• Title, Summary, Keyword: Quality of Life

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The Impact of Communication on the Overall Quality of Life in Elderly Koreans

  • Kang, Ji Sook;Park, Sung Ji
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.58-64
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    • 2019
  • Background: Communication is important for the elderly to maintain existing social relationships while creating new relationships based on good communication skills to lessen psychological and emotional distress and lead a healthy life in advanced age. Aims: This study identifies the difference between the social network-based quality of communication life and the overall quality of life in the elderly and how much the quality of communication life affects the overall quality of life. Methods: This research includes a survey of the elderly aged 65 and over living in small cities of South Korea. Data sets of 201 elderly were analyzed. Results: This study found a significant correlation between the quality of communication life and the overall quality of life. Religion also influences the elderly's quality of communication life. The elderly's quality of communication life has 40% explanatory power of the overall quality of life. Conclusion: Consequently, senior citizens' quality of life will be improved through the enhanced quality of communication in addition to financial and health conditions by participating in various community activities similar to those provided by religion to increase opportunities for communication.

Stressful Life Events and Quality of Life in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 생활스트레스와 삶의 질)

  • Song, Yeoung-Suk
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.71-80
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to assess stressful life events and quality of life in nursing students. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional research design. A structured questionnaire was designed to collect data on participants' socio-demographics, stressful life events (interpersonal relationship & task-related events) and quality of life (WHOQOL-Bref) in September 2011. Descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and hierarchical multiple regression were applied to data analysis. Results: A total of 135 nursing students were surveyed. The score of the task-related stressful life events was higher than that of the interpersonal stressful life events. Physical domain score ($13.53{\pm}2.33$) was highest but environmental domain score ($12.75{\pm}2.34$) was lowest in quality of life. Satisfaction with campus life affected stressful life events (F=11.82, p<.001) and quality of life (F=17.77, p<.001), and extracurricular activities affect quality of life (t=-2.51, p=.013). Quality of life was negatively associated with task-related stressful life events (r=.-51, p<.001). Multiple regression analyses showed that extracurricular activities, satisfaction with campus life and task-related stressful life events were statistically significant in predicting quality of life with the explanatory power of 40.6%. Conclusion: This study could be a reference to improve the quality of life of nursing students.

Effect of Tourists' Shopping Satisfaction on Quality of Life (여행 중 쇼핑활동이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Yangjin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.41 no.6
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    • pp.1039-1049
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    • 2017
  • This study investigated the effect of shopping satisfaction on travel satisfaction, travel specific quality of life and overall quality of life for Korean vacation tourists. Tourist evaluations on those four variables were confirmed first. The effect of shopping satisfaction on the other variables was then investigated. The effect of demographics was also identified. An on-line survey method was used to obtain data of 20's-50's tourists, while factor analysis, regression analysis, ANOVA, and Duncan test were applied to analyze data. The results were as follows. First, shopping satisfaction of the vacation travel showed a positive effect on tour satisfaction, which affected the quality of life after travel. Second, travel specific quality of life had a significant effect on overall quality of life and confirmed the bottom-up spillover effect. Third, the perception of shopping satisfaction, travel satisfaction, travel specific quality of life, and overall quality of life differed by demographic factors. Women and young tourists revealed high satisfaction scores in shopping and travel; in addition, wealthy travelers showed a higher quality of life. Occupation tended to partly affect satisfaction and quality of life. The findings implied that travel and tourists' shopping are an important element to enhance the quality of life.

Predictors of Quality of Life among Hemodialysis Patients (혈액투석환자의 삶의 질에 대한 영향요인)

  • Kim, Eun-Young;Kim, Jin-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.597-607
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    • 2004
  • Purposes: Quality of life is an important health outcome for hemodialysis patients. The purposes of this study were to identify the level of quality of life and to identify the predictors of quality of life among hemodialysis patients. Method: A descriptive correlational study was conducted. Data were collected from 103 hemodialysis patients at the hospitals in a community using structured questionnaire and medical record. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, correlation, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: Quality of life among hemodialysis patients was relatively lower than that of previous studies. In the final analysis, quality of life was predicted by presence of comorbidity, emotional health, gender, physical health, and knowledge of disease. These variables accounted for 45% of variance of the quality of life. The presence of comorbidity was the most significant predictor of quality of life among hemodialysis patients. Conclusion: Interventions to increase quality of life among hemodialysis patients such as health promotion program and educational program for dietary compliance are needed. These must be developed and applied.

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The Elders' General Quality of Life and Oral Health-related Quality of Life (일부 노인의 일반적 삶의 질과 구강건강관련 삶의 질에 관한 연구)

  • Bae, Ji-Young
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Health Science
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.466-475
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    • 2015
  • Purpose. The purpose of this study was conducted to identify the elders' general quality of life and oral health-related quality of life. Method. Questionnaire survey was conducted on 241 elders' living in Pohang area from August to September 2014. The results were obtained from t-test, one-way ANOVA analysis, pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression analysis. Results. Oral health status had significant correlations with gender, age, education, income, drink and hypertension. Oral health-related quality of life showed the highest relationships with age; oral health status and general quality of life showed the highest relationships with monthly income; and, age and education period also showed influence on general quality of life. Conclusions. Therefore, it is required to strengthen oral health improvement program and oral health education for improvement of elders' quality of life.

Quality of Life of Women Undergoing Chemotherapy for a Gynaecological Oncological Disease in Turkey

  • Akkuzu, Gulcihan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.1277-1280
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    • 2012
  • Aim: Studies have shown effects of surgery, radiation and chemotherapy on quality of life in cases of gynaecological cancer. Very few studies are available examining the quality of life of individuals in Turkey who have been diagnosed with gynaecological cancer and undergoing treatment. Method: This study was performed to evaluate the quality of life of such patients using the EORTC-QLQ-C30 Quality of Life Index. Chi-square Yates, Mann-Whitney-U tests and variance analysis used for statistical analizing. Results: The EORTC-QLQ-C30 Quality of Life Index mean points for "general well-being and quality of life" of the patients were found to be $60.5{\pm}25.0$. In the sub-groups of the Quality of Life Index determined fatigue ($60.1{\pm}24.8$), economic difficulties ($46.9{\pm}33.3$), pain and loss of appetite ($42.9{\pm}27.8$; $42.9{\pm}34.0$) and insomnia ($40.1{\pm}34.0$) were the symptoms most reported to have a negative effect on quality of life. Statistical significance was noted for marital status and income status (p<0.05) but not educational level. Conclusion:Determination of quality of life of women with a diagnosis of gynaecological oncological disease who are undergoing chemotherapy enables provision of a more comprehensive and higher quality of care.

The Relationship between Degree of Stress and Quality of Life in Mothers of Children with Cerebral Palsy

  • Yun, Mi-Jung;Lee, Wan-Hee;Lee, Jae-Sub;Lee, Kyoung-Suk
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.191-197
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study investigated the relationship between degree of stress and quality of life in mothers of children with cerebral palsy. Methods: This study's subjects were 77 mothers of children under 10 years of age with cerebral palsy. The instrument is a self-administered, structured, written questionnaire. The tool that measured the degree of stress was created by modifying the questionnaire by Park (2004). Quality of life for all mothers with cerebral palsy was evaluated by the ShortForm-36 Health Questionnaire. To verify the effects on degree of stress and quality of life arising from general characteristics, t-tests and ANOVAs were conducted. The correlation between degree of stress and quality of life was analyzed via Pearson's correlation analysis. Results: The mothers' degree of stress was rated as 2.69 out of 5; their quality of life was rated as 53.07 out of 100. There was a significant negative correlation between quality of life and the age of cerebral palsy and positive correlations between quality of life and mother's age, background, and family income. Degree of stress among mothers has a positive correlation with quality of life. Conclusion: This study provides basic data about the relationship between degree of stress and quality of life in mothers of children with cerebral palsy.

Factors Influencing Family Quality of Life among Mothers of Children with ADHD (주의력결핍/과잉행동장애 아동 가족의 삶의 질 영향 요인)

  • Oh, Won-Oak
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.396-404
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the level of quality of family life, parental locus of control, and parental sense of competence, and to elucidate factors that influence family quality of life in the mothers of children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD). Method: A convenient sample of mothers from 6 child psychiatric clinics was used in this cross-sectional survey design. Questionnaires used for data collection included the following scales: Family Quality of Life, Parental Locus of Control-Short Form Revised, Parental Sense of Competence. Results: The level of family quality of life was mid-range. A positive relationship was found between Family Quality of Life and the research variables. The significant predictors of family quality of life were parental locus of control, parental sense of competence, and duration of medication and these variables accounted for 21.8% of the variance in family quality of life. Conclusions: These results indicate that family quality of life is an important factor which health care provider should assess and evaluate for children with ADHD and their families. The results of this study suggest that family quality of life is an important link with parental sense of competence and parental locus of control.

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The Effects of Stress and Depression on the Quality of Life in Single Elderly Households (고령자 1인 가구의 스트레스와 우울증이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Seok-hwan;Kim, Eun-yeob
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.43-52
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    • 2018
  • Objects: In this study, we analyzed the correlation between stress and depression related to the quality of life of one elderly household, and analyzed the influence of stress and depression on the quality of life. In this study, I tried to make a plan for improving the quality of life for one elderly. Methods: In this study, the frequency and percentage according to the general characteristics of one elderly household were frequency analyzed. And the mean and standard deviation of stress, depression, quality of life were analyzed on average. And continuous analysis of stress, depression, quality of life, etc., conducted a technical analysis. Relationship to stress, depression, quality of life, correlation analysis was done. The effect of stress and depression on the quality of life was linear regression analysis. SPSS Version 23.0 was used for analysis. Result: Increased stress and increased depression in elderly single households was a static (+) correlation. And the results of the regression analysis showed that the higher the stress and depression of one elderly household, the lower the quality of life. Conclusion: For the improvement of the quality of life of one elderly household, the government should support stress and depression prevention programs according to sex, age, number of chronic diseases.

Quality of Life in Patients with Women Cancer across Treatment Phases (치료단계에 따른 여성암 환자의 삶의 질)

  • Tae, Young Sook;Jung, Youn Kung
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.138-149
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study was to identify the level of quality of life in patients with woman cancer across treatment phases. Methods: The research method was a cross-sectional descriptive study. Data was collected by questionnaires from 226 female, who were in- and out-patients. They were diagnosed with breast and uterine cancer from three university hospitals and two general hospitals. The instruments used for this study included, "the Quality Of Life Scale(QOL)". The collected data were analyzed using Frequency, Percentage, ANOVA, Two-Way ANOVA. Results: Quality of life of women cancer patients was significantly different according to three treatment phases. Quality of life of women cancer patients was not significantly different according to areas of disease in the three treatment phases. Quality of life of women cancer patients was significantly different according to level of fatigue in the three treatment phases. Quality of life of women cancer patients was significantly different according to level of perceived health status in the three treatment phases(F=60.14, p=0.000). Quality of life of women cancer patients was significantly different according to education level(F=3.70, p=0.027) & occupation(F=5.67, p=0.018) in three treatment phases. Conclusion: Strategies for intervention are needed to improve the quality of life in women cancer patients across the treatment phases. The significant several characteristics of affecting on quality of life across treatment phases should be considered in sociopsychological nursing intervention.

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