• Title, Summary, Keyword: Radical Line

Search Result 236, Processing Time 0.047 seconds

ESR-Spin Trapping Detection of Radical Center Formed on the Reaction of Metmyoglobin with Hydrogen Peroxide

  • Jeong, Sang-Hyeon;Hong, Sun-Joo
    • BMB Reports
    • /
    • v.28 no.4
    • /
    • pp.293-300
    • /
    • 1995
  • The radical centers detected in the reaction of metmyoglobin (MetMb) with hydrogen peroxide ($H_2O_2$) have been studied by using a spin trapping technique. A broad 5-line asymmetric electron spin resonance (ESR) spectrum, with $2A_{max}=4.07\;mT$ and $2A_{min}=2.97\;mT$, obtained after incubation of MetMb with $H_2O_2$ in the presence of a spin trap, 5,5-dimethyl pyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO) was gradually weakened with time and disappeared completely by 6 min after addition of guanidine-HCl (14 M). When a higher concentration (6 M) of the agent was added, the signal disappeared within 40 see and the DMPO/OH signal appeared immediately. Then, a new 8-line signal with similar intensities grew gradually and was fixed by 45 min, coexisting with the DMPO/OH signal. This new signal was found to be composite, consisting of two different radical species. One of the 6-line signals, with $a_N$ 1.49 mT and $a_H$ 0.988 mT, was assigned to the DMPO/phenoxyl radical adduct. The second 6-line signal with $a_N$ 1.55 mT and $a_H$ 2.22 mT was assigned to carbon-centered radical adduct. When 3,3,5,5-tetramethylpyrrolin-N-oxide (TMPO), was employed in the place of DMPO, another broad asymmetric 5-line signal was detected with $2A_{max}=3.99\;mT$ and $2A_{min}=3.04\;mT$, which is virtually identical to that obtained from the DMPO system The shape of the spectrum of the TMPO adduct changed drastically, with lapse of time resulting in a broad singlet after 40 min. The broad singlet was assigned to the porphyrin radical adduct. Incubation of globin with Fenton reagent in the presence of DMPO initially gave a DMPO/OH signal. Then, a new 12-line signal began to grow after one minute and fixed after 15 min. coexisting with the DMPO/OH signal, This 12-line signal was assigned to DMPO/phenoxyl with $a_N$ 1.47 mT, $a_{{\beta}H}$ 0.99 mT and $a_{{\gamma}H}$ 0.13 mT. A minor concentration of carbon-centered radical adduct was also detected. This radical composition is identical to that of guanidine HCl treated MetMb/DMPO/$H_2O_2$ system, indicating that the radical producing conditions are somehow common in both systems. Heme iron can be released by excess $H_2O_2$ in the MetMb/$H_2O_2$ system, providing for Fenton reagent. When MetMb was pretreated with tyrosine blocking agent, $KI_3$ the broad 5.line MetMb-derived signal was not detected in the MetMb/DMPO/$H_2O_2$ system, whereas no such effect was detected on such system of Hb in which the radical center was assigned to cysteine residue not tyrosine, indicating that tyrosine residue is a main radical center produced in the MetMb/$H_2O_2$ system Thus, the present data strongly support the previous indication that the apomyoglobin-derived radical center formed in the reaction of MetMb with $H_2O_2$ is a tyrosine residue.

  • PDF

Range-free localization algorithm between sensor nodes based on the Radical Line for Sensor Networks (센서 네트워크를 위한 Radical line을 기반으로 한 센서 노드간의 Range-free 지역화 알고리즘)

  • Shin, Bong Hi;Jeon, Hye Kyoung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.14 no.8
    • /
    • pp.261-267
    • /
    • 2016
  • In this paper, we studied the range-free localization algorithm between sensor nodes based on the Radical Line for sensor networks. Routing in wireless sensor networks should reduce the overall energy consumption of the sensor network, or induce equivalent energy consumption of all the sensor nodes. In particular, when the amount of data to send more data, the energy consumption becomes worse. New methods have been proposed to address this. So as to allow evenly control the overall energy consumption. For this, the paper covers designing a localization algorithm that can obtain the location information of the peripheral nodes with fewer operations. For the operation of the algorithm is applicable Radical Line. The experimental environment is windows 7, the Visual C ++ 2010, MSSQL 2008. The experimental results could be localized to perform an error rate of 0.1837.

First-principles Study of the Structure and Growth Mechanism of Allyl Alcohol Lines on the H-terminated Si(001)

  • Choi, Yun-Ki;Choi, Jin-Ho;Cho, Jun-Hyung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.184-184
    • /
    • 2011
  • Using first-principles density-functional calculations, we investigate the chain reaction mechanism of allyl alcohol (ALA) molecules on the H-terminated Si(001)-2${\times}$1 surface. Recently, it was reported [1] that allyl mercaptan (ALM) molecules show a self-directed line growth across the dimer rows through a chain reaction involving several reaction processes: (i) The created radical at the C atom is transferred to the S atom, (ii) the resulting S-centered radical easily abstracts an H atom from the neighboring dimer row, and (iii) the generated S-H group further reacts with the neighboring dimer row to produce the Si-S bond on the neighboring dimer row, accompanying the associative desorption of H2. This H2-desorption process creates a new DB on the neighboring dimer row, setting off the chain reaction across the dimer rows. In the present study, we find that although the structure of ALA with -OH functional is analogous to that of ALM with -SH functional, ALA and ALM lines show a difference in their growth direction. We predict that ALA undergoes the chain reaction to show a line growth along the dimer row, contrasting with the ALM line growth across the Si dimer rows. Our analysis shows that the different growth direction of ALA is due to the strong instability of oxygen radical intermediate, which prevents from growing across the dimer rows. Thus, we demonstrate that the stability of the radical intermediate plays a crucial role in determining the direction of molecular line growth.

  • PDF

Rapid Identification of Radical Scavenging Compounds in Blueberry Extract by HPLC Coupled to an On-line ABTS Based Assay and HPLC-ESI/MS

  • Kim, Chul-Young;Lee, Hee-Ju;Lee, Eun-Ha;Jung, Sang-Hoon;Lee, Dong-Un;Kang, Suk-Woo;Hong, Sae-Jin;Um, Byung-Hun
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.17 no.4
    • /
    • pp.846-849
    • /
    • 2008
  • This study employed high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled to an on-line $ABTS^+$ radical scavenging detection (RSD) system along with HPLC-electro spin impact/mass spectrometry (ESI/MS), to rapidly determine and identify antioxidant compounds occurring in blueberry extract. The extract was separated by HPLC, and then the radical scavenging activities of the separated compounds were evaluated by the on-line coupled $ABTS^+$-RSD system. The negative peaks of the $ABTS^+$-RSD system, which indicates the presence of antioxidant activity, were monitored by measuring the decrease in absorbance at 734 nm. The active components in the blueberry extract were identified by HPLC-ESI/MS using their MS spectra and retention times. According to the data acquired from the on-line HPLC-$ABTS^+$-based assay and HPLC-ESI/MS systems, the antioxidant compounds detected in the blueberry extract were identified as chlorogenic acid and 11 anthocyanins.

The Method of Localization using Radical Line among Sensor Nodes under the Internet Of Things (사물 인터넷 환경에서 Radical Line을 이용한 센서 노드간의 지역화방법)

  • Shin, Bong-Hi;Jeon, Hye-Kyoung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.13 no.7
    • /
    • pp.207-212
    • /
    • 2015
  • The sensor network that is component of the Internet of Things require a lot of research to select the best route to send information to the anchor node, to collect a number of environment and cost efficient for communication between the sensor life. On the sensor network in one of the components of IOT's environment, sensor nodes are an extension device with low power low capacity. For routing method for data transmission between the sensor nodes, the connection between the anchor and the node must be accurate with in adjacent areas relatively. Localization CA (Centroid Algorithm) is often used although an error frequently occurs. In this paper, we propose a range-free localization method between sensor nodes based on the Radical Line in order to solve this problem.

Study on the characteristics of laminar lifted flames using plannar laser induced fluorescence technique (평면 레이저유도 형광법을 이용한 부상화염의 특성 연구)

  • Lee, Byeong-Jun;Jeong, Seok-Ho;Han, Jae-Won
    • 한국연소학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.23-32
    • /
    • 1997
  • Characteristics of the lifted flame which is generated by issuing of the fuel through the miniature nozzle, d=0.164 mm, are studied using the planar laser induced fluorescence technique. OH radical is excited on the $Q_1$(8) line of the $A^2{\Sigma}\ ^+{\leftarrow}\ X^2{\prod}$ (1,0) band transition(283.55 nm) and LIF signals are captured at the bands of (0,0) and (1,1) transition(306-326 nm) using the filters and ICCD camera. Hydroxyl radical(OH) profile for nozzle attached flame shows that OH radical populations at the flame sides and flame tip are larger than those at the base. But for the lifted flame (tribrachial flame) case, those are larger at the flame base than at the flame tip and flame sides. The OH radical is more dense near the center line of flame base at the blowing out. This fact proves the Chung and Lee's blowout theory - blowout occurs when the flame is anchored at the flame axis.

  • PDF

OH Radical Distribution and Sooting Characteristics in Co-Flow Diffusion Flames (동축류 확산화염의 OH 라다칼 분포 및 매연 특성)

  • Lee, Won-Nam;Song, Young-Hoon;Cha, Min-Suk
    • 한국연소학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.1-11
    • /
    • 1997
  • The soot and OH radical distributions have been experimentally studied in ethylene and propane laminar diffusion flames. The integrated soot volume fraction was measured along the centerline of a flame using a laser light extinction method. Planar laser light scattering and PLIF techniques are employed for the soot and OH radical distribution measurements utilizing Nd:YAG laser and OPO, FDO system. The concentration of OH radical is rapidly decreased at the edge of sooting region, which implies the importance of OH radical species on the soot oxidation process. For ethylene flames, the addition of air in fuel moves the OH radical distribution towards the center line of a flame at the soot oxidation region, while the concentration of OH radical remains relatively high at the soot formation region. The interaction between soot particles and OH radicals becomes more active with fuel-air at the soot oxidation region. For propane flames, however, any indication of the increased interaction between soot particles and OH radicals with fuel-air was not noticed.

  • PDF

NOx Removal Characteristics Using Radical In A Diesel Engine (Radical을 이용한 디젤 엔진의 NOx 제거 특성)

  • Jeon, J.H.;Choi, S.H.;Jeon, C.H.;Chang, Y.J.;Lee, K.H.
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.715-719
    • /
    • 2000
  • It is reported that we are facing the serious environment pollution difficulties such as acid rain, green house effects, etc. The gaseous matter CO, NOx, SOx, VOCs which are regarded as main factors for these current pollutions are mainly emitted from power plants and vehicles. Therefore several leading countries are regulating the related laws strictly, especially exhaust emissions from a Diesel engine without an after treatment device. The Objective of this study is to find out NOx removal characteristics focused on emissions of a Diesel engine using radical at each engine speed and load. It is generated from outer air and put into a mixing chamber in the end of exhaust line. In addition, the optimum temperature condition to activate reaction by radical is experimentally carried out. Concentration of exhaust emissions is analyzed from the gas anlayzer(KaneMay) and FTIR to estimate by-products.

  • PDF

Study on the characteristics of laminar lifted flames using planar laser induced fluorescence technique (평면 레이저유도 형광법을 이용한 부상화염의 특성 연구)

  • Lee, Byeong-Jun;Jeong, Seok-Ho;Han, Jae-Won
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
    • /
    • v.21 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1393-1402
    • /
    • 1997
  • Characteristics of the lifted flame which is generated by issuing of the fuel through the miniature nozzle, d = 0.164 mm, are studied using the planar laser induced fluorescence technique. OH radical is excited on the $Q_{1}$(8) line of the $A^{2}$.SIGMA.$^{+.leq.X2}$ .PI.(1, 0) band transition (283.55 nm) and LIF signals are captured at the bands of (0, 0) and (1, 1) transition (306 ~ 326 nm) using the filters and ICCD camera. Hydroxyl radical (OH) profile for nozzle attached flame shows that OH radical populations at the flame sides and flame tip are larger than those at the base. But for the lifted flame (tribrachial flame) case, those are larger at the flame base than at the flame tip and flame sides. The OH radical is more dense near the center line of flame base at the blowing out. This fact proves the Chung and Lee's blowout theory-blowout occurs when the flame is anchored at the flame axis. axis.

A Study on Generative Characteristics of Radicals in Aqueous Solutions of Humic Acids using Electron Spin Resonance (전자기공명기법을 이용한 Humic Acid 용액에서의 라디칼 발생 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Sang-Kuk
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
    • /
    • v.17 no.6
    • /
    • pp.671-677
    • /
    • 2008
  • We studied to determine quantitatively the radical species generated from humic acid (HA) solutions by irradiation(>400 mn). The formation of radical species from HA solutions was investigated with ESR spectroscopy. We gave ESR spectrum with g-value 2.0048 and line width 0.559mT, coincided with those of the semiquinone radical. 0.1 mg/L HA solution generated the radicals of $1.2{\times}10^{-6}M$, increased with increasing HA concentration. Also, pH and ionic strength effect of the amount of the semiquinone radical generate from HA solution. In this study, we have found that the singlet oxygen affects the semiquinone radicals generation in HA solution.