• Title, Summary, Keyword: RFID

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Development of Lightweight RFID Middleware (경량적 RFID 미들웨어 개발)

  • Baek, Sun-Jae;Moon, Mi-Kyeong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.115-118
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    • 2010
  • 최근 RFID (Radio Frequency Identification)기술은 다양한 분야에서 관심을 받고 사용되고 있으며 RFID 리더의 종류도 매우 다양하다. 이러한 RFID 리더들을 지원하기 위해 RFID 미들웨어는 리더에서 지속적으로 발생하는 데이터를 수집, 제어, 관리하는 기능을 가지고 있으며 다양한 형태의 RFID 리더 인터페이스를 지원하여 이기종 RFID 리더와의 연동을 용이하게 한다. 현재 표준 규약에 따른 RFID 미들웨어들이 개발되고 있으며 RFID 표준 단체인 EPCglobal에서는 EPC (Electronic Product Code) 처리 시스템에서 RFID 태그를 인식한 리더가 애플리케이션 계층으로 데이터를 전달하는 역할을 하는 ALE (Application Level Events)라는 RFID 미들웨어를 제시하였다. 그러나 표준을 따르는 RFID 미들웨어는 그 자체가 복잡하고 부피가 크며 가격이 높기 때문에 이를 기반으로 한 시스템은 개발 속도가 늦어지고, 유지보수가 힘들어진다. 따라서 한 기업 내에서 사용되는 애플리케이션의 크기가 소규모 또는 중규모인 경우를 위해 보다 가벼운 RFID 미들웨어가 필요하다. 본 논문에서는 다양한 RFID 리더를 처리하기 위한 리더 매니저와 애플리케이션의 목적에 맞는 이벤트를 생성하는 쿼리 매니저를 가진 경량의 RFID 미들웨어를 개발하고자 한다. 리더 매니저는 RFID 리더를 관리하기 위한 추상 어댑터를 제공하고 리더 구성 XML 파일을 이용하여 RFID 리더를 관리한다. 쿼리 매니저는 질의 조건을 주기적으로 체크하는 스케줄러를 통해 RFID 이벤트를 관리한다. 본 경량적 RFID 미들웨어는 하드웨어의 투명성을 지원하며, 유지보수가 용이하고 유연성과 확장성을 제공하는 RFID 애플리케이션을 개발할 수 있도록 해준다.

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A System of Multi RFID code Identification Translation using Ontology (온톨로지를 이용한 다중 RFID 코드 식별 변환 시스템)

  • Byun, Ji-Yung;Yang, Moon-seok;Cha, Ji-Yun;No, Young-sik;Byun, Young-cheol
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.591-594
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    • 2008
  • Currently RFID code systems are classified into ISO, EPC, uCode, KKR code, Mobile RFID code, and etc. According to RFID code systems, RFID system is changed. For various RFID code systems, it's difficult to make it to the network and permanence of RFID business. And the existing system isn't add new RFID code systems to RFID system, and change it efficiently. This paper is proposed to a system of Multi RFID code Identification Translation using Ontology. This system is able to identify code data from RFID reader using ontology build into the identifier info and translation info of RFID code systems, and translate to URN data. Therefore in case of extending and changing RFID code systems, we can add and change the identifier info and translation info of RFID code systems in ontology.

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Development of RFID Education System (RFID교육용시스템개발)

  • Kim, Hae-Ran;Ye, Seoung-Bin;Jun, Jong-Chan;Han, Chang-Min;Han, Soon-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.13 no.12
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    • pp.2743-2752
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    • 2009
  • This research is about the development of RFID education system which is designed for experience use to understand concepts and characteristics of RFID not in the industry but in the education field. We implemented the RFID education system on the basis of the design which is focused to induce the participation and interests of trainees. We applied technologies such as RFID tag reader, database, image processing, visual program and web program for this system. Also, we applied the system in the education field and checked an education quality from trainees. Thus, we expect that this study is a framework of RFID education system and is used widely for basic education of understanding and utilization of RFID in the educational institutions and industries.

A Tag Flow-Driven Deployment Simulator for Developing RFID Applications (RFID 애플리케이션 개발을 위한 태그 흐름기반 배치 시뮬레이터)

  • Moon, Mi-Kyeong
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartD
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    • v.17D no.2
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    • pp.157-166
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    • 2010
  • More recently, RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) systems have begun to find greater use in various industrial fields. The use of RFID system in these application domains has been promoted by efforts to develop the RFID tags which are low in cost, small in size, and high in performance. The RFID applications enable the real-time capture and update of RFID tag information, while simultaneously allowing business process change through real-time alerting and alarms. These be developed to monitor person or objects with RFID tags in a place and to provide visibility and traceability of the seamless flows of RFID tags. In this time, the RFID readers should be placed in diverse locations, the RFID flows between these readers can be tested based on various scenarios. However, due to the high cost of RFID readers, it may be difficult to prepare the similar environment equipped with RFID read/write devices. In this paper, we propose a simulator to allow RFID application testing without installing physical devices. It can model the RFID deployment environment, place various RFID readers and sensors on this model, and move the RFID tags through the business processes. This simulator can improve the software development productivity by accurately testing RFID middleware and applications. In addition, when data security cannot be ensured by any fault, it can decide where the problem is occurred between RFID hardware and middleware.

An Integrated RFID Service Management Policy Infromation Model (통합 RFID 서비스 관리 정책 모델)

  • Ahn, Hyung-Jin;Bang, Hyo-Chan;Kim, Kwang-Hoon
    • Journal of Internet Computing and Services
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.177-187
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    • 2009
  • Typical RFID-device applications have provided users to each vendor-specific interface for supporting control and management of RF-tags and readers within their managed domain. Also, typical RFID-business applications have been implemented by using each event-data structure of RF-readers or RFID middlewares. RFID infrastructure managers, thus, are difficult to handle individual control and management specifications for managed RF-tags, devices and systems. Most RFID application services, also, are attached to providing visibility and traceability of an RF-tag item. To solve these problems, this paper proposes an RFID service management policy information model which supports to define unified control and management for heterogeneous RFID devices, middlewares and applications. This paper describes an example procedure that an RFID service management policy definition based on the proposed model is adaptively transformed and executed on a specific RFID sub-infrastructure.

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USN 환경에 적합한 임베디드 시스템 상의 RFID 미들웨어의 설계 및 구현

  • Yeom Se-Jun;Park Seung-Bo;Jo Geun-Sik
    • Proceedings of the Korea Inteligent Information System Society Conference
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    • pp.152-158
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    • 2006
  • RFID 관련 기술은 다른 산업에 상당한 영향을 미치는 기술이다. 또한 짧지 않은 미래에 물류와 계산대를 포함하여 전 문화에 걸쳐서 인류의 생활에 상당한 변화를 불러올 기술로 여겨지고 있다. 하지만 현재 RFID 태그나 리더에 대한 기술개발과 연구는 활발히 이루어지고 있지만 RFID 미들웨어에 대한 연구는 아직도 완전한 표준이 정해져 있지 않으며 아직도 연구가 진행 중에 있다. 더욱이 임베디드 기반의 RFID 미들웨어에 대한 기술연구는 전무한 실정이다. USN 플랫폼에서 RFID 미들웨어가 임베디드 시스템 상에서 이루어져야 하는 이유는 RFID 리더나 RFID 관련 시스템들이 분산 된 환경과 열악한 환경에서 실시간으로 업무를 처리하고 작업환경이 특수한 곳에서 쓰여질 것이며 RFID 미들웨어 또한 이와 같은 환경에서 동작되어 질 것이다. 따라서 범용의 서버나 PC 환경으로 미들웨어를 설계하고 구성하는 것보다 임베디드 시스템으로 설계와 구성하여 사용하는 것이 RFID 시스템에서 더 적절하다고 생각된다. 그런데 RFID 미들웨어는 여러 개의 다양한 RFID 리더로부터 수집 된 RFID 태그 데이터를 한군데로 모아 오류가 없는지 분석하고 이를 원하는 외부 애플리케이션에 제공하는 것이 목적이다. 본 연구에서는 RFID 태그 정보를 수집하는 컴포넌트와 RFID 태그에 오류가 없는지를 검사하고 데이터베이스 서버로 전송하는 컴포넌트를 임베디드 시스템으로 구현하였다. 그리고 RFID 태그 정보를 저장하는 데이터베이스와 외부의 애플리케이션에 필요 하는 RFID 태그 정보를 송신하는 부분은 일반적인 서버나 PC의 OS상에서 구동 될 수 있도록 설계하고 구현하였다. 외부 애플리케이션과 소통은 Web-Service 기술을 이용하도록 구현하여 멀티플랫폼에서 사용 될 수 있도록 하였다 우리는 임베디드 시스템 상에서 구현되어 질 수 있는 RFID 미들 웨어의 구조에 대해 제안하였으며, 구조에 맞게 RFID 미들웨어 시스템을 구현하여 다양한 RFID 리더로 실험을 진행하였다.

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Promotion Strategy of Item Level RFID by Demand Analysis (Item Level RFID 수요분석을 통한 활성화전략)

  • Park, Yong-Jae;Rim, Myung-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.837-840
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    • 2009
  • In recent years, Item Level RFID market, attaching RFID instead of barcodes to individual units for item rather than box and pallet units, is expected to expand both domestically and internationally in the future. In this study, by analyzing the demand for Item Level RFID services which apply RFID to the individual units, we would like to come by strategies that promote and develop RFID industry. This study consists of the following contents. First, we analyzed trends in domestic and overseas markets of Item Level RFID. Second, we surveyed the RFID demanding companies and analyzed Item Level RFID promising service sector, the expected leading field of market, the leading field of dissemination, and the obstacles of its introduction. Finally, on the basis of the results of the empirical study, we presented the strategies to promote Item Level RFID.

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Efficient Filtering Method for RFID Data Streams (RFID 데이터 스트림의 효율적인 필터링 기법)

  • Yun, Hong-Won
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.7 no.10
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    • pp.27-35
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    • 2007
  • Radio Frequency Identification(RFID) technology is set to play an essential role in object tracking or supply chain management systems. New challenges for RFID data management are needed in the RFID applications. RFID data are generated quickly and automatically, and can be used for object tracking, or for real-time monitoring. These applications are mostly associated with the timestamps when the events happen. In this paper, we propose a temporal RFID data model to maintain the history of events and state changes and to monitor the states of RFID objects. Also we propose data filtering method of non active data based on temporal RFID data model. This data model involves essential basic operations for RFID data. We show increased query performance through the data filtering method of non active data.

RFID Standardization Trends and Mobile RFID Services (RFID 표준화 동향)

  • Lee, Jun-Seob;Kim, Hyoung-Jun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.754-756
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    • 2005
  • RFID(Radio Frequency Identification) is used to describe a system that transmits the identity of an object or person wirelessly using radio waves. RFID is recognized as a key technology of USN(Ubiquitous Sensor Network). ISO/IEC JTC1 and EPCglobal are developing RFID related standards for global supply chain management. RFID is an important solution not only for the supply chain management, but also for USN and future services. Recently, mobile RFID which provide various services using RFID reader in mobile phone, is being standardized in Korea. In this paper, we analyze trends of RFID standardization activities in ISO/IEC JTC1 and EPCglobal and mobile RFID, and propose an convergence scenario of IPv6 and RFID.

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A Study on the Application of RFID to Teaching-Learning in u-Learning Environment (u-러닝 환경에서 RFID의 교수-학습 적용에 관한 연구)

  • Baek, Jang-Hyeon
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.185-194
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    • 2007
  • With the advent of ubiquitous society, the paradigm of education is also changing. In u-learning in ubiquitous environment, mobile devices such as cellular phone, PDA, PMP, UMPC and TPC will become important learning tools. Particularly if RFID, a key technology in ubiquitous society, is utilized in teaching-learning along with mobile devices, we can expect much more meaningful learning. The present study proposed four types of application of RFID to teaching.learning, which were RFID-card, RFID-book, RFID-label and RFID-test, and examined their possibility and effectiveness. According to the results of this study, technology was insufficient to support the application of RFID-label to teaching-learning and continuous research was required for modeling the application of RFID to teaching-learning.

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