• Title, Summary, Keyword: Quercus mongolica forest

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Community Classification and Vegetation Pattern of Quercus mongolica Forest in Mt. Myongji (명지산 신갈나무림의 군락분류와 식생패턴)

  • Lee, Ho-Joon;Lee, Jae-Seok;Byun, Doo-Weon
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.185-201
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    • 1994
  • The Quercus mongolica forest vegetation of Mt. Myongji was classified into two communities including four subunit communities and one typical subunit community by the Z-M method as follows: Acer pseudo-sieboldianum-Quercus mongolica community group Quercus mongolica - Isodon excisus community Quercus mongolica - Styrax obassia community Quercus mongolica - Lespedeza bicolor subunit coummunity Quercus mongolica - Aconitum longecassidatum subunit community Quercus mongolica - Rhododendrom schlippenbachii subunit community Quercus mongolica - Cornus controversa subunit community Quercus mongolica - Styrax obassia typical subunit community Acer pseudo-sieboldianum - Quercus mongolica community group was distributed over the upper region of the altitude 400m, and the differential species in the community were Carex siderosticata, Sephanandra incisa, Tripterygium regelii, and Fraxinus rhynchophylla. The vegetation patterns for the slope and azimuth showed that the highest importance value for Quercus mongolica forest was observed on the broad subxeric area, and for Carpinus cordata and Acer pseudo-sieboldianum on the wet site, for Acer mono, Styrax obassia, Fraxinus rhynchophylla and Symplocos chinensis for. pilosa on the xeric site. The best habitat condition for Quercus mongolica was found at a subxeric site at the altitude of 700-900m on southern slope and that for Acer pseudo-sieboldianum at the 700-1100m on northern slope.

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Forest Vegetation and Soil Environment on Mt. Mohu (모후산 삼림식생과 토양환경)

  • Lee, Ho-Joon;Kang, Jae-gu;Chun, Young-Moon;Kim, Jong-Hong;Bae, Byung-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.367-383
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    • 1995
  • The relationship between floristic composition and soil environmental factors was investigated in the forest vegetation of Mt. Mohu.The forest vegetation unit of the Mt. Mohu could be divided into three communities, Quercus mongolica community, Pinus densiflora community and Quercus variabilis community. There were two subcommunities in Quercus mongolica community, which were Rhododendron schlippcubachii subcommunity and Stephanandra incisa subcommunity. The Quercus mongolica community was distributed at the altitude of 600~900 m, Pinus densiflora and Quercus variabilis communities were distributed on south-west slope at the altitudes of 430~520 m and 400~500 m, respectively.The DBH class of dominant species in each community showed that Quercus mongolica had 9 individuals/a at 11~15 cm class, Quercus variabilis 5.6 individuals/a at 11~15 cm class, and Pinus densiflora 8 individuals/a at 16~20 cm class. Quercus mongolica. Quercus variabilis and Pinus densiflora communities showed a bell-shape distribution.The contents of organic matter and soil water, and cation exchange capacity of the soil increased and the pH decreased in proportion to increased altitude. The soil environmental conditions of Quercus mongolica community were more favorable than those of Pinus densiflora and Quercus variabilis communities.The supposed successional sere of the forest vegetation of Mt. Mohu was as follows: Pinus densiflora community.Quercus variabilis community.Quercus mongolica community

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A Phytosociological Study of the Forest Communities on Mt. Kwanak, Seoul (관악산의 산림군락에 관한 식물사회학적 연구)

  • 이병굉
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 1972
  • As part of the study of the structure and the successional trends of our temperate forests, a quantitative survey was made of the relatively well conserved forest stands on Mt. Kwanak, Seoul. Three community types were observed; the Pinus densiflora-Quercus mongolica community, the Pinus densiflora community, and the Quercus mongolica community. Evidence suggests that the dominance of Pinus densiflora and quercus mongolica will continue in the Pinus densiflora-Quercus mongolica community, however, in the Pinus densiflora community the dominant species, Pinus densiflora, is now being replaced by Quercus mongolica. The trend toward an increased in Acer pseudo-sieboldianum var. koreanum, Fraxinus rhynchophylla, Carpinus cordita, and Acer mono is observed in the Quercus mongolica community. An analysis of the overall composition of the forest reveals that the upper story is mostly occupied by Quercus mongolica and Pinus densiflora, the shrub layer by Rhododendron schlippenbachii and Lespedeza maximowiczii, and the herb layer by Spodiopogon cotulifer and Artemisia keiskeana. Quercus mongolica may cover most part of the forest, gradually excluding Pinus densiflora. Acer pseudo-sieboldianum var. koreanum, Fraxinus rhynchophylla, Carpinus coradata, and Acer mono are increasing in importance with the potentiality of developing into major canopy components. With the diversification of the physical habitat Cephalotaxus koreana and Magnolia sieboldii, the species which had almost completely been eliminated form the forest through the severe interferences, have reappeared.

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The Forest Vegetation of Mt. Jangan County Park in Jangsu-Gun, Jeonlabuk-Do, Korea

  • Kim, Chang-Hwan;Ahn, Deug-Soo
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.439-444
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    • 2000
  • Forest vegetation in Mt. Jangan County Park, Jeonlabuk-Do, Korea, was investigated by classification and ordination methods. By the cluster analysis (classification) method, nine groups were recognized as follows : Quercus serrata community, Quercus serrata- Carpinus laxiflora community, Cornus controversa community, Fraxinus mandshurica community, Carpinus laxiflora community, Quereus variabilis community, Quercus mongolica - Sasa borealis community. Quercus mongolica - Symplocos chinensis for. pilosa community and Quercus mongolica - Rhododendron schlippenbachii community. These groups showed differences in species composition and environmental characteristics, but Quercus mongolica - Sasa borealis community, Quercus mongolica - Symplocos chinensis for. pilosa community and Quercus mongolica - Rhododendron schlippenbachii community among them showed very similar floristic composition to each other. The interrelationship between the floristic composition of the vegetation and environmental factors was analysed by principal component analysis (PCA). Quercus mongolica community was distributed at a high altitude (900~1200 m above sea level). Fraxinus mandshurica community and Cornus controversa community were differentiated from the other communities with high contents of soil moisture and pH. On the other hand, Carpinus laxiflora community and Quercus variabilis community were distributed at places with adequate levels of soil moisture, soil organic matter. and at low altitude. In this study, the altitude and soil moisture were the main factors determining the forest vegetation. They were strongly correlated with the dominant compositional gradient at the localities examined.

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The Analysis of Vegetation-Environment Relationships of Mt. Jungwangsan by TWINSPAN(Two-Way Indicator Species Analysis) and DCCA(Detrended Canonical Correspondence Analysis) Ordination (TWINSPAN과 DCCA에 의한 중왕산(中旺山)의 삼림군집(森林群集)과 환경(環境)의 상관관계(相關關係) 분석(分析))

  • Song, Ho Kyung;Kwon, Ki Won;Lee, Don Koo;Jang, Kyu Kwan;Woo, In Shik
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.81 no.3
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    • pp.247-254
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    • 1992
  • Vegetational data obtained from 50 quadrats of Mt. Jungwangsan area were analysed by applying two multivariate methods : two-way indicator species analysis(TWINSPAN) for classification and detrended canonical correspondence analysis(DCCA) for ordination. DCCA technique allowed to extract the ordination axes that could be related to 15 environmental factors. The forest vegetation in Mt. Jungwangsan was classified into Quercus mongolica-Tilia amurensis, Quercus mongolica-Rhododendron schlippenbachii, Quencus mongolica-Kalopanax pictus, Quercus mongolica-Carpinus cordata, Quercus mongolica-Cornus controversa, Betula costata, Fraxinus mandshurica, and Ulmus laciniata communities according to the TWINSPAN. The relationships between the distribution of dominant species of forest vegetation and soil condition in Mt. Jungwangsan were investigated by analyzing elevation and soil nutrition gradient. Ulmus laciniata, Betula costata, and Fraxinus mandshurica forest were distributed in a ravine of the low elevation and in the good nutrition area of $Mg^{{+}{+}}$, total nitrogen, and $Ca^{{+}{+}}$, Quercus mongolica groups in the high elevation and in the poor nutrition area. Quercus mongolica-Kalopanax pictus forest of Quercus mongolica groups was distributed in the high elevation and in the good nutrition area of $Ca^{{+}{+}}$, C.E.C., $Mg^{{+}{+}}$, and total nitrogen, Quercus mongolica-Rhododendron schlippenbachii forest in the low elevation and poor nutrition area. Quercus mongolica-Carpinus cordata forest and Quercus mongolica-Cornus controversa forest were distributed in the medium elevation and medium nutrition area. The two dominant factors influencing community distribution were elevation and topography.

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Studies on the Structure of Forest Community at Yŏnkiam and Imgŏlryŏng Area in Mt. Chiri (지리산 연기암과 임걸령 지역의 산림군집 구조에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Ho Kyung;Lee, Do Han;Lee, Mi Jeong;Yee, Sun
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 1999
  • Community classification with TWINSP AN and analysis of forest community structure in Y${\breve{o}}$nkiam and Img${\breve{o}}$lry${\breve{o}}$ng areas were carried out to research forest vegetation. The forest communities in Yonkiam area were classified as Carpinus laxiflora - Quercus serrata community, Pinus densiflora - Styrax japonica community, Quercus aliena - Carpinus laxiflora community, Quercus aliena - Quercus serrata community. The forest communities in Img${\breve{o}}$lry${\breve{o}}$ng area were classified as Quercus mongolica - Carpinus laxiflora community, Quercus mongolica - Acer pseudosieboldianum community, Quercus mongolica - Abies koreana community, Quercus mongolica - Rhododendron schlippenbachii community. The dominant species in Y${\breve{o}}$nkiam area were Pinus densiflora, Carpinus laxiflora, Quercus serrata. Quercus aliena and Quercus variabilis. The dominant species in Img${\breve{o}}$lry${\breve{o}}$ng area were Quercus mongolica, Abies koreana, Acer pseudosieboldianum, Rhododendron schlippenbachii and Tilia amurensis.

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Canonical Correspondence Analysis(CCA) on the Forest Vegetation of Mt. Togyu National Park, Korea (Canonical Correspondence Analysis(CCA)에 의한 덕유산 국립공원의 삼림식생분석)

  • 김창환;길봉섭
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.125-132
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    • 1997
  • A study of forest vegetation in Mt. $T\v{o}kyu$ National Park was investigated by ordination technique. By TWINSPAN(Two-Way Indicator Species Analysis) method, 10 groups were recognized as follows: pinus densiflora, Quercus variabilis, Quercus serrata, Quercus mongolica-Rhododendron schlippenbachii, Quercus mongolica-Abies koreana, Quercus mongolica-Acer pseudo-sieboldi-amum, Quercus mongolica-Symplocos chinensis for. pilosa, Carpinus laxiflora, Fraxinus mandshurica and Taxus cuspidata groups. The floristic composition of these groups showed high correlation to soil moisture(r=0.831), altitude(r=0.784), topography(r=-0.722), organic matter(r=0.642), and pH(r=-0.509) among various environmental factors. According to the results of CCA(Canonical Correspondence Analysis) Pinus densiflora group and Quercus variabilis group were situated in a xeric area at a lower altitude where soil nutrients were poor compared with the other groups. Fraxinus mandshurica group was distributed throughout the valley with high soil moisture and good nutrients, Quercus serrata group and Carpinus laxiflora group were found in the low altitude region with good nutrients, Quercus mongolica group, at the high altitude region with good nutrients, and Quercus mongolica-Acer koreana and Taxus cuspidata at higher altitudes(1, 400-1600 m).

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Study on Classification of Quercus mongolica Forests in Kangwon-do by Phytosociological Method and TWINSPAN (식물사회학적(植物社會學的) 방법(方法)과 TWINSPAN에 의한 강원도 신갈나무림(林)과 분류(分類)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Jang, Kyu Kwan;Song, Ho Kyung;Kim, Seong Deog
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.86 no.2
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    • pp.214-222
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    • 1997
  • Employing the relev$\acute{e}$ method of Muller-Dombois & Ellenberg and Braun-Blanquet, 100 plots were sampled in the Quercus mongolica community of Mt. Odae, Mt. Chumbong and Mt. Jungwang in Kangwon-do. To analyze the data, phytosociological method and TWINSPAN were used. 1. Quercus mongolica forests were recognized as Quercus mongolica-Acer pseudosieboldianum community group, and were classified into Quercus mongolica-Carpinus cordata community, Quercus mongolica-Acer pseudosieboldianum typical community, Quercus mongolica-Lespedeza maximocoiczii community and Quercus mongolica-Abies nephrolepis community by phytosociological method. Quercus mongolica-Carpinus cordata community was subdivided into Acer mandshuricum subcommunity and typical subcommunity. 2. According to the classification of TWINSPAN, it was categorized into five groups, such as Quercus mongolica-Acer mandshuricum community, Quercus mongolica-Carpinus cordata community, Quercus mongolica-Acer pseudosieboldianum community, Quercus mongolica-Lindera obtusiloba community, and Quercus mongolica-Abies nephrolepis community. 3. Since the results of phytosociological community classification, which identify five groups of the community, were consistent with that of TWINSPAN, it proved that these two methods could be complement when one do a community classification.

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The Analysis on the Forest Community of Raised Bog in Mt. Daeam (대암산(大岩山) 고층습원(高層濕原) 주변(周邊)의 산림군집(森林群集) 분석(分析))

  • Song, Ho Kyung;Kwon, Ki Won;Yim, Kyong Bin;Cheong, Jin Cheol;Jang, Kyu Gwan
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.145-152
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    • 1993
  • Vegetational data obtained from 15 quadrats of Mt. Daeam area were analysed by applying two multivariate methods : two-way indicator species analysis(TWINSPAN) for classification and detrended canonical correspondence analysis(DCCA) for ordination. The dominant tree species were Quercus mongolica, Acer pseudo-sieboldianum, Betula costata, and Acer mono in descending order. The pH ranges were 5.0 to 5.5 in the 15 sites near bog and 5.3 to 5.4 in the 3 sites within bog. The forest communities in Mt. Daeam were classified into Quercus mongolica-Acer mono, Quercus mongolica-Prunus sargentii, Quercus mongolica-Abies nephrolepis-Acer tschonoskii var, rubripes, and Quercus mongolica-Abies nephrolepis-Betula costata according to the TWINSPAN. The relationships between the distribution of dominant species of forest vegetation and soil in the forest of Mt. Daeam were investigated by analyzing soil nutrition gradient. Quercus mongolica-Prunus sargentii forests were distributed in the good sites in nutrition levels of total nitrogen, cation exchange capacity, $Mg^{+{+}}$ and $Ca^{+{+}}$ but Quercus mongolica-Abies nephrolepis-Betula costata forests in the poor sites in the nutrition levels.

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Forest Community Structure Analysis of Seooreung Area (서오릉의 산림군락구조 분석)

  • Yee, Sun;Lee, Mi-Jeong;Kim, Hyo-Jeong;Kwon, Oh-Won;Song, Ho-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.62-67
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    • 2004
  • Forest community structure analysis in the Seooreung area, Goyang-si was carried out to supply basic data for reasonable management and conservation. The forest vegetation of the Seooreung area was classified into Alnus japonica community, Quercus mongolica - Carpinus laxiflora community, Quercus serrata community, and Pinus densiflora community. The dominant species in the area were in the order of Quercus mongolica, Quercus serrata, Robinia pseudoacacia, Quercus variabilis, Quercus aliena, Styrax japonica, Pinus rigida, and Alnus hirsuta. According to the DBH analysis result, Pinus densiflora was dominance species in Tomb area. Pinus rigida had a density of normal distribution style in the entire forests, therefore, their dominance are expected to continue for now. However, Quercus serrata is expected to extend their influence in the future in competition with Pinus rigida. Quercus mongolica had a density of normal distribution style in the Quercus mongolica - Carpinus laxiflora community, therefore, their dominance are expected to continue for now. Carpinus laxiflora is expected to extend their influence in the future in competition with Quercus mongolica. The relationship between the distribution of dominant species of forest vegetation and soil condition in Seooreung area was investigated by analyzing soil nutrition and moisture gradient. Alnus hirsuta community was distributed in the mesic and medium nutrition area and Quercus mongolica - Carpinus laxiflora community in the serix and relative good nutrition area. Pinus densiflora community was distributed in the serix and poor nutrition area and Quercus serrata community in the subserix and medium nutrition area.