• Title, Summary, Keyword: Raphael simulation

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Optimization of Capacitor Threshold VT Implantation for Planar P-MOS DRAM Cell (평면구조 P-MOS DRAM 셀의 커패시터 VT 이온주입의 최적화)

  • Chang Sung-Keun;Kim Youn-Jang
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.126-129
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    • 2006
  • We investigated an optimized condition of the capacitor threshold voltage implantation(capacitor $V_T$ Implant) in planar P-MOS DRAM Cell. Several samples with different condition of the capacitor $V_T$ Implant were prepared. It appeared that for the capacitor $V_T$ Implant of $BF_2\;2.0{\times}l0^{13}\;cm^{-2}$ 15 KeV, refresh time is three times larger than that of the sample, in which capacitor $V_T$ Implant is in $BF_2\;1.0{\times}l0^{13}\;cm^{-2}$ 15 KeV. Raphael simulation revealed that the lowed maximum electric field and lowed minimum depletion capacitance ($C_{MIN}$) under the capacitor resulted in well refresh characteristics.

Controller design for a hydrocone crusher I

  • Mwangobola, Raphael;Sasaki, Minoru;Fujisawa, fumio;Yamamoto, Hiroshi
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.259-262
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    • 1996
  • This paper proposes an approach in modeling a 4x60inch Allis Chalmers Hydrocone Crusher [1] hydroset and presents some numerical simulation results. The mining and quarry industry is one of the industries which extensively use hydrocone crushers, which are a family of cone crushers, for rock size reduction. Field studies have proved that if proper control and management of these machines is undertaken, they can yield an increased production output of more than 30%, in addition substantial savings in both energy consumption per unit ton produced and manpower can be easily realized. In order to achieve these economic benefits, high performance from these machines is expected. Implementing automatic control for such machines would be a great leap towards achieving both economic benefits and more effective fool-proof predictive maintenance. But, unfortunately, for such a control system to be designed, it necessary to make a mechatronical model of this plant. The plant model is able to give us an insight into variations of both the plant gap setting (displacement) and system pressure due to variable loading arising from the crushing process.

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Hyundai Motor's 4th NVH open BMT - Wind noise prediction on the HSM (Hyundai simplified model) using Ansys Fluent and LMS Virtual.Lab

  • Hallez, Raphael;Lee, Sang Yeop;Khondge, Ashok;Lee, Jeongwon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.562-562
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    • 2014
  • Assessment of aerodynamic noise is becoming increasingly important for automotive manufacturers. Flow passing a vehicle may indeed lead to high interior noise level and affect cabin comfort. Interior noise results from various mechanisms including aerodynamic fluctuations of the disturbed flow around the side mirror or pillar, hydrodynamic and acoustic loading of the car panels and windows, vibration of these panels and acoustic radiation inside the vehicle. Objective of the present study is to capture these important mechanisms in a simulation model and demonstrate the ability of the combined simulation tools Fluent / Virtual.Lab to provide accurate aerodynamic and interior noise prediction results. Previous study focused on the noise generated by the turbulence around the A-pillar structure of the HSM (Hyundai simplified model). The present study also includes the effect of the side-mirror and rain-gutter structures. Complete modeling process is presented including details on the unsteady CFD simulation and the vibro-acoustic model with absorption materials. Guidelines and best practices for building the simulation model are also discussed.

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Modeling of Parasitic Source/Drain Resistance in FinFET Considering 3D Current Flow (3차원적 전류 흐름을 고려한 FinFET의 기생 Source/Drain 저항 모델링)

  • An, TaeYoon;Kwon, Kee-Won;Kim, SoYoung
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics and Information Engineers
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    • v.50 no.10
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    • pp.67-75
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    • 2013
  • In this paper, an analytical model is presented for the source/drain parasitic resistance of FinFET. The parasitic resistance is a important part of a total resistance in FinFET because of current flow through the narrow fin. The model incorporates the contribution of contact and spreading resistances considering three-dimensional current flow. The contact resistance is modeled taking into account the current flow and parallel connection of dividing parts. The spreading resistance is modeled by difference between wide and narrow and using integral. We show excellent agreement between our model and simulation which is conducted by Raphael, 3D numerical field solver. It is possible to improve the accuracy of compact model such as BSIM-CMG using the proposed model.

Marine gas turbine monitoring and diagnostics by simulation and pattern recognition

  • Campora, Ugo;Cravero, Carlo;Zaccone, Raphael
    • International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.617-628
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    • 2018
  • Several techniques have been developed in the last years for energy conversion and aeronautic propulsion plants monitoring and diagnostics, to ensure non-stop availability and safety, mainly based on machine learning and pattern recognition methods, which need large databases of measures. This paper aims to describe a simulation based monitoring and diagnostic method to overcome the lack of data. An application on a gas turbine powered frigate is shown. A MATLAB-SIMULINK(R) model of the frigate propulsion system has been used to generate a database of different faulty conditions of the plant. A monitoring and diagnostic system, based on Mahalanobis distance and artificial neural networks have been developed. Experimental data measured during the sea trials have been used for model calibration and validation. Test runs of the procedure have been carried out in a number of simulated degradation cases: in all the considered cases, malfunctions have been successfully detected by the developed model.

Effect of Shield Line on Noise Margin and Refresh Time of Planar DRAM Cell for Embedded Application

  • Lee, Jung-Hwan;Jeon, Seong-Do;Chang, Sung-Keun
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.583-588
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    • 2004
  • In this paper we investigate the effect of a shield metal line inserted between adjacent bit lines on the refresh time and noise margin in a planar DRAM cell. The DRAM cell consists of an access transistor, which is biased to 2.5V during operation, and an NMOS capacitor having the capacitance of 10fF per unit cell and a cell size of $3.63{\mu}m^2$. We designed a 1Mb DRAM with an open bit-line structure. It appears that the refresh time is increased from 4.5 ms to 12 ms when the shield metal line is inserted. Also, it appears that no failure occurs when $V_{cc}$ is increased from 2.2 V to 3 V during a bump up test, while it fails at 2.8 V without a shield metal line. Raphael simulation reveals that the coupling noise between adjacent bit lines is reduced to 1/24 when a shield metal line is inserted, while total capacitance per bit line is increased only by 10%.

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Ballistic behavior of steel sheet subjected to impact and perforation

  • Jankowiak, Tomasz;Rusinek, Alexis;Kpenyigba, K.M.;Pesci, Raphael
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.595-609
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    • 2014
  • The paper is reporting some comparisons between experimental and numerical results in terms of failure mode, failure time and ballistic properties of mild steel sheet. Several projectile shapes have been considered to take into account the stress triaxiality effect on the failure mode during impact, penetration and perforation. The initial and residual velocities as well as the failure time have been measured during the tests to estimate more physical quantities. It has to be noticed that the failure time was defined using a High Speed Camera (HSC). Thanks to it, the impact forces (average and maximum level), were analyzed using numerical simulations together with an analytical description coupled to experimental observations. The key point of the model is the consideration of a shape function to define the pulse loading during perforation.