• Title, Summary, Keyword: Regional Cancer Center

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Activation Mechanism of Protein Kinase B by DNA-dependent Protein Kinase Involved in the DNA Repair System

  • Li, Yuwen;Piao, Longzhen;Yang, Keum-Jin;Shin, Sang-Hee;Shin, Eul-Soon;Park, Kyung-Ah;Byun, Hee-Sun;Won, Min-Ho;Choi, Byung-Lyul;Lee, Hyun-Ji;Kim, Young-Rae;Hong, Jang-Hee;Hur, Gang-Min;Kim, Jeong-Lan;Cho, Jae-Youl;Seok, Jeong-Ho;Park, Jong-Sun
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.175-182
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    • 2008
  • DNA-dependent protein kinase(DNA-PK) is involved in joining DNA double-strand breaks induced by ionizing radiation or V(D)J recombination and is activated by DNA ends and composed of a DNA binding subunit, Ku, and a catalytic subunit, DNA-PKcs. It has been suggested that DNA-PK might be $2^{nd}$ upstream kinase for protein kinase B(PKB). In this report, we showed that Ser473 phosphorylation in the hydrophobic-motif of PKB is blocked in DNA-PK knockout mouse embryonic fibroblast cells(MEFs) following insulin stimulation, while there is no effect on Ser473 phosphorylation in DNA-PK wild type MEF cells. The observation is further confirmed in human glioblastoma cells expressing a mutant form of DNA-PK(M059J) and a wild-type of DNA-PK(M059K), indicating that DNA-PK is indeed important for PKB activation. Furthermore, the treatment of cells with doxorubicin, DNA-damage inducing agent, leads to PKB phosphorylation on Ser473 in control MEF cells while there is no response in DNA-PK knockout MEF cells. Together, these results proposed that DNA-PK has a potential role in insulin signaling as well as DNA-repair signaling pathway.

The Korean Gastric Cancer Cohort Study: Study Protocol and Brief Results of a Large-Scale Prospective Cohort Study

  • Eom, Bang Wool;Kim, Young-Woo;Nam, Byung-Ho;Ryu, Keun Won;Jeong, Hyun-Yong;Park, Young-Kyu;Lee, Young-Joon;Yang, Han-Kwang;Yu, Wansik;Yook, Jeong-Hwan;Song, Geun Am;Youn, Sei-Jin;Kim, Heung Up;Noh, Sung-Hoon;Park, Sung Bae;Yang, Doo-Hyun;Kim, Sung
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.182-190
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study aimed to establish a large-scale database of patients with gastric cancer to facilitate the development of a nationalcancer management system and a comprehensive cancer control policy. Materials and Methods: An observational prospective cohort study on gastric cancer was initiated in 2010. A total of 14 cancer centers throughout the country and 152 researchers were involved in this study. Patient enrollment began in January 2011, and data regarding clinicopathological characteristics, life style-related factors, quality of life, as well as diet diaries were collected. Results: In total, 4,963 patients were enrolled until December 2014, and approximately 5% of all Korean patients with gastric cancer annually were included. The mean age was $58.2{\pm}11.5$ years, and 68.2% were men. The number of patients in each stage was as follows: 3,394 patients (68.4%) were in stage IA/B; 514 patients (10.4%), in stage IIA/B; 469 patients (9.5%), in stage IIIA/B/C; and 127 patients (2.6%), in stage IV. Surgical treatment was performed in 3,958 patients (79.8%), endoscopic resection was performed in 700 patients (14.1%), and 167 patients (3.4%) received palliative chemotherapy. The response rate for the questionnaire on the quality of life was 95%; however, diet diaries were only collected for 27% of patients. Conclusions: To provide comprehensive information on gastric cancer for patients, physicians, and government officials, a large-scale database of Korean patients with gastric cancer was established. Based on the findings of this cohort study, an effective cancer management system and national cancer control policy could be developed.

Synchronous Adenocarcinoma and Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor of the Stomach Treated by a Combination of Laparoscopy-assisted Distal Gastrectomy and Wedge Resection

  • Jeong, Sang-Ho;Lee, Young-Joon;Park, Soon-Tae;Choi, Sang-Kyung;Hong, Soon-Chan;Jung, Eun-Jung;Ju, Young-Tae;Jeong, Chi-Young;Ha, Woo-Song
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.55-58
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    • 2011
  • The simultaneous occurrence of a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) and a gastric adenocarcinoma is uncommon, and has rarely been reported in the literature. The present report describes the case of a 74-year-old male patient who initially presented with an adenocarcinoma that had invaded the antral mucosa. Computed tomography then revealed the presence of a suspected GIST, in the form of a $2{\times}2$ cm mass at the hilum of the spleen. In view of the advanced age of the patient, a surgical approach that would minimize risk and maximize quality of life was preferred. The patient therefore underwent simultaneous laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy for the adenocarcinoma and wedge resection for the GIST. This approach was only chosen after confirming that it would be possible to preserve three or more of the short gastric arteries that supply the area below the wedge resection site. This may be considered a feasible apapproach to the management of the simultaneous occurrence of a mid-to-low gastric body adenocarcinoma and a high gastric body GIST.

Analysis of Risk Factors for Postoperative Morbidity in Perforated Peptic Ulcer

  • Kim, Jae-Myung;Jeong, Sang-Ho;Lee, Young-Joon;Park, Soon-Tae;Choi, Sang-Kyung;Hong, Soon-Chan;Jung, Eun-Jung;Ju, Young-Tae;Jeong, Chi-Young;Ha, Woo-Song
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.26-35
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: Emergency operations for perforated peptic ulcer are associated with a high incidence of postoperative complications. While several studies have investigated the impact of perioperative risk factors and underlying diseases on the postoperative morbidity after abdominal surgery, only a few have analyzed their role in perforated peptic ulcer disease. The purpose of this study was to determine any possible associations between postoperative morbidity and comorbid disease or perioperative risk factors in perforated peptic ulcer. Materials and Methods: In total, 142 consecutive patients, who underwent surgery for perforated peptic ulcer, at a single institution, between January 2005 and October 2010 were included in this study. The clinical data concerning the patient characteristics, operative methods, and complications were collected retrospectively. Results: The postoperative morbidity rate associated with perforated peptic ulcer operations was 36.6% (52/142). Univariate analysis revealed that a long operating time, the open surgical method, age (${\geq}60$), sex (female), high American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score and presence of preoperative shock were significant perioperative risk factors for postoperative morbidity. Significant comorbid risk factors included hypertension, diabetes mellitus and pulmonary disease. Multivariate analysis revealed a long operating time, the open surgical method, high ASA score and the presence of preoperative shock were all independent risk factors for the postoperative morbidity in perforated peptic ulcer. Conclusions: A high ASA score, preoperative shock, open surgery and long operating time of more than 150 minutes are high risk factors for morbidity. However, there is no association between postoperative morbidity and comorbid disease in patients with a perforated peptic ulcer.

The Clinicopathologic Features and Recurrence of Resection-Line Involvement of Gastric Cancer after Gastrectomy

  • Choi, Seong-Hee;Lee, Hyeong-Geun;Choi, Min-Gew;Noh, Jae-Hyung;Sohn, Tae-Sung;Bae, Jae-Moon;Kim, Sung
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.106-110
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical courses of patients with gastric cancer and positive resection margins after a gastrectomy for gastric cancer who did not undergo subsequent surgery. Materials and Methods: Among 4,452 patients who underwent surgery for gastric cancer from January 2001 to December 2007, 20 patients with positive resection margins after gastrectomy for gastric cancer who did not undergo subsequent surgery were included. The recurrence patterns were confirmed by postoperative computed tomography and gastroscopy, which were performed on a planned schedule. All recurrence patterns after gastrectomy were classified as loco-regional, peritoneal, or distant metastases. Results: The patients with confirmed recurrence all had advanced stage cancer (III-IV), and the recurrence sites were variable. However, peritoneal and distant recurrences were more common than loco-regional recurrences. The patients with loco-regional recurrence also had peritoneal and/or distant recurrence. Conclusions: Patients with gastric cancer and a positive resection margin showed more frequent peritoneal and distant metastases than loco-regional recurrence. In addition, patients with loco-regional recurrence also had peritoneal and distant recurrence. A positive resection margin of gastric cancer was related with poor histological differentiation, diffuse type, and advanced stage (III-IV).

Regional Variation in National Gastric Cancer Screening Rate in Korea (국가 위암검진 수검률의 지역 간 변이)

  • Park, Ju Hyun;Choi, So-Young;Lee, Kwang-Soo
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.296-303
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    • 2017
  • Background: This study purposed to analyze regional factors related to gastric cancer screening rate provided by national cancer screening program in Korea. Methods: The unit of analysis was administrative districts of si gun gu level. Dependent variable was regional gastric cancer screening rate provided by national cancer screening program, and regional variables were selected to represent the regional characteristics such as demographic, health behavior and status, socioeconomic, and health resource. Tobit regression was applied for the analysis. Results: Analysis results showed that gastric cancer screening rate was varied depending on regions from 47.8% to 69.1%. Tobit regression showed that gastric cancer screening rate had negative relationships with smoking rate, financial independence rate, and National Health Insurance premium per capita. And regional gastric cancer screening rate had positive relationships with sex ratio and number of gastric cancer screening center. Conclusion: Regional characteristics should be considered in establishing regional policies for increasing the gastric cancer screening rate.

Meeting Highlights: The Second Consensus Conference for Breast Cancer Treatment in Korea

  • Lee, Seeyoun;Park, In Hae;Park, Seho;Sohn, Joohyuk;Jeong, Joon;Ahn, Sung Gwe;Lee, Ik Jae;Lee, Hae Kyung;Lee, Seung Ah;Park, Won;Lee, Kyung-Hun;Kim, Sung-Won;Han, Sang-Ah;Jung, Kyung Hae;Son, Byung Ho
    • Journal of Breast Cancer
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.228-233
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    • 2017
  • The Korean clinical practice guideline recently developed by the Korean Breast Cancer Society to address the national clinical situation is currently under revision ahead of a seventh recommendation. A second consensus conference was held to further develop this guideline by soliciting opinions regarding important issues related to surgery, radiotherapy, and medical oncology. Several issues were discussed, and the discussion progressed to pros and cons in the context of cases in various clinical situations. The panels discussed and voted on issues regarding surgical treatment for non-axillary regional lymph nodes, regional nodal irradiation of pN1 disease, and ovarian functional suppression (OFS) as an adjuvant treatment in premenopausal patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. Regarding the surgical treatment of non-axillary regional lymph node, most panelists agreed with the recommendation of preoperative chemotherapy and postoperative radiotherapy for patients with biopsy-diagnosed metastases, whereas surgery or radiotherapy of non-axillary regional lymph nodes was suggested for clinical partial responders. Discussions on radiotherapy addressed the need for adjuvant radiotherapy and radiation field of regional lymph node in the context of various N1 breast cancer cases. The participants reached a consensus to recommend that N1 patients should receive regional nodal irradiation for a large tumor burden (e.g., three positive nodes, perinodal extension, or large primary tumor). Finally, the panels favored OFS in addition to endocrine therapy for premenopausal women with high risk factors such as a large tumor size, involvement of more than three nodes, and a high histologic grade.

Clinico-pathology of Lung Cancer in a Regional Cancer Center in Northeastern India

  • Mandal, Sanjeet Kumar;Singh, Thaudem Tomcha;Sharma, Takhenchangbam Dhaneshor;Amrithalingam, Venkatesan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.7277-7281
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    • 2013
  • Background: Globally, there have been important changes in trends amongst gender, histology and smoking patterns of lung cancer cases. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was conducted on 466 patients with lung cancer who were registered in Regional Cancer Center, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Manipur from January 2008 to December 2012. Results: Most were more than 60 years of age (67.8%) with a male: female ratio of 1.09:1. Some 78.8% of patients were chronic smokers with male smoker to female smoker ratio of 1.43:1. Consumption of alcohol was found in 29.4%, both smoking and alcohol in 27.5%, betel nut chewing in 37.9% and tobacco chewing in 25.3%. A history of tuberculosis was present in 16.3% of patients. The most frequent symptom was coughing (36.6%) and most common radiological presentation was a mass lesion (70%). Most of the patients had primary lung cancer in the right lung (60.3%). The most common histological subtype was squamous cell carcinoma (49.1%), also in the 40-60 year age group (45.9%), more than 60 year age group (51.6%), males (58.1%) and females (41.8%). As many as 91.9% of squamous cell carcinoma patients had a history of smoking. About 32.5% of patients had distant metastasis at presentation with brain (23.8%) and positive malignant cells in pleural effusions (23.1%) as common sites. The majority of patients were in stage III (34.4%), stage IV (32.5%) and stage II (30.2%). Conclusions: Our analysis suggests that the gender gap has been narrowed such that about half of the patients diagnosed with lung cancer are women in this part of India. This alarming rise in female incidence is mainly attributed to an increased smoking pattern. Squamous cell carcinoma still remains the commonest histological subtype. Most of the patients were elderly aged and presented at locally or distantly advanced stages.

Hypercalcemia as Initial Presentation of Metastatic Adenocarcinoma of Gastric Origin: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

  • Kumar, Mehandar;Kumar, Abhishek;Kumar, Vinod;Kaur, Supreet;Maroules, Michael
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.191-194
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    • 2016
  • Hypercalcemia of malignancy due to metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma is extremely rare; in fact, to the best of our knowledge, only three case reports of hypercalcemia associated with metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma have been published in the literature to date. Herein, we report a rare case involving a 61-year-old African-American female who had hypercalcemia at initial presentation and who was later diagnosed with poorly differentiated gastric adenocarcinoma with extensive liver metastases, without bone involvement. She was found to have elevated parathyroid hormone-related peptide and normal parathyroid hormone levels. Despite aggressive treatment, she died within a few months of diagnosis.