• Title, Summary, Keyword: Relational Aggressive

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A Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Study on Bullying/Victimization and Overt/Relational Aggression: Focused on gender (또래 괴롭힘과 외현과 관계적 공격성에 관한 횡단 및 종단연구: 성별을 중심으로)

  • Sim, Hee-Og
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.1107-1118
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    • 2007
  • This study explored the consistency of bullying, victimization and aggressive victimization, the relationships between bullying, victimization and aggressive victimization and overt/relational aggression, and the relationships between bullying groups and overt/relational aggression with gender. The subjects were 4th grade children and 2 years later they were contacted again. Instruments were the Bully-Behavior Scale, the Peer-Victimization Scale and the Peer Nomination Instrument. Bullying, victimization and aggressive victimization were decreased while there were consistencies in overt and relational aggression from 4th to 6th grade. In the correlation analysis, male victims at Time 1 were negatively related to overt and relational aggression at both Time 1 and Time 2. Female bullies were positively related to relational aggression at both Time 1 and Time 2. In the cross-sectional relations of overt aggression with bullying groups, there was a gender difference. In the relational aggression with bullying groups, only bullying groups had a significant difference. In the longitudinal relations of overt aggression with bullying groups, only gender had a significant difference. Males appeared to be more overtly aggressive than females. In the relational aggression, bullying groups, gender, and the interaction between bullying groups and gender had significant differences. Female bullies were more likely to be relationally aggressive than other groups.

Relations between Mothers' Responses about Their Preschoolers' Overt and Relational Aggression by Preschoolers' Aggressive Behaviors (유아의 외현적.관계적 공격성에 대한 어머니의 반응과 유아의 공격적 행동 간의 관계)

  • Kim, Ji-Hyun;Chung, Jee-Nha;Kwon, Yeon-Hee;Min, Sung-Hye
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.145-159
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    • 2009
  • In this study, mothers of 205 4- to 5-year-old preschoolers responded to aggression episodes of Werner et al. (2006); preschoolers' teachers responded to the Preschool Social Behavior Scale (Crick et al., 1997). Results showed, (1) boys exhibited more overt and relational aggression. (2) In overt aggression episodes, mothers used encouragement to boys and rule violation responses to girls; in relational aggression episodes, mothers used encouragement and power assertion responses to girls. (3) Mothers' power assertion about overt aggression related negatively with preschoolers' overt aggressive behaviors; mothers' discussion about relational aggression related positively with preschoolers' overt aggressive behaviors. Implications of these findings for the mothers' responses by aggression types were discussed in order in better understand preschooler's aggressive behaviors.

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The Influences of Paternal Parenting Behavior on the Relational Aggression of Children: The Mediating Effects of Internal Attribution and Normative Beliefs About Aggressive Behavior (아버지의 양육행동이 아동의 관계적 공격성에 미치는 영향: 내적 귀인 및 공격행동에 대한 규범적 신념의 매개효과)

  • Kim, So Rah;Kim, Hee Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.57-68
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore whether there are gender differences in the influences of paternal parenting behavior on the relational aggression of adolescents and to examine the mediating effects of internal attribution and normative beliefs about aggressive behaviors. Methods: This study assessed 492 fifth to sixth graders from an elementary school (237 males and 255 females). Results: The results of this study were as follows: First, the effect of paternal affectionate parenting behavior on girls' reactive aggression was partially mediated by internal attribution. Second, the effect of paternal coercive parenting behavior on boys' proactive aggression was completely mediated by normative beliefs about aggressive behavior. Third, girls' proactive aggression was partially mediated by normative beliefs about aggressive behavior. Conclusion: These results suggest the need to further examine relational aggression and to help children gain positive relationships with peers.

The Influence of Mothers' Emotion Expressiveness and Children's Attributional Biases on Children's Aggressive Behavior : Gender Differences between Boys and Girls (어머니의 정서 표현성과 유아의 귀인오류가 유아의 공격행동에 미치는 영향 : 유아의 성에 따른 차이를 중심으로)

  • Park, Seoyeon;Song, Hana
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.27-42
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    • 2014
  • The primary purpose of this study was to examine the influence of mothers' emotion expressiveness and children's attributional biases on children's aggressive behavior, focusing on gender differences. The data were collected from a total of 86 children; 46 6-year-old boys and 40 6-year-old girls in kindergartens, and their mothers in Seoul. The emotion expressiveness of the mothers were measured by a self-reported Korean version of SEFQ(Self Expressivness Family Questionnaire). Attributional biases of the children were evaluated by using Dodge and Frame's Story-Based Interview Scale. Children's aggressive behavior were measured by teachers using a children's Aggressive Behavior Scale developed by Crick(1995). T-test, correlation analysis, and multiple regression were used to analyze the collected data. The results showed that the relational attributional biases of children positively influenced overt/relational aggressive behaviors. The emotion expressiveness of mothers and the aggressive behavior of children, however, were not significant. Regarding gender differences in children, the negative emotion expressiveness of mothers predicted the girl's relational aggressive behavior negatively. Implications and limitations of this study were discussed.

Social Information Processing according to Sex and Types of Aggression of Children (아동의 성과 공격성 유형에 따른 사회정보처리과정 : 해석단계와 반응결정단계를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Ji-Hyun;Park, Kyung-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.105-113
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to explore differences in social information processing according to children's sex and types of aggression in response to instrumental and relational provocation factors. Two hundred and fifty-one 4, 5, and 6 graders were selected from an elementary school in Seoul. To evaluate their social information processing, the Intent Attributions and Feelings of Distress(Crick, 1995; Fitzgerald & Asher, 1987) and Response Decision Instrument(Crick & Werner, 1998) were revised and analyzed. A peer-nomination measure(Crick, 1995; Crick & Grotpeter, 1995) was used to select aggressive groups. Data were subjected to descriptive statistical analysis and multivariate [2(sex: M, F)${\times}$3(type of aggression: overt, relational, overt and relational aggression)] analysis of variance. Findings revealed that children's social information processing patterns were different according to sex and type of aggression. Also aggressive children responded differently in their social information processing according to instrumental and relational provocation factors. Implications of these findings for the role of gender, aggression type, and provocation type are discussed in order to better understanding of children's social information processing.

Children's Aggression : Effects of Maternal Parenting Behaviors, Children's Social Information Processing, Daily Hassles, and Emotional Regulation (아동의 공격성에 영향을 미치는 개인 내적·외적 요인에 대한 구조방정식 모형 검증)

  • Kim, Jihyun;Park, Kyung Ja
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.149-168
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    • 2006
  • This study examined the effects of maternal parenting behaviors, children's social information processing, daily hassles, and emotional regulation on school-age children's aggressive behaviors using Structural Equation Modeling(SEM) analysis. Subjects were 589 children in 4, 5, 6th grade and their mothers from three elementary schools in Seoul, Korea. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and SEM analysis by SPSS 12.0 and AMOS 4.0. The SEM shows differences between overtly aggressive and relationally aggressive children. Maternal parenting behaviors affected their children's overt aggression through children's emotional regulation. Additionally, maternal parenting behaviors affected children's overt aggression through children's daily hassles and social information processing. Maternal parenting behaviors influenced children's relational aggression through children's daily hassles and children's social information processing.

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Mitigate the Relational Aggressive Attitude of the Elderly through the Convergence Program of Tea Culture Treatment Program : For the elderly women who use the Senior Citizen's Day Care Center (차문화치료 융합프로그램을 통한 노인의 관계적 공격성 완화 : 노인주간보호센터 이용 여성노인들을 대상으로)

  • Kim, In-Sook
    • Journal of The Korea Internet of Things Society
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.73-79
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    • 2020
  • In order to verify the effectiveness of the tea culture treatment program to mitigate the relative aggressiveness, the research will target 10 women aged 70 or older who use the P City-based Senior Citizens' Day Care Center to apply the tea culture treatment program to alleviate the relative aggressiveness of the elderly and examine its effects. As a result of the analysis, the score of reactive relational aggressiveness and leading relational aggression is 0.21 lower than the pre-exam average, indicating that the leading relational aggression of the elderly who participated in the tea culture therapy program is reduced than before the program. Based on these analysis results, practical suggestions were made for alleviating aggression among senior citizens using the Center for the Elderly.

Friendship Quality of Aggressive Children and Their Best Friends (공격적 아동과 가장 친한 친구의 친구관계 질)

  • Shin, Yoo-Lim
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.133-141
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlations among physical, relational aggression and friendship quality and the similarity of perceptions of friendship quality between friends. Moreover, APIM was applied to examine the actor and partner effects of aggression on friendship quality. The subjects were 339 5th grade children recruited from 2 public primary schools located in Gyeonggi province. The results demonstrated that there were significant correlations between friendship quality and both types of aggression. The perceptions of help, intimacy, emotional stability, and conflict between friends were significantly similar. Finally, there were significant self-effects of physical aggression on friendship conflict. Moreover, there were self-and partner-effects of relational aggression on friendship conflict.

The Effects of Components of Social Information Processing and Emotional Factors on Preschoolers' Overt and Relational Aggression (사회정보처리 구성요소와 정서요인이 유아의 외현적 공격성과 관계적 공격성에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, In-Suk;Lee, Kang-Yi
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.15-34
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    • 2010
  • The present study examines the sex differences in 5-year-old preschoolers' aggression according to the type of aggression (overt, relational) and the effect of components of social information processing (SIP : interpretation, goal clarification, response generation, response evaluation) and emotional factors (emotionality, emotional knowledge, emotion regulation) on their aggression. The subjects were 112 5-year-olds (56 boys, 56 girls) and their 11 teachers recruited from 9 day-care centers in Seoul and Kyung-Ki province. Each child's SIP and emotional knowledge were individually assessed with pictorial tasks and teachers reported on children's aggression, emotionality, and emotion regulation by questionnaires. Results indicated that there was a significant sex difference only in the preschoolers' overt aggression. Overtly aggressive response generation in SIP was the strongest predictor of preschoolers' overt aggression while anger of negative emotionality in emotional factors was the strongest predictor of preschoolers' relational aggression.

The Moral Judgment and Justification Reasoning in terms of Aggressive Behavior by 3, 4 and 5 Year Olds : The Relationship to Children's False Belief Understanding (3, 4, 5세 유아의 공격행동에 대한 도덕 판단 및 정당화 추론과 틀린믿음 이해와의 관계)

  • Kim, Yu Mi;Yi, Soon Hyung
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.49-69
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    • 2014
  • The purposes of this study were (1) to investigate children's moral judgment, justification reasoning in terms of aggressive behavior, and (2) it examined the relationship to false belief understanding. Children aged between 3 to 5 years(N = 120) participated in this study. Each child was interviewed individually and responded questions designed to measure his/her moral judgment and justification reasoning and false belief understanding. The 12 pictorial tasks consisted of selfish and altruistic intentions and three different types of acts (physical, verbal, relational) as responses to aggressive behavior. The results indicated that the kind of moral judgment used was different according to the intention and the types of acts. There were significant differences in children's justification reasoning according to the age and the types of acts. There was a positive relationship between false belief understanding and moral judgment, justification reasoning. This paper also provided a detailed discussion of the results and recommendations in the context of more general cognitive developmental changes.