• Title, Summary, Keyword: Rejection Sensitivity

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The Effects of University Students' Self-Differentiation and Rejection Sensitivity on Interpersonal Anxiety : Moderated Mediating by Gender (대학생의 자아분화 및 거부민감성이 대인불안에 미치는 영향 : 성별에 따른 조절된 매개효과)

  • Kim, Na Ru Mi;Park, Bu Jin;Kim, Se Young
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.111-125
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to model the relations between male and female university students' self-differentiation, rejection sensitivity, and interpersonal anxiety. Questionnaires from 502 university students in Seoul were analysed. The findings are as follows. Firstly, self-differentiation, rejection sensitivity, and interpersonal anxiety were significantly different according to gender. Secondly, the level of differentiation from family regression was higher for both male and female students. And the lower the rejection sensitivity experiencing in vertical relations became, and the lower the rejection sensitivity on horizontal relations was, the lower the interpersonal anxiety became. Thirdly, it was confirmed that for male students, differentiation from family regression affected rejection sensitivity on horizontal relations, and for females, differentiation from emotional reactivity affected ejection sensitivity on both horizontal and vertical relations. Finally, rejection sensitivity played a full mediation parameter when self-differentiation affected interpersonal anxiety, and it was demonstrated differences by gender. This study was meaningful in that it confirmed the relations between male and female university students' self-differentiation, rejection sensitivity, and interpersonal anxiety.

The Effect of Female Adolescents' Rejection Sensitivity, Impulsivity and Guilt on Binge Eating Behavior (여자 청소년의 거절민감성, 충동성 및 죄책감이 폭식행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoon, Chae Rim;Shin, Joo Young;Kim, Jung Min
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.31-44
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of female adolescents' rejection sensitivity, impulsivity and guilt on their binge eating behavior. Questionnaires on rejection sensitivity, impulsivity, guilt and binge eating behavior were administered to 607 female adolescents in Changwon and Ulsan. Of 572 collected copies, 402 were deemed valid and statistically analyzed through frequency analysis, mean and standard deviation, t-test, Pearson's correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis and stepwise multiple regression analysis using SPSS Win 12.0. The results of the study were as follows: 1) School type was found to make a significant difference in rejection sensitivity, overall impulsivity, guilt and binge eating behavior; however, its influence was not significant on the sub-factors of impulsivity: motor impulsivity, unplanned impulsivity and cognitive impulsivity. 2) For female middle school students, rejection anger sensitivity, rejection depression sensitivity and motor impulsivity were found to have a significant influence on binge eating behavior for both middle school and high school girls. Guilt, however, was found to be influential for female high school students only. 3) Impulsivity was found to have a partial mediating effect on the relationship between female adolescents' rejection sensitivity and binge eating behavior.

The Effects of Parental Psychological Control and Boys and Girls' Rejection Sensitivity on Relational Aggression in Elementary School Students (부모의 심리적 통제가 남녀 아동의 관계적 공격성에 미치는 영향과 거부민감성의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Kyung Mi;Park, Ju Hee
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.31-46
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    • 2016
  • Objective: This study examined the influences of maternal and paternal psychological control and children's rejection sensitivity on relational aggression in elementary school students, and investigated whether children's rejection sensitivity mediated the relation of parental psychological control and relational aggression. Methods: The participants of this study were 596 fifth to sixth graders from seven elementary schools located in Seoul, Incheon, and Gyeonggi province. To measure the research variables, the Peer Conflict Scale (Marsee, Kimonis, & Frick, 2004), the Psychological Control Scale (Barber, 1996) and the Children's Rejection Sensitivity Questionnaire (Downey, Lebolt, $Rinc\acute{o}n$, & Freitas, 1998) were used. The data were analyzed by means of descriptive statistics and t -tests. Also, structure equation model (SEM) were used to examine the mediating role of rejection sensitivity. Results: The results of this study were as follows. First, the level of paternal psychological control increased the level of children's relational aggression whereas the level of maternal psychological control had no significant effect on it. In addition, the level of rejection sensitivity had a significant positive influence on the level of relational aggression. These tendencies were observed on both boys and girls. Second, only for boys, rejection sensitivity in upper elementary school students partially mediated the relation between paternal psychological control and relational aggression. Also, for both boys and girls, rejection sensitivity completely mediated the relation between maternal psychological control and relational aggression. Conclusion: In conclusion, the higher the level of paternal psychological control, the higher the level of children's rejection sensitivity, and subsequently the higher the level of their relational aggression.

The Effects of Parentification of Early Adult Non-disabled Siblings on Ambivalence over Emotional Expression and Moderating Effects of Rejection Sensitivity (성인초기 비장애형제자매의 부모화 경험이 정서표현양가성에 미치는 영향과 거부민감성의 조절효과)

  • Son, Juhee;Park, Juhee
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.57 no.3
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    • pp.445-457
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    • 2019
  • This study investigated the impact of parentification on ambivalence over the emotional expression of early adults who had a sibling with disabilities and examined if rejection sensitivity moderated the relationship of parentification and ambivalence over emotional expression. Participants consisted of 116 siblings in early adulthood who had a sibling with disabilities (45 male; 71 female). The data were collected from 13 centers for family disability, four community rehabilitation centers, three parent societies for people with disabilities, and three self-help groups in Seoul, Busan, and Gyeonggi province. The levels of ambivalence over emotional expression, parentification, and rejecton sensitivity were measured by the Ambivalence over Emotional Expression Questionnaire (King & Emmons, 1990), the Filial Responsibility Scale-Adult (Jurkovic, Thirkield, & Morrell, 2001), and the Rejection Sensitivity Questionnaire (Downey & Feldman, 1996), respectively. The PROCESS Macro program examined the moderating model. The Results indicated that both levels of parentification and rejection sensitivity increased the level of ambivalence over emotional expression of non-disabled siblings. In addition, rejection sensitivity moderated the effect of parentification on ambivalence over emotional expression. The influence of parentification on ambivalence over emotional expression was greater when the level of rejection sensitivity was high, compared to when it was low.

The Influences of Parental Psychological Control on Displaced Aggression -Mediating Effects of Internalized Shame and Rejection Sensitivity- (대학생이 지각한 부모의 심리적 통제가 전위공격성에 미치는 영향 : 내면화된 수치심과 거부민감성의 매개효과)

  • Keum, Da Jeong;Chung, Eun Jung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.609-622
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the mediating effect of internalized shame and rejection sensitivity between parental psychological control, and displaced aggression in college students. For this purpose, 406 data samples were collected from the college students. SPSS was used for the analysis of descriptive statistics, reliability, correlation, AMOS for the evaluation of structural equation model and the mediating effect, and Mplus for the double mediating effect. Following is the summarization of the study. First, the displaced aggression has a positive relation with parental psychological control, internalized shame, and rejection sensitivity. Also, there were positive relations between internalized shame and parental psychological control, parental psychological control and rejection sensitivity, and internalized shame and rejection sensitivity. Second, internalized shame has a full mediation effect between parental psychological control and displaced aggression. Third, rejection sensitivity has not a mediation effect between parental psychological control and displaced aggression. Fourth, internalized shame and rejection sensitivity were identified as double mediation variables between parental psychological control and displaced aggression. This result inspires the college student's displaced aggression and can be useful in college student's counseling settings. Meanings, limitations and suggest for future research were discussed.

The Influences of Covert Narcissism on Displaced Aggression in Late Childhood: The Mediating Effects of Internalized Shame and Rejection Sensitivity (학령후기 아동의 내현적 자기애가 전위 공격성에 미치는 영향: 내면화된 수치심과 거부민감성의 매개효과)

  • Lim, Hye Eun;Han, Sae-Young
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.129-143
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    • 2016
  • Objective: This study aimed to examine the mediating effects of internalized shame and rejection sensitivity in the relationship between covert narcissism and displaced aggression in late childhood. Methods: The participants included 1,060 children (grades 5 and 6; 547 boys and 513 girls) from four elementary schools located in Seoul, Gyeonggi-do, and Chungcheong-do. Results: The primary results of this study were as follows. First, child covert narcissism had a direct effect on displaced aggression; children who perceived higher levels of covert narcissism exhibited more displaced aggression. Second, child covert narcissism had an indirect effect on their displaced aggression through internalized shame and rejection sensitivity. Children who perceived higher levels of covert narcissism reported more internalized shame and rejection sensitivity, which led to more displaced aggression. Conclusion: The findings of this research indicate that individual and interpersonal psychological factors need to be considered to explain displaced child aggression. Further, it is important that we help children to gain positive relationships with family and peers. It will help them break away their negative self or others representation, especially their internalized shame and rejection sensitivity.

The Relationship between Child Abuse and Emotional Regulation: Mediating Effect of Rejection Sensitivity (아동의 학대 경험과 정서조절의 관계: 거부민감성의 매개효과)

  • Kang, Ha-Eun;Cho, Young-A
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.618-627
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    • 2017
  • Recently, the number of cases of child abuse has been increasing and, consequently, the social interest in this issue is increasing. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between child abuse, rejection sensitivity and emotional regulation and to identify the mediating effects of rejection sensitivity in the relationship between child abuse and emotional regulation. For this purpose, a survey on child abuse, rejection sensitivity and emotional regulation was administered to 217 elementary school students in the fourth, fifth and sixth grades, who had been reported as victims of child abuse or managed as suspected child abuse victims in the Seoul, Gyeonggi, Gangwon, Chungcheong, and Gyeongsang regions. The data was analyzed using structural equation modelling and bootstrapping. The findings showed that child abuse was significantly negatively correlated with emotional regulation, but positively correlated with rejection sensitivity. Emotional regulation was significantly negatively correlated with rejection sensitivity. Second, the structural equation analysis also revealed that rejection sensitivity fully mediated the relationship between child abuse and emotional regulation. This means that child abuse has an indirect effect on emotional regulation through rejection sensitivity. Therefore, when counseling abused children with emotional regulation problems, it is important for the counselors to include interventions designed to lower their rejection sensitivity.

The Influence of Mother Attachment and Rejection Sensitivity on School-Age Children's Loneliness (어머니 애착과 거절민감성이 학령기 아동의 외로움에 미치는 영향)

  • Son, Eun-Kyeong;Min, Ha-Yeoung
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2011
  • This study investigated the influence of mother attachment and rejection sensitivity on school-age children's loneliness. The participants were 441 school-age children in Daegu or Gyeongbok Province. The collected data were analyzed by One-way and Two-way ANOVA, and Multiple Regressions, using SPSS PC(15.0 version). The results were as follows. (1) School-age children with a lower level of mother attachment perceived higher level of loneliness than children with a higher level of mother attachment. And school-age children with a higher level of rejection sensitivity perceived higher level of loneliness than children with a lower level of rejection sensitivity. (2) School-age children with a lower level of mother attachment perceived higher level of rejection sensitivity than children with a higher level of mother attachment. (3) The explanation power of rejection sensitivity on school-age children's loneliness was rather higher than mother attachment.

The Moderating Effects of School Violence Victimization Experiences in the Relationships between Airmen's Rejection Sensitivity, Depression, and Anxiety (공군장병의 거부민감성과 우울 및 불안의 관계에서 학교폭력 피해 경험의 조절효과)

  • Park, Won-Ju
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.353-361
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    • 2018
  • This study aimed to examine the effects of rejection sensitivity on depression and anxiety, and the moderating effects of school violence victimization experiences on the relationships between rejection sensitivity and both anxiety and depression. Based on the results, we suggested a method of screening soldiers at high risk of depression and anxiety and interventions for their psychological adaptation. The data about anxiety, depression, rejection sensitivity, and school violence victimization experiences was collected from 126 airmen in S city, South Korea. To test the moderation effects, multiple regression analyses were conducted in which the rejection sensitivity, anxiety, school violence victimization experiences and their interaction terms were hierarchically entered. The moderation of school violence victimization experiences was found in the relationship between rejection sensitivity and school violence victimization experiences. The specific interaction patterns in each of these significant interaction effects were examined. Finally, the importance of school violence victimization experiences as a high-risk factor in army life and the clinical implication of these findings were discussed.

PROP Taster Status and the Rejection of Foods with Added Tastants

  • Lee, Yun-Mi;Prescott, John;Kim, Kwang-Ok
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.1066-1073
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    • 2008
  • Sensitivity to 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP) tasting predicts sensitivity to food qualities as well as rejection of some strong tasting foods. Using consumer rejection threshold (CRT) method, this study aimed to assess whether systematic changes in the taste intensities of familiar foods would lead to earlier rejection of these products by PROP tasters than by PROP non-tasters. Subjects rated the intensity of PROP solution and were divided into tasters (Ts) and non-tasters (NTs). And Ts were further divided into medium-tasters (MTs) and super-tasters (STs). Difference thresholds and CRTs were then evaluated for caffeine in coffee, citric acid in orange juice, and for NaCl in beef soup. For each food, Ts were more sensitive to variations in tastants than NTs. Ts also rejected more bitter coffee, more sour orange juice, and less salty beef soup more readily than did NTs. Comparisons among NTs, MTs, and STs gave fewer clear differences.