society Conference
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    • pp.55-56
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    • 2002
  • Aflatoxin is a secondary fungal metabolite and is a public health hazard because it is a human carcinogenic and has many deleterious effects in men and animals. Rice is one of the better substrates for the fungus which can produce aflatoxins. This study was performed to investigate aflatoxin reduction during the cooking and processing of rice. Aflatoxin was produced by Aspergillus parasiticus ATCC 15517 on well-milled rice(Japonica type) at the level of 13.2 ppb. Cooked rice, rice cakes (baek-sol-gi, plain steamed rice bread), fermented rice (sik-hye, sweet rice beverage), and popped rice were prepared from the aflatoxin-contaminated rice. Aflatoxin content in the samples was determined by high performance liquid chromatography. The total aflatoxin level was decreased to 46.9% in the cooked rice, 85.6% in the rice cakes, 11.4% in the fermented rice, and 7.6% in the popped rice, respectively (p<0.05). This reduction brought the level of aflatoxins down to below the Standard and Specification of Korea (10 ppb), except for the rice cakes. These results indicate that washing, steaming, fermentation, and popping of rice was helpful in reducing the aflatoxin level in the rice and the most helpful factors were high temperature & high pressure. More research is needed to understand why the preparation of rice cakes did not reduce the level of aflatoxin as much as the other cooking methods.

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Development of a Continuous Type Brown Rice Conditioning Equipment (연속식 현미 조질기 개발)

  • 송대빈;고학균
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.503-510
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    • 2000
  • To improve the milling condition of brown rice a continuous type conditioning equipment was developed. To validate the performance of this machine the experimental operation was done at Sa-cheon RPC(Rice Processing Complex) using short grain rough. The initial moisture contents of brown rice were 15.0∼16.5%(w.b) and the flow rate of brown rice passing through the conditioner were 4,370kg per hour. The moisture content differences of brown rice between conditioned and non-conditioned were showed within 0.5%(w.b) This results means that the water injected to brown rice were absorbed to the surface of brown rice evenly. The moisture contents of conditioned treated milled rice were showed slightly higher than that of non-conditioned ones but it was considered that the conditioning process did not affected the weight increasing of milled rice by water supply. For initial moisture contents of 15.0∼16.5%(wb) brown rice it was found that the proper water supply rate was 0.115(cc-water)/(kg·%-brown rice) and the increments of whole rice were 2.2% compared to the non-conditioned ones. it was considered that the conditioning process did not influenced the whiteness of milled rice because the whiteness differences between conditioned and non-conditioned milled rice were negligible. About 18% of electric power which drives the abrasive type rice milling machine was saved at 0.115(cc-water)/(kg·%-brown rice) of water supply rate.

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Comparison of starch properties of rice varieties in different eating quality

  • Yoon, Mi-Ra;Kwak, Jieun;Lee, Jeong-Heui;Lee, Jeom-Sig;Kim, Mi-Jung;Jung, Tae-Wook
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.295-295
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    • 2017
  • Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the most important food crops in the world. The eating quality of cooked rice is the most important trait japonica rice breeding in Korea. Rice varieties that produce kernels that are firm and fluffy after cooking are generally favored in countries such as India, Pakistan, and Indonesia. Whereas varieties with kernels that maintain its shape, glossiness, savory odor, stickiness, and tenderness when cooked are preferred in Korea. This study analyzed the major physicochemical components of rice grain associated with the eating quality of 20 japonica rice varieties. Physicochemical components such as the amylose content, protein content, amylographic characteristics of polished rice, and texture of cooked rice were tested using a Tensipresser as alternative indirect methods in determining rice eating quality. Evaluation of eating quality of cooked rice using sensory test was conducted with 20 well trained members. The 20 rice varieties in different eating quality showed amylose contents of 17~20%. The amylose content of rice varieties had negative correlation with peak viscosity, however positive correlation with setback viscosity was observed. The stickiness and adhesiveness of cooked rice showed correlation with the amylose content and amylopectin chain length distribution. Rice varieties with good eating quality showed less retrogradation of cooked rice and higher hot viscosity of rice flour in amylogram.

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Sensory Profiles of Cooked Rice, Including Functional Rice and Ready-to-Eat Rice by Descriptive Analysis (묘사분석에 의한 기능성쌀밥 및 즉석밥의 관능프로필)

  • Kim, Dong-Hee;Kim, Hee-Sup
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.761-769
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to provide the sensory profiles for cooked rice varieties, with 3 types of functional rice and 4 types of ready -to -eat rice, using descriptive analysis. Eighteen descriptors as well as reference standards were developed. The cooked functional rice, ready-to-eat rice, and plain cooked rice were separated into 4 groups by PCA. PC1 & PC2 explained 65% of the total valiance. PC 1 was responsible for the highest percentage of separation based on the texture intensities. The cooked functional rice showed higher intensity for hardness and roughness. The ready-to-eat rice A, B, and C samples had higher intensities in terms of moistness, glossiness, and moisture content, as well as sour and raw rice flavor. The ready-to-eat rice D sample had low grain wholesomeness, and high intensity for raw rice flavor. Finally, the plain cooked rice had more roasted and burnt rice flavor.

Influence of climate conditions on yield, chemical component, color difference and starch characteristics of colored rice cultivars

  • Shin, Jong Hee;Kim, Sang Kuk;Kim, Se Jong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.331-331
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to know the influence of air temperature and sunshine duration on yield, chemical component, pigment color difference and starch characteristics of two colored rice cultivars in the plain area of Yeongnam province in Korea. The $L^*$, $a^*$, and $b^*$ value of brown rice in Hongjinju and Josaengheugchal rice cultivars was significantly different at continuous cultivated years, 2015 and 2016. The $L^*$, $b^*$ value of two colored rice was significantly increased in 2016 compared to 2015. The $a^*$ value of Josengheugchal rice cultivar was also significantly higher at 2016 than at 2015. It can be noticed the $a^*$, $b^*$, $L^*$ values in Josaengheugchal varied more than those in Hongjinju. Air temperature during ripening period in 2016 was higher than 2015, especially minimum temperature was too high to proper maturation for rice quality. In Josaengheugchal rice cultivar, sunshine duration after heading was longer in 2016 than in 2015. On the contrary, Hongjinju rice cultivar was ripened under condition of insufficient sunshine duration in 2016. The short growing duration by high temperature and long shiny duration made the lack of pigment for Josaengheugchal brown rice. In Hongjinju rice cultivar, shorten sunshine duration and higher night temperature were the source of the pigment deficiency. The grain size of rice which produced in 2016 was bigger than that of 2015 in both rice cultivars. The 1,000 grain weight of rice from 2016 was also bigger than that of 2015. Head rice ratio was high in the rice cultivars produced in 2015. Protein of milled rice in 2016 was more decreased than that of 2015 in Josaengheugchal rice cultivar, it showed reverse result in Hongjinju rice cultivar. Amylose contents of milled rice in 2016 were more decreased than that of 2015 in Hongjinju rice cultivar. Branch chain length distribution of amylopectin was shown a distinct difference between Josaengheugchal and Hongjinju rice flours by each produced year. Josaengheugchal rice cultivar produced in 2015 had a higher amount of short chains than that of 2016 rice starches. In Josaengheugchal rice cultivar, the pasting temperature and peak, trough, breakdown, final viscosity increased in rice flour which produced at 2016, whereas the setback viscosity and peak time showed lower value than those of rice from 2015. The most pasting properties (except of setback viscosity) of rice starch in Hongjinju rice cultivar grown in 2015 were higher than those of rice cultivar produced in 2016.

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우리나라의 브랜드 쌀 생산 및 이용현황

  • 최해춘
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Postharvest Science and Technology of Agricultural Products Conference
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    • pp.46-53
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    • 2002
  • The self-sufficiency of rice production was attained in 1975 through development of Tongil-type high-yielding rices and rapid dissemination to farmers and innovation of cultivation technologies, so-called "green revolution" in Korea. It can be continued during the last twenty seven years except some years with meterological disasters. The national average of milled rice yield per ha was only 3.1 ton at the first half of 1960′s, but it drastically increased to 5.0 ton at the 2nd half of 1990′s. Also, the rice quality was highly improved through the continuous varietal improvement of high-yielding japonica rice cultivars. The amounts of rice stock will go beyond about 1.9 million tons in 2002 due to the recent continuos bumper rice crop and relatively rapid reducing in rice consumption. There are so many rice brands over 1,200 in Korea, but most of rice commodities are not enough controlled in terms of marketing quality and palatability of cooked rice. Although the most rice brands are not properly controlled in quality management, its average level of grain quality is largely improved through the continuously increased diffusion of newly-developed high-quality rice cultivars since 1991. The rapid construction of rice processing complex(RPC) since 1992 also accelerates the production and distribution of brand rices. Especially, about half of distribution amounts are covered by brand rice commodities of the agricultural cooperative associations. The rice is mainly consumed by the type of cooked rice. The amounts of rice consumption for food processing is only below 4% of total rice consumption. The processed rice foods is mainly consumed as various processed cooked rices, rice cakes, and rice wines.

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A Study on the Recognition and Preference for Rice Food of Elementary School Student in Seoul Area (서울지역 초등학생들의 쌀음식에 대한 인지도 및 기호도에 관한 연구)

  • 김업식;김용식
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.231-247
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    • 2002
  • Rice is staple grain of our people and at the same time it is major source of income for Korean farmers. But recently various problems in connection with rice arose such as declining consumption etc. for this reason not only government but also related agencies are discussing about expanding vice consumption. This study is an attempt to provide basic data required for developing rice food and method of cooking it as a measure for increasing rice consumption and far this purpose survey has been conducted on primary school students in connection with their level of recognition, preference far rice food as well as their understanding and their consciousness on issues related to this topic. In terms of level of recognition of rice food majority of students which were subjected to this study stated that either they knew names of about 39 types of rice foods shown or had experience of eating them. They also stated in answers to question related to dietary habit that they prefer rice foods. Their reply on taste of rice food was plain and neat. But it was found their level of recognition on our traditional rice foods such as Ssal Dasik (rice cookies), Ssal Jinbyung (rice cakes) and Buggumi (fried rice cakes) etc. was very low. In connection with questions on their understanding of rice and consciousness of problems related to rice it was revealed that more than majority of primary school students in this research had erroneous idea on reason for the need of our effort for expanding rice consumption. Accordingly in order to expand rice consumption it is necessary to develop educational program addressing subjects of cultural and nutritional effect value of rice, effect of rice consumption upon rural economy and its application to school education concurrently with persistent study in order to diversify rice food restaurants and to improve method of cooking.

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