• Title, Summary, Keyword: Red pepper seeds powder

Search Result 13, Processing Time 0.031 seconds

Effect of Red Pepper Seeds Powder on Lipid Composition in Rats Fed High-Fat.High-Cholesterol Diets

  • Song, Won-Young;Chun, Sung-Sik;Ku, Kyung-Hyung;Choi, Jeong-Hwa
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.15 no.3
    • /
    • pp.184-188
    • /
    • 2010
  • The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of red pepper seeds powder on lipid metabolism in rats fed high fat high cholesterol diet. Rats were divided into five experimental groups: normal diet group, high fat high cholesterol diet group, high fat high cholesterol diet with 5% red pepper seeds powder supplemented group (SA group), high fat high cholesterol diet with 10% red pepper seeds powder supplemented group (SB group) and high fat high cholesterol diet with 15% red peeper seeds powder supplemented group (SC group). The serum triglyceride (TG) and cholesterol contents, and LDL-cholesterol and atherogenic index (AI) of the red pepper seed powder supplemented groups were significantly decreased compared to the HF group. The serum HDL-cholesterol contents of the red pepper seed powder supplemented groups were increased compared to the HF group. However, there was no significant difference in the serum HDL-cholesterol among all experimental groups. The hepatic TG and cholesterol contents of the red pepper seed powder supplemented groups were significantly decreased compared to the HF group. The fecal total cholesterol and triglyceride contents of the red pepper seeds powder supplemented groups were significantly increased compared to the HF group. These results suggest that supplementation of red pepper seed powder may have a pronounced impact on markers of lipid metabolism in serum and liver of rats fed high fat high cholesterol diets.

Quality Characteristics of Instant Gochujang added with Red Pepper Seeds Powder (고추씨를 첨가한 즉석 고추장의 품질특성)

  • Lee, Keum-Ok;Kim, Ki-Bbeum
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
    • /
    • v.24 no.3
    • /
    • pp.15-24
    • /
    • 2018
  • This study produced instant Gochujang(red pepper paste) with enhanced convenience by increasing nutritional value and palatability, and by reducing production period, adding in the red pepper seed in the red pepper paste production in order to increase the use of the red pepper seed that is not used often as a food ingredient even though its nutrition value when producing red pepper paste was proven. Moisture content, pH, L-value, a-value, b-value, sugar contents, and salinity of instant Gochujang tended to increase as the amount of red pepper seed increased, while viscosity manifested the opposite trend. Sensory evaluations were conducted on instant Gochujang to assess differences in characteristics, which demonstrated that as the amount of red pepper seeds powder increased, the intensity of redness for the red pepper paste's external appearance, luster, spicy flavor and taste, and savory taste were evaluated strong. Meanwhile, fermentation value, which is red pepper paste's foremost weakness was evaluated as weak. Moreover, there was no difference in the size of the grain when compared to the contrast group consisting of regular red pepper paste. The results of preference test demonstrated that the RG3 with 30% of red pepper seed is optimal in terms of the external appearance, taste, texture and overall preference.

Effect of Red Pepper Seeds Powder on Antioxidative System and Oxidative Damage in Rats Fed High-Fat.High-Cholesterol Diet (고추씨가 고지방.고콜레스테롤 식이 흰쥐의 항산화계 및 산화적 손상에 미치는 영향)

  • Song, Won-Young;Yang, Jeong-Ah;Ku, Kyung-Hyung;Choi, Jeong-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.38 no.9
    • /
    • pp.1161-1166
    • /
    • 2009
  • The purpose of the present study was to effect of red pepper seeds powder on antioxidative defense system and oxidative damage in rats fed high fat high cholesterol diet. Rats were divided into five experimental groups which are composed of normal diet group, high fat high cholesterol diet group, high fat high cholesterol diet with 5% red pepper seeds powder supplemented group (SA group), high fat high cholesterol diet with 10% red pepper seeds powder supplemented group (SB group), and high fat.high cholesterol diet with 15% red pepper seeds powder supplemented group (SC group). Supplementation of red seed pepper groups (SA, SB, and SC groups) resulted in increased activities of hepatic glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase. However, there was no significant difference in the activity of hepatic catalase among all experimental groups. Hepatic superoxide radical contents in microsome and mitochondria were significantly reduced in red pepper seeds powder supplemented groups. Hepatic hydrogen peroxide contents in mitochondria were significantly reduced 15% red pepper seeds powder supplemented group. Hepatic carbonyl values in microsome were significantly reduced in 10% and 15% red pepper seeds powder supplemented groups. Thiobarbituric acid reaction substance (TBARS) values in liver and plasma were reduced in red pepper seeds powder supplemented groups. These result suggest that red pepper seeds powder may reduce oxidative damage by the activation of antioxidative defense system in rats high fat.high cholesterol diets.

Effects of Water Extracts of Red Pepper Seeds Powder on Antioxidative Enzyme Activities and Oxidative Damage in Rats Fed High-Fat and High-Cholesterol Diets (고추씨 물추출물이 고지방과 고콜레스테롤 식이 흰쥐의 항산화 효소활성 및 산화적 손상에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yu-Na;Ku, Kyung-Hyung;Kang, Sin-Kwon;Choi, Jeong-Hwa
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.44 no.4
    • /
    • pp.284-291
    • /
    • 2011
  • The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of water extracts from red pepper seeds powder on antioxidative enzyme activities and oxidative damage in groups of rrats fed high-fat and high-cholesterol diets group (HFC). The Rrats were divided into the following five experimental groups which are : composed of a normal diet group, a high fat high cholesterol diet group, and a high fat high cholesterol diet group supplemented with different amounts contents (1%, 2% and 4%) of red pepper seeds powder water extracts supplemented groups (HFCW1, HFCW2 and HFCW4, respectively). Body weight gains and food intake were lower ofin the red pepper seed water extracts groups were lower than those inof the HFC group. Hepartic xanthine oxidase (XOD) activity was decreased in the HFCW2 and HFCW4 groups compared to the HFC group. Hepartic glutathione peroxidase (GSH-px) activitiyactivity was increased in the HFCW4 group compared to the HFC group. Hepatic superoxide radicals within the mitochondria and microsomes of cells were significantly reduced in the HFCW2 and HFCW4 groups compared to the HFC group. Hepartic hydrogen peroxide in the cytosol was significantly reduced in the HFCW3 and HFCW4 groups compared to the HFC group. Hepatic carbonyl values in the microsomes and mitochondria were significantly reduced in the HFCW4 group compared to the HFC group. Hepartic thiobarbituric acid reaction substance (TBARS) activity was decreased in the HFCW2 group compared to the HFC group. These results suggest that water extracts of red pepper seeds powder may reduce oxidative damage by activation of antioxidative defense systems in rats fed high fat-high cholesterol diets.

Rapid Determination of Seed and Stem Content in Red Pepper Powder by Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopic Analysis (근적외 분광분석법에 의한 분말고추중의 씨앗 및 꼭지혼입량의 신속한 측정)

  • Cho, Rae-Kwang;Sohn, Mi-Ryeong;Ann, Jae-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.23 no.4
    • /
    • pp.447-451
    • /
    • 1991
  • Red pepper peels stored with seeds or stems in the powder state at $30^{\circ}C$ resulted in decrease of quality components such as capsanthin, capsaicin and total sugars. The effect of seeds on the quality deterioration was larger than stems. A near-infrared reflectance spectroscopic(NIRS) method was evaluated for the determination of seed and stem contents in red pepper peels. The standard error of prediction was 1.76% in seeds and 0.43% in stems. It is concluded that the NIRS method is suitable for the determination of seen and stem contents in red pepper powder.

  • PDF

Comparison of Sorption Characteristics of Red Pepper Powders with Their Seeds Mixing Ratio (고추씨 혼합비율에 따른 고추가루의 흡습특성 비교)

  • Kim, Hyun-Ku;Jo, Kil-Suk;Park, Mu-Hyun;Chang, Young-Sang;Shin, Zae-Ik
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.22 no.7
    • /
    • pp.817-823
    • /
    • 1990
  • The sorption characteristics of red pepper powders in terms of mixing ratio of seeds to red pepper powders were investigated at various relative humidities and temperatures as storage conditions. At lower relative humidity below 43% RH, the sorption equilibrium was easily reached regardless of mixing ratio, whereas at higher relative humidity above 75%, the powders gained moisture rapidly, resulting in the color change to brown. At extremely lower RH below 33%, decoloration occurred in red pepper powder. The moisture contents of monolayer value for red pepper powders without seeds were ranging from 5.88% to 7.35% inversely proportional to the temperature. The moisture contents of monolayer value decreased with increase of mixing ratio of seeds.

  • PDF

Detection of Post-Irradiation of Dry Soup Base Ingredients in Instant Noodle by Thermoluminescence Technique (라면 건조 수프 재료의 방사선 조사 검지를 위한 Thermoluminescence 활용)

  • Hwang, Keum-Taek;Byun, Myung-Woo;Wagner, Ute;Dehne, Lutz I.
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.30 no.4
    • /
    • pp.759-766
    • /
    • 1998
  • It was determined whether thermoluminescence (TL) technique is a potential method to detect post-irradiation of dry soup base mix for instant noodle and its ingredients. The ingredients or the mixtures were irradiated, from which minerals were isolated using sodium polytungstate solution. Their TL signals (1st glow TL intensity/2nd glow TL intensity reirradiated at 48.6 Gy) were measured. The TL signals in temperature ranges of $229{\sim}295^{\circ}C$ and $229{\sim}361^{\circ}C$ showed larger differences between unirradiated and irradiated samples compared to other ranges. The average TL signals for unirradiated garlic powder, ginger powder, black pepper powder, onion powder, red pepper powder, and sesame seeds were below 0.2, while those for onion powder, red pepper powder, and sesame seeds irradiated at 10 kGy were over 20 in the two temperature ranges. The average TL signals for unirradiated soup mixture were 0.08 and 0.1, respectively, in the two temperature ranges, while those for the mixtures containing 10 kGy-irradiated onion powder, red pepper powder, and sesame seeds individually or in combination were over 7. The average TL signals for the mixtures irradiated 1, 5, and 10 kGy were over 10.

  • PDF

Extraction conditions for preparation of natural seasoning of red pepper seed (고추씨 향신조미료 제조를 위한 추출 조건)

  • 한미영;고순남;김우정
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.370-376
    • /
    • 1999
  • The red pepper seeds(RPS), an industrial waste produced from red pepper powder industry, were investigated for its possible use as natural hot taste seasoning. The RPS was extracted with water with addition of salt, sugar, phosphate and citric acid at 70-100$^{\circ}C$ Effects of preheat treatments of steaming at 100$^{\circ}C$ and roasting at 215$^{\circ}C$ and 330$^{\circ}C$ were also studied on the flavor of the RPS extracts. The results showed that steaming and roasting increased the solid yield and reduced the turbidity. The hot flavor of RPS extracts was generally decreased by steaming and roasting. Extraction of RPS at the temperature range of 70-100$^{\circ}C$ for 10-60 minutes showed that solid yield were relatively high of 27% at 80$^{\circ}C$ for 30 minutes with the highest score of hot flavor. When the extraction was carried out with addition of NaCl, sucrose, Na$_2$HPO$_4$ and citric acid, the solid yield was little affected by their addition except a little increase by 0.5% NaCl and 0.2% Na$_2$HPO$_4$ and hot flavor was little affected.

  • PDF

Anti-adipogenic Effects of Dongchimi Nano Juice in Mouse 3T3-L1 Adipocytes

  • Kong, Chang-Suk;Lee, Sun-Hyun;Seo, Jung-Ok;Park, Kun-Young;Rhee, Sook-Hee
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.11 no.4
    • /
    • pp.285-288
    • /
    • 2006
  • The anti-adipogenic effect of dongchimi nano juice prepared using a nano-filtering process was investigated by measuring leptin and glycerol levels and the expression of a peroxisome proliferator-activated $receptor-\gamma\;(PPAR\gamma)$ gene as indicators of lipid accumulation or lipolysis. Red pepper powder, seeds of red pepper, garlic, and ginger were added in the preparation of dongchimi. Dongchimi was fermented to reach the optimal fermentation period, followed by nano-filtration in the range of $0.0005\sim0.1\;{\mu}m$. The lactic acid bacteria of dongchimi nano juice were removed completely by a nano-filtering process. Treatment of dongchimi nano juice induced glycerol release in the 3T3-L1 adipocytes and decreased the mRNA expression level of $PPAR\gamma$. These results suggested that dongchimi nano juice may enhance lipolysis and modulate adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cells.

Detection of Hydrocarbons to Determine Post-Irradiation of Dry Soup Base Ingredients in Instant Noodle (라면 건조 스프 재료의 방사선 조사 검지를 위한 Hydrocarbon류 검출)

  • Hwang, Keum-Taek;Park, Jun-Young
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.30 no.5
    • /
    • pp.1018-1023
    • /
    • 1998
  • Hydrocarbons in dry soup base and its ingredients in instant noodle were analyzed to determine whether the analysis of hydrocarbons is a potential method to detect post-irradiation of the soup base. Soup base ingredients were irradiated individually, irradiated before mixing, or mixed after irradiation. Lipids were extracted with hexane and hydrocarbons were separated from the lipids through Florisil column. The hydrocarbons were analyzed with GC. Hydrocarbons C17:2, C16:3, C17:1, and C16:2 were detected in palm oil, red pepper powder, and sesame seeds irradiated at 10 kGy, but not in unirradiated ones. C17:2, C16:3, C17:1, and C16:2 were not detected in the soup base mixture of unirradiated ingredients. The four hydrocarbons were detected in the soup base mixture using irradiated palm oil or sesame seeds. In the mixture using irradiated red pepper powder, C17:2 and C16:3 were detected. When the soup mixture was irradiated after mixing unirradiated ingredients, C17:2, C17:1, and C16:2 were detected in the sample irradiated at 1 kGy, and C17:2, C16:3, C17:1, and C16:2 were in large amounts at 5 and 10 kGy.

  • PDF