• Title, Summary, Keyword: Quantitative Trait Loci

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Identification of Quantitative Trait Loci for Resistance to Soybean Cyst Nematode Race 14 (콩시스트 선충 race14에 대한 저항성 유전자좌 구명)

  • Choi, In-Soo;Kim, Yong-Chul
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.375-382
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    • 2003
  • A direct and precise explanation of soybean resistance to soybean cyst nematode will be possible only when the individual gene(s) involved in the resistance are tagged. This study was conducted, (1) to identify and localize quantitative trait loci for resistance to soybean cyst nematode race 14 on RAPD map, (2) to identify the magnitude and mode of inheritance for each quantitative trait loci, and (3) to identify the best combinations of quantitative trait loci for resistance to soybean cyst nematode race 14. Thirty markers (29 RAPD and 1 RFLP) showed significant association with resistance to soybean cyst nematode race 14. From MAPMAKER/QTL analysis, we identified two regions (linkage group C-7 and linkage group C-9) for resistance to soybean cyst nematode .ace 14. The first quantitative trait loci that was localized at 6.0 cM from $H06^1$ on linkage group C-7 showed a dominant inheritance mode. However, we can not exclude the possibility of additive inheritance mode. The second quantitative trait loci that was localized between $B15^2$ and $E01^1$ on linkage group C-9 also showed a dominant mode of inheritance. One pair of flanking markers ($H06^1$ and $H06^2$) and B15$^2$ were used for multiple regression analysis. Marker combination that included 2 markers, $B15^2$ and $H06^1$, explained the highest total variance (22.9%) for resistance to soybean cyst nematode race 14. Further localization of genes for resistance to soybean cyst nematode race 14 and examination of interaction between quantitative trait loci will accelerate the exploitation of resistance to soybean cyst nematode.

Quantitative trait loci controlling the amino acid content in rice (Oryza sativa L.)

  • Yoo, Soo-Cheul
    • Journal of Plant Biotechnology
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.349-355
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    • 2017
  • The amino acid composition of rice is a major concern of rice breeders because amino acids are among the most important nutrient components in rice. In this study, a genetic map was constructed with a population of 134 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) from a cross between Dasanbyeo (Tongil-type indica) and TR22183 (temperate japonica), as a means to detect the main and epistatic effect quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for the amino acid content (AAC). Using a linkage map which covered a total of 1458 cM based on 239 molecular marker loci, a total of six main-effect QTLs (M-QTLs) was identified for the content of six amino acids that were mapped onto chromosome 3. For all the M-QTLs, the TR22183 allele increased the trait values. The QTL cluster (flanked by id3015453 and id3016090) on chromosome 3 was associated with the content of five amino acids. The phenotypic variation, explained by the individual QTLs located in this cluster, ranged from 10.2 to 12.4%. In addition, 26 epistatic QTLs (Ep-QTLs) were detected and the 25 loci involved in this interaction were distributed on all nine chromosomes. Both the M-QTLs and Ep-QTLs detected in this study will be useful in breeding programs which target the development of rice with improved amino acid composition.

Identification of Quantitative Trait Loci Associated with Traits of Soybean for Sprout

  • Lee, Suk-Ha;Park, Keum-Yong;Lee, Hong-Suk;H. Roger Boerma
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.166-170
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    • 1999
  • The identification of quantitative trait loci (QTL) has the potential to enhance the efficiency of im- proving food processing traits of soybean. In this study, 92 restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) loci and two morphological markers (W$_1$ and T) were used to identify QTL associated with food processing traits of soybean for sprout in 83 F$_2$-derived lines from a cross of 'Pureun' x 'Jinpum 2'. The genetic map consisted of 76 loci which covered about 760 cM and converged into 20 linkage groups. Eighteen markers remained unlinked. Phenotypic data were collected for hypocotyl length, abnormal seedling rate, and sprout yield seven days after seed germination at 2$0^{\circ}C$. Based on the single-factor analysis of variance, eight independent markers were associated with hypocotyl length. Four of seven markers associated with abnormal seedling rate were identified as independent. Seven loci were associated with sprout yield. For three different traits, much of genetic variation was explained by the identified QTL in this population. Several RFLP markers in linkage group (LG) Bl were detected as being associated with three traits, providing a genetic explanation for the biological correlation of sprout yield with hypocotyl length (r=OA07***) and with abnormal seedling rate (r=-406***).

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Quantitative Trait Loci and Candidate Genes Affecting Fatty Acid Composition in Cattle and Pig

  • Maharani, Dyah;Jo, Cheo-Run;Jeon, Jin-Tae;Lee, Jun-Heon
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.325-338
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    • 2011
  • Investigations into fatty acid composition in meats are becoming more important due to consumer demand for high quality healthy food. Marker-assisted selection has been applied to livestock to improve meat quality by directly selecting animals for favorable alleles that affect economic traits. Quantitative trait loci affecting fatty acid composition in cattle and pigs were investigated, and five candidate genes (ACACA, FASN, SCD, FABPs, and SREBP-1) were significantly associated with fatty acid composition. The information presented here should provide valuable guidelines to detect causative mutations affecting fatty acid composition in cattle and pigs.

Directed Causal Network Construction Using Linkage Analysis with Metabolic Syndrome-Related Expression Quantitative Traits

  • Kim, Kyee-Zu;Min, Jin-Young;Kwon, Geun-Yong;Sung, Joo-Hon;Cho, Sung-Il
    • Genomics & Informatics
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.143-151
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    • 2011
  • In this study, we propose a novel, intuitive method of constructing an expression quantitative trait (eQT) network that is related to the metabolic syndrome using LOD scores and peak loci for selected eQTs, based on the concept of gene-gene interactions. We selected 49 eQTs that were related to insulin resistance. A variance component linkage analysis was performed to explore the expression loci of each of the eQTs. The linkage peak loci were investigated, and the "support zone" was defined within boundaries of an LOD score of 0.5 from the peak. If one gene was located within the "support zone" of the peak loci for the eQT of another gene, the relationship was considered as a potential "directed causal pathway" from the former to the latter gene. SNP markers under the linkage peaks or within the support zone were searched for in the database to identify the genes at the loci. Two groups of gene networks were formed separately around the genes IRS2 and UGCGL2. The findings indicated evidence of networks between genes that were related to the metabolic syndrome. The use of linkage analysis enabled the construction of directed causal networks. This methodology showed that characterizing and locating eQTs can provide an effective means of constructing a genetic network.

Mapping Quantitative Trait Loci for Meat Quality on Pig Chromosome 3, 4 and 7

  • Zuo, Bo;Xiong, YuanZhu;Su, YuHong;Deng, ChangYan;Zheng, Rong;Jiang, Siwen
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.320-324
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    • 2003
  • The objective of this study was to localize QTL affecting meat quality in a pig family of three generations. All animals were genotyped for twenty-four microsatellites on SSC3 (Sus scrofa chromosome 3), SSC4 and SSC7. One hundred and forty $F_2$ offsprings were scored for eleven meat quality traits. Least square regression interval mapping revealed quantitative trait loci (QTL) effect for meat pH (m. Semipinalis Capitis, SC) on SSC4 and SSC7; for moisture (m. Longissimus Dorsi, LD) on SSC3. Furthermore, there was suggestive evidence for a QTL on SSC4 affecting intramuscular fat (IMF) content that nearly approached the chromosomewise (p=0.05) significance threshold.

Mapping of Quantitative Trait Loci Affecting Growth Traits in a Japanese Native Chicken Cross

  • Rikimaru, K.;Sasaki, O.;Koizumi, N.;Komatsu, M.;Suzuki, K.;Takahashi, Hideaki
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.24 no.10
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    • pp.1329-1334
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    • 2011
  • The Hinai-dori is a breed of chicken native to Akita Prefecture, Japan. An $F_2$ resource population produced by crossing low- and high-growth lines of the Hinai-dori breed was analyzed to detect quantitative trait loci (QTL) for growth traits. Highly significant QTLs for body weight at 10 and 14 weeks of age and average daily gain between 4 and 10 weeks and between 10 and 14 weeks of age were accordingly mapped in a common region between ADL0198 and ABR0287 on chromosome 1 and between MCW0240 and ABR0622 on chromosome 4, respectively. A significant QTL for body weight at 4 weeks of age and a significant QTL for average daily gain between 0 and 4 weeks of age were mapped for the first time to the same region flanking ABR0204 and ABR0284 on chromosome 1. These QTLs are good candidates for application in the development of marker-assisted selection strategies for increasing growth efficiencies in the Hinai-dori breed and native breeds of chickens in Asia.

Identification of Quantitative Trait Loci Associated with Seed Size and Weight in Soybean

  • Kim, Hong-Sik;Lee, Suk-Ha;Park, Keum-Yong;Lee, Yeong-Ho
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.227-231
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    • 2000
  • Small seed size is one of the major traits of soybean cultivars for sprouts with regard to high sprout yield. This study was conducted to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) for seed size and weight in a set of F 6 seeds of 89 lines derived from a cross between 'Pureunkong', a soybean cultivar developed for sprouts and 'Jinpumkong 2', a soybean cultivar with no beany taste in seed due to the lack of lipoxygenases. The genetic map of 25 linkage groups with a total of 98 markers including RFLP, RAPD, SSR and classical markers was constructed from this F/sbu 5/-derived population and was used for QTL analysis. 'Pureunkong' was significantly smaller (P<0.01) than 'Jinpumkong 2' in seed size and seed weight. Genetic variation was detected and transgressive segregation was common in the population for these traits. Seven DNA markers including opT14-1600 in LG A2, opF02-400 in LG B2, Satt100, opC09-700, opG04-730 and opQll-650 in LG C2, and opY07-1100 & 1000 in LG(unknown) were significantly associated and accounted for 4.7 to 10.9% and 5.1 to 10.1 % of the phenotypic variation in seed size and seed weight, respectively. 'Pureunkong' alleles increased seed size and seed weight at the all four significant marker loci on the LG C2. These marker loci in LG C2 were closely linked and were presumed to be a single QTL. Overall, at least three independent QTLs from 3 linkage groups (A2, B2, and C2) were putatively involved in the control of seed size and seed weight.

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Mapping Quantitative Trait Loci with Various Types of Progeny from Complex Pedigrees

  • Lee, C.;Wu, X.L.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.1505-1510
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    • 2001
  • A method for mapping quantitative trait loci (QTL) was introduced incorporating the information of mixed progeny from complex pedigrees. The method consisted of two steps based on single marker analysis. The first step was to examine the marker-trait association with a mixed model considering common environmental effect and reversed QTL-marker linkage phase. The second step was to estimate QTL effects by a weighted least square analysis. A simulation study indicated that the method incorporating mixed progeny from multiple generations improved the accuracy of QTL detection. The influence of within-genotype variance and recombination rate on QTL analysis was further examined. Detecting a QTL with a large within-genotype variance was more difficult than with a small within-genotype variance. Most of the significant marker-QTL association was detectable when the recombination rate was less than 15%.

Investigation of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in Porcine Chromosome 2 Quantitative Trait Loci for Meat Quality Traits

  • Do, K.T.;Ha, Y.;Mote, B.E.;Rothschild, M.F.;Choi, B.H.;Lee, S.S.;Kim, T.H.;Cho, B.W.;Kim, K.S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.155-160
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    • 2008
  • Several studies have reported quantitative trait loci (QTL) for meat quality on porcine chromosome 2 (http://www.animalgenome.org/QTLdb/pig.html). For application of the molecular genetic information to the pig industry through marker-assisted selection, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers were analyzed by comparative re-sequencing of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products of 13 candidate genes with DNA from commercial pig breeds such as Berkshire, Yorkshire, Landrace, Duroc and Korean Native pig. A total of 34 SNPs were identified in 15 PCR products producing an average of one SNP in every 253 bp. PCR restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) assays were developed for 11 SNPs and used to investigate allele frequencies in five commercial pig breeds in Korea. Eight of the SNPs appear to be fixed in at least one of the five pig breeds, which indicates that different selection among pig breeds might be applied to these SNPs. Polymorphisms detected in the PTH, CSF2 and FOLR genes were chosen to genotype a Berkshire-Yorkshire pig breed reference family for linkage and association analyses. Using linkage analysis, PTH and CSF2 loci were mapped to pig chromosome 2, while FOLR was mapped to pig chromosome 9. Association analyses between SNPs in the PTH, CSF2 and FOLR suggested that the CSF2 MboII polymorphism was significantly associated with several pork quality traits in the Berkshire and Yorkshire crossed F2 pigs. Our current findings provide useful SNP marker information to fine map QTL regions on pig chromosome 2 and to clarify the relevance of SNP and quantitative traits in commercial pig populations.