• Title, Summary, Keyword: Quantitative fluctuation

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Expression Profiling of Connexins in the Efferent Ductules of Male Rats During Postnatal Development (생후 발달과정동안 숫 백서의 Efferent Ductules에서 Connexins 발현 양상 연구)

  • Lee, K.H.;Choi, I.H.;Chung, C.S.;Chang, J.S.;Kim, J.Y.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.15-24
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the presence and differential expression of connexin isoforms in the efferent ductules (ED) of male rat reproductive tract during postnatal development. Total RNA was isolated from the ED collected from rats at 1 week, 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months of ages. Expression of six connexin mRNAs of 14 isoforms tested was detected by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Fluctuation of mRNA levels of connexins 26 and 30 was found according to ages. A significant decrease of connexin 31.1 mRNA level was observed in the ED at 1 month of age. The highest levels of connexin 37 and 45 mRNAs were detected in the ED of early developmental period, while the expression of connexin 43 was the lowest at 1 week of age. The present study demonstrates differential regulation on expression of connexin isoforms in the rat ED in age-dependent manner.

A Motion Detection Approach based on UAV Image Sequence

  • Cui, Hong-Xia;Wang, Ya-Qi;Zhang, FangFei;Li, TingTing
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.1224-1242
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    • 2018
  • Aiming at motion analysis and compensation, it is essential to conduct motion detection with images. However, motion detection and tracking from low-altitude images obtained from an unmanned aerial system may pose many challenges due to degraded image quality caused by platform motion, image instability and illumination fluctuation. This research tackles these challenges by proposing a modified joint transform correlation algorithm which includes two preprocessing strategies. In spatial domain, a modified fuzzy edge detection method is proposed for preprocessing the input images. In frequency domain, to eliminate the disturbance of self-correlation items, the cross-correlation items are extracted from joint power spectrum output plane. The effectiveness and accuracy of the algorithm has been tested and evaluated by both simulation and real datasets in this research. The simulation experiments show that the proposed approach can derive satisfactory peaks of cross-correlation and achieve detection accuracy of displacement vectors with no more than 0.03pixel for image pairs with displacement smaller than 20pixels, when addition of image motion blurring in the range of 0~10pixel and 0.002variance of additive Gaussian noise. Moreover,this paper proposes quantitative analysis approach using tri-image pairs from real datasets and the experimental results show that detection accuracy can be achieved with sub-pixel level even if the sampling frequency can only attain 50 frames per second.

Expressional Patterns of Adipocyte-Associated Molecules in the Rat Epididymal Fat during Postnatal Development Period

  • Lee, Ki-Ho;Kim, Nan Hee
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.351-360
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    • 2018
  • The adipogenesis is a maturation process of pre-adipocyte cell into mature lipid-filled adipocyte cell. The adipogenesis begins at the late prenatal stage and continues until the early postnatal age. Because the adipogenesis and formation of adipose tissue persist during postnatal period and are precisely regulated by the action of numerous gene products, the present research was attempted to determine the expressional patterns of adipose tissue-associated genes in the rat epididymal fat pad at different postnatal ages, from 7 days to 2 years of ages, using a quantitative real-time PCR analysis. The basal expression levels of CCAAT/enhancer binding protein gamma, sterol regulatory element binding transcription factor 1, fatty acid binding protein 4, adiponectin, leptin, and resistin at the early postnatal ages were significantly lower than those at the elderly ages, even though a fluctuation of expressional levels was observed at some ages. The lowest expressional level of delta like non-canonical Notch ligand 1 was detected at 44 days and 5 months of ages. The expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma ($PPAR{\gamma}$) was the highest at 44 days of age, followed by a diminished expression of $PPAR{\gamma}$ at the elderly ages. These results indicate the existence of a complex regulatory mechanism(s) for expression of adipose tissueassociated genes in the rat epididymal fat during postnatal period.

A Study on Fuel Transport Characteristics in a Port Fuel Injected Sl Engine during Transient Condition (흡기포트 분사방식의 가솔린 엔진에서 급가속시 연료 거동에 관한 연구)

  • 황승환;조용석;이종화
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.20-27
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    • 2003
  • In this paper, the fuel transport characteristics during transient condition was studied by using a Fast Response Flame Ionization Detector(FRFID). The quantitative measurement method for the inducted fuel mass into cylinder is studied. The inducted fuel mass into the cylinder was estimated by using calculated air-fuel ratio by hydrocarbon concentration of cylinder and air flow model. In order to estimate the transportation of injected fuel from the intake port into cylinder, the wall wetting fuel model was used. The two coefficient $\alpha$,$\beta$) of the wall-wetting fuel model was determined from the measured fuel mass that was inducted into the cylinder at the first cycle after injection cut-off To reduce an air/fuel ratio fluctuation during rapid throttle opening, the appropriate fuel injection rate was obtain from the wall wetting model with empirical coefficients. Result of air/fuel ratio control, air/fuel excursion was reduced.

Microclimate and Rice Production (수도작의 미기상과 생산성)

  • Uchijima, Zenbei
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.314-339
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    • 1982
  • Fluctuating climate is still most important environmental constrain, although improved modem agricultural technology has succeeded to increase crop production in the world. To stabilize the food production under fluctuating weather conditions, it is very needed to obain the quantitative information of interactions between crops and climate. The main purpose of this paper is three hold. Using the JIBP-data, the dry matter accumulation of rice crops is studied in relation to weather indexes (\SigmaTa and \SigmaSt). Temperature dependence of the yield index of rice is analyzed as to air temperature and water temperature. \SigmaT$_{10}$ -fluctuations are studied using meteorological data at various stations. The possible shift of \SigmaT$_{10}$ -isopleths due to climate fluctuation is evaluated. The second interest is in the plant climate of rice crops. Using results of canopy photosynthesis, it is pointed that the canopy structure has most important implication in plant climate. Leaf-air, stomatal, and mesophyll resistances of rice crops are described in relation to weather conditions. The change in light condition and aerodynamical property of rice crops with the growth is illustrated. The energy partition is also studied at different growing stages. Third point is to show in more detail effective countermeasures against cold irrigation water and cool summer. Heat balance of warming pond and polyethylene tube as a heat exchanger is studied to make nomo-grams for evaluating the necessary area and necessary length. Effects of windbreak net on rice crops are illustrated by using experimental and simulation results.lts.

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A Study on the Rational Utilization of Resource Catched by Multiple Fisheries (복수의 어업에 의해 어획되는 수산자원의 관리를 위한 연구)

  • 김병호
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.44-56
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    • 1983
  • This study is attempted to serve the fundamental theory for ‘The reorganization of Korean coastal and adjacent water fishery.’ On the Korean coastal and adjacent water fishery where one species stock is catched by multiple fisheries, traditional analysis is not suitable, as analyzing through adjusting the heterogeneous fishing effort among the fisheries to an unit having same fishing strength. Therefore, this study presents the ‘Multi-Variable Model’, adopting fishing effort from each fishery as independent variable, respectively, in order to analyze the quantitative fluctuation of fishery resource not with fishing strength but with amount of fishing effort, measured by the unit of each fishery. For the sake of simplication, this study assumes that one species is catched by two fishery, premise two assumption. 1) Every fishery has not the selectivity in fishing 2) The promotion of fishing efficiency is accomplished in the same speed. Resource equilibrium equation of each fishery is; $$CPUE_1=\frac{Y_1}{E_1}=a_1+ b_1\cdot E_1+c_1\cdot E_1$$ $$CPUE_1=\frac{Y_1}{E_1}=a_1+ b_1\cdot E_1+c_1\cdot E_1$$ Sustainable yield equation is; $$SY_1=a_1\cdot E_1+\cdot b_1E{_1}{^2}+c_1\cdot E_1\cdot E_1$$ $$SY_1=a_1\cdot E_1+b_1\cdot E_1\cdot E_1+c_1\cdot E{_1}{^2}$$ This study is rudimentary, hereafter, refinemental analysis will be supplemented.

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Quantitative fluctuation and species composition of ichthyoplankton in Gwangyang Bay, Korea (광양만 연안에 분포하는 부유성 난 및 자치어의 종조성과 양적변동)

  • CHU, Bo-Ra;LEE, Sung-Hoon;YU, Tae-Sik;HWANG, Tae-Yong;HAN, Kyeong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.55 no.3
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    • pp.233-242
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    • 2019
  • Species composition and yearly variation of fish eggs and larval fishes were investigated from 2014 to 2016. During the study period, the fish eggs were identified as belonging to 14 taxa. The dominant species of fish eggs were Leiognathus nuchalis, Engraulis japonicus, and Konosirus punctatus. These three species accounted for 97.4% of the total number of individuals collected. The collected larval fishes were identified into 37 taxa, 22 families, and seven orders. The dominant species of larval fish were Leiognathus nuchalis, and Gobiidae fishes. These three species accounted for 85.4% of the total number of individuals collected. The diversity index of the larval fishes was the highest in 2014 (H' = 1.60) and the lowest in 2015 (H' = 1.15). The evenness index was the highest in 2016 (J = 0.51) and the lowest in 2015 (J = 0.39). The dominance index was the highest in 2015 (D = 83.5%) and the lowest in 2016 (D = 70.9%). In addition, the economically important species in this area were Engraulis japonicus, Konosirus punctatus, Hippocampus coronatus, Sebastes schlegelii, Acanthopagrus schlegeli, and Cynoglossus joyneri.

Fecal Contamination Associated with Local Reclamation Activity in the Han River Estuary

  • Hyun, Jung-Ho;Ju, Se-Jong;Harvey, H.R.
    • Journal of the korean society of oceanography
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.224-231
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    • 2002
  • Vertical distributions of coprostanol (5$\beta$-cholestan-3$\beta$-ol) and other sterols were investigated in the intertidal sediment of Shinbul island in the Han River estuary to estimate the short-term variations of fecal contamination in association with reclamation activity which caused a construction of tidal barrier and emigration of residents from the island. Quantitative contributions of coprostanol in total sterol (9.87-15.84%) and in total organic carbon (82.0-157.7 $\mu\textrm{g}$ g$^{-1}$ OC) implied that a substantial amount of organic matter associated with fecal pollutants was introduced into the sediment. The highest contribution of coprostanol to organic carbon that was observed between 0.3-0.9 cm depth seemed to be associated with increased human activities for the reclamation project of the island. The ratio of coprostanol to organic carbon decreased within 0.3 cm depth, which indicated decreased fecal contamination after the emigration of residents from the island. The results suggested that measurement of coprostanol could relevantly reflect short-term fluctuation of fecal contamination in the sediment of the Han River estuary.

Modelling of Rock Joint Shear Strength Using Surface Roughness Parameter, Rs (표면 거칠기 계수 Rs를 이용한 암석 절리면 전단강도 모델)

  • 이석원;배석일;이인모
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.73-80
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    • 2001
  • The shear strength of jointed rock is influenced by effective normal stress, joint wall compressive strength, joint roughness and so on. Since joint roughness makes considerable influences on shear strength of jointed rock, many studies tried to get quantitative joint roughness parameter. Until now, Joint Roughness Coefficient, JRC proposed by Barton has been prevalently used as a rock joint roughness parameter In spite of its disadvantages. In this study, a quantification of rock joint roughness is performed using surface roughness parameter, Rs. Proposed method is applied to rock core specimens, field joint surfaces, and JRC profiles. The scale of fluctuation is introduced to extend the suggested method to the large scale field joint surface roughness. Based on the quantification of joint surface roughness, joint shear tests are performed with the portable shear box. The relationship between joint surface roughness and joint shear strength is investigated and finally, a rock joint shear strength equation is derived from these results. The equation has considerable credibility and originality in that it is obtained from laboratory tests and expressed with quantified parameter.

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A Study on the Hydrostatic Mooring Stability of Submerged Floating Ellipsoidal Habitats

  • Pak, Sang-Wook;Lee, Han-Seok;Park, Jin
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.328-334
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    • 2019
  • Underwater architecture in providing a comfortable living space underwater is mandated to survive prevailing environmental loads, especially hydrostatic ambient water pressure exerted on the structure of individual habitat hulls at depth and hydrodynamic fluctuation of external forces that perturb the postural equilibrium and mooring stability of the underwater housing system, for which the design including the hull shape and mooring system constraint the responses. In this study, the postural stability of a proposed underwater floating housing system with three vertically connected ellipsoidal-shape habitat hulls of different sizes are theorized and calculated for hydrostatic stability, using MATLAB in the volumetric integration of a hull and the weight of operational loads under assumed scenarios. The assumptions made in the numerical method to estimate the stability of the habitat system include the fixed weight of the hulls, and their adjustable loads within operational limits for the set meteorological oceanic conditions. The purpose of this study was to numerically manipulate a) The buoyancy and b) The adjusted center of mass of the system within the range of designed external and internal load changes, by which the effective mooring system capability and postural equilibrium requirements were argued with the quantitative analysis.