• Title, Summary, Keyword: Reversibility

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Difference of Time Course of Functional Recovery after Revascularization According to Preoperative Reversibility of Perfusion Impairment in Ischemic Myocardial Dysfunction (허혈성 심근 기능장애에서 술전 관류결손의 가역성에 따른 재관류 시술 이후 심근 기능회복 양상의 시간적 차이)

  • Paeng, Jin-Chul;Lee, Dong-Soo;Kim, Ki-Bong;Kim, Yu-Kyeong;Yeo, Jeong-Seok;Chung, June-Key;Lee, Myung-Chul
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.364-370
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    • 2001
  • Purpose: In the revascuarization of ischemic dysfunctional myocardium, stunned myocardium was reported to recover function earlier than hibernating myocardium. It was also suggested that stunning and hibernation could be discriminated by reversibility of perfusion impairment on myocardial SPECT. In this study, we investigated the time course of functional recover after CABG according to reversibility of perfusion impairment. Materials and Methods: In 92 patients with coronary artery disease, Tl-201 rest/dipyridamole stress Tc-99m-MIBI gated SPECT was performed before, 3 months after, and 17 months after CABG. Using a 20-segment model, segmental perfusion and systolic thickening were automatically quantified. Perfusion-impaired segments with abnormal thickening were classified by reversibility into reversible (REV) and irreversible (IRREV) groups. The proportions of function-recovered segments were compared between groups and also between 3 months and 17 months in each group. Results: A total of 129 segments were Included In the analysis, and 76 were REV and 53 were IRREV. At 3 months after CABG, 61 segments (80%) in REV group showed functional recovery while 28 segments (53%) in IRREV group did (p<0.001). However, at 17 months after CABG, 60 segments (79%) in REV group and 37 segments (70%) un IRREV group showed functional recovery (p=n.s.). When comparing 3 months and 17 months in each group, REV group showed no difference, while IRREV group showed significant further improvement (p<0.05). Conclusion: In viable myocardium with ischemic myocardial dysfunction, the segments with reversible perfusion impairment recover function earlier after revascularization than irreversible segments.

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Transient Splenial Lesions in the Splenium of Corpus Callosum in Seven Patients: MR Findings and Clinical Correlations (뇌량 팽대의 일과성 병변: 7명의 환자에서의 자기공명 영상소견과 임상 양상의 연관성)

  • Park, Ju Young;Lee, In Ho;Song, Chang June;Hwang, Hee Youn
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2013
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study is to correlate the imaging findings and the clinical findings in patients with transient splenial lesions (TSL). Materials and Methods: Total of 7 patients (M: F = 4: 3; age range 11 - 38 years, mean age 25.5 years) were studied between November 2006 and April 2011. The MRI findings and clinical findings in all patients were retrospectively reviewed. The location, MR signal intensity, restricted diffusion, enhancement pattern and reversibility from the follow up images were reviewed. Clinical features were reviewed with respect to the presented symptoms, signs, treatment and outcome. Results: The lesions were located in the splenium of corpus callosum in all patients. All lesions showed high signal intensity on diffusion weighted imaging (DWI), and six patients showed restricted diffusion on the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) map. ADC map was not available in one patient. All lesions (n = 7) showed high signal intensity on the T2 weighted image (T2WI). Five of the patients (71.4%) with follow up images (range 7 - 34 days) showed complete resolution of focal high signal intensity on DWI, with recovery of ADC values as well as T2WI. After contrast media administration, none of the lesions showed any enhancements. All lesions with various etiologies including TB medication were developed in younger age patients and showed reversibility after the acceptable period of minimum 7 days with conservative treatment. Conclusion: All TSL showed nonspecific imaging findings, including restricted diffusion on DWI and ADC map on the initial images. However, reversibility of the lesions and the young age preference can be a characteristic finding of TSL with acceptable period of minimum 7 days. In addition, to keep it in mind that various etiologies including TB medication may cause TSL, is important for radiologists as well as clinicians.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for Power Generation and Hydrogen Production

  • Minh, Nguyen Q.
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2010
  • Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have been under development for a variety of power generation applications. Power system sizes considered range from small watt-size units (e.g., 50-W portable devices) to very large multi-megawatt systems (e.g., 500-MW base load power plants). Because of the reversibility of its operation, the SOFC has also been developed to operate under reverse or electrolysis mode for hydrogen production from steam (In this case, the cell is referred to as solid oxide electrolysis cell or SOEC.). Potential applications for the SOEC include on-site and large-scale hydrogen production. One critical requirement for practical uses of these systems is long-term performance stability under specified operating conditions. Intrinsic material properties and operating environments can have significant effects on cell performance stability, thus performance degradation rate. This paper discusses potential applications of the SOFC/SOEC, technological status and current research and development (R&D) direction, and certain aspects of long-term performance degradation in the operation of SOFCs/SOECs for power generation/hydrogen production.

Synergistic Effect of the MnO Catalyst and Porous Carbon Matrix for High Energy Density Vanadium Redox Flow Battery (고에너지 밀도 바나듐 레독스 흐름 전지를 위한 망간산화물 촉매와 다공성 탄소 기재의 시너지 효과)

  • Kim, Minsung;Ko, Minseong
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.52 no.3
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    • pp.150-155
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    • 2019
  • The carbon electrode was modified through manganese-catalyzed hydrogenation method for high energy density vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB). During the catalytic hydrogenation, the manganese oxide deposited at the surface of the carbon electrode stimulated the conversion reaction from carbon to methane gas. This reaction causes the penetration of the manganese and excavates a number of cavities at electrode surface, which increases the electrochemical activity by inducing additional electrochemically active site. The formation of the porous surface was confirmed by the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images. Finally, the electrochemical performance test of the electrode with the porous surface showed lower polarization and high reversibility in the cathodic reaction compared to the conventional electrode.

REVERSIBILITY AND SYMMETRY OVER CENTERS

  • Choi, Kwang-Jin;Kwak, Tai Keun;Lee, Yang
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.56 no.3
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    • pp.723-738
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    • 2019
  • A property of reduced rings is proved in relation with centers, and our argument in this article is spread out based on this. It is also proved that the Wedderburn radical coincides with the set of all nilpotents in symmetric-over-center rings, implying that the Jacobson radical, all nilradicals, and the set of all nilpotents are equal in polynomial rings over symmetric-over-center rings. It is shown that reduced rings are reversible-over-center, and that given reversible-over-center rings, various sorts of reversible-over-center rings can be constructed. The structure of radicals in reversible-over-center and symmetric-over-center rings is also investigated.

A Study on the Reversibility Scalar Phenomena in Amorphous Chalcogenides (비정질 칼코게나이드에서 광유기 스칼라 현상의 가역성에 관한 연구)

  • 박수호;정진만;이현용;정홍배
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.31-34
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    • 1997
  • A reversible scalar phenomena in amorphous As$_{40}$ Ge$_{10}$ Se$_{15}$ S$_{35}$ have been investigated by blue-pass-filtered Hg lamp and He-Ne laser. Annealing causes the shift of the absorption edge to shelter wavelengths approximately 0.17ev, also illumination moves it to longer wavelengths about 0.05 ~ 0.07eV and it increases the refractive index maximum 0.3. Therefore the thermalbleaching(TB) and photodarkening(PD) effects have been understood by the results related to optical absorption characteristics. TB could be estimated as increasing the stabilization of amorphous chalcogenide films since absorption slope of extended regions(U) was not changed by annealing. On the other hand, PD could be understood as due to the enhancement of disorder since the slope of Urbach’s tail(1/F) around an absorption edge were decreased by illumination.ion.n.

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A length dependance of monolayer films of long-chain fatty acids (장쇄지방산의 길이에 따른 단분자막의 특성 변화)

  • 구창권;김무군;송경호;박태곤
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.38-42
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    • 1996
  • The pressure-area isotherm of monolayer at the air-water interface were obtained and the LB films were fabricated onto a quartz slides and quartz crystal by conventional Langmuir-Blodggett(LB) method. The UV absorption spectra of Langmuir-Blodggett(LB) film on quartz slides and spectrum of monolayer formed on quartz crystal have been measured. The photoisomerization of the long-chain fatty avid containing azobenzene were obtained by the application of UV and visible light. The reversibility of photoisomerization were more clear difference when the number of C$\_$n/ increased. At the pressure-area isotherms, the value of surface pressure increment were decreased when the number of C$\_$n/ increased, A surface pressure of 20mN/m was obtained as a proper one for a film deposition. The photoisomerization at LB films were also obtained by application of UV and visible light. So the LB film of long-chain fatty acid containing azobenzene has possibility to being applies to functional molecular devices such as photomemory and light switching.

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Effects of Cyclic-AMP and Tannin on the Amylase Biosynthesis Induced by Gibberellin in Aleurone Layer II. Amylase (Cyclic-AMP와 탄닌이 지베레린으로 유도되는 Amylase 생합성에 미치는 영향 II. Amylase)

  • 권영명
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.21 no.1_4
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    • pp.21-27
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    • 1978
  • The effect of tannic acid on GAs and cyclic-AMP promoted amylase induction in barley aleurone layers was examined. Of a variety of adenine compounds, only cyclic-AMP and ADP showed significant activity, and these activities were promoted by addition of theophylline to the incubation medium. When aleurone layers of barley endosperm tissues were incubated with GAs in the presence of tannic acid, the amylase activity in the incubation medium was reduced. Cyclic-AMP induced amylase activity was also reduced by additiion of tannic acid. The cyclic-AMP response promoted was more sensitive to tannin inhibition than GAs response. The inhibitory effect of tannic acid shwoed reversibility by addition of higher concentration of GAs or cyclic-AMP. The tannic acid effect on GAs response was also recovered by addition of a higher concentration of cyclic-AMP. Experiment with polyacrylamide disc electrophoresis showed different isozyme patterns according to the additions in the incubation medium. Inhibitory effects of decursinol and coumarin was compared with that of tannic acid. They showed different zymogram patterns.

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Electrochemical Property Measurement on Flyacenic Semiconductor(PAS) (PAS 전극에 관한 전기화학적 특성 측정)

  • 김한주;박수길;손원근;이홍기;이주성
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.197-200
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    • 1999
  • The polyacene materials prepared from phenol resine at relatively low temperature(550~75$0^{\circ}C$) show a highly Li-doped state up to $C_2$Li state without liberation of Li cluster. We prepared each polyacenic materials various temperature and investigated electrochemical property. We tried to change the mole ratio of [H]/[C] that was 0.24~0.4 range and finally found that the further discussion of improvements of battery materials. The X-ray structural analyses have shown that this material is essentiallly amorphous with loose structure in molecular size order. This structure ensures that the PAS battery has both reliability on repetitive doping-undoping processes and higher energy density than other batteries. The PAS electrode has been confirmed to show good stability and reversibility.

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Effect on postoperative pulmonary arterial pressure with preoperative hemodynamic data in VSD (심실중격결손증에서 수술전 혈류역학치가 수술후 폐동맥압력에 미치는 영향)

  • 성숙환
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.238-242
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    • 1986
  • The prognosis of patients with VSD and pulmonary hypertension is at least partially related to the reversibility of pulmonary hypertension after surgery. To predict postoperative pulmonary arterial pressure, immediate postbypass values were compared with preoperative hemodynamic data in 18 surgically closed VSD patients aged 6 to 80 months. The following results were obtained. 2] There was a good correlation between preoperative PP/PS and postoperative PP/PS in patients aged over 24 months [r=0.685, p<0.05], and in patients whose QP/QS were over 2.0 [r=0.686, p<0.01]. 3] There was also a good correlation between pump time and postoperative PP in total patients [r=0.697, p<0.005]. 4] Direct correlations were found between preoperative PP/PS and immediate postbypass PP/PS in patients aged over 24 months and in patients whose QP/QS>2.0, but the effect of CPB would participate in some degree. So it may be necessary to reevaluate their relationship after the effect of CPB have been disappeared.

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