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Records Management Systems of the Colonial Chosun Government General (조선총독부의 기록관리제도)

  • Yi, Kyung-Yong
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.10
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    • pp.226-273
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    • 2004
  • The characteristics of the records management systems of the Japanese colonial government can be summarized as follows. First, the Government General adopted a "decentralized retention" of public records. The Government General did not establish its own archives for central preservation of permanent public records. Colonial agencies established its own records office and the records office managed the records its agency created. Secret records and police records were exception. They were retained by the Secretary Office of the General Affairs Division and Police Division of the Chosun Government General respectively. Second, filing systems and retention periods of the public records followed the hierarchic structure of organization. In the headquarter of the government, records were filed by a "bureau-division-activity-file" classification system and a retention period of a file was given automatically by each unit the file belonged. A closed and cut-off file was retained and arranged according to its creating unit, creating year, and retention period. The filing system was easy to use once the filing system was established well, but to make it work effectively changes in activities and organizations should be on a reflected regular basis. It had an advantageous effect that permanent records could be preserved in a unified way throughout the organization. However, it is very critical to determine the permanent records in a professional way. Selection of the permanent records should be done professionally and in a historical perspective. Otherwise, the records retained as permanent records were not the records having an enduring value. And that was not done by the colonial government. Third, classification and scheduling of records were carried out by a creating division, rather than by the Records Office, mostly from the 1920s. Compilation of the records was also done by the creating agency. It implies that the records management lacked the professionalism. In conclusion, the records management system of the Chosun Government General wes nither modern nor user oriented. It managed the records for solely administrative purpose, i.e. effective colonial rule. The legacy of the colonial records system still exists in the public records system in Korean government. One should criticize the lack of will and efforts to modernize the public records system since the establishment of the Korean government while should reflect the historical origins of the records system in Korea.

A Study on Appraisal in Electronic Records Environment (전자기록 환경에서의 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Myoung-hun
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.11
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    • pp.91-122
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    • 2005
  • Appraisal is a basic archival function that analyzes values of records and determines the eventual disposal of records based upon their archival values. In electronic records environment, however, appraisal is different from traditional appraisal system that mainly is based on paper records. Since electronic records don't have physical entity and strongly depend on computer technologies, archivists fall into various dilemma in appraisal of electronic records. Moreover, because creation environment of electronic records is remarkably complex and diversified, appraisal of electronic records cannot be done until the later stages of the life cycle of the records. In Korea, appraisal system is founded on the Tables of Transaction for Records Scheduling through which disposal activities of all records are definite in a concrete form. However, there are little institutional infrastructures associated with appraisal of electronic records. Therefore this paper will intend to analyze characteristic features about appraisal of electronic records as a preliminary study for establishing appraisal system of electronic records in Korea. For this purpose, I have firstly compared creation environment of electronic records with traditional creation environment mainly based on paper records, and analyzed differences between appraisal of electronic records and traditional appraisal system based on paper records in view of recordness of electronic record. then I have examined functional appraisal that focuses on functions and activities in which the records are created and used, and discussed about main issues in relation to establishing appraisal system of electronic records.

A Study of Characteristics and Types of Congressional Records (의회기록의 특질과 종류)

  • Lee, Won-young
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.9
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    • pp.110-142
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    • 2004
  • This paper treated what are congressional records which are one of core fields of national records and what kind of significant records they have. The characteristics of "substantive records" of the institution among public records are as follows: firstly, their contents depend on the inherent function of the institution; secondly, their types differ by the character of basic unit(member); thirdly, their sources are determined by the character of institution. Starting from the above points of view, the contents, characteristics, main sources, and types by sources of congressional records were presented. They are summarized as follows. In Chapter 2, the substantial records, which document the intrinsic function of congress on the basis of analyses of inherent function and structural uniqueness of congress have natures of which the contents are "legislative records", "oversight records", and "political activity records" starting from the inherency of congress as the people's representation. The typical natures of congress records are related with the specialty that the basic unit of congress structure is an individual congressman as an indepent national institution and congress is a council of these congressmen. Firstly, the records of congressmen as basic member of congress are the national records with the type of personal records. Secondly, "council records" produced by the council (commettee and main conference), which have evidencial and informative value for decision making through the process of investigating, discussing and voting bill and policy (item) of the basis for national management, are very special kind of records, such as item records, decision records, journal records, and congress assistant records. Because congressmen and councils composing congress have an equal inter-relationship in the structure of congress, the main sources of congress records are an individual congressman and all the councils. In chapter 3, the contents and sorts of main records are discribed, centering around congressmen and councils as the main sources of congress records. In chapter 4, the management of records of congressmen is issued as an urgent subject for the management of congress records, instead of conclusions.

Revaluation of the Records Center System in Korea (기록관 체제 재검토)

  • Kwak, Kun-Hong
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.27
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    • pp.3-33
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    • 2011
  • Despite the Public Records Management Act in effect for more than 10 years and the various achievements of 'Records management Innovation' made by the former government, records management in Korea still remains unsatisfactory in many fields. Especially one of the main concerns is about the records centers in the public offices failed to work efficiently. There remains lots of so-called ancient regime elements in the records center system, which causes the lack of stability. Divisions of general affairs in the public offices had played main role in records management for more than 50 years since the establishment of the government, and their role was limited to take over some records created and to manage the poor stack room. According to the Public Records Management Act revised in 2007, data center was renamed to records center and it was obliged to place records center under the office of planning management or the office of administration. But records centers have been nevertheless operated at a very formal level in most public offices. It is the real state of affairs that professional records management system interconnecting records office, records center and archives is not achieved. Why is it? This article is an answer to this question. This article attempt to find out on the inner causes such as structure of records center, records management profession, records management methodology, and above all historical background. In addition, it put stress on the necessity of definite separation between records office and records center and assurance of independent operation of records center for the normalization of the records management system. Improvement of methodology including records management process is also of great importance. And the standardization of records management business of the records center is suggested as one of the main tasks on the basis of the accumulation of 'best practices of records management' in the cooperation with the records management community.

A Study on the Court Records Management System (법원기록관리체제 연구)

  • Lee, Seung-Il
    • Journal of Korean Society of Archives and Records Management
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.31-53
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    • 2010
  • This paper historically examines how the management system of administrative records and court records generated in court were established, and what it's features are. Because the court exercises jurisdictional rights such as confirming the legal rights and responsibilities of Korean nationals, the court records have a unique characteristic compared to general administrative records. In particular, court records are not composed only of rulings generated in courts, but also of various records such as civil case records and criminal case records. In order to understand the legal records management system, we must first identify the method of preservation and management after these records, which have different provenance, pass the court procedures.

The Records Managers and Archivists Interview of Records Production Report (생산현황통보 제도에 관한 기록전문가 면담 연구)

  • Hwang, Jin-hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.57
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    • pp.137-163
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    • 2018
  • Records management begins at the time of production of the record. Public institutions need control methods and policies to ensure that records are produced and managed properly. Korea introduced the Records production report from the point of time when the Public Records Management Act was enacted to control the records from the production date. However, the Records production report is not operating for that purpose, so records managers and archivists are raising uselessness. In addition, there are differences over whether to keep the system or not, even within the National Archives of Korea. Therefore, the reasons for the existence of this policy, problems in operation, and opinions on alternatives were summarized through interviews with records managers and archivists.

A Study on the Records Management System through the Public Records Management Act in the United States: Focused on the Federal and State (미국 공공기록관리법(PRA)을 통한 기록관리 제도에 관한 연구: 연방과 주를 중심으로)

  • Jo, Aeran;Kim, Minkyung;Youn, Eunha
    • Journal of Korean Society of Archives and Records Management
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.213-241
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    • 2019
  • This study looked at the US records management system through the US Records Management Act and derived the characteristics of US records management. The federal and state of the United States were compared to identify the characteristics within the US administrative system. Also, the composition and content of the US Records Management Act were analyzed according to the records management process. As a result, US records management has characteristics of recognizing federal and state independence, yet maintaining cooperative relations between agencies for the protection of permanent values.

Evaluating Records and Their Descriptive Elements in the Records Management of Korea on the Basis of the Characteristics of a Record and Recordkeeping Metadata Standards (기록의 속성과 메타데이터 표준을 통해 본 한국의 기록·기록기술)

  • Kim, Ik-han
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.10
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    • pp.3-26
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    • 2004
  • ISO 15489:2001 addresses the principles and requirements with which organizations, both public and private, should comply on the management of their records to ensure that adequate records are created, captured and managed. The standard defines the characteristics that a record should have through records management system as follows: authenticity, reliability, integrity, and usability. Authenticity means that records can be proven to be what it purports to be, to have been created or sent by the person purported to have created or sent it, and to have been created or sent at the time purported. Reliability means that the contents of the records can be trusted as a full and accurate representation of the transactions, activities or facts to which they attest and can be depended upon in the course of subsequent transactions or activities. Integrity refers to ensuring that a record is complete and unaltered. Usability means that records can be located, retrieved, presented and interpreted. In order to have these characteristics, a record should be persistently linked to the metadata necessary to document a transaction. Metadata is "data describing context, content and structure of records and their management through time." Metadata ensure the creation and maintenance of authentic, reliable and usable records and the protection of the integrity of those records. It could be implemented by creating and capturing records management metadata in systems that create and manage records. There have been some projects and standard initiatives to identify a core set of records management metadata. Included are the Australian Recordkeeping Metadata Standard and the British Metadata Standard which is part of the Requirements for Electronic Records Management System. Recently ISO/TS 23081-1 is published to implement metadata requirements within the framework of ISO 15489. Public records management system in Korea is ruled by the Act on the Management of Archives by Public Agencies and Administrative Records Management Regulation. This article evaluates records and their descriptive elements captured and maintained by the records management system in Korea on the basis of the international metadata standards.

A Study on the Student Records Management System: Cases of Myongji University (대학 내 학생 관련 기록 관리 방안에 관한 연구: 명지대학교의 사례를 중심으로)

  • Kong, Min Eun;Rieh, Hae-young
    • Journal of Korean Society of Archives and Records Management
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.1-27
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    • 2019
  • Student records are essential for the functional, social, and personal aspects of the university. However, it is difficult to systematically manage such records because of the vast amount produced by several agents, the decentralization of the university's records management system, and various types and forms produced. Despite acknowledging the importance of student records, Myongji University implements its records management system at a sluggish pace. This study defined students' records except for the administrative records of the university as "student-related records" and categorized them into education records, student creation and research records, and student activity records. After examining the best practices in Korea and abroad, we reviewed the current status of Myongji University's student records management system and proposed appropriate and comprehensive management plans accordingly.