• Title, Summary, Keyword: Religious Orientation

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An Exploratory Study of Hospice Care to Patients with Advanced Cancer (암환자를 위한 호스피스 케어에 관한 탐색적 연구)

  • Park, Hye-Ja
    • The Korean Nurse
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.52-67
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    • 1989
  • True nursing care means total nursing care which includes physical, emotional and spiritual care. The modern nursing care has tendency to focus toward physical care and needs attention toward emotional and spiritual care. The total nursing care is mandatory for patients with terminal cancer and for this purpose, hospice care became emerged. Hospice case originated from the place or shelter for the travellers to Jerusalem in medieval stage. However, the meaning of modem hospice care became changed to total nursing care for dying patients. Modern hospice care has been developed in England, and spreaded to U.S.A. and Canada for the patients with terminal cancer. Nowaday, it became a part of nursing care and the concept of hospice care extended to the palliative care of the cancer patients. Recently, it was introduced to Korea and received attention as model of total nursing care. This study was attempted to assess the efficacy of hospice care. The purpose of this study was to prove a difference in terms of physical, emotional a d spiritual aspect between the group who received hospice care and who didn't receive hospice care. The subject for this study were 113 patients with advanced cancer who were hospitalized in the S different hospitals. 67 patients received hospice care in 4 different hospitals, and 46 patients didn't receive hospice care in another 4 different hospitals. The method of this study was the questionaire which was made through the descriptive study. The descriptive study was made by individual contact with 102 patients cf advanced cancer for 9 months period. The measurement tool for questionaire was made by author through the descriptive study, and included the personal religious orientation obtained from chung(originated R. Fleck) and 5 emotional stages before dying from Kubler Ross. The content ol questionaire consisted in 67 items which included 11 for general characteristics, 10 for related condition with cancer, 13 for wishes far physical therapy, 13 for emotional reactions and 20 for personal religious orientation. Data for this study was collected from Aug. 25 to Oct. 6 by author and 4 other nurse's who received education and training by author for the collection of data. The collected data were ana lysed using descriptive statistics, $X^2-test$, t-test and pearson correlation coefficient. Results of the study were as follows: "H.C Group" means the group of patient with cancer who received hospice care. "Non H.C Group" means the group of patient with cancer who did not receive hospice care. 1. There is a difference between H.C Group and Non H.C Group in term of the number of physical symptoms, subjective degree of pain sensation and pain control, subjective beliefs in physical cure, emotional reaction, help of present emotional and spiritual care from other personal, needs of emotional and spiritual care in future, selection of treatment method by patients and personal religious orientation. 2. The comparison of H.C Group and Non H.C Group 1) There is no difference in wishes for physical therapy between two groups(p=.522). Among Non H.C Group, a group, who didn't receive traditional therapy and herb medicine was higher than a group who received these in degree of belief that the traditional therapy and herb medicine can cure their disease, and this result was higher in comparison to H.C Group(p=.025, p=.050). 2) Non H.C Group was higher than H.C Group in degree of emotional reaction(p=.050). H.C Group was higher than Non H.C Group in denial and acceptant stage among 5 different emotional stages before dying described by Kubler Ross, especially among the patient who had disease more than 13 months(p=.0069, p=.0198). 3) Non H.C Group was higher than H. C Group in demanding more emotional and spiritual care to doctor, nurse, family and pastor(p=. 010). 4) Non H.C Group was higher than H.C Group in demanding more emotional and spiritual care to each individual of doctor, nurse and family (p=.0110, p=.0029, P=. 0053). 5) H.C Group was higher th2.n Non H.C Group in degree of intrinsic behavior orientation and intrinsic belief orientation of personal religious orientation(p=.034, p=.026). 6) In H.C Group and Non H.C Group, the degree of emotional demanding of christians was significantly higher than non christians to doctor, nurse, family and pastor(p=. 000, p=.035). 7) In H.C Group there were significant positive correlations as following; (1) Between the degree of emotional demandings to doctor, nurse, family & pastor and: the degree of intrinsic behavior orientation in personal religious orientation(r=. 5512, p=.000). (2) Between the degree of emotional demandings to doctor, nurse. family & pastor and the degree of intrinsic belief orientation in personal religious orientation(r=.4795, p=.000). (3) Between the degree of intrinsic behavior orientation and the degree of intrinsic: belief orientation in personal religious orientation(r=.8986, p=.000). (4) Between the degree of extrinsic religious orientation and the degree of consensus religious orientation in personal religious orientation (r=. 2640, p=.015). In H.C. Group there were significant negative correlations as following; (1) Between the degree of intrinsic behavior orientation and extrinsic religious orientation in personal religious orientation (r=-.4218, p=.000). (2) Between the degree or intrinsic behavior orientation and consensus religious orientation in personal religious orientation(r=-. 4597, p=.000). (3) Between the degree of intrinsic belief orientations and the degree of extrinsic religious orientation in personal religious orientation(r=-.4388, p=.000). (4) Between the degree of intrinsic belief orientation and the degree of consensus religious orientation in personal religious orientation(r=-. 5424, p=.000). 8) In Non H.C Group there were significant positive correlation as following; (1) Between the degree of emotional demandings to doctor, nurse, family & pastor and the degree of intrinsic behavior orientation in personal religious orientation(r= .3566, p=.007). (2) Between the degree of emotional demandings to doctor, nurse, family & pastor and the degree of intrinsic belief orientation in personal religious orientation(r=.3430, p=.010). (3) Between the degree of intrinsic behavior orientation and the degree of intrinsic belief orientation in personal religious orientation(r=.9723, p=.000). In Non H.C Group there were significant negative correlation as following; (1) Between the degree of emotional demandings to doctor, nurse, family & pastor and the degree of extrinsic religious orientation in personal religious orientation(r= -.2862, p=.027). (2) Between the degree of intrinsic behavior orientation and the degree of extrinsic religious orientation in personal religious orientation(r=-. 5083, p=.000). (3) Between the degree of intrinsic belief orientation and the degree of extrinsic religious orientation in personal religious orientation(r=-. 5013, p=.000). In conclusion above datas suggest that hospice care provide effective total nursing care for the patients with terminal cancer, and hospice care is mandatory in all medical institutions.

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Differences of Organizational Health and Customer Orientation by the Hospital Ownership (병원설립주체별 간호조직건강성이 고객지향성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Gyu-Hee;Oh, Chang-Seok;Cho, Kyoung-Won
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.69-79
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : This study was conducted to verify the influence organizational health has on customer orientation by hospital ownership. Methods : This survey was conducted on a public hospital, private hospital, and religious hospital, respectively, during March 2014 and a total of 210 questionnaires were used in the analysis. ANOVA and regression analysis were used to analyze the collected data. Results : The management environment factor of organizational health was statistically significant in the public hospital compared to the private hospital. The reliability factor of customer organization was statistically significant in the public hospital and religious hospital respectively compared to the private hospital. For reactivity, the religious hospital was statistically significant compared to private hospital. A positive influence was shown in the vitality factor at the public hospital, and community orientation at the private hospital, while both community orientation and career showed effects at the religious hospital. ICU had a negative influence on customer orientation at the private hospital. Conclusions : The reason vitality had a relatively more important effect on customer orientation in the public hospital was due that age group of 20~29 was the dominant socio-demographic factor. Furthermore, the influence of community orientation on customer orientation in the private hospital and religious hospital may be related to the nurses' career.

Moderating Effect of Religious Problem Solving in the Relationship between Religious Orientation and the Marital Adjustment of Marriage Immigrant Women (결혼이주여성의 종교성향과 결혼적응의 관계에서 종교적 문제해결의 매개효과)

  • Seog, Chang-Hoon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.193-203
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to verifying the mediating effects of religious problem solving on the relationship between religious orientation and marital adjustment of married immigrant christian women. The subjects of study were 302 married immigrant women(185 protestant, 117 catholic) and survey research was conducted by using religious orientation scale, religious problem solving scale and marital adjustment scale. The data analysis was performed by using SPSS 25.0. The study results are as follow. First, it showed negative correlation between the extrinsic religious orientation and marital adjustment of married immigrant christian women and intrinsic religious disposition showed positive correlation. Second, religious problem solving style had partial mediating effects on the relation between religious orientation and marital adjustment. Subsequent studies require qualitative analysis of the religious lives of married immigrant christian women.

A compartive study on the family life & value orientation of the people with the deferent religious affiliations - On the center or Buddhist. Catholic & Christian - (종교인의 가정 생활과 가치 지향에 관한 연구 -불교, 천주교, 기독교 신자를 중심으로-)

  • 이정덕
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.63-78
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    • 1998
  • In multi-value, multi-religions situation, we need to the research on the function of religion. This study focuses on the family life & value orientation of the people with the deferent religious affiliations. The out line of the research is a as fallow: 1) The religious life of the people with the deferent religious affiliations consists of three factors: value & attitude, religious belief and family life. 2) Among these different religions, Christian has the strong intention. 3) In general, women has the strong nature of religion more than man. 4) When the husband & wife are same religions, they get more intention of religion.

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A Study on the Correlation between Perception of Family Environment and Mental Health of Boy's High School Students (청소년의 가족환경지각과 정신건강과의 관계)

  • Oh, Wha-Seon;Kim, Mi-Ye
    • 모자간호학회지
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.25-37
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    • 1993
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between perception of family environment and mental health of boy's high school students. In order to obtain the appropriate data, a questionnaire was administered to 240 boy's high school 2nd-grade students in Pohang city from March 19 to March 28, 1992. The instruments used for this study were Moos's Family Environment Scale Form R and Kim's Symptom Check List-90. The conclusions were as follows : The level of perception of family environment was lower than mean score. Cohesion, achievement orientation, independence, organization, expressiveness were percepted high but active-recreational orientation, intellectual-cultural orientation were percepted low. Mental health of most respondents was well. The scores of obsessive-compulsive reaction and interpersonal sensitivity were high, the scores of somatization and phobia were low. General characteristic variables significantly related to the level of perception about family environment were father's occupation and mother's education level. There were no significant differences between general characteristic variables and mental health. There were mostly negative correlations between perception of family environment and mental health. Cohesion, expressiveness, independence, intellectual-cultural orientation, active-recerational orientation, moral-religious emphasis, organization were negatively correlated but conflict, achivement orientation, control were positively correlated. Cohesion, expressiveness, conflict, achivement orientation, active-recretional orientation, organization, control were significantly related, but independence intellectual-cultural orientation, moral-religious emphasis were no significant correlation.

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Structure and Characteristics of Two Indonesian Islamic Organizations: NU and Muhammadiyah (인도네시아 이슬람 조직의 구조와 특성: 엔우와 무함마디야를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hyung-Jun
    • The Southeast Asian review
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.95-131
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    • 2012
  • This study compares the two biggest Islamic organizations in Indonesia, Nahdlatul Ulama(NU) and Muhammadiyah. As previous studies focus on their theological and ideological aspects, this study tries to analyze not only their religious orientation but also position of religious leaders, organizational structure, leadership system, routine activities and susceptibility to new religious change. The second part of this paper deals with religious and socio-political backgrounds under which the two organizations were established and with differences in the ways of interpreting Islamic teachings. This will provide the basis for understanding the dynamics of their later development. The third part explores religious authority supported by both. For this, perspectives on established religious schools, rational interpretation of the Scriptures, mystical practices and hereditary succession of religious leadership are to be analyzed. In addition, the ways different attitudes towards religious authority have impacted on organizational structure are to be examined. The topic of the fourth part is leadership composition, and blood and teacher-student relationships among chairpersons are to be analyzed. The last part deals with how different orientations of the two have impacted on their activities and especially on the ways of accommodating new religious ideas. For this, the ways 'liberal Islamic thought' has been introduced, accommodated and negotiated in each organization are to be compared with. With these discussions, it is expected that religious orientations, organizational structure, leadership system and organizational flexibility of the two can be understood. This analysis can help to have a glimpse on Islamic development in Indonesia and of socio-cultural and political influences the two have exerted on Indonesian society.

A Cross-Cultural Study on the Clothing Value between Korean and American College Students (한.미간 남자 대학생의 의복 가치관 비교 연구)

  • Im, Sung-Kyung
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.1048-1061
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of the study was to compare the culture and the clothing value between Korean and American college students, especially men. Also, this study was to analyze the culture effect on the clothing value. The survey was performed and 200 questionnaires were utilized for this study. The SPSS 12.0 was used to analyze the technical statistics like average, frequency, t-test, factor analysis, multiple regression analysis. The result showed, first, there were some 2 major cultural differences such as power distance and long-term orientation between Korean and American college men. Comparatively, Korean college men showed higher masculinity and lower power distance and long-term orientation. Second, there were differences in the clothing value aspect. Both of them considered the economic clothing value to be most important. Third, there were some differences in the clothing value because of the cultural differences. For Korean college men, there were masculinity and long term orientation that had an effect on the social and religious clothing values, however, for American college men, power distance, masculinity and long term orientation that had an effect on the social, religious, theoretical and economic values.

The Factors Influencing the Meaning in Life in Middle-aged Adult (중년기 생의 의미에 미치는 영향요인)

  • Jang, Sun-Hee;Yeu, Hyung-Nam
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.12
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    • pp.432-440
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to understand the factors influencing meaning in life of middle-aged adult focusing social support, self-esteem, internal religious orientation, hope, spirituality among the variables and to supply interventional way for promotion of meaning in life of middle-aged adult. The study participants randomly selected 196 pieces from data that collected from 20 September to 31 October 2014 for middle-aged adults living in four cities. The data were analyzed by means of the t-test, ANOVA, $Scheff{\acute{e}}$, Pearson's correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression. Significant differences were found in the meaning in life grades by importance of religious life (p<.001), perceived economic state (p<.001). Further, there were significant correlations between social support (p<.001), self-esteem (p<.001), intrinsic religious orientation (p<.001), hope (p<.001), spirituality (p<.001) and meaning in life. In multiple regression analysis, hope, importance of religious life and spirituality accounted for 49% of meaning in life.

A Cross-Cultural Study on the Clothing Value - Focusing on Korea and the United States - (한국과 미국 여대생의 문화에 따른 의복가치관의 비교 연구)

  • Im, Sung-Kyung;Han, Myung-Sook
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.619-633
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    • 2008
  • This study is to compare cultural characteristics and the clothing value between Korean and American college women. Also this study is to analyze the culture effect on the clothing value. The cultural characteristics is explained by Hofstede's five Cultural Dimensions- power distance, individualism, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance and long-term orientation. 800 questionnaires, were utilized for this study. The SPSS 12.0 was used to analyze the technical statistics like average and frequency, 1-test, $x^2$, factor analysis and multiple regression analysis. Also the LISREL 8.0 was used to Perform a confirmatory factor analysis. The result showed, first, there were 5 major cultural differences between Korean and American college women. Comparatively, Korean college women showed higher uncertainty avoidance and long-term orientation, and lower power distance, individualism and masculinity. Second, there were differences in the clothing value aspect. Korean college women considered the aesthetic clothing value to be most important, however, American college women considered the economic clothing value to be most important. Third, there were some differences in the clothing value because of the cultural differences. For Korean college women, there were 5 major cultural differences that had an effect on the aesthetic, social, religious and economic clothing values, however, for America college women, the 5 major cultural differences had an effect on the aesthetic, social, and religious values but no effect on the economic value.

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The Relationship between Sports-Readership and Happiness in Perceived by University Athletes (대학선수들이 지각하는 스포츠 지도력과 행복감의 관계)

  • Hwang, Sung-Geun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.401-408
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    • 2016
  • This study was an investigation of 379 people to analyze the relations between leadership and happiness recognized by university athletes. First, happiness of university athletes showed the highest score in smooth relationship with parents. And male athletes score higher than female athletes. Second, the sub-factors of achievement and self-acceptance of happiness have significantly correlated with all factors of leadership. In particular, self-improvement, goal-seeking, and influence are most highly correlated. And the religious influence was the lowest correlation. Third, achievement orientation of leadership factors affect all sub-factors of happiness and influence, and self-regulation has an effect to sub-factors of happiness. Fourth, flexible leadership, interpersonal understanding, teamwork and cooperation, orientation did not affect happiness.