• Title, Summary, Keyword: Religiosity

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Hospice Volunteer's Perception of Death (호스피스 자원 봉사자들의 죽음 인식에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Won-Hee;Lee, Young-Ja
    • The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.101-108
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    • 1999
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to identify hospice volunteers' perception of the death. Methods : This study was conducted with 327 adults who registered for the hospice volunteer education program in Severance Hospice Center from 1996 through 1999. The 4-years data was collected through a self-reporting questionnaire constructed and revised by the authors. The questionnaire was classified into 5 categories. The data collected were analyzed using SPSS/W. Results : 1) Hospice volunteers were mostly female(93.9%) with an average age of 48 years. The majority(82.6%) of the participants were Protestant. 2) From the 4-years data over 90 percent of participants thought of death as a process of life and responded positively to these three items : 'Death is a temporary separation from family', 'I will die in peace', 'Faith in God results in a freedom from fear of death'. 3) Age were statistically relevant to the following items: 'I often read the obituaries in the newspaper', 'Dying is a tragedy', and 6 items were significantly related to religion: 'I rarely think of dying unexpectedly', 'Death is a temporary separation from family'. 'Dying is a tragedy', 'We have to do our best to prolong life by use of modem medical technology', 'I feel comfortable thinking of death and dying, 'Faith in God results in a freedom from fear of death'. The finding that religiosity was related to perception of death is consistent with other reports. And $40{\sim}50$ year old Protestant women had more positive perception of death than $20{\sim}30$ year old women. Conclusion : The findings indicated an importance of considering the age and religiosity when we educate the hospice volunteers. And that will be a important basic-data to develope program for hospice volunteers.

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A Comparison of Death Orientation in Student Nurses before and after Studying a Major (일 간호대학생들의 전공학습 전과 후 죽음에 대한 성향비교)

  • Choi Soon-Hee;Lee Eun-Ju;Park Min-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.424-433
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    • 2002
  • This study was done to compare death orientation scores for student nurses before and after studying a major. The participants were 130 student nurses before the major and 123 student nurses after the major at C university in Kwang Ju city. The data were gathered from March, 1998 to September, 2001 using a questionnaire. The data were analysed by Chi square test, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficients. The results of this study are summarized as follows ; 1 The mean scores for death orientation before and after the major were 57.8 and 60.2 respectively. The mean score of death orientation after the major tended to be higher than before but they were not significantly different. 2. There were significant differences in death orientation scores between the two groups before the major for 'physical function (F=3.83, p=.023)' and 'attending a lecture on spiritual nursing (F=2.58, p=.010)'. After the major there were significant difference for 'feeling of health (F=4.76, p= .001)'. 3. The death orientation scores before the major showed an inverse correlation with religiosity score (r=-.239, p=.006). After the major there was no correlation with religion.

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Comparison of Death Orientation of Nurses before and after Hospice Training Program (호스피스 교육프로그램제공 전과 후 간호사의 죽음의식비교)

  • Choi Soon-Hee;Park Min-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.213-219
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: This study was done for the purpose of comparing death orientation scores of nurses before and after a hospice training program. Method: The participants were 56 nurses who completed the hospice training program at C university in Kwang Ju city. The data were gathered from October 2001 to December 2002 by questionnaire. The data were analyzed by using frequency, paired t-test, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation coefficients. Results: The mean scores for death orientation before and after hospice training were mid range scores of 57.2 and 57.0 respectively and this difference was not significant. The death orientation score before hospice training was significantly different according to the 'work place (F=3.16, p=.033)' of nurses but after the hospice training there was no significant difference for any of the general characteristics. The death orientation scores before and after hospice training showed no correlation with the religiosity score either. Conclusion: Considering the mid range scores and the lack of significant difference after the intervention, this study shows that there is a need to analyze the content of hospice education programs and the need to change death orientation. This is especially true when the participants are professional hospice nurses who are being prepared to give care to people who are dying. In order to develop more appropriate programs there is a need to examine the process by which nurses come to view death more positively.

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Spiritual Care Training for Mothers of Children with Cancer: Effects on Quality of Care and Mental Health of Caregivers

  • Borjalilu, Somaieh;Shahidi, Shahriar;Mazaheri, Mohammad Ali;Emami, Amir Hossein
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.545-552
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    • 2016
  • Background: The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of a spiritual care training package in maternal caregivers of children with cancer. Materials and Methods: This study was a quasi-experimental study with pretest and posttest design consisting of a sample of 42 mothers of children diagnosed as having cancer. Participants were randomly assigned to either an experimental or a control group. The training package consisted of seven group training sessions offered in a children's hospital in Tehran. All mothers completed the Spirituality & Spiritual Care Rating Scale (SSCRS) and the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) at pre and post test and after a three month follow up. Results: There was significant difference between anxiety and spiritual, religious, Personalized care and total scores spiritual care between the intervention and control groups at follow-up (P<0.001).There was no statistically significant difference in stress and depression scores between the intervention and the control groups at follow-up. Conclusions: Findings show that spiritual care training program promotes spirituality, personalized care, religiosity and spiritual care as well as decreasing anxiety in mothers of children with cancer and decreases anxiety. It may be concluded that spiritual care training could be used effectively in reducing distressful spiritual challenges in mothers of children with cancer.

Finding factors for resilience using a strength-based approach: Refugees and asylum seekers coping with life adversities

  • Yoon, Myeongsook;Fisseha, Israel
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.145-155
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    • 2019
  • The strength or resilience of refugees is a less emphasized area as the discourse in refugee mental health study mainly weighs on pathologizing the effects of refugee experiences. Within the lenses of strength and resilience, this study explored how refugees and asylum seekers, who experienced violence and loss, coped with trauma and hardship in their newly established lives in South Korea. In this study we analyzed survey data collected from 100 participants (55 asylum seekers and 45 refugees) through open-ended questions. We analyzed narratives for both content and form and provided evidence for factors that reflect coping strategies used by participants to overcome their life adversities. The findings gave rise to; (a) character traits like strong religiosity, personal determination, patience to forbear, hopefulness, and peaceful acceptance of current circumstance; (b) relationships, in the sense of meaningful strong bonds within family members and the instinctive personal resourcefulness to utilize support resources within and outside of their communities; (c) learned skills after migraing to korea; (d) knowledge sets in how to get by in korea; (e) personal talents, and (f) extra abilities that gave power to pass socio-economic difficulties. The findings underscore the importance of considering the strength-based approach either in discussing resilience or intervention. Our approach will allow practitioners to acknowledge that refugees and asylum seekers potentially have a unique set of strengths and abilities that they rely on to overcome their immediate and future problems. It will also guide practitioners as they devise their intervention schemes.

C. S. Lewis's View of Myth, Fantasy, and Nostalgic National Restoration in Till We Have Faces

  • Jin, Seongeun
    • English & American cultural studies
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.93-113
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    • 2018
  • This paper examines C. S. Lewis's view of myth and religion in the mid-twentieth century England. Lewis provided his social and cultural criticisms for materialistic contemporary culture and a decline in religiosity in Till We Have Faces (1956). Under the agitated influence of the time period and social movements in which he had lived, Lewis's writing uncovers dynamic interactions with the traumatized world aroused by two World Wars and the apocalyptic aura of an upcoming new world. The narrative of Lewis's novel Till We Have Faces, in a larger perspective, presents the mixtures of mythic motifs and nostalgia. On the plot basis, the novel depicts contemporary spiritual blindness and national dissociations. Many criticisms of Lewis have not been exploring the author's keen knowledge of the modern society because of his conspicuous depictions of evil and grace involving religious and medievalist views. Nonetheless, the paper explores how Lewis's apocalyptical views, related to turmoil and nostalgia, uncover complexities of his religious dilemmas between restoring the deteriorated status of the privileged. Ultimately, it analyzes Lewis's consciousness of the social changes related to the larger, more often than not psychological, context of redefining the national empire.

Effects of Gratitude and Anticipation on Satisfaction: A Case Study in Indonesia

  • NOEGROHO, Gatoet Gembiro;SUHARYONO, Suharyono;SOLIMUN, Solimun;YULIANTO, Edy
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.1215-1224
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    • 2021
  • This research aims to discuss the relationship between the courage, anticipation, and satisfaction comprehensively. This study will be complemented by gratitude as a variable that moderates the relationship between courage and anticipation, as well as the relationship between the courage and satisfaction. The large area as survey location is the reason for sampling conducted in 2 stages: (1) taking 15 districts through judgement sampling, (2) allocated sub-districts sample through proportional random sampling. The sample used in this study were 155 sub-districts in East Java. Respondents in each sub-district consisted of 1 farmer and 1 field extension officer to get a total of 310 respondents. The analysis method used to test the hypothesis was Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The findings of this research are: (1) The courage of field extension officers' have a positive but non-significant direct effect on farmers' anticipation, however, the effect significantly strengthen with religiosity as moderation; (2) The courage of field extension officers' and farmers' anticipation have a significant and positive effect on satisfaction. This study will be complemented by gratitude as a variable that moderates the relationship between the courage and anticipation, as well as the relationship between courage and satisfaction.

Development of Hospice Care Service Program about Advanced Cencer Patient I - The Effect of Hospice Education Programs on the Death Orentation - (말기 암환자 호스피스 간호에 대한 봉사프로그램 개발 I)

  • Kim, Boon-Han;Kim, Moon-Sil;Kim, Hung-Kyu;Jung, Tae-Joon;Tak, Young-Ran;Chon, Mi-Young
    • The Korean Nurse
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.98-106
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate what effect providing the hospice care team with hospice education programs had on the death orientation. The subjects of study were 28 volunteers. 14 nurses. 30 clergies who registered on hospice education programs from Aug. 6th. 1996 to May 20th. 1997. The data were analysed by descriptive analysis. ANOVA. Duncan test. paired t-test. The results of the study can be summarized as follows ; 1. The degrees of death orientation were 85.70 in volunteers group. 84.31 in nurses group. and 73.00 in clergies group. So. clergies group has more positive death orientation than others(F=6.33. p=. 000). The degree of death orientation showed significant differences between age groups(F=5.78. p =.002). and religiosity(t=3.92. p=.000). There were no significant differences between the degree of death orientation and the others general characteristics of subjects. 2. The mean of death orientation was 80.04 before hospice education programs. but was 75.56 after hospice education programs(t= 3.92. p= .000). In conclusion. the subjects who received the hospice education programs showed the positive change in the degree of the death orientation. Therefore. it has been judged that education programs has been prerequisite in positive death orientation for hospice care. Furthermore. all of the hospice care members those who complete the hospice education program. will be performed efficient hospice care intervention for dying patients and their families.

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Depressive Symptoms in Newly Diagnosed Lung Carcinoma: Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors

  • Shahedah, K.K.;How, S.H.;Jamalludin, A.R.;Mohd Faiz, M.T.;Kuan, Y.C.;Ong, C.K.
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.82 no.3
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    • pp.217-226
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    • 2019
  • Background: Depression is a recognized complication of lung cancer underreported in developing countries such as Malaysia. Treating and identifying depression in cancer patients increases survival and quality of life. Our objectives are to study prevalence of depressive symptoms in newly diagnosed lung carcinoma, and examine the relationship of depressive symptoms with other influencing risk factors. Methods: A 2-year, cross sectional study February 2015-February 2017, was conducted at Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan, and Penang General Hospital. One hundred and three patients with newly diagnosed, biopsy confirmed primary lung carcinoma were recruited. Self-rated patient's identification sheet, validated Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D), and Dukes University Religion Index score from three different main languages were used. Results: Prevalence of current depressive symptoms (CES-D total score ${\geq}16$) is 37.9%. The result suggests prevalence of those at high risk of moderate to major depression, may need treatment. Multivariate analysis reveals those with good Eastern Cooperation Oncology Group factor (${\eta}2=0.24$, p<0.001) married (${\eta}2=0.14$, p<0.001) with intrinsic religiosity (IR) (${\eta}2=0.07$, p<0.02) are more resistant to depression. Conclusion: One in three of lung carcinoma patients, are at increased risk for depression. Clinicians should be aware that risk is highest in those with poor performance status, single, and with poor IR. We suggest routine screening of depression symptoms as it is feasible, to be performed during a regular clinic visit with immediate referral to psychiatrist when indicated.

Moderating Effect of Religious Problem Solving in the Relationship between Religious Orientation and the Marital Adjustment of Marriage Immigrant Women (결혼이주여성의 종교성향과 결혼적응의 관계에서 종교적 문제해결의 매개효과)

  • Seog, Chang-Hoon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.193-203
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to verifying the mediating effects of religious problem solving on the relationship between religious orientation and marital adjustment of married immigrant christian women. The subjects of study were 302 married immigrant women(185 protestant, 117 catholic) and survey research was conducted by using religious orientation scale, religious problem solving scale and marital adjustment scale. The data analysis was performed by using SPSS 25.0. The study results are as follow. First, it showed negative correlation between the extrinsic religious orientation and marital adjustment of married immigrant christian women and intrinsic religious disposition showed positive correlation. Second, religious problem solving style had partial mediating effects on the relation between religious orientation and marital adjustment. Subsequent studies require qualitative analysis of the religious lives of married immigrant christian women.