• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Recyclable

검색결과 185건 처리시간 0.048초

Novel Tri- and Tetra-substituted Pyrimido[4,5-d]pyridazines: Regiospecific Synthesis Catalyzed by Silica Supported Yttrium Trinitrate

  • Karami, Bahador;Akrami, Sedigheh;Khodabakhshi, Saeed
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.34 no.12
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    • pp.3677-3680
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    • 2013
  • Novel tri- and tetra-substituted pyrimido[4,5-d]pyridazines-2(1H,3H,7H)-ones have been synthesized via the regiospecific condensation reaction of hydrazine derivatives with 5-acetyl-4-aryloyl-6-methyl-3,4-dihydropyrimidinones in the presence of $SiO_2-Y(NO_3)_3$ as a green and recyclable catalyst under solvent-free conditions. All products were obtained in high yields and short reaction time. Employing this method is in accord with green chemistry principles.

재사용이 가능한 MFB로부터 Aromatic Ester가 도입된 4,4'-Di((E)-styryl)-1,1'-biphenyl의 골격을 갖는 새로운 Fluorescent Whitening Agent의 개발 연구 (Development of New Fluorescent Whitening Agent with 4,4'-Di((E)-styryl)-1,1'-biphenyl Skeleton Attached with Aromatic Ester from Recyclable Source MFB)

  • ;김석찬
    • 공업화학
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.303-306
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    • 2018
  • DMT 생산과정의 부산물로서 폐기 처리되어 왔던 methyl 4-formylbenzoate (MFB)를 출발 물질로 하여 고급 형광 증백제 family와 동일한 4,4'-di((E)-styryl)-1,1'-biphenyl 기본 골격을 갖고 aromatic ester가 도입된 새로운 형광 증백제(fluorescent whitening agent) 후보 물질 6종을 합성하였다. 후보 물질 6종은 MFB 및 그의 유도체와 tetraethyl biphenyl-4,4'-diylbis(methylene)diphosphonate와 Wittig-Horner 반응을 이용하여 합성하였다. 합성된 6종에 대하여 형광증백제로의 가능성을 확인하기 위하여 UV 스펙트럼을 기록하여 흡광 계수를 얻었으며, 6종 모두 전반적으로 기존 상용 제품(log ${\varepsilon}$ 4.85)과 유사한 몰 흡광 계수(log ${\varepsilon}$ 4.59~5.00)를 보여주고 있다. 특별히 화합물 디메톡시 페닐그룹을 갖는 16, 17은 기존 상용 제품보다 우수한 몰흡광 계수를 나타내고 있어 상용화를 위한 현장 테스트를 진행할 예정이다.

방습 효과가 우수한 환경친화적 방습지(제1보) -방습제의 특성- (Environmentally Friendly Moisture-proof Paper with Superior Moisture Proof Property (I) -Properties of Moisture Proof Chemicals-)

  • 유재국;조욱기;이명구
    • 펄프종이기술
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.15-20
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    • 2001
  • The function of the moisture-proof paper is to prevent moisture from adsorbing into the packed goods. Water-vapor transmission rate of the moisture-proof paper should be less than 100g/$m^2$.24hr and the optimum rate would be less than 50g/$m^2$.24hr. In general the moisture-proof paper has been made by laminating polyethylene or polypropylene on top of the base paper. However this kind of moisture-proof paper has a problem in recycling so that it brings about environmental pollution. In general the moisture-proof paper has been made by laminating polyethylene or polypropylene on top of the base paper. However this kind of moisture-proof paper has a problem in recycling so that it brings about environmental pollution. The purpose of this paper was to make moisture-proof paper using the mixture of SB latex and wax emulsion which was recyclable and environmentally friendly. Water vapor transmission rate showed less than 50g/$m^2$.24hr in mixture ratio of 85:15, 87:13, 90:10. Especially the mixture ratio of 87:13 showed the most favorable water-vapor transmission rate. However, the moisture-proof layer was destroyed slightly by folding in packing. It has been observed that there was no close relationship between water-vapor transmission rate of the moisture-proof paper and grammage of the base paper, but the density of base paper had influenced on water vapor transmission rate. It was also observed that the moisture-proof paper could be recycled. The moisture-proof paper was similar to base paper in degree of the pulping, and there was no significant difference in dispersion between moisture-proof paper and base paper. Most of wax particles which caused the spots during drying process could be removed by flotation process. Tensile strength and tear strength of both moisture-proof paper and base paper after pulping were measured to examine the fiber bonding, and no significant difference in physical properties was observed.

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재사용이 가능한 methyl 4-formylbenzoate로부터 4,4'-di((E)-styryl)-1,1'-biphenyl 골격 구조를 갖는 새로운 형광증백제 개발 연구 (Development of New Fluorescent Whitening Agent with 4,4'-Di((E)-styryl)-1,1'-biphenyl Skeleton from Recyclable Source MFB)

  • 정헌주;양윤승;김석찬
    • 공업화학
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.294-298
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    • 2017
  • Dimethyl terephthalate (DMT) 생산과정의 부산물로서 폐기 처리되어왔던 methyl 4-formylbenzoate (MFB)를 출발 물질로하여 고급 형광증백제 family인 Uvitex FP와 동일한 4,4'-di((E)-styryl)-1,1'-biphenyl 기본 골격을 갖는 새로운 형광증백제(fluorescent whitening agent) 후보 물질 6종을 합성하였다. 후보 물질 6종은 MFB 및 그의 유도체와 tetraethyl biphenyl-4,4'-diylbis(methylene) diphosphonate (3)와 Wittig-Horner 반응을 이용하여 합성하였다. 합성된 6종에 대하여 형광증백제로의 가능성을 확인하기 위하여 UV spectrum을 기록하여 몰흡광 계수를 얻었으며, 6종 모두 Uvitex FP 127(log ${\varepsilon}$ 4.85)보다 낮은 몰흡광 계수(log ${\varepsilon}$ 3.95~2.60)를 보임으로서 형광증백제로는 적합하지 못한 것을 확인하였다.

재생용 사업의 입지적 특성 (Locational Characteristics of Recycling Industries)

  • 한주성
    • 한국지역지리학회지
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.775-786
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    • 2004
  • 재생용 재료 수집 및 판매업은 동맥산업이 발달함으로서 재활용 폐기물이 다소 발생하고 인구가 어느 정도 많은 지역에 입지한다. 그리고 유해시설이기 때문에 과소지에 입지하는 것은 아니고 인구가 많은 지역의 거주지가 아닌 곳에 주로 입지하는데, 그 분포는 전국적으로 분산 입지하고 있다. 그리고 재생용 금속 비금속 가공 원료 생산업은 대도시내의 주변지역, 지방중심도시와 공업지역 인접지역에 주로 입지하고, 지역적 집중도가 높아 생산의 집적효과를 갖고 있다. 이러한 입지에 영향을 미치는 요인은 재생용 재료수집 및 판매업의 입지와 관련이 깊어 이들 원료의 수송이 운송비의 영향을 크게 받고 인구수는 영향을 거의 받지 않는다고 할 수 있다.

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재사용이 가능한 MFB로부터 4,4'-Bis(2-benzoxazolyl)stilbene의 합성 공정 개발 (Process Development of 4,4'-Bis(2-benzoxazolyl)stilbene from Recyclable Source MFB)

  • 류영;김종천;함미정;김석찬
    • 공업화학
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.195-198
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    • 2016
  • DMT 생산과정의 부산물로서 폐기 처리되어 왔던 MFB를 출발 물질로 하여 고급 형광증백제 중의 하나인 4,4'-bis(2-benzoxazolyl)stilbene (BBS) 합성을 4단계를 거쳐 총 수율 73%의 경쟁력 있는 공정개발을 수행하였다. 제시된 합성법은 MFB와 ethyl 4-((diethoxyphosphoryl)methyl)benzoate (1)과 반응시킨 후, coupling 생성물 4,4'-stilbenedicarboxylate (2)를 얻고 이를 4,4'-stilbenedicarbonyl chloride (3)으로 변환 후 BBS 합성의 핵심 단계인 benzoxazole 형성 단계에서 상용화가 가능한 용매와 촉매를 탐구하여 용매로는 1,2,4-trichlorbenzene 촉매로는 boric acid의 사용이 가능한 것을 확인하였다.

재활용 가능한 고방열 고분자 복합소재 개발 (Recyclable Polymeric Composite with High Thermal Conductivity)

  • 신하은;김채빈;안석훈;김두헌;임종국;고문주
    • Composites Research
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.319-326
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    • 2019
  • 본 연구에서는 재활용이 가능하며 열가소성 특성을 지닌 신규 고분자 수지를 개발하고 합성하였다. 이렇게 개발된 수지와 판상형 질화붕소(h-BN) 사이의 계면 친화성이 좋음을 계산과학을 통하여 확인하고 열압기(hot press)를 이용하여 복합소재를 제조하였다. 고분자 수지와 필러 사이의 계면 친화성과 함께 복합소재 제조시 발생되는 전단력(shear force) 만으로도 매우 높은 필러 정렬도를 지닌 복합소재를 제조할 수 있었고, 이러한 이유로 복합소재는 최대 13.8 W/mK의 높은 열전도도를 갖는 것을 확인하였다. 또한, 개발된 수지가 화학적으로 분해 가능한 장점을 이용하여 제조된 복합소재로부터 물리/화학적 변성 없이 필러를 회수할 수 있었고 이렇게 회수된 필러는 향후 다양한 신규 복합소재 제조에 재활용이 가능하다.

Selection of Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing's Program Using Multi-Criteria Decision Making: A Case Study in Electronic Company

  • Sutapa, I. Nyoman;Panjaitan, Togar W.S.
    • Industrial Engineering and Management Systems
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.123-127
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    • 2011
  • Nowadays, green purchasing, stop global warming, love the mother earth, and others that related to environment become hot issues. Manufactures industries tend to more active and responsive to those issues by adopting green strategies or program like Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing (ECM). In this article, an electronic company had applied 12 ECM Program and tries to choose one of those programs using 6 criteria, such as total cost involved, quality, recyclable material, process waste reduction, packaging waste reduction, and regulation compliance. By using multi-criteria decision making model, i.e. Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP), Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS), and Modified TOPSIS methods, the ECM Program 9 (Open pit) is the best option.

Korea Recycling Policy for Inorganic Mineral Waste

  • Kim, Mi-Sung;Oh, Jae-Hyun;Ahn, Ji-Whan;Kim, Hwan
    • 대한전자공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.685-690
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    • 2001
  • Along with the expansion of industrial activities, the quantity of industrial waste sludge is increasing, and the treatment/disposal of wastes is a social problem regarding the preservation of the environment. In particular, recycling the sludge as a raw material is actively required considering the situation of Korea, which is poor in natural resources and energy. Lime is a necessity for treatment of waste sludge, which often can be made recyclable by lime treatment. In this thesis, a brief description has been given of my views on the ordinary treatment of waste sludge and the effective use of inorganic industrial waste sludge focusing on lime.

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국내 금속가구 디자인 개발에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Design Development of the Metal Furniture in Korea)

  • 윤여항
    • 한국가구학회지
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2000
  • While furniture making in general has been traditionally regarded as labor-intensive industry, the making of metal furniture has immense potential in terms of its growth and as a value added industry. Granted that the technology and designing of metal furniture in Korea are still behind the standards enjoyed by the developed nations of the world, still its future here is promising when we consider the comparatively short history of its industry, Korea depends on imports from abroad for almost all the natural resources she needs for industry. Metal (especially iron) industry is, however, one field where she has some advantage over other nations. Korea is a major producer of iron and her technology in this field is competitive in the international market. When viewed from the points of environment and ecology metal furniture has good points, as metals are recyclable when they are discarded and collected properly according to their reusability. This adds to the merits its industry has here as this country, with her limited natural resources, has yet to solve the pressing problem of disposing ever-increasing waste matter from homes and factories.

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