• Title, Summary, Keyword: Rice

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Quality and antioxidant characteristics of cooked rice the mixture of glutinous rice and cooking methods

  • Woo, Koan Sik;Lee, Kyung Ha;Kim, Mi-Jung;Ko, Jee Yeon;Sim, Eun-Yeong;Lee, Choon Ki;Jeon, Yong Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.248-248
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    • 2017
  • This study was carried out to compare the cooking and antioxidant characteristics of cooked rice added at various rate of glutinous rice addition and treated with two cooking methods. Cooked rice added with glutinous rice was cooked by general and high pressure cooking method with and without fermented alcohol. Pasting characteristics of cooked rice were decreased as increasing the amounts of glutinous rice. Water binding capacity and swelling power were significant decreased with the amounts of glutinous rice increasing, however water solubility indices were significant increased. Palatability characteristics of cooked rice added with glutinous rice showed similar results to cooked rice without glutinous rice. Total polyphenol contents of cooked rice added with glutinous rice and fermented alcohol were significantly distinct, but there was no significant difference. Total flavonoid contents were increased as increasing the amounts of glutinous rice. Total flavonoid contents by general cooking method of cooked rice added with 20% glutinous rice and fermented alcohol were $23.20{\pm}0.61{\mu}g\;CE/g$. DPPH radical scavenging activities added with and without glutinous rice were 2.97~5.19 and 3.19~5.45 mg TE/100 g, respectively. ABTS radical scavenging activities by high pressure cooking method of cooked rice added with 20% glutinous rice and fermented alcohol were $19.48{\pm}0.63mg\;TE/100g$. In this study, cooking and antioxidant characteristics of cooked rice added with glutinous rice were expected to be used as basic data on manufacturing processed products.

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Study on Cooking Properties of 'Bodeurami' Rice Cultivar (보드라미 쌀 품종의 취반특성에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Hee Nam;Choi, Ok Ja
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.209-217
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the cooking properties of Bodeurami and Ilmi to promote consumption of rice. Methods: The properties of Bodeurami and Ilmi such as proximate composition, Hunter's color value, water absorption rate, and cooking properties as well as Hunter's color value, texture properties, and sensory evaluation of cooked rice were analyzed. Results: Crude protein, crude fat, and crude ash contents of Bodeurami and Ilmi were higher in brown rice than in white rice. Regardless of rice cultivars, L-value was lower, whereas a and b-values were higher in brown rice than in white rice. The water absorption rate of rice grains was higher in white rice than in brown rice and increased rapidly to 75 min for white rice and 4 hr for brown rice. Cooking properties, water absorption, and expansibility of white rice were higher than those of brown rice, and there were significant differences between Bodeurami and Ilmi. Immediately after cooking and after storage at warm ($70^{\circ}C$) and room temperatures ($25^{\circ}C$), hardness of cooked rice increased after storage, but was not significantly different between Bodeurami white rice and Ilmi brown rice. The sensory evaluation shows that Bodeurami brown rice scored the highest for taste, texture and overall preference. Conclusion: Thus, the results of this study shows that Bodeurami brown rice is characterized by high cooking quality without any mixed white rice, and Bodeurami white rice could be used for the rice processing industry as well as cooked rice.

Quality Characteristics of Rice Bread Substituted with Black Rice Flour (흑미가루를 첨가한 쌀 식빵의 품질 특성)

  • Im, Ji-Soon;Lee, Young-Tack
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.903-908
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    • 2010
  • Yeast-leavened rice bread with added vital wheat gluten was formulated by substituting normal rice flour with 0~30% black rice flour, and the effects of black rice flour substitution on rice bread quality were investigated. Black rice flour contained more protein, lipid, and ash contents than normal rice flour. Increasing levels of black rice flour substitution decreased the specific loaf volume of rice bread. Black rice flour decreased lightness and yellowness, and imparted a reddish color in the bread crumbs. Only a slight difference in crumb firmness was observed between control rice bread (100% normal rice flour) and rice bread containing up to 20% black rice flour. However, crumb firmness of rice bread containing 30% black rice flour was considerably higher than that of the control rice bread and increased rapidly at 2~3 days during a 3-day storage period at $25^{\circ}C$. Antioxidant activity of rice breads was estimated by determining electron-donating ability (EDA) to DPPH radical. The electron-donating ability slightly increased with increasing levels of black rice flour in rice bread.

Yield and Nitrogen Uptake under Reduced Nitrogen Fertilizer during Early Growth of Rice in the Rice-Barley Double Cropping System

  • Seo, Jong-Ho;Cho, Hyeon-Suk;Kim, Chung-Guk;Lee, Jin-Mo;Park, Seong-Ho
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2004
  • N fertilizer required by rice could be reduced greatly in the rice-barley double cropping system than in the rice single cropping system. This study was conducted to investigate how much of the N fertilizer during the early stage of rice in the rice-barley double cropping system, could be saved compared to that in the rice single cropping system. This experiment was carried out at the paddy field of the National Crop Experiment Station in Suwon, Korea during three years from 1999 to 2001. Amounts of soil mineral nitrogen (SMN) and SPAD values of rice leaf during rice growing season in the rice-barley double cropping system were higher than those in the rice single cropping system under the same amount of N application during two years. Yield and N uptakes of rice at harvesting time were also higher in the rice-barley double cropping system than in the rice single cropping system during two years. Yield and N uptake of rice in the rice single cropping system were decreased when basal N fertilizer was omitted, but those reductions were not found by either omitting basal N fertilizer or omitting N fertilizer at tillering stage in the rice-barley double cropping system during 2000 and 2001. But yield and N uptakes of rice were decreased by 70 kg/10a and 2kgN/10a by the omission of both N application at basal and tillering stages in the rice-barley double cropping system in 2002. It was concluded that N fertilizer as much as tillering N fertilizer could be saved in the rice-barley double cropping system.

Effects of Brown Rice and Brown Rice Powder Mixing Ratio on the Preference Analysis of the Waffles and Rice Ball (현미와 현미분말 첨가량에 따른 현미와플 및 주먹밥의 소비자 기호도 조사)

  • Kim, Hong-Gyun;Kim, Ji-Na;Whang, Eun-Mi;Shin, Weon-Sun
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.146-152
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    • 2014
  • This study surveyed consumers' sensory liking ratings of 3 types of developed brown rice products (brown rice nut waffles, Kimchi and tuna rice ball, sweet red-bean paste rice ball) and analyzed the drivers for liking or disliking the brown rice products. Each brown rice product had a brown rice to brown rice powder ratio of either: 100:0; 80:20; or 50:50. Forty consumers evaluated the acceptance of brown rice products on a 9-point hedonic scale and gave comments regarding liking or disliking each product. The results of the preference investigation analysis showed subjectivity depending on the brown rice product and the respondents' genders and ages. For brown rice nut waffles was affected by gender, age, and brown rice powder mixing ratio (p < 0.05). The variables "liking the aroma"; "liking the delicate flavor"; "liking the chewiness"; "liking the moistness"; "liking the softness"; "liking the harmony"; "liking the aftertaste" and "overall acceptability" did not differ significantly with the Kimchi and tuna rice ball. For the sweet red-bean paste rice ball product, the rates of liking the chewiness, stickiness, moistness, and softness of the 0% brown rice powder mix were all higher (p < 0.05) than were the rates of liking those same qualities in the 50% brown rice powder mix. Among all brown rice products, there were high correlations between the overall acceptability, liking the saltiness, liking the aroma, and liking the harmony. A preference investigation analysis showed that the brown rice product fillings were key factors to the products' overall acceptability.

Recommendation of high quality rice cultivar adapted to rice-wheat double cropping system in Korean southern plain area

  • Jeong, Han-Yong;Hwang, Woon-Ha;An, Sung-Hyun;Jeong, Jae-Heok;Lee, Hyun-Seok;Yun, Jong-Tak;Baek, Jung-Sun;Choi, Kyung-Jin;Lee, Gun-Hwi
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.317-317
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    • 2017
  • We performed this experiment to select high quality rice adapted to wheat-rice double cropping system. We sowed barley and wheat seed in November 2, 2015. After harvesting barley and wheat, we transplanted high quality rice cultivars: 'Unkwang', 'Hopun', 'Haepum', 'Hyunoum' in June 17 and 24. We used 'sindongjin' rice as a control. As a result, 'Hyunpum' had a highest head rice yield regardless of transplanting date. Head rice yield of 'Hyunpum' was 488.1kg/10a when transplanted in June 17, and 453.6kg/10a when transplanted in June 24. The reason for this highest head rice yield was not percentage of head rice but milled rice yield. Milled rice yield of 'Hyunpum' was 526.5kg/10a when transplanted in June 17, and 490.0kg/10a when transplanted in June 24. Percentage of head rice had little differences between rice cultivars. Among yield components, only number of panicle per $m^2$ had an effect on the differences of yield between rice cultivars. The other yield components didn't have an effect on the differences of yield between rice cultivars. Compared to June 17, only 'Unkwang' had higher head rice percentage and head rice yield in June 24. Head rice percentage of 'Unkwang' changed from 67.3% to 85.0% and head rice yield changed from 324kg/10a to 393.8kg/10a when transplanting date delayed from June 17 to June 24. When transplanting date was delayed, heading date of 'Unkwang' was more delayed than other rice cultivars. By delay of heading date, mean temperature for 40days changed from $25.0^{\circ}C$ to $22.9^{\circ}C$ which improved temperature condition during grain filling stage. This improved head rice percentage and head rice yield of 'Unkwang' transplanted in June 24. If transplanting date is more delayed than June 24, 'Unkwang' could have higher head rice percentage and head rice yield. Therefore, if you transplant rice before June 24 in rice-wheat double cropping system, 'Hyunpum' is recommended as adequate rice cultivar. But if you transplant rice after June 24, further research is needed to find out adequate rice cultivar.

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Sensory and Mechanical Characteristics of Moo-dduk by Different Ingredients (무떡의 재료배합비에 따른 Texture 특성)

  • Lee, Hyo-Gee;Kim, Kyoung-Jin
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.242-248
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate effect of the amounts of rice flour, glutinous-rice flour supplementation, Chinese radish, and the kinds and amount of sweetner on the sensory and objective characteristics of Moo-dduk which is korean traditional cake supplemented with jullienne Chinese radish. The advisable recipe for Moo-dduk was obtained through the various experiments. i) The Moo-dduk blended with rice flour. rice flour 300 g Chinese radish 210 g(70% of rice flour) sugar 30 g(10% of rice flour) salt 3 g(1% of rice flour) ii) The Moo-dduk blended with rice flour and glutinous-rice flour. rice flour 225 g, glutinous-rice flour 75 g(25% of rice flour), Chinese radish 210 g(70% of rice flour) sugar 30 g(10% of rice flour) salt 3 g(1% of rice flour)

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Survey study on the quantity cookery of steamed rice. (많은 양의 밥짓기에 대한 실태조사)

  • 이혜수
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.93-99
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    • 1970
  • To Know the factors required to make best quality of steamed rice with large amount of rice, several organizations that serve meals were surveyed. Factor that mostly influence the amount of water to the amount of rice is a kind or rice. In the case of good quality rice, when the amount of rice is more than 10cups, the ratio of water to rice is 0.9 and that of poor quality rice is 0.7 Average ratio is 0.8 Therefore, ordinarily with the ratio of 0.8, good quality of steamed rice can be made. Washed rice should be used to measured the of rice. To make a good quality of steamed rice with large amount of rice, center part of the boiling rice should be stirred generously several times to equalize the temperature.

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Physicochemical Properties of Cooked Rice as Affected by Cooking Methods and Thawing Conditions (취반 및 해동방법에 따른 쌀밥의 이화학적 특성)

  • Ha, Joo-Young;Lee, Jong-Mee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.253-260
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to investigate performance of methods for cooking and thawing frozen cooked rice to retard retro-gradation of cooked rice. For this research, That was executed rice's physicochemical and sensory characteristics test through the way of boiling rice or thawing, and found out best way for retro-gradation and taste. This study showed the rice cooked by pressure rice pot has less dehydration during freezing and thawing, and thawed rice by micro wave has less dehydration. Repetition of freezing and thawing resulted increasing of hardness and chewiness, and decreasing of adhesiveness and cohesiveness. The rice cooked by convotherm oven or pressure rice pot has less increased hardness while freezing and thawing. Adhesiveness was superior when rice was cooked by pressure rice pot. The rice thawed by microwave had more hardness than thawed in room temperature.

A survey on the rice-based processed food consumption of the housewives at Daegu (대구지역 주부들의 쌀 가공식품 이용실태조사)

  • 조진휘;고봉경
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.300-307
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    • 2003
  • This research investigated the consumption of various rice-based processed foods of 279 housewives in Daegu. 70% of the housewives that responded to the question graduated from a high school or college, was 30∼40 years old and full-time housewives. The main places for purchasing the rice-based processed foods were large size discount store and supermarkets, as other industrial products and the family′s preference was the most critical factors in choosing the products. The fact that the main reason of purchasing the rice breads and cookies, instead of wheat, was "They may be good for health” indicated many housewives have a positive perception of rice-based foods. Among the rice-based processed foods, the using frequency of rice cake (dduk) was the highest, with rice cookies and rice drinks being the next most frequent. However, the frequencies of cooked rice (bob) and rice flour were very low. An analysis of the correlation for the using frequency of 15 rice-based processed foods showed that the use of rice cookies and breads, instead of wheat, was highly correlated to another 13 foods. The critical reasons why they do not consume cooked rice and rice flour were uncertainty of the purity of the rice and the addition of preservatives, and that with rice bread and noodles there was no information available about the products, and hey have a poor taste. The most common reasons of using cooked rice were no time to cook and simple curiosity about the products. However, the consumers were suspicious of containers, which were a potential cause of environmental hormones, and the high price of the products. Packed rice flour was mainly used as an ingredient to give the viscosity to a product. The advantages of using rice flour were that it was available to control the amount of buying and the convenience to buy. However, it was pointed out that the taste of products containing packed rice flour were poorer than that of rice flour ground at a mill.