• Title/Summary/Keyword: Radial basis function neural network

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Predicting the compressive strength of self-compacting concrete containing fly ash using a hybrid artificial intelligence method

  • Golafshani, Emadaldin M.;Pazouki, Gholamreza
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.419-437
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    • 2018
  • The compressive strength of self-compacting concrete (SCC) containing fly ash (FA) is highly related to its constituents. The principal purpose of this paper is to investigate the efficiency of hybrid fuzzy radial basis function neural network with biogeography-based optimization (FRBFNN-BBO) for predicting the compressive strength of SCC containing FA based on its mix design i.e., cement, fly ash, water, fine aggregate, coarse aggregate, superplasticizer, and age. In this regard, biogeography-based optimization (BBO) is applied for the optimal design of fuzzy radial basis function neural network (FRBFNN) and the proposed model, implemented in a MATLAB environment, is constructed, trained and tested using 338 available sets of data obtained from 24 different published literature sources. Moreover, the artificial neural network and three types of radial basis function neural network models are applied to compare the efficiency of the proposed model. The statistical analysis results strongly showed that the proposed FRBFNN-BBO model has good performance in desirable accuracy for predicting the compressive strength of SCC with fly ash.

Quantitative Analysis for Biomass Energy Problem Using a Radial Basis Function Neural Network (RBF 뉴럴네트워크를 사용한 바이오매스 에너지문제의 계량적 분석)

  • Baek, Seung Hyun;Hwang, Seung-June
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.59-63
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    • 2013
  • In biomass gasification, efficiency of energy quantification is a difficult part without finishing the process. In this article, a radial basis function neural network (RBFN) is proposed to predict biomass efficiency before gasification. RBFN will be compared with a principal component regression (PCR) and a multilayer perceptron neural network (MLPN). Due to the high dimensionality of data, principal component transform is first used in PCR and afterwards, ordinary regression is applied to selected principal components for modeling. Multilayer perceptron neural network (MLPN) is also used without any preprocessing. For this research, 3 wood samples and 3 other feedstock are used and they are near infrared (NIR) spectrum data with high-dimensionality. Ash and char are used as response variables. The comparison results of two responses will be shown.

Interval type-2 fuzzy radial basis function neural network (Interval 제 2 종 퍼지 radial basis function neural network)

  • Choe, Byeong-In;Lee, Jeong-Hun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems Conference
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    • pp.19-22
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    • 2006
  • Type-2 fuzzy 이론은 기존의 퍼지 이론보다 패턴의 불확실성에 대한 제어를 더 향상시킬 수 있다. 반면에 계산 량이 커지는 문제점 때문에 본 논문에서는 type-2 fuzzy set 대신에 secondary membership이 interval의 형태를 갖는 interval type-2 fuzzy set을 기존의 radial basis function(RBF) neural network에 적용시킨 interval type-2 fuzzy RBF neural network를 제안한다. 제안한 알고리즘은 interval type-2 fuzzy membership function에 의하여 패턴들의 불확실성을 좀 더 잘 제어하여 기존의 RBF neural network의 성능을 향상시킬 수 있다. 본 논문에서는 제안한 알고리즘의 타당성을 보이기 위하여 여러 데이터 집합에 대한 분류 결과를 보인다.

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Structural Design of Radial Basis function Neural Network(RBFNN) Based on PSO (PSO 기반 RBFNN의 구조적 설계)

  • Seok, Jin-Wook;Kim, Young-Hoon;Oh, Sung-Kwun
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.381-383
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    • 2009
  • 본 논문에서는 대표적인 시스템 모델링 도구중의 하나인 RBF 뉴럴 네트워크(Radial Basis Function Neural Network)를 설계하고 모델을 최적화하기 위하여 최적화 알고리즘인 PSO(Particle Swarm Optimization) 알고리즘을 이용하였다. 즉, 모델의 최적화에 주요한 영향을 미치는 모델의 파라미터들을 PSO 알고리즘을 이용하여 동정한다. 제안된 RBF 뉴럴 네트워크는 은닉층에서의 활성함수로서 일반적으로 많이 사용되어지는 가우시안 커널함수를 사용한다. 더 나아가 모델의 최적화를 위하여 각 커널함수의 중심값은 HCM 클러스터링에 기반을 두어 중심값을 결정하고, PSO 알고리즘을 통하여 가우시안 커널함수의 분포상수, 은닉층에서의 노드 수 그리고 다수의 입력을 가질 경우 입력의 종류를 동정한다. 제안한 모델의 성능을 평가하기 위해 Mackey-Glass 시계열 공정 데이터를 적용하였으며 제안된 모델의 근사화와 일반화 능력을 분석한다.

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Identification of Fuzzy-Radial Basis Function Neural Network Based on Mountain Clustering (Mountain Clustering 기반 퍼지 RBF 뉴럴네트워크의 동정)

  • Choi, Jeoung-Nae;Oh, Sung-Kwun;Kim, Hyun-Ki
    • The Journal of Korea Institute of Information, Electronics, and Communication Technology
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.69-76
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    • 2008
  • This paper concerns Fuzzy Radial Basis Function Neural Network (FRBFNN) and automatic rule generation of extraction of the FRBFNN by means of mountain clustering. In the proposed network, the membership functions of the premise part of fuzzy rules do not assume any explicit functional forms such as Gaussian, ellipsoidal, triangular, etc., so its resulting fitness values (degree of membership) directly rely on the computation of the relevant distance between data points. Also, we consider high-order polynomial as the consequent part of fuzzy rules which represent input-output characteristic of sup-space. The number of clusters and the centers of clusters are automatically generated by using mountain clustering method based on the density of data. The centers of cluster which are obtained by using mountain clustering are used to determine a degree of membership and weighted least square estimator (WLSE) is adopted to estimate the coefficients of the consequent polynomial of fuzzy rules. The effectiveness of the proposed model have been investigated and analyzed in detail for the representative nonlinear function.

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A Novel Second Order Radial Basis Function Neural Network Technique for Enhanced Load Forecasting of Photovoltaic Power Systems

  • Farhat, Arwa Ben;Chandel, Shyam.Singh;Woo, Wai Lok;Adnene, Cherif
    • International Journal of Computer Science & Network Security
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.77-87
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    • 2021
  • In this study, a novel improved second order Radial Basis Function Neural Network based method with excellent scheduling capabilities is used for the dynamic prediction of short and long-term energy required applications. The effectiveness and the reliability of the algorithm are evaluated using training operations with New England-ISO database. The dynamic prediction algorithm is implemented in Matlab and the computation of mean absolute error and mean absolute percent error, and training time for the forecasted load, are determined. The results show the impact of temperature and other input parameters on the accuracy of solar Photovoltaic load forecasting. The mean absolute percent error is found to be between 1% to 3% and the training time is evaluated from 3s to 10s. The results are also compared with the previous studies, which show that this new method predicts short and long-term load better than sigmoidal neural network and bagged regression trees. The forecasted energy is found to be the nearest to the correct values as given by England ISO database, which shows that the method can be used reliably for short and long-term load forecasting of any electrical system.

Cancer Prediction Based on Radical Basis Function Neural Network with Particle Swarm Optimization

  • Yan, Xiao-Bo;Xiong, Wei-Qing;Hu, Liang;Zhao, Kuo
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.18
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    • pp.7775-7780
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    • 2014
  • This paper addresses cancer prediction based on radial basis function neural network optimized by particle swarm optimization. Today, cancer hazard to people is increasing, and it is often difficult to cure cancer. The occurrence of cancer can be predicted by the method of the computer so that people can take timely and effective measures to prevent the occurrence of cancer. In this paper, the occurrence of cancer is predicted by the means of Radial Basis Function Neural Network Optimized by Particle Swarm Optimization. The neural network parameters to be optimized include the weight vector between network hidden layer and output layer, and the threshold of output layer neurons. The experimental data were obtained from the Wisconsin breast cancer database. A total of 12 experiments were done by setting 12 different sets of experimental result reliability. The findings show that the method can improve the accuracy, reliability and stability of cancer prediction greatly and effectively.

A new method to identify bridge bearing damage based on Radial Basis Function Neural Network

  • Chen, Zhaowei;Fang, Hui;Ke, Xinmeng;Zeng, Yiming
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.841-859
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    • 2016
  • Bridge bearings are important connection elements between bridge superstructures and substructures, whose health states directly affect the performance of the bridges. This paper systematacially presents a new method to identify the bridge bearing damage based on the neural network theory. Firstly, based on the analysis of different damage types, a description of the bearing damage is introduced, and a uniform description for all the damage types is given. Then, the feasibility and sensitivity of identifying the bearing damage with bridge vibration modes are investigated. After that, a Radial Basis Function Neural Network (RBFNN) is built, whose input and output are the beam modal information and the damage information, respectively. Finally, trained by plenty of data samples formed by the numerical method, the network is employed to identify the bearing damage. Results show that the bridge bearing damage can be clearly reflected by the modal information of the bridge beam, which validates the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Granular-based Radial Basis Function Neural Network (입자화기반 RBF 뉴럴네트워크)

  • Park, Ho-Sung;Oh, Sung-Kwun
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.241-242
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    • 2008
  • 본 논문에서는 fuzzy granular computing 방법 중의 하나인 context-based FCM을 이용하여 granular-based radial basis function neural network에 대한 기본적인 개면과 그들의 포괄적인 설계 구조에 대해서 자세히 기술한다. 제안된 모델에 기본이 되는 설계 도구는 context-based fuzzy c-means (C-FCM)로 알려진 fuzzy clustering에 초점이 맞춰져 있으며, 이는 주어진 데이터의 특징에 맞게 공간을 분할함으로써 효율적으로 모델을 구축할 수가 있다. 제안된 모델의 설계 공정은 1) Context fuzzy set에 대한 정의와 설계, 2) Context-based fuzzy clustering에 대한 모델의 적용과 이에 따른 모델 구축의 효율성, 3) 입력과 출력공간에서의 연결된 information granule에 대한 parameter(다항식의 계수들)에 대한 최적화와 같은 단계로 구성되어 있다. Information granule에 대한 parameter들은 성능지수를 최소화하기 위해 Least square method에 의해서 보정된다. 본 논문에서는 모델을 설계함에 있어서 체계적인 설계 알고리즘을 포괄적으로 설명하고 있으며 더 나아가 제안된 모델의 성능을 다른 표준적인 모델들과 대조함으로써 제안된 모델의 우수성을 나타내고자 한다.

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Design of Radial Basis Function Neural Network(RBFNN) Structure Based on PSO (PSO 기반 RBF 뉴럴 네트워크 구조적 설계)

  • Seok, Jin-Wook;Kim, Young-Hoon;Oh, Sung-Kwun
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1873_1874
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    • 2009
  • 본 논문에서는 대표적인 시스템 모델링 도구중의 하나인 RBF 뉴럴 네트워크(Radial Basis Function Neural Network)를 설계한다. 제안된 RBF 뉴럴 네트워크는 은닉층의 활성함수로서 Fuzzy C-Means 클러스터링을 사용하며 더 나아가 모델의 최적화를 위해 PSO 알고리즘을 사용하여 은닉층의 노드 수와 다수의 입력을 가질 경우 입력의 종류를 동정한다. 제안한 모델의 성능을 평가하기 위해 NOx 데이터를 적용하였으며 제안된 모델의 근사화와 일반화 능력을 분석한다.

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