• Title, Summary, Keyword: RI

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A Study on the Biological Estimation of Water Pollution Levels by the Aquatic Insects in Kyungan Stream, Kyunggi-Do (경안천수계에 있어서 수서곤충에 의한 생물학적 수질평가)

  • 배경석;이상수;신도철;이용진;김진곤;오수경
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.63-74
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    • 1990
  • The present study was accomplished from March to August, 1990 in order to examine the community structure of aquatic insects and the biological estimation of water pollution levels by the aquatic inseets of Kyungan stream in Kyunggi-do. 1. The aquatic inseets of whole area composed of 78 species, 42 genera, 26 families in 8 roders. 2. The occurrence species number show highest at Gungpyung-ri(29 species) and lowest at Yongin town(1 species) 3. Dominance indices show lowest at Gungpyung-ri(0.35) and highest at Yongin town(1.00) and Choboo-ri(1.00) 4. Species diversity indices show highest at Gungpyung-ri(3.53) and lowest at Yongin town(0.00) 5. The biological estimation of each area's water quality levels based on the diversity index are as follows. Oligosaprobic area : Gungpyung-ri, Muchu-ri $\alpha$ mesosaprobic area : Yooeun-ri, Choboo-ri(K4), upper site of Wangsanri, Yeuk-ri, Wangsan-ri. $\beta$ mesosaprobic area Gonjiam-ri, Dopyoung-ri, Kyungan-ri, Wondang-ri. Polysaprobic area : Yongin town, Choboo-ri(K5)

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Effect of anesthetics and diuretics on Doppler measurements of intrarenal resistive index in dogs

  • Choi, Ho-jung;Yoon, Jung-hee;Eom, Ki-dong;Lee, Hee-chon;Choi, Ji-hye;Sung, Jae-ki
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.832-837
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    • 1999
  • lntrarenal resistive index (RI) was determined in normal, sedated and diuretic kidneys. The mean RI values of normal dogs were $0.64{\pm}0.03$ without statistically significant difference between left and right kidney. Interrenal RI difference (${\Delta}RI$) was $0.03{\pm}0.01$. No significant relationship was found between mean intrarenal RI versus body weight. The mean intrarenal RI values after administration of acepromazine, xylazine, thiopental, and ketamine were $0.66{\pm}0.03$, $0.64{\pm}0.03$, $0.56{\pm}0.05$, and $0.50{\pm}0.05$, respectively. After administration of acepromazine or xylazine, a significant change of the RI was not found. But, a significant decrease of the RI following thiopental or ketamine administration could be observed as compared with the normal RI. The mean intrarenal RI values were $0.63{\pm}0.06$ and $0.62{\pm}0.04$ at 10 minutes and 30 minutes after injection of furosemide, respectively. No significant change of intrarenal RI was found after administration of furosemide. But, mannitol significantly decreased mean intrarenal RI to $0.57{\pm}0.02$ and $0.58{\pm}0.03$ at 30 minutes and 60 minutes, respectively. Based on the obtained results, values of 0.72 and 0.05 may be proposed as the reasonable upper limits of RI and ${\Delta}RI$ of normal average. Acepromazine or xylazine are recommended as anesthetics for renal diseases because they have less effect on the RI. Further study using mannitol injection to increase ${\Delta}RI$ may be suggested in unilateral urinary tract obstruction since mannitol more effectively changed mean RI than furosemide.

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A Study of CHOK-DU-RI (족두리에 관한연구)

  • 홍나영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.43
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    • pp.243-258
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    • 1999
  • This is a study of CHOK-DU-RI(族頭里) a black crown-like headpiece worn by woman on formal occasion in Chosun Dynasty and has succeeded until now. CHOK-DU-RI was originated by BOKTAK worn by Mongolian noblewomen and inflowed to the last period of Koryo dynasty under occupation of Yuan. The documentary records of O-JU-YON-MUN-CHSNG-JON-SAN-KO( by Lee Kyu-kung CHUNG-JANG-KWAN-JON-SUH by Lee Tock-mu and KO-SA-TONG by choe Nam-sun verify CHOK-DU-RI is a custom of mongolian fusion that was affected by KO-KO of Yuan and was formed. Ko-Ko is the same as BOKTAK. It is assumed KO-KO is a borrowed name as its transcription varies. The name was given according to its appearance which is certified by the record CHANGCHUN-CHIN-IN-SEO-BANG-YU-RAM-KI. It says that it can be simply named KO-KO as its edge is alike ad goose or a duck. In addition KO-Ko was called CHOGTAI in case of being added a camel fur that is JUGDUR. CHOGTAI similarily pronounced with CHOK-DU-RI which of being added a camel fur that is JUGDUR, CHOGTAI similarily pronounced with CHOK-DU-RI which provd CHOK-DU-RI was originated in Mongol. The shape of BOKTAK is very high and wided toward the top with the top with the angle getting more pointed and a feather stuck on the side. But its height got lower and its size smaller as it did gradually Koreanized to a CHOK-DU-RI. The use of CHOK-DU-RI has been settled since the last period of Chosun Dynasty. It came to stay as a popular custom when King Young-jo and Jong-jo wanting to do away with the corrupt practice of KA-CHE encouraged women at that time to do their hairs with CHOK-DU-RI instead of KA-CHE. It is as follows the classification of CHOK-DU-RI. First classified by a use group is divided into ceremonial use such as the seven treasures CHOK-DU-RI and jeweled CHOK-DU-RI. Hereby it is assumed that CHOK-DU-RI was used regardless of fortune. Secondly it varies by its type of frame. There are SOM CHOK-DU-RI OHT CHOK-DU-RI and O-YOM CHOK-DU-RI a kind of SOM CHOK-DU-Ri formed a base of O-YOM-MO-RI. The third group by jeweling has WHE-BONG CHOK-DU-RI and TA-BONG-CHOK-DU-RI JEwele CHOk-DU-RI can be still seen being commercially lent and worn by the brides at nuptical ceremonies performed in tradition of fashion and when worn bya bride as she gives her parents to her parents-in-law.

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Feature extraction of medical image using GLCM (GLCM을 이용한 의료영상 특징정보 추출)

  • Park, Yong Sung;Jeong, Su Young;Kim, Wook;Lim, Ilhan;Kang, Joo Hyun;Lim, Sang Moo;Woo, Sang-Keun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.239-240
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    • 2017
  • 본 연구는 의료영상내 특징정보를 추출 및 평가함으로서 정밀의료 실현 가능성을 확인하고자 하였다. 영상화는 PET/CT 및 MRI 스캐너를 이용하여 암환자의 기능적 정보와 해부학적 정보를 획득하고 관심영역을 설정하였으며 각각의 영상내 특징정보를 추출하였다. 영상내 특징정보는 GLCM을 이용하여 에너지, 대비, 엔트로피, 균질성을 획득하였고, 획득된 영상 데이터에 따른 관심영역 설정 차이를 확인하였다. 영상내 특징 정보는 MRI 영상의 해부학적 정보를 이용한 분석결과에서 엔트로피 및 균질성이 PET 보다 증가 하였고 대비는 감소함을 확인하였다. 추후연구는 다양한 영상내 특징 정보를 획득하고 정밀의료를 위한 기계학습에 활용할 예정이다.

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Establishment of Model for the Human Resource Development in RI-Biomics Field (RI-Biomics 분야 인력양성 모델 정립)

  • Yeom, Yu-sun;Shin, Woo-Ho;Hwang, Young-Muk;Park, Tai-Jin;Park, Sang-Hyun
    • Journal of Radiation Industry
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    • v.7 no.2_3
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    • pp.209-219
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    • 2013
  • RI-Biomics field comes into the limelight as a new fusion radiation technology. These rapid development of RI-Biomics cause the necessity of establishment of a new methodical education program model for consistent training of professional manpower in RI-ADME, Biomics field. But domestic current status is not satisfied to training human resource development in RI-Biomics. Actually domestic educational organization related to RI-Biomics just run educational programs oriented basic theory, so practical and fusion education are not existed nowadays for preliminary RI-Biomics expert. Therefore we established a new education program model for educate of the expert in RI-Biomics field to overcome current problem about the route of knowledge that has more monotonous and concentrated tendency and non-professional education. To improve universality and practicality, we conduct education-training model survey about domestic and foreign country. This new human resource development model will contribute to fostering new expert in RI-Biomics field.

A Study on Embankment Compaction Control System Using RI Gauge(II) Focuses on the Modification due to Gravel Content (RI계기를 이용한 성토시공 관리기법연구(II) -조립토함유율에 따른 보정)

  • 나경준;정두영
    • Geotechnical Engineering
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.97-108
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    • 1994
  • A new RI calibration curve acquired from the laboratory tests on typical embankment materials is found to be adequate for testing subgrade materials in Korea but may not be suitable for testing materials containing gravels. Therefore this study aims for the modification of RI values that enables the usage of RI to all kinds of roadbed materials. Also other factors available for the criteria of compaction control such as air void ratio and degree of saturation were reviewed for their applicability.

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A Study on Embankment Compaction Control System using RI Gauge (I) -Focuses on the Inspection and Calibration of Radio-Isotope Density/Moisture Gauges- (RI계기를 이용한 성토시공 관리기법 연구 (I) -RI계기의 검증실험 및 교정식 작성-)

  • Koo, Bon Hyo;Na, Kyung Joon;Lee, Jin Hoo;Hong, Sung Wan
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.203-216
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    • 1994
  • The laboratory methods for compaction of soil (KSF 2312) and for moisture of soil (KSF 2306) in combination with the soil density in place by the sand-cone method (KSF 2311) are generally used for compaction control of soils. However, these methods have limitations in number of test and in accuracy. ]n addition, they are time-consuming. Therefore, they are not adequate for speedy control of embankment compaction in a project with huge amount of earthwork. The RI (Radioisotope) gauges for measurement of soil density and/or of soil moisture are widely used for the compaction control of soils in many countries. But in Korea, they have had a limited usage and available informations for uses of RI gauges are insufficient. Therefore, this study promotes efficient and safe use of RI gauges in geotechnical engineering. In this paper, fundamental aspects such as the priciples of RI gauges, gauge inspection techniques and the applicability and limitations of RI gauges for field usage were reviewed. And a new calibration curves suitable for the Korean soils were suggested.

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Transition of Archival Description from ISAD(G) to Record in Context Conceptual Model (ISAD(G)에서 RiC-CM으로의 전환에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Zi-young
    • Journal of Korean Society of Archives and Records Management
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.93-115
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    • 2017
  • In this study, the RiC-CM (Records in Context-Conceptual Model) draft of the International Council on Archives Expert Group on Archival Description (ICA EGAD) was analyzed, mapped with the descriptive elements of ISAD(G), and the archival description of the record group based on RiC-CM was piloted. This was done to identify trends in the archival descriptive standards and to derive considerations in relation to improving existing descriptive standards. The mapping types of RiC-CM and ISAD(G) include inter-attribute mapping, attribute-entity mapping, and attribute-relation mapping. In addition to the mapping between descriptive elements, a frame for the archival information that can construct a record through the objects, attributes, and relationships of RiC-CM is constructed using the protege, and the example data is inputted for trial. As a result, it was possible to express most of the existing descriptive information of ISAD(G) through RiC-CM. In addition, in RiC-CM, the recording descriptive information is classified in detail, and the characteristic of browsing the relation between individual objects is enhanced.

Small animal brain functional MRI study using light stimulation (광자극을 이용한 소동물 뇌 fMRI 연구)

  • Kim, Wook;Park, Yong Sung;Ko, In Ok;Kang, Kyung Joon;Kang, Joo Hyun;Lim, Sang Moo;Woo, Sang-Keun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.295-296
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    • 2016
  • 본 연구에서는 LED 광 자극이 뇌의 어느 영역을 자극하여 신경신호를 전달하는지에 관해서 관찰하고자 연구를 진행하였다. 광 자극에 의한 뇌 영역의 활성변화를 관찰하기 위하여 실험용 소동물과 영상장비인 9.4T MRI를 이용하여 연구를 수행 하였다. 실험용 소동물은 Balb/c 마우스를 이용하였으며 기능적 자기공명영상 획득 방법 중 하나인 에코평면영상 기법을 이용하여 뇌 영상을 획득 하였다. 획득한 영상을 바탕으로 뇌 영역의 자극 정도를 확인해보기 위해 영상처리기법인 재편성(realignment), 일치(co-registration), 표준화(normalization), 평활화(smoothing) 방법으로 영상을 전처리 하고, statistical parametric map (SPM12)을 사용하여 분석하였다. 본 연구에서는 광자극이 소동물 뇌 영역 중 하나인 상구(Superior colliculus)영역과 대뇌의 시각피질 (visual cortex, V1) 영역에서 자극을 일으키는 것을 확인할 수 있었다.

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