• Title, Summary, Keyword: Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2

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Ulnar Radial Nonunion Fracture Treated with Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 in a Dog (개의 요.척골유합부전의 Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 적용 치료례)

  • 홍성혁
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.156-159
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    • 2001
  • A 6-year-old male mongrel dog with a 7-month history of ulnar-radial nonunion fracture was treated with implantation of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2). The dog had received surgical correction three times prior to the admission but radiography of the affected limb revealed a typical figure of nonunion fracture. Glossly, the fractured ends were sclerotic and the area between the ends was filled with fibrous tissue. After debridement the shaft was fixed by an 10-hole plate. rhBMP-2 at a total dose of 256 micrograms was implanted with a synthetic carrier into the 10-mm defect formed by the debridement. Callus formation responding to rhBMP-2 was radiographically observed at 4 weeks after implantation and the defect bridged both fracture ends by 8 weeks after implantation. The plate was removed at 12 months after implantation. Any complications were not observed for 5 months after removal of the plate.

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Expression of Recombinant Human Bone morphogenetic protein 2 (hBMP2) in Insect cells

  • Kim, Seong-Wan;Kim, Seong-Ryul;Park, Seung Won;Goo, Tae-Won;Choi, Kwang-Ho
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2017
  • Bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) plays an important role in the development of bone and cartilage. It is involved in the hedgehog pathway, TGF beta signaling pathway, and in cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction. It is involved also in cardiac cell differentiation and epithelial to mesenchymal transition. In this study, We expressed human BMP2 (hBMP2) recombinant protein using Baculovirus Expression Vector System (BEVS) in Sf9 insect cells. The hBMP2 cDNA was cloned into baculovirus transfer vector, pBacgus-4x-1 and recombinant baculovirus was screened out through X-gal and GUS-fusions assay. Western blot analysis shown that molecular weight of hBMP2 recombinant protein was about 44.71 kDa.

Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 in Development and Progression of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

  • Zaid, Khaled Waleed;Chantiri, Mansour;Bassit, Ghassan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.927-932
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    • 2016
  • Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), belonging to the transforming growth factor-${\beta}$ superfamily, regulate many cellular activities including cell migration, differentiation, adhesion, proliferation and apoptosis. Use of recombinant human bone morphogenic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in oral and maxillofacial surgery has seen a tremendous increase. Due to its role in many cellular pathways, the influence of this protein on carcinogenesis in different organs has been intensively studied over the past decade. BMPs also have been detected to have a role in the development and progression of many tumors, particularly disease-specific bone metastasis. In oral squamous cell carcinoma - the tumor type accounting for more than 90% of head and neck malignancies- aberrations of both BMP expression and associated signaling pathways have a certain relation with the development and progression of the disease by regulating a range of biological functions in the altered cells. In the current review, we discuss the influence of BMPs -especially rhBMP-2- in the development and progression of oral squamous cell carcinoma.

Lack of Effects of Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 on Angiogenesis in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Induced in the Syrian hamster Cheek Pouch

  • Zaid, Khaled Waleed;Nhar, Bander Mossa;Alanazi, Salman Mohammed Ghadeer;Murad, Rashad;Domani, Ahmad;Alhaf, Awadh Jamman
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.3527-3531
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    • 2016
  • Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2 ), a member of the TGF-${\beta}$ family, has been used widely in recent years to regenerate defects of the maxillary and mandible bones. Such defects are sometimes caused by resection of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) yet the biologic effects of rhBMP-2 on these carcinomas are not fully clear. The objective of this study was to determine histologically whether rhBMP-2 produces adverse effects on angiogenesis during induction of OSCC, a biologic process critical for tumor formation in an experimental model in the buccal pouch of golden Syrian hamsters. Buccal cavities were exposed to painting with 0.5% DMBA in liquid paraffin three times a week for 14 weeks, then biopsies were taken. Division was into 2 groups: a study group of 10 hamsters receiving $0.25{\mu}g/ml$ of rhBMP-2 in the $3^{rd}$ and $6^{th}$ weeks; and a control group of 10 hamsters which did not receive any additional treatment. VEGF expression and microvessel density were measured but no differences were noted between the two groups. According to this study, rh-BMP-2 does not stimulate angiogenesis during induction of OCSSs.

Development of Refolding Process to Obtain Active Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 and its Osteogenic Efficacy on Oral Stem Cells

  • Lee, Ji-Hye;Jang, Young-Joo
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2017
  • BMP-2 is a well-known TGF-beta related growth factor, having a significant role in bone and cartilage formation. It has been employed to promote bone formation in some clinical trials, and to differentiate mesenchymal stem cells into osteoblasts. However, it is difficult to obtain this protein in its soluble and active form. hBMP-2 is expressed as an inclusion body in the bacterial system. To continuously supply hBMP-2 for research, we optimized the refolding of recombinant hBMP-2 expressed in E. coli, and established an efficient method by using detergent and alkali. Using a heparin column, the recombinant hBMP-2 was purified with the correct refolding. Although combinatorial refolding remarkably enhanced the solubility of the inclusion body, a higher yield of active dimer form of hBMP-2 was obtained from one-step refolding with detergent. The refolded recombinant hBMP-2 induced alkaline phosphatase activity in mouse myoblasts, at $ED_{50}$ of 300-480ng/ml. Furthermore, the expressions of osteogenic markers were upregulated in hPDLSCs and hDPSCs. Therefore, using the process described in this study, the refolded hBMP-2 might be cost-effectively useful for various differentiation experiments in a laboratory.

Demineralized dentin matrix combined with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 in rabbit calvarial defects

  • Um, In-Woong;Hwang, Suk-Hyun;Kim, Young-Kyun;Kim, Moon-Young;Jun, Sang-Ho;Ryu, Jae-Jun;Jang, Hyon-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.90-98
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the osteogenic effects of demineralized dentin matrix (DDM) combined with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in rabbit calvarial defects with DDM and anorganic bovine bone (ABB) combined with rhBMP-2. Materials and Methods: Four round defects with 8-mm diameters were created in each rabbit calvaria. Each defect was treated with one of the following: 1) DDM, 2) ABB/rhBMP-2, or 3) DDM/rhBMP-2. The rhBMP-2 was combined with DDM and ABB according to a stepwise dry and dip lyophilizing protocol. Histological and microcomputed tomography (${\mu}CT$) analyses were performed to measure the amount of bone formation and bone volume after 2- and 8-week healing intervals. Results: Upon histological observation at two weeks, the DDM and ABB/rhBMP-2 groups showed osteoconductive bone formation, while the DDM/rhBMP-2 group showed osteoconductive and osteoinductive bone formation. New bone formation was higher in DDM/rhBMP-2, DDM and ABB decreasing order. The amounts of bone formation were very similar at two weeks; however, at eight weeks, the DDM/rhBMP-2 group showed a twofold greater amount of bone formation compared to the DDM and ABB/rhBMP-2 groups. The ${\mu}CT$ analysis showed markedly increased bone volume in the DDM/rhBMP-2 group at eight weeks compared with that of the DDM group. Notably, there was a slight decrease in bone volume in the ABB/rhBMP-2 group at eight weeks. There were no significant differences among the DDM, ABB/rhBMP-2, and DDM/rhBMP-2 groups at two or eight weeks. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, DDM appears to be a suitable carrier for rhBMP-2 in orthotopic sites.

Expression and Purification of Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-7 (rhBMP-7) in Bacillus subtilis (고초균을 이용한 재조합 인간 골 형성 단백질-7의 발현과 정제)

  • Kim, Chun-Kwang;Oh, Sung-Duk;Rhee, Jong-Il
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.257-264
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    • 2010
  • Bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7) is one of important growth factors for skeletal development and bone growth. In this work, BMP-7 was efficiently expressed in recombinant Bacillus subtilis. The mature BMP-7 protein indicated molecular weight of 15.4 kDa by Western blot assay and was secreted into culture medium with 0.35 ng/mL. The extracellular and intracellular rhBMP-7 proteins were purified by using a FPLC system with an ion exchange column and a gel filtration column. The extracellular and intracellular rhBMP-7 proteins had finally a 57.1% purity and a 36.2% purity, respectively. The purified rhBMP-7 proteins showed an intact biological activity which stimulated alkaline phophatase (ALP) activity in MC3T3-E1 cells.

Bone Healing in Ovariectomized-rabbit Calvarial Defect with Tricalcium Phosphate Coated with Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 Genetically Engineered in Escherichia coli

  • Kim, Jung-Han;Kim, Chang-Joo;Shin, Sang-Hun
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.37-49
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study compares the bone formation ability of tricalcium phosphate (TCP) with and without recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) and assesses TCP as a carrier of rhBMP-2. Methods: Bilateral round defects (diameter: 8.0 mm) were formed in the cranium of eight New Zealand white rabbits. The defects were grafted with TCP only (control group) or with rhBMP-2-coated TCP (experimental group). The animals were sacrificed at 1st week, 2nd week, 4th week, and 8th week postoperatively; two rabbits sacrificed each time. The skulls were harvested and subjected to radiographic and histological examination. Results: Radiologic evaluation showed faster bone remodeling in the experimental group than in the control group. Histologic evaluation (H&E, Masson's trichrome stain) showed rapid bone formation, remodeling and calcification in the 1st and 2nd week in the experimental group. Immunohistochemical evaluation showed higher expression rate of osteoprotegerin, receptor activator of nuclear factor ${\kappa}B$ ligand, and receptor activator of nuclear factor ${\kappa}B$ in the experimental group at the 1st and 2nd week than in the control group. Conclusion: rhBMP-2 coated TCP resulted in rapid bone formation, remodeling, and calcification due to rhBMP-2's osteogenic effect. TCP performed properly as a carrier for rhBMP-2. Thus, the use of an rhBMP-2 coating on TCP had a synergic effect on bone healing and, especially, bone remodeling and maturation.

Soluble expression and purification of synthetic human bone morphogenetic protein-2 in Escherichia coli

  • Ihm, Hyo-Jin;Yang, Seung-Ju;Huh, Jae-Wan;Choi, Soo-Young;Cho, Sung-Woo
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.41 no.5
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    • pp.404-407
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    • 2008
  • A 345-bp gene that encodes human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (hBMP-2) has been synthesized. The codon usage of the resulting gene was modified to include those triplets that are utilized in highly expressed Escherichia coli genes. The hBMP-2 gene was efficiently expressed in E. coli as a soluble and active protein. Since the recombinant hBMP-2 was readily solublized, no further solublization steps were required throughout purification. No additional tagging residues were introduced into the synthetic hBMP-2 gene product. The developed synthetic gene is a promising approach for scaling-up the soluble expression of hBMP-2.

Recombinant human BMP-2/-7 heterodimer protein expression for bone tissue engineering using recombinant baculovirus expression system

  • Park, Seung-Won;Goo, Tae-Won;Kim, Seong Ryul;Choi, Kwang-Ho
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.49-53
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    • 2016
  • Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are essential growth factors for bone formation, skeletal development and bone regeneration. The BMP-2/7 heterodimer is known to have remarkable effects on osteogenic induction that are even stronger than the BMP-2 or BMP-7 homodimers. We designed a recombinant human BMP-2/7 (rhBMP-2/7) heterodimer protein with four glycine residues between BMP-2 and BMP-7 protein to facilitate free bond rotation of domains. The Baculovirus Expression Vector System (BEVS) is routinely used to produce recombinant proteins in the milligram scale. In this study, the BEVS was used to express the rhBMP-2/7 protein whrer the recombinant baculovirus was recovered in the host Sf9 cells. To confirm the biological activity of rhBMP-2/7 protein secreted from the BEVS as an osteogenic differentiation and induction factor, we measured the BMP-induced ALP activity. rhBMP-2/7 could be used as an alternative to BMPs to overcome limitations like short half-life and requirement for high concentrations. Furthermore, rhBMP-2/7 may be an efficient tool for various application studies such as bone regeneration and skeletal development.