• Title, Summary, Keyword: Radiotherapy

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Meta-analysis of Associations between ATM Asp1853Asn and TP53 Arg72Pro Polymorphisms and Adverse Effects of Cancer Radiotherapy

  • Su, Meng;Yin, Zhi-Hua;Wu, Wei;Li, Xue-Lian;Zhou, Bao-Sen
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.24
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    • pp.10675-10681
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    • 2015
  • Background: The ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) protein and p53 play key roles in sensing and repairing radiation-induced DNA double strand breaks (DSBs). Accumulating epidemiological evidence indicates that functional genetic variants in ATM and TP53 genes may have an impact on the risk of radiotherapy-induced side effects. Here we performed a meta-analysis to investigate the potential interaction between ATM Asp1853Asn and TP53 polymorphisms and risk of radiotherapy-induced adverse effects quantitatively. Materials and Methods: Relevant articles were retrieved from PubMed, ISI Web of Science and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases. Eligible studies were selected according to specific inclusion and exclusion criteria. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were pooled to estimate the association between ATM Asp1853Asn and TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphisms and risk of radiotherapy adverse effects. All analyses were performed using the Stata software. Results: A total of twenty articles were included in the present analysis. In the overall analysis, no significant associations between ATM Asp1853Asn and TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphisms and the risk of radiotherapy adverse effects were found. We conducted subgroup analysis stratified by type of cancer, region and time of appearance of side effects subsequently. No significant association between ATM Asp1853Asn and risk of radiotherapy adverse effects was found in any subgroup analysis. For TP53 Arg72Pro, variant C allele was associated with decreased radiotherapy adverse effects risk among Asian cancer patients in the stratified analysis by region (OR=0.71, 95%CI: 0.54-0.93, p=0.012). No significant results were found in the subgroup analysis of tumor type and time of appearance of side effects. Conclusions: The TP53 Arg72Pro C allele might be a protective factor of radiotherapy-induced adverse effects among cancer patients from Asia. Further studies that take into consideration treatment-related factors and patient lifestyle including environmental exposures are warranted.

Simultaneous Modulated Accelerated Radiation Therapy and Concurrent Weekly Paclitaxel in the Treatment of Locally Advanced Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

  • Xie, Cong-Ying;Jin, Xian-Ce;Deng, Xia;Xue, Sheng-Liu;Jing, Zhao;Su, Hua-Fang;Wu, Shi-Xiu
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.12
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    • pp.6129-6132
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of simultaneous accelerated radiation therapy (SMART) and concurrent weekly paclitaxel in the treatment of locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Methods: Forty-one patients with pathologically confirmed nasopharyngeal carcinoma were treated by SMART with concurrent weekly paclitaxel. Daily fraction doses of 2.5 Gy and 2.0 Gy were prescribed to the gross tumor volume (GTV) and clinical target volume (CTV) to a total dose of 70 Gy and 56 Gy, respectively. Paclitaxel of $45mg/m^2$ was administered concurrently with radiation therapy every week. Adjuvant chemotherapy was given four weeks after the completion of the radiotherapy (RT) if the tumor demonstrated only a partial response (PR). Results: All patients completed the radiotherapy (RT) course. Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered to 12 patients due to PR. The CR (complete remission) rate was 82.9% three months after RT. Thirty-nine (95.1%) patients completed the concurrent weekly chemotherapy with paclitaxel, and two patients skipped their sixth course. Seven patients had a 15% dosage reduction at the fifth and sixth course due to grade 3 mucositis. The median follow-up was 30 (range, 14-42) months. The three-year overall survival (OS), metastases-free survival (MFS), and local control rates were 77.0%, 64.4%, and 97.6%, respectively. No correlation between survival rate and T or N stage was observed. Grade 3 acute mucositis and xerostomia were present in 17.1% and 7.1%, respectively. Conclusion: SMART with concurrent weekly paclitaxel is a potentially effective and toxicity tolerable approach in the treatment of locally advanced NPC.

A Study of Institutional Status of Risk Management for Radiotherapy in Foreign Country

  • Lee, Soon Sung;Shin, Dong Oh;Ji, Young Hoon;Kim, Dong Wook;An, Sohyoun;Park, Dong-Wook;Cho, Gyu Suk;Kim, Kum-Bae;Koo, Jihye;Oh, Yoon-Jin;Choi, Sang Hyoun
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.139-145
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    • 2016
  • With the development in field of industry and medicine, new machines and techniques are being launched. Moreover, the complexity of the techniques is associated to an increasing risk of incident. Especially, a small error in radiotherapy can lead to a serious patient-related incident, risk management is necessary in radiotherapy in order to reduce the risk of incident. However, in field of radiotherapy, there are no legally binding clauses for risk management and there is an absence of risk management systems at an institutional level. Therefore, we analyzed institutional status of risk management, reporting & classification systems, and risk assessment & analysis in 31 countries. For risk management and reporting systems, 65% of countries investigated had legislation or regulations; however, only 35% of countries used classification systems. It was found that 43% more countries had legislation for risk management in healthcare than those for radiotherapy; 19% more countries had reporting systems for healthcare than those for radiotherapy. For classification systems, 60% more countries had legislation, recommendation, and guidelines in the field of radiotherapy than those for healthcare. Recently, international institutes have published several reports for risk management and patient safety in radiotherapy, owing to which, countries adopting risk management for radiotherapy will gradually increase. Before adopting risk management in Korea, we should precisely understand the procedures and functions of risk management, in order to increase efficiency of risk management because classification & reporting system and risk assessment & analysis are connected organically, and institutional management is needed for high quality of risk management in Korea.

Dosimetric Evaluation of 3-D Conformal and Intensity-modulated Radiotherapy for Breast Cancer after Conservative Surgery

  • Mansouri, Safae;Naim, Asmaa;Glaria, Luis;Marsiglia, Hugo
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.11
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    • pp.4727-4732
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    • 2014
  • Background: Breast cancers are becoming more frequently diagnosed at early stages with improved long term outcomes. Late normal tissue complications induced by radiotherapy must be avoided with new breast radiotherapy techniques being developed. The aim of the study was to compare dosimetric parameters of planning target volume (PTV) and organs at risk between conformal (CRT) and intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) after breast-conserving surgery. Materials and Methods: A total of 20 patients with early stage left breast cancer received adjuvant radiotherapy after conservative surgery, 10 by 3D-CRT and 10 by IMRT, with a dose of 50 Gy in 25 sessions. Plans were compared according to dose-volume histogram analyses in terms of PTV homogeneity and conformity indices as well as organs at risk dose and volume parameters. Results: The HI and CI of PTV showed no difference between 3D-CRT and IMRT, V95 gave 9.8% coverage for 3D-CRT versus 99% for IMRT, V107 volumes were recorded 11% and 1.3%, respectively. Tangential beam IMRT increased volume of ipsilateral lung V5 average of 90%, ipsilateral V20 lung volume was 13%, 19% with IMRT and 3D-CRT respectively. Patients treated with IMRT, heart volume encompassed by 60% isodose (30 Gy) reduced by average 42% (4% versus 7% with 3D-CRT), mean heart dose by average 35% (495cGy versus 1400 cGy with 3D-CRT). In IMRT minimal heart dose average is 356 cGy versus 90cGy in 3D-CRT. Conclusions: IMRT reduces irradiated volumes of heart and ipsilateral lung in high-dose areas but increases irradiated volumes in low-dose areas in breast cancer patients treated on the left side.

Art therapy using famous painting appreciation maintains fatigue levels during radiotherapy in cancer patients

  • Koom, Woong Sub;Choi, Mi Yeon;Lee, Jeongshim;Park, Eun Jung;Kim, Ju Hye;Kim, Sun-Hyun;Kim, Yong Bae
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.135-144
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of art therapy to control fatigue in cancer patients during course of radiotherapy and its impact on quality of life (QoL). Materials and Methods: Fifty cancer patients receiving radiotherapy received weekly art therapy sessions using famous painting appreciation. Fatigue and QoL were assessed using the Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI) Scale and the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-F) at baseline before starting radiotherapy, every week for 4 weeks during radiotherapy, and at the end of radiotherapy. Mean changes of scores over time were analyzed using a generalized linear mixed model. Results: Of the 50 patients, 34 (68%) participated in 4 sessions of art therapy. Generalized linear mixed models testing for the effect of time on mean score changes showed no significant changes in scores from baseline for the BFI and FACIT-F. The mean BFI score and FACIT-F total score changed from 3.1 to 2.7 and from 110.7 to 109.2, respectively. Art therapy based on the appreciation of famous paintings led to increases in self-esteem by increasing self-realization and forming social relationships. Conclusion: Fatigue and QoL in cancer patients with art therapy do not deteriorate during a period of radiotherapy. Despite the single-arm small number of participants and pilot design, this study provides a strong initial demonstration that art therapy of appreciation for famous painting is worthy of further study for fatigue and QoL improvement. Further, it can play an important role in routine practice in cancer patients during radiotherapy.

Radiotherapy and Concurrent Chemo-Radiotherapy in Locally Advanced Hypopharyngeal Cancers - A Hospital Registry Based Analysis

  • Sharma, Jagannath Dev;Krishnatreya, Manigreeva;Das, Ashok Kumar;Bhattacharyya, Mouchumee;Hazarika, Munlima;Kataki, Amal Chandra;Baishya, Nizara;Nandy, Pintu
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.11
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    • pp.4723-4726
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    • 2015
  • Background: The survival of patients with hypopharyngeal cancer is low amongst head and neck cancer cases. The incidence rates of hypopharyngeal cancers in our population are amongst the highest in the world and there are limited data available on the literature on varied responses to first course of treatment with radiotherapy (RT) and concurrent chemo-radiotherapy (CRT) in our population. Materials and Methods: Clinical characteristics and initial responses to treatment in patients who had received radiotherapy and chemo-radiotherapy in a regional cancer center from January 2010 to December 2013 were evaluated. The data were obtained from the hospital cancer registry, and analysis was carried using descriptive statistics. Pearson's chi-square was used to test for differences in the variables and p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: A total of 554 patients were included in the analysis, 411 (74.2%) receiving RT and 143 (25.8%) being given CRT. There was significantly lower number of patients above 70 years with a higher proportion of patients below 50 years who had received CRT (p<0.05). Some 79.3% and 84.6% of patients in the RT and CRT groups respectively presented with a favorable performance status, and in the RT group 240 (58.4%) showed complete response (CR), and in the CRT group 103 (72.0%) showed CR at the first follow-up (p<0.05). Conclusions: Concurrent chemo-radiotherapy gives better short term response to treatment in locally advanced hypopharyngeal cancers.

Efficacy of adjuvant radiotherapy in non-extremity soft tissue sarcoma with moderate chemosensitivity

  • Lee, Eun Mi;Kim, Dong Hyun;Kim, Do Young;Seol, Young Mi;Choi, Young Jin;Kim, Hyojeong
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.325-331
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: Soft tissue sarcoma (STS) is a rare and heterogeneous cancer with over 50 known subtypes. It is difficult to understand the role of adjuvant treatment in STS. We aimed to determine the benefits of adjuvant treatment for a rare STS subset: non-extremity STS with moderate chemosensitivity. Materials and Methods: We reviewed medical records from Pusan National University Hospital and Kosin University Gospel Hospital, which had detailed pathological reports on patients diagnosed between 2006 and 2016. The most important inclusion criterion was resection with curative intent. We grouped STS by chemosensitivity based on reported data and analyzed non-extremity STS with moderate chemosensitivity. Results: We investigated 142 patients with 20 pathological subtypes of STS. Eighty-six patients had extremity STS and 56 had non-extremity STS. Thirty-eight of 56 patients were categorized as having moderate chemosensitivity. Seventeen of 38 patients (44.7%) received adjuvant radiotherapy and 14 (36.8%) received adjuvant chemotherapy. A log-rank test showed longer disease-free survival (DFS) in the adjuvant radiotherapy group than in the group treated without adjuvant radiotherapy (not reached vs. 1.468 years, p = 0.037). Multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis, with covariates including age, stage, resection margin, adjuvant chemotherapy, and adjuvant radiotherapy, revealed that adjuvant radiotherapy was associated with longer DFS (odds ratio = 0.369, p = 0.045). Overall survival was not correlated with adjuvant radiotherapy. Conclusion: Adjuvant radiotherapy may be associated with longer DFS in patients with non-extremity STS with moderate chemosensitivity.

Hypofractionated radiotherapy for early glottic cancer: a retrospective interim analysis of a single institution

  • Lee, Jeong Won;Lee, Jeong Eun;Park, Junhee;Sohn, Jin Ho;Ahn, Dongbin
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.82-90
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: To evaluate the results of hypofractionated radiotherapy (HFX) for early glottic cancer. Materials and Methods: Eighty-five patients with cT1-2N0M0 squamous cell carcinoma of the glottis who had undergone HFX, performed using intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT, n = 66) and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D CRT, n = 19) were analyzed. For all patients, radiotherapy was administered at 60.75 Gy in 27 fractions. Forty-three patients received a simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) of 2.3-2.5 Gy per tumor fraction. Results: The median follow-up duration was 29.9 months (range, 5.5 to 76.5 months). All patients achieved complete remission at a median of 50 days after the end of radiotherapy (range, 14 to 206 days). The 5-year rates for locoregional recurrence-free survival was 88.1%, and the 5-year overall survival rate was 86.2%. T2 stage was a prognostic factor for locoregional recurrence-free survival after radiotherapy (p = 0.002). SIB for the tumor did not affect disease control and survival (p = 0.191 and p = 0.387, respectively). No patients experienced acute or chronic toxicities of ≥grade 3. IMRT significantly decreased the dose administered to the carotid artery as opposed to 3D CRT (V35, p < 0.001; V50, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Patients treated with HFX achieved acceptable locoregional disease control rates and overall survival rates compared with previous HFX studies. A fraction size of 2.25 Gy provided good disease control regardless of SIB administration.

Radiotherapy for Benign Diseases (양성질환의 방사선치료)

  • Choi, Sang Gyu
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.611-618
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    • 2016
  • Radiotherapy, as a major 3 standard treatment for cancer, traditionally it has been useful treatment that aim of curative or palliative setting. In addition to some proliferative or inflammatory benign disease are also included in field of radiotherapy. Unlike cancer, in the case of benign disease, it shows good treatment result from usage of some medication, conservative management or surgery. But if fail of these treatment or impossible, low dose radiotherapy is use adjuvant or replacement treatment so that there are no harmful side effect result in safety and easy management for reduce pain or recurrence. Recently, the technical advances in radiotherapy that have been achieved make preservation of normal tissue and the clinical application of high precision radiotherapy focus to selective lesions is possible, and it makes useful treatment in senile patients especially.

Decrease of Irradiated Volume using Rotational Treatment by Avoidance Sector in Radiation Therapy for Esophageal Cancer (식도암의 방사선치료에서 부분 각도에 의한 회전 치료를 이용한 조사체적의 감소)

  • Hwang, Chulhwan;Kim, Seong Hu;Koo, Jae Heung;Son, Jong Ki
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.583-592
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    • 2018
  • In this study, plans to apply 3D conformal radiotherapy, intensity modulated radiotherapy, and volumetric intensity modulated arc radiotherapy to esophageal cancer radiotherapy were compared. In particular, arc therapy was applied to reduce irradiated volume and spread of low-dose during intensity modulated radiation therapy and volumetric intensity modulated arc radiotherapy by limiting part of irradiated angle, in order to compare target doses and dose for surrounding normal tissues of the two methods and those of 3D conformal radiotherapy. No significant difference in target dose was found among the three methods. The 5 Gy volume(V5) of the lung showed 56.53% of conformal radiotherapy, 52.03% of intensity modulated radiotherapy, and 47.84% of volumetric modulated arc therapy(CRT-IMRT p=0.035, CRT-VMAT p<0.001, IMRT-VMAT p<0.001). The 10 Gy volume(V10) showed a significant difference in conformal radiotherapy 35.12%, intensity modulated radiotherapy 34.04%, and volumetric modulated arc radiotherapy 33.28%, showing significant difference in intensity modulated radiotherapy(p=0.018), volumetric modulated arc therapy(p=0.035), no significant difference in dose was found at 20 Gy volume. The mean dose and 20 Gy volume of the heart were not significantly different according to the treatment plan, but the 30 and 40 Gy volumes were 37.16% and 22.46% in the volumetric modulated arc radiotherapy, showing significant differences(p=0.028) in comparison with conformal radiotherapy. It is believed that, by limiting part of the irradiated angle during intensity modulated radiotherapy and volumetric intensity modulated arc radiotherapy, the irradiated volume and, thereby, the 5-10 Gy area and toxicity of the lung can be reduced while maintaining dose distribution of the target dose.