• Title, Summary, Keyword: Radiosonde

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Radiosonde Sensors Bias in Precipitable Water Vapor From Comparisons With Global Positioning System Measurements

  • Park, Chang-Geun;Roh, Kyoung-Min;Cho, Jung-Ho
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.295-303
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    • 2012
  • In this study, we compared the precipitable water vapor (PWV) data derived from the radiosonde observation data at Sokcho Observatory and the PWV data at Sokcho Global Positioning System (GPS) Observatory provided by Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, for the years of 2006, 2008, 2010, and analyzed the radiosonde seasonal, diurnal bias according to radiosonde sensor types. In the scatter diagram of the daytime and nighttime radiosonde PWV data and the GPS PWV data, dry bias was found in the daytime radiosonde observation as known in the previous study. Overall, the tendency that the wet bias of the radiosonde PWV increased as the GPS PWV decreased and the dry bias of the radiosonde PWV increased as the GPS PWV increased. The quantitative analysis of the bias and error of the radiosonde PWV data showed that the mean bias decreased in the nighttime except for 2006 winter, and in comparison for summer, RS92-SGP sensor showed the highest quality.

Compensation for The Solar Radiation Effect of Radiosonde's Temperature Sensor Using Solar Panel (솔라패널을 이용한 라디오존데 온도센서의 일사보정)

  • Park, Myeong-Seok;Lee, Jin-Wook;Jeung, Se-Jin;Jang, Jea-Won
    • Atmosphere
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.283-294
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    • 2019
  • For the upper air observations, a temperature measurement using radiosonde is a common method, and the compensation of solar radiation effects in the radiosonde temperature sensor is an important factor. In this paper, we present various experiments and compensation methods of the radiosonde temperature sensor to overcome the errors caused by the movement of the radiosonde rotation, etc. The methods and procedures of this study are as follows. First, we used the solar simulator to analyze the temperature variation and solar effect of the temperature sensor in the radiosonde according to the insolation. We also analyzed the temperature variation and solar effect of the temperature sensor according to the incident angle between the solar simulator and radiosonde. Second, we measured and analyzed solar radiation absorbed by solar cells attached to radiosonde. Third, we present combined compensate solution of the first and the second experiment results, to overcome errors caused by insolation effects in the radiosonde temperature sensors. Fourth, we compared that the reference temperature in similar environment with the upper air conditions, to verify the new radiated compensation performance of the radiosonde temperature sensor. Finally, the radiosonde fabricated in this study was raised to the atmosphere, and the laser correction algorithm proposed through experiments was reviewed. As a result of the radiosonde SRS-10 produced in this study, the temperature deviation from Vaisala RS92 was $0.057^{\circ}C$ in nighttime observation, $0.17^{\circ}C$ in daytime observation, It is expected that the GRUAN under WMO will be able to obtain a high test rating of 5.0.

Analysis of Radiosonde Daily Bias by Comparing Precipitable Water Vapor Obtained from Global Positioning System and Radiosonde

  • Park, Chang-Geun;Cho, Jung-Ho
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.367-375
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    • 2010
  • In this study, we compared the precipitable water vapor (PWV) data derived from the radiosonde observation data at Sokcho Observatory and the PWV data at Sokcho Global Positioning System (GPS) Observatory provided by Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, from 0000 UTC, June 1, 2007 to 1200 UTC, May 31, 2009, and analyzed the radiosonde bias between the day and the night. In the scatter diagram of the daytime and nighttime radiosonde PWV data and the GPS PWV data, dry bias was found in the daytime radiosonde observation as known in the previous study. In addition, for all the rainfall events, the tendency that the wet bias of the radiosonde PWV increased as the GPS PWV decreased and the dry bias of the radiosonde PWV increased as the GPS PWV increased was significantly less distinctive in nighttime than in daytime. The quantitative analysis of the bias and error of the radiosonde PWV data showed that the mean bias decreased in the second year, regardless of nighttime or daytime rainfall, and the non-rainfall root mean square error (RMSE) was similar to that of the previous studies, while the rainfall RMSE was larger to a certain extent.

COMPARISON OF TEMPERATURE DERIVED FROM THE MICROWAVE SOUNDING UNIT AND MONTHLY UPPER AIR DATA.

  • Hwang, Byong-Jun;Kim, So-Hyun;Chung, Hyo-Sang
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.491-495
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    • 1999
  • We compared the satellite observed temperature with the radiosonde observed temperature in the Korean Peninsula. The radiosonde observed data were obtained from four upper air observation stations in the Korean Peninsula from 1981 to 1998, and that was compared with the satellite observed data of the channel-2 and channel-4 of microwave sounding unit(MSU) on board NOAA series of polar-orbiting satellites. The radiosonde data were reconstructed into monthly radiosonde T$_{b}$ using MSU weighting function. The monthly climatology shows radiosonde T$_{b2}$ is higher than MSU T$_{b2}$ in summer. The correlation between MSU T$_{b2}$ and radiosonde T$_{b2}$ is 0.72-0.76 and 0.73-0.81 between MSU T$_{b4}$ and radiosonde T$_{b4}$.

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The Analysis of Changma Structure using Radiosonde Observational Data from KEOP-2007: Part I. the Assessment of the Radiosonde Data (KEOP-2007 라디오존데 관측자료를 이용한 장마 특성 분석: Part I. 라디오존데 관측 자료 평가 분석)

  • Kim, Ki-Hoon;Kim, Yeon-Hee;Chang, Dong-Eon
    • Atmosphere
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.213-226
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    • 2009
  • In order to investigate the characteristics of Changma over the Korean peninsula, KEOP-2007 IOP (Intensive Observing Period) was conducted from 15 June 2007 to 15 July 2007. KEOP-2007 IOP is high spatial and temporal radiosonde observations (RAOB) which consisted of three special stations (Munsan, Haenam, and Ieodo) from National Institute of Meteorological Research, five operational stations (Sokcho, Baengnyeongdo, Pohang, Heuksando, and Gosan) from Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA), and two operational stations (Osan and Gwangju) from Korean Air Force (KAF) using four different types of radiosonde sensors. The error statistics of the sensor of radiosonde were investigated using quality control check. The minimum and maximum error frequency appears at the sensor of RS92-SGP and RS1524L respectively. The error frequency of DFM-06 tends to increase below 200 hPa but RS80-15L and RS1524L show vice versa. Especially, the error frequency of RS1524L tends to increase rapidly over 200 hPa. Systematic biases of radiosonde show warm biases in case of temperature and dry biases in case of relative humidity compared with ECMWF (European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecast) analysis data and precipitable water vapor from GPS. The maximum and minimum values of systematic bias appear at the sensor of DFM-06 and RS92-SGP in case of temperature and RS80-15L and DFM-06 in case of relative humidity. The systematic warm and dry biases at all sensors tend to increase during daytime than nighttime because air temperature around sensor increases from the solar heating during daytime. Systematic biases of radiosonde are affected by the sensor type and the height of the sun but random errors are more correlated with the moisture conditions at each observation station.

Comparison of temperature Derived from the Microwave Sounding Unit and Radiosonde Observation Data in Korea (한반도 지역의 마이크로파 위성자료와 고층관측자료의 비교)

  • 김소현;황병준;안명환;정효상;김금란
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 2000
  • We compared the satellite observed temperature with the radiosonde observed temperature in the Korean Peninsula. The radiosonde observed data were obtained from four upper air observation stations in the Korean Peninsula from 1981 to 1998, and were compared with the satellite observed data of the channel-2 and channel-4 of microwave sounding unit(MSU) on board NOAA series of polar-orbiting satellites. The radiosonde data were reconstructed from radiosonde T$_b$ using MSU weighting function. The monthly climatology shows radiosonde T$_{b2}$ is higher than MSU T$_{b2}$ in summer. The correlation between MSU T$_{b2}$ and radiosonde T$_{b2}$ is 0.72-0.76 and 0.73-0.81 between MSU T$_{b4}$ and radiosonde T$_{b4}$. The T$_{b2}$ show a positive trend and the T$_{b4}$ has a negative trend during the 18 years.

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Analysis on Characteristics of Radiosonde Bias Using GPS Precipitable Water Vapor

  • Park, Chang-Geun;Baek, Jeong-Ho;Cho, Jung-Ho
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.213-220
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    • 2010
  • As an observation instrument of the longest record of tropospheric water vapor, radiosonde data provide upper-air pressure (geopotential height), temperature, humidity and wind. However, the data have some well-known elements related to inaccuracy. In this article, radiosonde precipitable water vapor (PWV) at Sokcho observatory was compared with global positioning system (GPS) PWV during each summertime of year 2007 and 2008 and the biases were calculated. As a result, the mean bias showed negative values regardless of the rainfall occurrence. In addition, on the basis of GPS PWV, the maximum root mean square error (RMSE) was 5.67 mm over the radiosonde PWV.

The Analysis of the Characteristics of Aircraft Turbulence using Radiosonde data (Radiosonde 자료를 이용한 항공기 난류 특성 분석)

  • Kim, Young-Chul;Park, Sang-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.94-99
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is analysis of aircraft turbulence of mid Korea using VWS from Osan radiosonde data and comparison with the PIREPs reporting the aircraft turbulence during $1990{\sim}1999$. The results of this study summarized that the frequence of aircraft events is more higher in winter time and in lower level(near the surface) of the atmosphere from VWS analysis using radiosonde data. And comparison with PIREPs data shows that relatively high skill score(44%) using the VWS method. It appears that the operational forecast skill score of aircraft turbulence is much higher using VWS than empirical method, due to the upgrade of the discrimination criteria of the aircraft turbulence.

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Analysis on Characteristics of Radiosonde Sensors Bias Using Precipitable Water Vapor from Sokcho Global Navigation Satellite System Observatory (속초 GNSS 가강수량을 이용한 라디오존데 센서별 편향 분석)

  • Park, Chang-Geun;Cho, Jungho;Shim, Jae-Kwan;Choi, Byoung-Choel
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.263-274
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    • 2016
  • In this study, we compared the Precipitable Water Vapor (PWV) data derived from the radiosonde observation at Sokcho observatory and the PWV data at Sokcho Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) observatory provided by Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, for the summer of 2007~2014, and analyzed the radiosonde diurnal and rainfall-dependent bias according to radiosonde sensor types. In the scatter diagram of the daytime and nighttime radiosonde PWV data and GNSS PWV data, dry bias was found in the daytime radiosonde observation as known in the previous study and dry bias of RSG-20A sensor was larger than other sensors. Overall, the tendency that the wet bias of the radiosonde PWV increased as GNSS PWV decreased and the dry bias of the radiosonde PWV increased as GNSS PWV increased. The quantitative analysis of the bias and error of the radiosonde PWV data showed that the mean bias decreased in the nighttime except for 2007, 2008 summer. In comparison for summer according to the presence or absence of rainfall, RS92-SGP sensor showed the highest quality.

The Performance Assessment of Special Observation Program (ProbeX-2009) and the Analysis on the Characteristics of Precipitation at the Ulleungdo (울릉도 특별관측 수행평가 및 강수특성 분석)

  • Kim, Ki-Hoon;Kim, Yeon-Hee;Kim, Do-Woo;Chang, Dong-Eon
    • Atmosphere
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.185-196
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    • 2011
  • The performance assessment in radiosonde observation on the special observation program (ProbeX-2009) is performed and the characteristics of precipitation using Auto Weather System (AWS) and radiosonde data in 2009 at the Ulleungdo are investigated. The launching time, observation time, and maximum altitude of radiosonde are satisfied with the regulation from Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA) and World Meteorological Organization (WMO) but the duration of observational time of radiosonde is much shorter than that of the ProbeX-2007 because the altitude of launching site is higher than others in 2007. From the analysis of trajectories of radiosonde, most radiosondes at the Ulleungdo tend to move into the east because the westerly prevail at the middle latitude. However, when the Okhotsk high is expanded to the Korean peninsula and the north-westerly winds strengthen over the East Sea as the subtropical high is retreated, radiosonde tends to move into the south-west and south-east, respectively. Maximum distance appears at the end of observation level before May but the level of maximum distance is changed into 100 hPa after June because the prevailing wind direction is reversed from westerly to easterly at the stratosphere during summer time. The condition of precipitation was more correlated with the dynamic instability except Changma season. Precipitation in 2009 at the Ulleungdo occurred under the marine climate so that total precipitation amounts and precipitation intensity were increased and intensified during nighttime. The local environment favorable for the precipitation during nighttime was while the wind speed at the surface and the inflow from the shoreline were strengthened. Precipitation events also affected by synoptic condition but the localized effect induced by topography was more strengthened at the northern part of Ulleungdo.