• Title, Summary, Keyword: RecA 단백질

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Effect of Cobaltous Chloride on the Repair of UV-induced DNA Damage (UV에 의해 손상된 DNA 회복에 미치는 cobaltous chloride의 효과)

  • Kim, Kug-Chan;Kim, Yung-Jin;Lee, Kang-Suk
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 1995
  • To develop methods to reduce radiation risk and apply such knowledge to improvement of radiation protection, the effects of cobaltous chloride known as bioantimutagen on the function of E. coli RecA protein involved in the repair of DNA damage were examined. The results demonstrated two distinct effects of cobaltous chloride on the RecA protein function necessary for the strand exchange reaction. Cobaltous chloride enhanced the ability of RecA protein to displace SSB protein from single-stranded DNA and the duplex DNA-dependent ATPase activity. RecA protein was preferentially bound with UV-irradiated supercoiled DNA as compared with nonirradiated DNA The binding of RecA protein to UV-irradiated supercoiled DNA was enhanced in a dose-dependent manner. It is likely that studies on the factors affecting repair efficiency and the DNA repair proteins may provide information on the repair of ionizing radiation-induced DNA damage and the mechanism for DNA radioprotection.

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DNA-Independent ATPase Activity of Deinococcus radiodurans RecA Protein Is Activated by High Salt (고농도 염에 의한 Deinococcus radiodurans RecA 단백질의 DNA 비의존성 ATPase 역가의 활성화)

  • Kim, Jong-Il
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.313-318
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    • 2010
  • Deinococcus radiodurans RecA protein, when bound to DNA, exhibits a DNA-dependent ATPase. In the absence of DNA, the rate of RecA protein-promoted ATP hydrolysis drops 1,000-fold under the physiological concentrations of salt. This DNA-independent activity can be stimulated to levels approximating those observed with DNA by adding high concentrations (approximately 1.6 M) of a wide variety of salts. This effect was characterized by varying salt concentration and comparing the effects of different ion types. The higher concentrations of salt stimulated the ATP hydrolysis by RecA protein in the absence of DNA. At 1.6 M chloride, the observed stimulation showed the following cation trend $K^+{\geq}Na^+$ > $NH_4^+$ and the following anion sequence was observed: $glutamate^- \; > \; C1^- \;> \; acetate^-\; > \;PO_4^-$ at 1.6 M $K^+$. The catalytic properties of the salt-stimulated ATP hydrolysis reaction was optimal between pH 7.0 and 8.0, which was similar to the double stran nded DNA-dependent ATPase activities of Deinococcus radiodurans RecA protein. In the absence of DNA the active species for ATP hydrolysis by RecA protein was shown to be an aggregate of three RecA protein molecules.

Characterization of Single Stranded DNA-Dependent ATPase Activities of Deinococcus radiodurans RecA Protein (Deinococcus radiodurans RecA 단백질의 외가닥 DNA-의존성 ATPase 활성 분석)

  • Kim, Jong-Il
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.250-255
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    • 2007
  • The RecA protein of Deinococcus radiodurans is essential for the extreme radiation resistance of this organism. The central steps involved in recombinational DNA repair require DNA-dependent ATP hydrolysis by recA protein. Key feature of RecA protein-mediated activities is the interactions with ssDNA and dsDNA. The ssDNA is the site where RecA protein filament formation nucleates and where initiation of DNA strand exchange takes place. The effect of sequence heterogeneity of ssDNA was examined in this experiment. The rate of homopolymeric synthetic ssDNA-dependent ATP hydrolysis was constant or nearly so over a broader range of pHs. For poly(dT)-dependent ATP or dATP hydrolysis, rates were generally faster, with a broader optimum between pH 7.0 and 8.0. Activities of RecA protein were affected by the ionic environment. The ATPase activity was shown to have different sensitivity to anionic species. The presence of glutamate seemed to slimulate the hydrolytic activity. Dr RecA protein was shown to require $Mg^{2+}$ ion greater than 2 mM for binding to etheno ssDNA and the binding stoichiometry of 3 nucleotide for RecA protein monomer.

Characterization of Recombinant Baculovirus Ewpressing Polyhedrin Gene of Bombyx mori and Autographa californica Nuclear Polyhedrois Virus (두 종류의 다각체 단백질 유전자를 발현하는 유전자 재조합 핵다각체병 바이러스의 특성)

  • 김우진;우수동
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.36-41
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    • 1996
  • Recombinant baculoviruses having expanded host range were selected by coinfection of Autographa california NPV and Bombyx mori NPV into Sf-9 and BmN-4 insect cell lines. In order to determine the polyhedra morhplogy of RecS-A6, one of a recombinant baculovirus, polyhedra of RecS-A6 produced in insect cells were observed by phase contrast microscope and scanning electron microscope. The results revealed that the recombinant baculovirus had a various polyhedra morphology which was different from its parental viruses, suggesting that the various morhpology of recombinant baculovirus with an expanded host range was due to the genetic recombination of viral genome. To analyze the genomic recombinantion of the recombinant baculoviruses, genomic DNAs of two parent viruses and RecS-A6 were digested with restriction endonuclease and subjected to agarose gel electrophoresis. Southern blot analysis revealed that RecS-A6 has two polyhedrin gene of AcNPV and BmNPV in a viral genome. Polyhedral protein of recombinant baculovirus was analysed by SDS-PAGE. The result showed that molecular weight of polyhedral protein of RecS-A6 containing two polyhedrin gene of AcNPV and BmNPV was as the 31 kDa band of AcNPV and 30 kDa band of BmNPV.

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Ribonucleotide Reductase Activity of Schizosaccbarornyces pombe Is Inhibited by Escherichia coli RecA Antibody (Schizosaccbarornyces pombe에서 Escherichia coli RecA 항체에 의한 Ribonucleotide Reductase 효소활성 저해)

  • Lee, Jung-Sup;Chun, Min-Suck;Kim, Ok-Bong;Park, Jong-Kun;Kim, Si-Wouk;Park, Yeal;Yang, Young-Ki;Hong, Seung-Hwan;Park, Sang-Dai
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.565-569
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    • 1995
  • We have previoosly demonstrated that the RecA-like protein of Schizosaccharomyces pombe (S. pombe) is immunologically related to Escherichia coil (E. coil) RecA protein and that the cellular level of the protein is significantly increased by inhibitors of nucleotide pool-forming enzymes such as hydroxyurea (HU) and methotrexate (MTX) (lee and Park, 1994; lee et al., 1994). In this study, we report that the ribonudeotide redudase activity of S. pombe is inhibited by E. coil RecA antibody, as determined by thin layer chromatography using [5-$^3$H]CDP as a substrate. The relative activity of ribonucleotide reductase was dramatically inhibited by 100 mM of flu (26.4% reduction) in in vitro assay, compared to that of non-treated control. The ribonucleotide reductase activity was also inhibited by immunoprecipitation with E. coil RecA antibody (43.3% reduction). These results indicate that the strudure of S. pombe ribonucleotide reductase is in part similar to that of E. coil RecA protein.

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The RecA-like protein of Schizosoccharomvces pombe: its cellular level is induced by DNA-damaging agents (DNA 상해요인에 의한 Schizosaccharomyces pombe RecA 유사 단백질의 유도생성)

  • 이정섭;박상대
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.232-239
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    • 1994
  • RecA protein plans a central role in homologous recombination and DNA repair in Escherichia cofi (E. colD. The function 8nd structure of this protein are universal in prokarvotes and also conserved in eukaryotes such as yeast. The RecA-like protein with 74 lInDa in size has already been identified and purified from a fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe (5. pommel (Lee, 19911. From this study it was revealed that the RecA-like protein of 5. pombe was highly inducible to various DNA damaging agents and inhibitors of nucleotide pool svnthesizins enzymes. The cellular level of the 5. pombe RecA-like protein wi,u markedly increased, upto 5- to 10-fold, by treatment with various DNA-damains agents including ultraviolet (UV) light, methyl methanesulfonate WS),4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4-NQO), and mitomycin-C (MMC), similar to E. cofi RecA protein. Interestingly, the protein level was also increased by inhibitors of nucleotide pool forming enzlwnes such as methotrexate (MTX) and hvdroxvurea (HU). The most effective doses for the inducibility of 4-NQO, MMS, W, MMC, MTX, and HU were 0.2 Ug/ml, 30 mM, 200 J/ma, 0.4 $\mus/ml,$ 1 Ug/ml, and 100 mM, respectively. The range of effective duration time for the inducibilitv of RecA-like protein was from 270 to 450 mins. These results suggest that the 5. pombe RecA-like protein also platys an imortant role in cellular responses to DNA damage as in E. coli system.

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Expression of mue Gene on Plasmid pKM101 and pSL4 (플라스미드 pKM101 과 pSL4 의 muc 유전자의 발현에 관한 연구)

  • 전홍기;황유경;이상률;백형석
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.371-376
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    • 1992
  • Plasmid pSL4 of plasmid pKM 101 mutant have high protection effects and mutagenecity for UV and methyl methanesulfonate, The mucA gene and a pan of mucE gene of pKM 101 and pSL4 were sucloned onto lacZ' fusion vector pMC874 and the hybrid plasmids pBH31 and pBH30 were selected. These plsmids were intrduced into $recA^{+}lexA^{-}$, $recA^{-}와lexA^{+}$ strains and determined the activity of $\beta$-galactosidase for UV. In $recA^{+}lexA^{+}$ strain.$\beta$-galactosidase activity of pBH30 included mue region of pSL4 was higher thall pBH31 inclued muc region of pKM 10 I and the tf-galactosidase of two plasmids was not induced in reeA and leeA mutants with or without UV illumination. Without UV illumination. the .$\beta$-galactosidasc of pBH30 was expressed a little higher level than that of pBH3L We suggest that the functional difference of pKM 10l and pSL4 are due to the variety of mue regulatory region. Also. a plasmid pBH 100 earring umuC' -lacZ' gene fusion was constructed in vitro to study the regulation of the umu operon. It was shown that the umu operon is induced by UV and is regulated by the reeA and lexA genes.

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Biological Activity of Recombinant Human Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor and Isolation of the Somatic Cell Transfected EGFP-hG-CSF Gene (유전자 재조합 인간의 G-CSF의 생리활성과 EGFP-hG-CSF유전자가 도입된 체세포의 분리)

  • Park, Jong-Ju;Min, Kwan-Sik
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.912-917
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    • 2008
  • To investigate the biological activity of recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rec-hG-CSF) in mammalian cells, hG-CSF gene was cloned using the eDNA extracted from the human squamous carcinoma cell lines and rec-hG-CSF was produced in CHO cell lines. To analyze the biological activity in vivo, the rec-hG-CSF protein was injected into mice subcutaneously on days 0 and 2. Blood was withdrawn for white blood cell (WBC) determination 5 days after the first injection. WBC values were found to have increased significantly. A pEGFP-mUII-hG-CSF vector was transfected into somatic cell lines isolated from bovine fetal cells. The colony expressing EGFP signals was observed with a confocal microscope. These data suggest that the rec-hG-CSF produced in this study has potent activity in vivo. Thus, the results of this biological activity show that rec-hG-CSF can be enhanced considerably by genetic engineering that affects potential activity, including mutations, which add the oligosaccharide chain and construct double-fusion proteins. A pEGFP-mUII-hG-CSF vector can be utilized for the production of cloned transgenic livestock.

Characterization of Hrq1-Rad14 Interaction in Saccharomyces cerevisiae (효모에서 Hrq1과 Rad14의 상호작용에 대한 연구)

  • Min, Moon-Hee;Kim, Min-Ji;Choi, You-Jin;You, Min-Ju;Kim, Uy-Ra;An, Hyo-Bin;Kim, Chae-Hyun;Kwon, Chae-Yeon;Bae, Sung-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.95-100
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    • 2014
  • Hrq1 is a novel member of RecQ helicase family, found in fungal genomes by bioinformatics analyses. It is most homologous to human RECQL4 and recent genetic and biochemical studies suggested that it may play roles in the maintenance of genome stability. In this study, we investigated yeast two-hybrid interactions between Hrq1 and the yeast genes homologous to the human genes that are known to interact with RECQL4. Among the 11 genes tested, Rad14, a nucleotide excision repair (NER) factor, was found to interact with Hrq1. In addition, pull-down assay with the purified proteins revealed direct protein-protein interaction between Hrq1 and Rad14. The yeast two-hybrid interaction was enhanced by the DNA damage induced by 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide, which was dependent on the presence of Rad4, a key NER factor. These results suggest that Hrq1 may function in NER through interaction with Rad14.

Effect of Elevated Ultraviolet-B Radiation on Yield and Differential Expression of Proteome in Perilla (perilla frutescens L.) (잎들깨 수량과 단백질체 발현에 미치는 UV-B의 영향)

  • Hong, Seung-Chang;Hwang, Seon-Woong;Chang, An-Cheol;Shin, Pyung-Gyun;Jang, Byoung-Choon;Lee, Chul-Won
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.7-13
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    • 2006
  • Plastichouse cultivation for crops and vegetables in the winter has been widely popularized in Korea. In the vinylhouse Ultraviolet B penetration is lower than in the field, and so some problems, as plant overgrowth and outbreak of disease, occurred frequently. The effect of artificial supplement ultraviolet B $(UV-B:280{\sim}320nm)$ radiation on the physiological responses and yield of perilla (perilla frutescens) was investigated UV-B ray was radiated on perilla with the 10th leaf stage at the distance of 90, 120 and 150 cm from the plant canopy for 30 days after planting in the vinylhouse. The production of fresh perilla leaves was high in the order of plastic house, ambient+50% of supplemental UV-B, ambient ambient+100% of supplemental UV-B. Enhanced UV-B radiation affected the intensity of thirty-three proteins in 2-dimensional electrophoretic analysis of proteins and ten proteins out of them seemed to be responsive to UV-B : a protein was, ATP synthase CF1 alpha chain, down regulated and nine proteins (Chlorophyll a/b bindng protein type I, Chlorophyll a/b binding protein type II precursor, Photosystem I P700 chlorophyll a apoprotein A2, DNA recombination and repair protein recF, Galactinol synthase, S-adenosyl-L-methionine, Heat shock protein 21, Calcium-dependent protein kinase(CDPK)-like, Catalase) were up-regulated.