• Title/Summary/Keyword: Resource recovery

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Cost-Benefit Analysis by Resource Recovery Facility for Municipal Waste -Focus on Gangwon Province- (생활폐기물 자원화시설의 편익분석 -강원도 중심으로-)

  • Han, Young-Han;Lee, Hae-Seung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.2833-2845
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    • 2012
  • In this study, the amount of waste resource that could be recovered was analyzed. The installation and operation costs of waste resource recovery for both single- and multi-regional facility were calculated, and compared with the costs of landfill to investigate the feasibility of them. RDF(Refuse Derived Fuel) process and resource recovery by incineration process were considered as waste resource recovery facility. And, the multi-regions for cost analysis were established on the basis of the proper generation rate of municipal waste with the consideration of combustible ratio. The study results showed that single region facility for both RDF and incineration process has no economic benefit, compared with the landfill method. For the multi-regional facility, RDF process could save a large cost than the landfill method, but the incineration facility couldn't. Separate from the economic benefits, the waste resource recovery should be importantly considered when considering the depletion of fossil fuel, global warming, environmental toxicity, and the enormous expenses due to social conflict and confuse. When the CDM(Clean Development Mechanism) is vitalized in the near future, the additional economic benefits by CERs(Certified Emission Reductions) could be expected. CERs for RDF facility is corresponding to about 256.5 billion won, and CERs for incineration facility is corresponding to about 54 and 77.4 billion won for single- and multi-regional facility, respectively.

The Comparative Evaluations of the Factor Weights for a Successful Sea-ranching Project based on AHP (AHP 기법을 이용한 바다목장화사업 성공요인에 대한 비교평가연구)

  • Park, Cheol-Hyung;Pyoh, Hee-Dong
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.67-88
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    • 2007
  • This study is to estimate the factor weights for a successful sea-ranching project using the Analytical Hierarchy Process. Furthermore, it investigates the policy implications revealed by the differences in group opinions throughout fishermen, government officials, researchers and the scholars when the weights are assessed. The hierarchy is constructed for the 3 levels of factors which must be evaluated for a successful sea-ranching project. The top level of factors is divided by the ecological factors and the socioeconomic factors. As the middle level of factors, there are 3 factors such as the choice of fish, the habitat environment and the production technology under the ecological factors and another 3 factors such as the stability of fishery society, economic factors, and the law & system under the socio-economic factors. And then, at the bottom level of the hierarchy, the economic factors have two different sub-factors such as the fishing revenue and cost. The law & system has also 3 sub-factors such as the accessibility to sea-ranching area, fishing method, and surveillance. The fishermen and government officials show us quite opposite tendencies in assessments of the weights while both the researchers and scholars reveal almost the same opinions positioned at somewhere between first two groups. The study also reports the evaluations of efficiency measures for resource recovery methods among the sea-ranching project, artificial reef, release of fish seeds, and marine protection area. Both the sea-ranching project and marine protection area have the same efficiency in terms of resource recovery while the artificial reef and release of fish seeds are revealed as somewhat less efficient methods comparing to the former two methods.

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Thermodynamic Analysis on Organic Rankine Cycle Using Exhaust Gas of the Chimney in a Resource Recovery Facility (폐기물 소각시설 굴뚝의 배기가스를 이용한 유기랭킨사이클 시스템의 열역학적 해석)

  • Kim, Sunhee;Sung, Taehong;Kim, Kyung Chun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.27-35
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    • 2017
  • The amount and quality of waste heat from a resource recovery facility were measured. The temperature of exhaust gas was $176.6^{\circ}C$ and the amount of that was 13.8 kg/s. This research designed a waste heat recovery system whose working fluid is R-245fa. It simulated three study cases as follows. In simulation of a basic ORC system, the turbine power output and thermal efficiency were respectively 96.56 kW, 14.3%. In simulation of a superheater connection, 0.09% of efficiency could be improved due to the increase of enthalpy by overheating of working fluid, but the obtained output was decreased with 16.58kW because of the decrease of working fluid mass. In simulation of a process heater connection, efficiency was increased up to 38.51%.

Estimation of Fishery Resource Rebuilding and Economic Effects on Coastal Gill-net Fishery as a Result of Korean Vessel Buy-back Program (우리나라 어선감척사업의 연안자망어업에 대한 어자원회복 및 경제적 효과 추정)

  • Jeong, Minju;Nam, Jongoh
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.221-232
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to estimate the extent of fisheries resource rebuilding and other economic effects on coastal gill-net fishery as a result of the Korean vessel buy-back program using with-without analysis based on methods estimating sustainable yields for all species caught by coastal gill-net fishery. Based on the results of with-without analysis, maximum sustainable yields (MSY) of all species caught by coastal gill-net fishery have been increased by the Korean vessel buy-back program. In addition, profits per vessel of maximum economic yield (MEY) of the species have been improved by the program. Further, yields and a producer surplus per vessel under an equilibrium of open access (OA) have increased because of the program. In detail, first of all, at the MSY level, the vessel buy-back program has led to about 21% fisheries resource recovery, and at the MEY level, it has led to about a 19% resource recovery. Secondly, at the MEY level and the OA level, the producer surplus per vessel has been increased by about 24% and 22% respectively by the vessel buy-back program.

The review of municipal solid waste management in Nigeria: the current trends

  • Iorhemen, Oliver T.;Alfa, Meshach I.;Onoja, Sam B.
    • Advances in environmental research
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.237-249
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    • 2016
  • The management of municipal solid waste (MSW) is essential for every community; and, it is currently a major challenge in Nigeria. This paper provides an overview of the current MSW management trends in Nigeria and proposes new sustainable MSW management systems. Across Nigerian cities, MSW management is characterized by inefficient collection and transportation to disposal sites. Collection services do not reach some unplanned areas and slums due to poor street network. Even some planned areas are not reached by collection services. The informal sector contributes to waste collection, resource recovery and recycling; however, their activities are not recognized by the governments. Markets exist for recovered materials but more efforts need to be geared towards intensive recovery of materials and expansion of these markets. Despite the high proportion of putrescible matter in MSW, the only form of treatment commonly used currently is open burning for volume reduction. The high organic fraction presents a great opportunity for composting and anaerobic digestion. Ultimate disposal is currently done in open dumpsites. This needs to be upgraded to engineered landfills that are properly sited and adequately operated by well trained personnel. There is an emerging waste stream of concern, electronic-waste (e-waste), that requires urgent sustainable management as e-waste are currently co-disposed with other waste streams or burnt in the open posing detrimental health impacts.

Construction of Resource Recovery System for Organic Wastes (유기성 폐기물의 자원화 체제구축에 관한 연구)

  • 양재경;최경민
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.290-308
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    • 1999
  • In this study a system for the treatment or recyling of organic wastes from both urban and rural area was recommended. It was developed based on the resource recovery system regarding human being by four tectnologies; forage, methane production, high-grade composting and complete decomposition. High quality compost can be produced by combining several kind of wastes produced from urban and agricultural areas. High quality compost must possess not only general characteristics of ordinary compost, but also a superior ability to improve the soil properties and must contain more nutrients for plant. Cedar chips were recommended as the main bulking agent to adjust moisture contents and air permeability. Charcoal and zeolite can be used not only as the second bulking agent but also as fertilizer for improve the soil amendment. Complete decomposition of organic wastes is defined by organic matter being completely converted to $CO_2$ and water. All the input water was evaporated by the heat produced through the oxidation of organic matter, In the present study, the complete treatments were successfully achieved for Shochu wastewater, swine wastes, thickened excess sewage sludge, wastes produced by Chinese restaurant and anaerobic digested sludge. First of all, recycling center of organic wastes should be established for the protect the environments and effective recovery of organic resources. This may means the way to derive the recovery of human value.

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Anaerobic Hydrogen Fermentation and Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) for Decentralized Sanitation and Reuse-Organic Removal and Resource Recovery

  • Paudel, Sachin;Seong, Chung Yeol;Park, Da Rang;Seo, Gyu Tae
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.387-393
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate integrated anaerobic hydrogen fermentation and membrane bioreactor (MBR) for on-site domestic wastewater treatment and resource recovery. A synthetic wastewater (COD 17,000 mg/L) was used as artificial brown water which will be discharged from urine diversion toilet and fed into a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) type anaerobic reactor with inclined plate. The effluent of anaerobic reactor mixed with real household grey water (COD 700 mg/L) was further treated by MBR for reuse. An optimum condition maintained in anaerobic reactor was HRT of 8 hrs, pH 5.5, SRT of 5 days and temperature of $37^{\circ}C$. COD removal of 98% was achieved from the overall system. Total gas production rate and hydrogen content was 4.6 L/day and 52.4% respectively. COD mass balance described the COD distribution in the system via reactor byproducts and effluent COD concentration. The results of this study asserts that, anaerobic hydrogen fermentation combined with MBR is a potent system in stabilizing waste strength and clean hydrogen recovery which could be implemented for onsite domestic wastewater treatment and reuse.

Resource recovery and harmless treatment of waste oil-in-water drilling fluid

  • Tang, Chao;Xie, Shui Xiang
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.277-280
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    • 2017
  • Destablization and demulsification is a difficult task for the treatment of waste oil-in-water drilling fluid because of its "three-high" characteristics: emulsification, stabilization and oiliness. At present, China is short for effective treating technology, which restricts cleaner production in oilfield. This paper focused on technical difficulties of waste oil-in-water drilling fluid treatment in JiDong oilfield of China, adopting physical-chemical collaboration demulsification technology to deal with waste oil-in-water drilling fluid. After oil-water-solid three-phase separation, the oil recovery rate is up to 90% and the recycled oil can be reused for preparation of new drilling fluid. Meanwhile, harmless treatment of wastewater and sludge from waste oil-in-water drilling fluid after oil recycling was studied. The results showed that wastewater after treated was clean, contents of chemical oxygen demand and oil decreased from 993 mg/L and 21,800 mg/L to 89 mg/L and 3.6 mg/L respectively, which can meet the requirements of grade one of "The National Integrated Wastewater Discharge Standard" (GB8978); The pollutants in the sludge after harmless treatment are decreased below the national standard, which achieved the goal of resource recovery and harmless treatment on waste oil-in-water drilling fluid.

The Comparative Analysis of the Reasons for Decreases in Marin Fishery Resources Based on AHP & duster Analysis (AHP - 군집분석을 이용한 주요어종의 자원감소 원인 비교분석에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Cheol-Hyung;Lee, Sang-Go
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.127-146
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    • 2009
  • This study is to estimate the factor weights of the reasons for decreases in marine fishery resources using the Analytical Hierarchy Process. Furthermore, it classifies 20 fishes under a fishery resource recovery plan into various groups of fishes according to these factor weights using the non-hierarchial cluster analysis. The factors of decreases in marine fishery resources are identified as bio-ecological, technology-system, economic-business, and fishing village-society factors. Two of the most important factors of decreases in resource are turned out to be the economic-business and bio-ecological factors, estimated as 31% and 30% respectively. The technology-system and fishing village-society factors are estimated as 21% and 18% respectively. The study utilizes non-hierarchical cluster analysis in order to classify 20 fishes into 2, 3, and 4 groups. K-means cluster analysis is applied for grouping in conjunction with ANOVA to identify statistical differences in factors. Once again, the economic-business and bio-economic factors play main role in grouping 2-groups of fishes case. The third group of fishes in addition to the previous 2 groups of fishes appears as those 4 factors of decrease evenly play about the same role at a 3-groups of fishes case. Finally, the economic-business and bio-economic factors are turned out to be evenly important in the 4th group once there are 4-groups of fishes.

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Analysis on Economic Effect and Resource Recovery of Major Coastal Fisheries by Vessel Buy-back Program in Korea (어선감척사업에 따른 주요 연안어업의 자원회복 및 경제적 효과 분석)

  • Cho, Hoon-Seok;Nam, Jong-Oh
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.17-37
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to estimate the resource recovery effect and the economic effect of the fishermen by the fisheries vessel buy-back program. First, this study standardizes the fishing efforts of coastal gill net, coastal trap, and coastal composite fisheries using Gavaris general linear model. Second, the resource evaluation is performed by using vessel buy-back program data, and also the CYP model based on exponential growth function is applied. In order to derive the effect of the vessel buy-back program, the MSY with the vessel buy-back program is compared with the MSY without the vessel buy-back program. Finally, we compare and analyze producer surplus under the equilibrium of the MEY and the OA using bioeconomic model. In conclusion, the vessel buy-back program has shown an increase in resource growth and economic improvement for the remaining fishermen. The result shows that the remaining fishermen are able to obtain an increase in producer surplus of about 53% due to the vessel buy-back program under equilibrium levels of the open access and the maximum economic yield.