• Title, Summary, Keyword: Rate Control

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Feed Rate Control for the Head-Feed Thresher (수급식탈곡기(穗給式脱穀機)의 공급율(供給率) 제어(制御)(II) -제어시스템 설계 및 시뮬레이션-)

  • Choi, Y.S.;Chung, C.J.
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.110-122
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    • 1990
  • This study was undertaken to develop the feed rate control system for the head feed thresher by making use of the microprocessor and to evaluate the response of the system to a various threshing conditions. The control unit was composed of one-board microcomputer. The speed of the wet-paddy feeding chain was controlled by dc moter with PI controller. It was used the adaptive control method to maintain the constant feed rate regardless of the fed rice varieties. The sliding type potentiometer was used as the feed rate sensor, which was attached on the sheaf-holding apparatus. The mathematical models of the system components were derived and computer simulation was developed for investigating the parameters affecting on control performance and for estimating the response of the system. A one-board microcomputer-based feed rate control system developed in this study was properly functioned and assessed as adequate for the feed rate control system of the head feed thresher. Based on the simulation for the bundle feed, it was anticipated that the lower setting value of the cylinder speed(RL) is to be set higher than the limiting operational speed. In addition, the higher setting value of the cylinder speed(RH) is to be set lower than the limiting cylinder speed for threshing. The computer simulation for the continuous spread feed showed that the lower the setting value of straw layer thickness(LL) was set, the shorter the correction time. However, if too low LL may be established, the feed rate could not reach to its desired rate.

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A Study on the Geothermal Heat Pump System Performance Analysis according to Water Flow Rate Control of the Geothermal Water Circulation Pump (지열순환펌프 유량변화에 따른 지열히트펌프시스템의 에너지 성능 평가)

  • Jung, Young-Ju;Jo, Jae-Hun;Kim, Yong-Shik;Cho, Young-Hum
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.103-109
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    • 2014
  • It is important to control the amount of supply water flow rate at all kinds of HVAC systems in order to maintain IAQ and energy efficiency. The most of buildings installed geothermal heat pumps is using fixed water flow rate in spite of the excellent performance of geothermal heat pumps. Especially when the air-conditioning load is low, the flow rate control may be possible to save energy to operate. However, it is effective to apply the variable flow control system in order to reduce energy consumption. Therefore, the purpose of this study, change a water flow rate and improve the whole performance of the geothermal heat pump. Geothermal heat pump system is modeled after the selection of the applied building, by setting the flow rate control to be analyzed through a simulation of performance evaluation. Building energy saving according to the flow rate of the ground circulating water analyze quantitatively and to investigate the importance of the flow control.

LCU-Level Rate Control for HEVC Considering Hierarchical Coding Structure (HEVC의 계층적 부호화 구조를 고려한 LCU 단위의 비트율 제어 기법)

  • Park, Dong-Il;Kim, Jae-Gon;Lim, Sung-Chang;Kim, Jong-Ho;Kim, Hui-Yong
    • Journal of Broadcast Engineering
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.762-772
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    • 2011
  • In this paper, a method of rate control for constant bitrate (CBR) coding of High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) is addressed. The existing rate control of H.264/AVC may not provide exact rate control in the case of hierarchical coding structure since it doesn't consider the characteristics of the hierarchical coding structure. It is expected that a rate control is added to the reference software called HM for CBR encoding in the near future. More accurate rate control may be required in a hierarchical structure of random access (RA) mode defined in the common test condition of HM. In this paper, we propose a method of rate control based on quadratic Rate-Distortion (R-D) model considering temporal layers and frame types in hierarchical coding structure for efficient rate control. In the consideration of the trade-off relationship between the bit fluctuation and the average PSNR, both of frame and coding unit (CU) are set as the basic unit of rate control. The performance of the proposed rate control method is verified by simulations along with the trade-off relationships for the both cases of basic unit.

Oxidizer Flow Rate Throttling for Thrust Control of Hybrid Rocket (하이브리드 로켓의 추력제어를 위한 산화제 유량제어 연구)

  • Kim, Kye-Hwan;Moon, Keun-Hwan;Kim, Jin-Kon;Moon, Hee-Jang
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.93-98
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    • 2014
  • In this study, control of oxidizer mass flow rate and verification of control system were performed for hybrid rocket thrust control application. Oxidizer flow control system consists of ball valve and stepping motor where gaseous oxygen was used for oxidizer at feeding pressure of 10, 20 and 30 bar. According to experimental results, the oxidizer mass flow rate showed a relatively linear increment as ball valve open angle increases regardless of feeding pressure. In addition, the level of the oxidizer flow rate was kept almost constant at each sequence of flow control with ball valve during the 20 seconds of operation.

A Study on the Noise Reduction and Performance Improvement of the Hot Water Distributing System (시스템분배기 소음방지 및 성능개선방안 연구)

  • Kim, Yong-Ki;Lee, Tae-Won;Han, Tae-Su;Yoo, Sun-Hak
    • Proceedings of the SAREK Conference
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    • pp.1055-1060
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    • 2009
  • Noise is one of the major environmental problems in human life. But hot water distributers with the flow rate control valve bring about often noise according to the heating control condition in residential buildings. The sound power level increased as the flow rate and pressure difference increased. And thus, experimental analyses for the flow rate control and the pressure difference control were carried out in this study to reduce the noise emitted from the flow rate control valve. As the results, the flow rate control method using a SMA(Shape Memory Alloy)-valve and the flow rate control system using a pressure difference sensor can be expected to control noise in the region of below 50 dB of sound power level.

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Effects of Biofeedback Postural Control Training on Weight distribution rate and Functional Ability in Stroke

  • Yang, Dae-Jung;Uhm, Yo-Han
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.67-71
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    • 2013
  • This study examined the effects of biofeedback postural control training on the weight distribution rate and functional ability of subjects with stroke. A total of 30 stroke patients were enrolled in this study. Subjects were divided into a biofeedback postural training group (experimental group, n=15) and a dynamic balance training group (control group, n=15). Experimental subjects received biofeedback postural training and control subjects received dynamic balance training for 30 minutes per day, 5 times per week over a 6 week period. Weight distribution rate and functional ability were measured to identify the effect of the biofeedback postural training. Significant difference in weight distribution rate was observed in the experimental group, compared with the control group (p=0.05), and a significant difference in functional ability. The results of this study provide evidence in support of incorporating a biofeedback postural training for the improvement of weight distribution rate and functional ability of stroke patients.

Effects of the Deposition Rate of Pentacene Film on the Electrical Characteristics of Organic Thin-film Transistors

  • Park, Jae-Hoon;Lee, Yong-Soo;Kang, Chang-Heon;Kim, Yeon-Ju;Choi, Jong-Sun
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.649-652
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    • 2003
  • Organic thin-film transistors were fabricated using pentacene as an active electronic material. Device characteristics are improved with increasing the deposition rate of pentacene. It is observed that the deposition rate influences on the interface properties between pentacene and polystyrene, and the molecular ordering of pentacene film. In this paper, we report the effects of the deposition rate of pentacene film on the device performance.

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A New Rate Control algorithm for Transcoder Based-on Bit-rate Reduction Characteristics of Requantization (재양자화 특성을 이용한 비트율 변환기의 전송률 제어 기법)

  • 서광덕;이상희;권순각;유국열;김재균
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Broadcast Engineers Conference
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    • pp.181-186
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    • 1997
  • Transcoding is the key technique to further reduce the bit-rate of a previously compressed video. The performance of the transcoding is evaluated by the two factors, the accuracy on the target bit-rate and the complexity of the implementation. In this paper, were propose a new rate control algorithm which has very accurate bit-rate control performance and much smaller computational complexity. For the accuracy problem, we empirically observe the relationship between the quantization step size and generated bits in requantization process and then find that the relationship can be characterized as the new piece-wise linear model. For the complexity problem, we reduce the role of feedback rate control. The simulation results show that the proposed method gives the better performance in the accuracy with the same picture quality than conventional rat control algorithm.

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Advanced Real-Time Rate Control for Low Bit Rate Video Communication

  • Kim, Yoon
    • Journal of the Korea Computer Industry Society
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.513-520
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, we propose a novel real-time frame-layer rate control algorithm using sliding window method for low bit rate video coding. The proposed rate control method performs bit allocation at the frame level to minimize the average distortion over an entire sequence as well as variations in distortion between frames. A new frame-layer rate-distortion model is derived, and a non-iterative optimization method is used for low computational complexity. In order to reduce the quality fluctuation, we use a sliding window scheme which does not require the pre-analysis process. Therefore, the proposed algorithm does not produce time delay from encoding, and is suitable for real-time low-complexity video encoder. Experimental results indicate that the proposed control method provides better visual and PSNR performance than the existing TMN8 rate control method.

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An intelligent mixed mode algorithm of a master controller using position and rate mode (위치.속도 제어 방식을 이용한 매스터 컨트롤러 지능형 혼합 제어 알고리즘)

  • 김기홍;권동수
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.245-248
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    • 1997
  • The control modes used in teleoperation are position control mode, and rate control mode. This paper presents the problems of the conventional control modes, through simulation, proposes an intelligent mixed control mode that converts the operation mode between the position mode and the rate mode intelligently by judging the operator's intention using the real-time measurement data. The effectiveness of the proposed intelligent mixed control mode is demonstrated and compared to other typical control modes through simulation and actual experiment.

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