• Title, Summary, Keyword: Recyclable

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A Study on Separated Collection and Recycling in Apartment Housing Areas in Taegu Metropolitan City (대구시 아파트지역의 분리수거 및 재활용에 관한 연구)

  • 우형택;곽형숙
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.153-167
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    • 1995
  • Recycling is receiving increasing social attention today as our nation begins to grapple with the significant problems caused by huge amount of municipal solid waste. The topic of recycling is not simple but extremely complicated. This study attempts to provide basic data and policy options for expanding and improving separated collection and recycling in public residential areas, through three case study of apartment housing areas in Taegu Metropolitan City. The main results of this study are summarized as follows. For the significant period of time, all three case areas had in common the extreme difficulty in establishing and operating the system of connecting public participation, collection and storage, transportation, and actual recycling of materials because of a variety of problems involved in this process. Both amounts of and prices for collected materials fluctuated considerably over time mainly due to monthly changes in recyclable home materials and the dynamic nature of recycling markets. Public questionnaire survey revealed the very high level of participation in separated collection, not only because almost all respondents well understood the necessity and importance of recycling, but because they also knew how to do separated collection. But overall activities were rated low and most respondents suggested the enlargement of public participation, the improvement of collection and storage facilities, and collection transportation networks. In particular, most respondents had little experience of using recycled Products and used mainly reproduced soap and bathroom tissue. Furthermore, they were considerably unsatisfied with low variety and quality of recycled products, their high prices and low availability in the market. Finally potential policy options and activities for improving separated collection and recycling are suggested.

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A Study on the Domestic Waste Occurence and Admistration Condition of Iksan City (익산시의 생활폐기물 발생 및 관리 현황조사)

  • 육찬남
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.79-84
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    • 1998
  • The study result on the domestic waste occurrence and admistration condition of Iksan City as follows ; 1. The year of 1995 has observed a radically decreasing ratio of per capita waste generation compared to the previous year by 26.2%, owing to the publication of the new amendment of volume based charge as well as to the rural population included through the merger of Iksan City and Iksan Country ; the daily quantity of domestic waste for Iksan residents in 1997 was calculated to be $0.66kg/capita{\cdot}day$. 2. Waste generation in nonresidential areas were $8.04kg/capita{\cdot}day$ in average ; the quantity per capita in market places was observed to generate the largest, $36.76kg/capita{\cdot}day$, while that of services was the smallest $0.25kg/capita{\cdot}day$. 3. The average generation per capita of household waste was $0.23kg/capita{\cdot}day$ in the area which has no volume based charge system. This area showed no difference from those of other areas ; the apparent density of the waste recorded the lowest $0.llkg/{\ell}$ for District Offices, while the highest among the classified fields was $0.40kg/{\ell}$ of the Fire Station. 4. Iksan City showed great contribution by decreasing the absolute quantity of waste for landfill by waste classfication, according to the days of the week and reutilizing recyclable waste since August, 1997. 5. Location of a landfill site for disposal of nonrecyclable waste will cause a serious problem to the community and it will be highly recommendable to have governmental support and professtional consultation as well as open discussions, such as hearings, for the settlement of the problem.

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Construction of Street Cleaner Uniform for the Funtional Improvement (기능성 향상을 위한 환경미화원복 설계)

  • Huh, Jin-Kyung;Choi, Hei-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.30 no.8
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    • pp.1178-1187
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to conduct a questionnaire survey on the actual conditions of the working uniform and protective equipment put on by street cleaners, then to identify their inconvenience and problems and to draw solutions to improve them, and finally to design a spring-and-autumn street cleaner uniform which has enhanced functionalities such as motional flexibility, safety and soil proof. The questionnaire survey of this study was done by street cleaners who were in charge of street cleaning and collecting the recyclable waste. The result of this study, easily worn-out parts of the working clothing were the sleeve hems and the front part on the upper uniform, and the trouser hems and zipper on the lower uniform. Easily soiled parts were the sleeve hems, parts of arm on the upper uniform, and the trouser hems and knee parts on the lower uniform. Based on the results of the questionnaire survey, the sample uniforms were designed in consideration of material, design and pattern. A soil-proof material was used for easily soiled parts such as sleeve hems, knee parts and trouser hems. Reflective material was applied to the parts such as chest, back and the side lines of sleeves and trousers to raise visibility in working and to ensure safety. A crease was given to each side of the back. The height of sleeve cap was lowered to lift the motional flexibility of back and arm parts. Darts were applied to elbow and knee parts for a three-dimensional design. Gussets were inserted in the thigh part to give it activity. Then quantitative evaluation and a sensory evaluation, which was composed of outward appearance, motional flexibility and fitness for field operation, were conducted. According to these evaluations, the sample uniform was found to be more satisfactory than current uniform.

A Bottle Recognition and Classification Algorithm for Deposit Refund (병 인식 및 보증금 환불을 위한 분류 알고리즘)

  • Jeong, Pil-seong;Cho, Yang-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.21 no.9
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    • pp.1744-1751
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    • 2017
  • We are striving to strengthen environmental regulations and reduce household waste in all countries around the world. Korea is also striving for the circulation of energy resources by enacting laws to promote resource saving and recycling. The government has implemented an empty bottle deposit system for the recycling of empty bottles, but there is a limit to the collection through manpower and the reverse vending machine is not localized. In this paper, we propose a recyclable bottle recognition and classification algorithm which is essential in the reverser vending machine to promote energy resource circulation. The proposed algorithm is a complex identification algorithm using OpenCV and CNN(Convolution Neural Network). In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm, we implement a classification system that operates in an reverse vending machine, so that it can easily acquire information about bottles and reverse vending machine in various devices.

Status and Strategy on Recycling of Domestic Used Chemical Catalysts (국내 사용 후 화학촉매제품의 재자원화 현황 및 향후 방향)

  • Kim, Young-Chun;Kang, Hong-Yoon
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.3-16
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    • 2017
  • Chemical catalyst products are applied to various fields such as petrochemical process, air pollution prevention facility and automobile exhaust gas purifier. The domestic and overseas chemical catalyst market is increasing every year, and the amount of waste catalyst generated thereby is also increasing. Most of the used chemical catalyst products, such as desulfurized waste catalysts and automobile waste catalysts containing valuable metals are important recyclable resources from a substitute resource point of view. The recycling processes for recovering valuable metals have been commercialized through some urban mining companies, and SCR denitration catalysts have been recycled through some remanufacturing companies. In this paper, the amount of domestic production and recycling of major catalyst products have thus been investigated and analyzed so as to be used as basic data for establishing industrial support policy for recycling of used chemical catalyst products. Also tasks for promoting the recycling of used chemical catalyst products are suggested.

Study on Mechanical Properties and Flame Retardancy of Polypropylene Based Self-reinforced Composites (폴리프로필렌 기반 자기강화 복합재료의 기계적물성 및 난연성 연구)

  • Lee, Dong-Woo;Park, Seung-Bhin;Song, Jung-Il
    • Composites Research
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.223-228
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    • 2017
  • The article explains about development of flame retardant self-reinforced composites (FR-SRC) through compression molding technique by utilizing Polypropylene (PP), Ammonium polyphosphate (APP) and chitosan. The effect of APP and chitosan on mechanical, thermal and flame retardant properties in FR-SRC were studied. The mechanical strength of FR-SRC is enhanced than Pure SRC. However, the strength is decreased significantly with increasing the concentration of both flame retardant fillers. But comparison, chitosan filled FR-SRC is stronger than APP filled FR-SRC. In case of flame retardancy, APP is more effective than chitosan. These results can be applicable to provide light weight and recyclable flame retardant self-reinforced composites for automobile and packaging industries, etc.

A Study on Characteristics of Installation Assemblage in Interior Of Contemporary Commercial Space (현대 상업공간 실내에 나타난 앗상블라주 표현특성에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Dae Ki;Kim, Moon-Duck
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.83-91
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted by the awareness that although interior spaces using the techniques and characteristics of assemblage are excellent means to reveal distinctiveness and identity with preeminent originality which are different from other spaces, there are few domestic studies and literatures on them. The results analyzed by preceding studies and cases on the characteristics of expression of assemblage which appear in the interior spaces of commercial areas can be summarized as follows; First, assemblage expresses identity of spaces with symbols capable of multiple interpretations through the method of integration and repetition of the materials used. Second, it strongly reminds visitors of memories on spaces by producing odd and unfamiliar scenes with such designs as installation art. Third, when it uses ordinary materials, it adds combination, integration, transformation or colors to the materials for extraordinary traits. Fourth, it pursues sustainability through recycling or upcycling by using wastes or natural materials. Fifth, in order to express materials to fit the purposes of spaces, it formulates outcomes with intentional plans. To sum up above analysis results, expressions of assemblage which appear in modern commercial spaces are characterized by expression of symbols with multiple meanings, purse formativeness which fit the purposes and meanings of spaces, play the role of reminding memories on places by producing extraordinary spaces with strangeness and unfamiliarity such as installation art and sometimes show sustainability by using recyclable materials. The results of this study are expected to be utilized as reference materials which suggest directions of approach to interior spaces through assemblage techniques and materials which can be used in various design terms by domestic designers.

A Tiered Approach of Washing and Stabilization to Decontaminate and Recycle Dredged River Sediment (세척과 안정화기술을 적용한 오염 준설토의 처리 및 재활용 시스템 개발)

  • Kim, Young-Jin;Nam, Kyoung-Phile;Lee, Seung-Bae;Kim, Byeong-Kyu;Kwon, Young-Ho;Hwang, In-Seong
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 2010
  • Although the demands for the dredging work have been increasing due to social and industrial reasons including national plan for restoration of four major rivers, environmental standards or management guidelines for the dredged river sediment are limited. The suggested environmental standard for the beneficial use of dredged river sediment consists of two levels, recyclable and concern, and includes eight contaminants such as metals and organic contaminants. The systematic approach to remediate dredged river sediment is also suggested. The system consists of both washing and stabilization processes with continuous multi particle separation. In the early stage, the sediments are separated into two particle sizes. The coarse-grained sediment over 0.075 mm, generally decontaminated with less trouble, follows normal washing steps and is sent for recycling. The fine-grained sediments under 0.075 mm are separated again at 0.025 mm. The particles bigger than this second separation point are treated in two ways, advanced washing for highly contaminated sediments and stabilization for less. The lab test results show that birnessite and apatite are most effective stabilizing agents among tested for Cd and Pb. The most fine residues, down-sized by continuous particle separation, are finally sent for disposal. The system is tested for metals in this study, but is expected to be effective for organic contaminants included in the environmental standard, such as PAH and PCE. The feasibility test on the field site will be followed.

Recent Developments in Natural Fiber Reinforced Composites (천연섬유보강 복합재료의 최근 연구 개발)

  • Mirza, Foisal Ahmed;Afsar, Ali Md.;Kim, Byung-Sun;Song, Jong-Il
    • Composites Research
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.41-49
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    • 2009
  • Natural fiber reinforced composites are emerging as low-cost, lightweight, recyclable, and eco-friendly materials. These are biodegradable and non-abrasive. Due to eco-friendly and biodegradable characteristics of natural fibers, they are being considered as potential candidates to replace the conventional fibers. The chemical, mechanical, and physical properties of natural fibers have distinct features depending upon the cellulose content of the fibers which varies from fiber to fiber. The mechanical properties of composites are influenced mainly by the adhesion between matrix and fibers. Several chemical and physical modification methods of fiber surface were incorporated to improve the tiber-matrix adhesion resulting in the enhancement of mechanical properties of the composites. This paper outlines the works reported on natural tiber reinforced composites with special reference to the type of fibers, polymer matrix, processing techniques, treatment of fibers, and fiber-matrix interface.

An Environment-friendly Analysis of Hong-kong Environment-friendly Reuse Space (홍콩 친환경 재생공간의 친환경성 분석)

  • Kim, Sarah;Nam, Kyoung-Sook
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.194-202
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to extract environment-friendly planning elements to apply in Korea by putting together and reclassifying four foreign environment-friendly certification systems related to regeneration spaces - LEED in USA, CASBEE in Japan, BREEAM in England and BEAM in Hong Kong - and analyze and evaluate domestic and foreign spaces which were certified as Environment-friendly spaces in order to offer plan guidelines to raise awareness of the importance of environment-friendly elements in regeneration spaces and to encourage them. The concept and the characteristics of green building were studied through documentary survey. In addition, green certification system of the present domestic new spaces and foreign regeneration spaces was studied and assessment tools for indoor regenerated spaces-related green certification system were developed. With checklists which are developed in this study, level of going green of foreign spaces certified environment-friendly was assessed. Based on the results of this study, conclusions are as follows. As a result of case research of spaces-certified green of Hong-Kong's existing buildings with a developed checklist, application of general assessment part was all alike, but that of detailed assessment part was different. However, Hong Kong showed superiority in lighting energy saving, separate collection of recyclable domestic waste, recycling by-product and management. In addition, Hong Kong applied eco-friendly planning elements maintaining buildings in their condition as possible as it could with management, use of green program, replacement with high efficiency lighting, monitoring system, installation of recycling bins and energy saving by attaching reflective film.

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