• Title, Summary, Keyword: Referential navigation

Search Result 9, Processing Time 0.031 seconds

Semi-automated knowledge map enabling referential navigation among knowledge (지식 간의 상호참조적 네비게이션이 가능한 프로세스 기반 반자동화 지식지도)

  • Yoo, Keedong
    • Knowledge Management Research
    • /
    • v.13 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-12
    • /
    • 2012
  • A knowledge map is a network-typed diagram visualizing all kinds of knowledge that influences each other to solve a problem. A knowledge map determines the structure of knowledge categorizing and archiving by defining the relationship of referential navigation among knowledge. Since tremendous and increasing number of knowledge needs to be included in a knowledge map, a knowledge map must be organized automatically by considering the contents and relationships of knowledge. This paper suggests the concept and prototype of a semi-automated knowledge map which automatically maps new piece of knowledge onto a manually provided draft map. The prototype knowledge map is based on the recursive programming to make a knowledge map automatically determine the location of the newly-entered knowledge by considering the referential relationship between knowledge. The proposed knowledge enables the knowledge network to expand autonomously by automatically including and storing knowledge. Also, it can improve the accuracy and applicability of knowledge for problem-solving, because the relationship of referential navigation among knowledge can be efficiently and effectively expressed.

  • PDF

Ontology-Based Process-Oriented Knowledge Map Enabling Referential Navigation between Knowledge (지식 간 상호참조적 네비게이션이 가능한 온톨로지 기반 프로세스 중심 지식지도)

  • Yoo, Kee-Dong
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
    • /
    • v.18 no.2
    • /
    • pp.61-83
    • /
    • 2012
  • A knowledge map describes the network of related knowledge into the form of a diagram, and therefore underpins the structure of knowledge categorizing and archiving by defining the relationship of the referential navigation between knowledge. The referential navigation between knowledge means the relationship of cross-referencing exhibited when a piece of knowledge is utilized by a user. To understand the contents of the knowledge, a user usually requires additionally information or knowledge related with each other in the relation of cause and effect. This relation can be expanded as the effective connection between knowledge increases, and finally forms the network of knowledge. A network display of knowledge using nodes and links to arrange and to represent the relationship between concepts can provide a more complex knowledge structure than a hierarchical display. Moreover, it can facilitate a user to infer through the links shown on the network. For this reason, building a knowledge map based on the ontology technology has been emphasized to formally as well as objectively describe the knowledge and its relationships. As the necessity to build a knowledge map based on the structure of the ontology has been emphasized, not a few researches have been proposed to fulfill the needs. However, most of those researches to apply the ontology to build the knowledge map just focused on formally expressing knowledge and its relationships with other knowledge to promote the possibility of knowledge reuse. Although many types of knowledge maps based on the structure of the ontology were proposed, no researches have tried to design and implement the referential navigation-enabled knowledge map. This paper addresses a methodology to build the ontology-based knowledge map enabling the referential navigation between knowledge. The ontology-based knowledge map resulted from the proposed methodology can not only express the referential navigation between knowledge but also infer additional relationships among knowledge based on the referential relationships. The most highlighted benefits that can be delivered by applying the ontology technology to the knowledge map include; formal expression about knowledge and its relationships with others, automatic identification of the knowledge network based on the function of self-inference on the referential relationships, and automatic expansion of the knowledge-base designed to categorize and store knowledge according to the network between knowledge. To enable the referential navigation between knowledge included in the knowledge map, and therefore to form the knowledge map in the format of a network, the ontology must describe knowledge according to the relation with the process and task. A process is composed of component tasks, while a task is activated after any required knowledge is inputted. Since the relation of cause and effect between knowledge can be inherently determined by the sequence of tasks, the referential relationship between knowledge can be circuitously implemented if the knowledge is modeled to be one of input or output of each task. To describe the knowledge with respect to related process and task, the Protege-OWL, an editor that enables users to build ontologies for the Semantic Web, is used. An OWL ontology-based knowledge map includes descriptions of classes (process, task, and knowledge), properties (relationships between process and task, task and knowledge), and their instances. Given such an ontology, the OWL formal semantics specifies how to derive its logical consequences, i.e. facts not literally present in the ontology, but entailed by the semantics. Therefore a knowledge network can be automatically formulated based on the defined relationships, and the referential navigation between knowledge is enabled. To verify the validity of the proposed concepts, two real business process-oriented knowledge maps are exemplified: the knowledge map of the process of 'Business Trip Application' and 'Purchase Management'. By applying the 'DL-Query' provided by the Protege-OWL as a plug-in module, the performance of the implemented ontology-based knowledge map has been examined. Two kinds of queries to check whether the knowledge is networked with respect to the referential relations as well as the ontology-based knowledge network can infer further facts that are not literally described were tested. The test results show that not only the referential navigation between knowledge has been correctly realized, but also the additional inference has been accurately performed.

Ontology-based Implementation of the Process-oriented Knowledge Map (온톨로지를 이용한 프로세스 기반 지식지도 구축)

  • Yoo, Kee-Dong;Hwang, Hyun-Seok
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
    • /
    • v.17 no.4
    • /
    • pp.87-97
    • /
    • 2012
  • A knowledge map is a diagramed network among knowledge which is related with each other in terms of the referential navigation. To formally as well as structurely represent various contextual use of knowledge, the ontology technology has been recommended to be applied. This research proposes a methodology to build the ontology-based knowledge map promoting referential navigation between knowledge. To prove the validity of the proposed concepts, an ontology-based knowledge map is designed as an example, which demonstrates whether the designed knowledge network in the knowledge map is underpinned by the referential navigation between knowledge.

Automated networked knowledge map using keyword-based document networks (키워드 기반 문서 네트워크를 이용한 네트워크형 지식지도 자동 구성)

  • Yoo, Keedong
    • Knowledge Management Research
    • /
    • v.19 no.3
    • /
    • pp.47-61
    • /
    • 2018
  • A knowledge map, a taxonomy of knowledge repositories, must have capabilities supporting and enhancing knowledge user's activity to search and select proper knowledge for problem-solving. Conventional knowledge maps, however, have been hierarchically categorized, and could not support such activity that must coincide with the user's cognitive process for knowledge utilization. This paper, therefore, aims to verify and develop a methodology to build a networked knowledge map that can support user's activity to search and retrieve proper knowledge based on the referential navigation between content-relevant knowledge. This paper deploys keywords as the semantic information between knowledge, because they can represent the overall contents of a given document, and because they can play the role of semantic information on the link between related documents. By aggregating links between documents, a document network can be formulated: a keyword-based networked knowledge map can be finally built. Domain expert-based validation test was also conducted on a networked knowledge map of 50 research papers, which confirmed the performance of the proposed methodology to be outstanding with respect to the precision and recall.

Ship's maneuverability in strong wind

  • Im, Nam-Kyun;Tran, Van-Luong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.29-30
    • /
    • 2007
  • This paper deals with effect of wind forces and moment acting on the training ship SAE NUR/. The results of drift angle and counter rudder angle due to wind effect are calculated by using the static equilibrium method especially with nonlinear mathematical expression, and then the critical wind velocity is found out. The given results am be applied directly to T/S SAE NURI in handling under the wind condition and used for merchant ships as a referential tool.

  • PDF

Ship's Maneuverability in Strong Wind

  • Im, Nam-Kyun;Tran, Van-Luong
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
    • /
    • v.32 no.2
    • /
    • pp.115-120
    • /
    • 2008
  • This paper deals with effect of wind forces and moment acting on the training ship SAE NURI. The results of drift angle and counter rudder angle due to wind effect are calculated by using the static equilibrium method especially with nonlinear mathematical expression, and then the critical wind velocity is found out. The given results can be applied directly to T/S SAE NURI in handling under the wind condition and used for merchant ships as a referential tool.

A Construction of Pointer-based Model for Main Memory Database Systems (주기억장치 데이터베이스를 위한 포인터 기반 모델의 구축)

  • Bae, Myung-Nam;Choi, Wan
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
    • /
    • v.28 no.4B
    • /
    • pp.323-338
    • /
    • 2003
  • The main memory database systems (MMDBMS) efficiently supports various database applications that require high performance since it employs main memory rather than disk as a primary storage. Recently, it has been increased needs that have the fast data processing as well as the efficient modeling of application requiring for a complicated structure, and conformity to applications that need the strict dta consistency. In MMDBMS, because all the data is located in the main memory, it can support the usable expression methods of data satisfying their needs without performance overhead. The method has the operation to manipulate the data and the constraint such as referential integrity in more detail. The data model consists of this methods is an essential component to decide the expression power of DBMS. In this paper, we discuss about various requests to provide the communication services and propose the data model that support it. The mainly discussed issues are 1) definition of the relationship between tables using the pointer, 2) navigation of the data using the relationship, 3) support of the referential integrity for pointer, 4) support of the uniform processing time for the join, 5) support of the object-oriented concepts, and 6) sharing of an index on multi-tables. We discuss the pointer-based data model that designed to include these issues to efficiently support complication environments.

A Data Model for an Object-based Faceted Thesaurus System Supporting Multiple Dimensions of View in a Visualized Environment (시각화된 환경에서 다차원 관점을 지원하는 객체기반 패싯 시소러스 관리 시스템 모델의 정형화 및 구현)

  • Kim, Won-Jung;Yang, Jae-Dong
    • Journal of KIISE:Software and Applications
    • /
    • v.34 no.9
    • /
    • pp.828-847
    • /
    • 2007
  • In this paper we propose a formal data model of an object-based thesaurus system supporting multi-dimensional facets. According to facets reflecting on respective user perspectives, it supports systematic construction, browsing, navigating and referencing of thesauri. Unlike other faceted thesaurus systems, it systematically manages its complexity by appropriately ing sophisticated conceptual structure through visualized browsing and navigation as well as construction. The browsing and navigation is performed by dynamically generating multi-dimensional virtual thesaurus hierarchies called "faceted thesaurus hierarchies." The hierarchies are automatically constructed by combining facets, each representing a dimension of view. Such automatic construction may make it possible the flexible extension of thesauri for they can be easily upgraded by pure insertion or deletion of facets. With a well defined set of self-referential queries, the thesauri can also be effectively referenced from multiple view points since they are structured by appropriately interpreting the semantics of instances based on facets. In this paper, we first formalize the underlying model and then implement its prototype to demonstrate its feasibility.

Keyword-based networked knowledge map expressing content relevance between knowledge (지식 간 내용적 연관성을 표현하는 키워드 기반 네트워크형 지식지도 개발)

  • Yoo, Keedong
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
    • /
    • v.24 no.3
    • /
    • pp.119-134
    • /
    • 2018
  • A knowledge map as the taxonomy used in a knowledge repository should be structured to support and supplement knowledge activities of users who sequentially inquire and select knowledge for problem solving. The conventional knowledge map with a hierarchical structure has the advantage of systematically sorting out types and status of the knowledge to be managed, however it is not only irrelevant to knowledge user's process of cognition and utilization, but also incapable of supporting user's activity of querying and extracting knowledge. This study suggests a methodology for constructing a networked knowledge map that can support and reinforce the referential navigation, searching and selecting related and chained knowledge in term of contents, between knowledge. Regarding a keyword as the semantic information between knowledge, this research's networked knowledge map can be constructed by aggregating each set of knowledge links in an automated manner. Since a keyword has the meaning of representing contents of a document, documents with common keywords have a similarity in content, and therefore the keyword-based document networks plays the role of a map expressing interactions between related knowledge. In order to examine the feasibility of the proposed methodology, 50 research papers were randomly selected, and an exemplified networked knowledge map between them with content relevance was implemented using common keywords.