• Title, Summary, Keyword: Q-methodology

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Public Attitudes toward Mental Illness: Q-Methodological Approach (정신질환에 대한 일반인의 태도: Q방법론 적용)

  • Kim, Ji Hyun;Kim, Boon Han
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.24-35
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify public attitudes toward mental illness, and to use Q methodology to build understanding of the differences among these attitude types. Methods: Q Methodology was used to examine the public's attitude on mental illness. Thirty participants classified 33 selected Q-statements on a seven-point scale to create a normal distribution. The collected data were analyzed by using the PC QUANL program. Results: Four types of attitudes toward mental illness were identified. Type I was named 'Pursuing positive attention and patience regarding serious human rights'; type II, 'Demanding the abolishing of prejudice through various media', type III, 'Emphasizing social responsibility at a distance from mental illness', and type IV, 'Focusing on reversible treatment of the disease'. Conclusion: In this study, the general public has presented a nursing intervention strategy that can provide support that allows for a positive recognition of mental disorders in accordance with the characteristics of each type.

Attitudes of Police Science Students toward Police Image: Q-Methodological Approach (경찰행정학과 학생들의 경찰 이미지에 대한 주관적 태도 유형: Q 방법론의 적용)

  • Jung, Se-Jong;Kim, Bong-Chul;Kim, Yu-Mi
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.639-650
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to identify attitudes of police science students toward police image by Q-Methodology. Q-Methodology provides a method of identifying the subjectivity of each item. A survey was carried out among 40 police science students to classify the 40 selected Q-statements into a normal distribution using a 11 point scale. The collected data was analyzed by QUANL program and principal component analysis was used to identify the types of police image. As a result of this study, the police image was classified into 3 types. Type 1 can be categorized by 'fantastic image', Type 2 can be classified by 'stressful image', and Type 3 can be categorized by 'charismatic image'. These results will be used to develop a programs for improving police science students' education and will be a basis for reforming police image.

Coping Styles toward Hospital Violence in Clinical Nurses: An Application of Q Methodology (임상간호사의 병원 폭력 대처 유형: Q-방법론적 접근)

  • Ha, Eunho;Cho, Jinyoung
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.263-274
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: Clinical nurses are at high risk of incurring hospital violence during their working life. Hospital violence and its outcomes have an impact on the job satisfaction, the recruitment and retention of nurses as well as the quality of care delivered to patients. The purpose of this study was to identify coping styles toward hospital violence in clinical nurses using Q-methodology. Methods: Q-methodology, which analyzes the subjectivity of each type of attitude, and coping styles was used. The 40 selected Q-statements from each of 35 participants were classified into the shape of a normal distribution using a 9-point scale. The collected data were analyzed using the pc-QUANAL program. Results: The results revealed four discrete groups of clinical nurses toward hospital violence: take strong action and promote the recurrence prevention, appear psychosomatic symptoms, investigate the cause and focus on prevention, and request hospital assistance and keep up my duty. Conclusion: The findings indicate that development of nursing intervention program based on the four types could beneficially contribute to the violence prevention in hospital.

Perception Types of Nursing Students to Clinical Education: Q Methodological Approach (간호대학생의 임상실습에 대한 인식유형 : Q방법론적 접근)

  • Kim, Myung-Ae;Kim, Hyo-Eun;Nam, Sung-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.327-339
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to explore perception types and to understand the nature of experience of nursing students' clinical education by using the Q methodology. A Q sample was developed through a review of the literature and descriptions about nursing students' experience in clinical practice. Thirty-six statements made up the finalized Q sample. The P sample consisted of 33 third grade nursing students in K university. Q statements were written on separate cards and were given to the 33 subjects to sort according to degree of agreement or disagreement. The Q-sorts by each subject were coded and analysed with the Quanl PC program. A a result, three major perception types, namely, 'alienation of ideal and reality', 'active participation', and 'perception of limitation of ability' were identified. By identifying the nature of the three types, this study suggests efficient strategies for developing clinical educational programs according to the perception types of nursing students. Clinical education would thereby be more valuable.

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Subjectivity of Nausea and Vomiting of Pregnancy(NVP) in woman: Q Methodology (여성의 입덧 경험에 대한 주관성 연구)

  • Kim, Kyung-Ae
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.422-431
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the subjective opinions related to NVP experience in woman. Method: The research method used was Q-methodology. The statement of self-reference was derived from face to face interviews with 10 womans. Statement were categorized by researcher according to semantics. Twenty-seven of the self reference statement from categories of the Q-population were selected. Twenty-five of pregnant womans were selected by consideration of diversity in sociodemographic background. Based on a 1 to 9 point scale, the selected pregnant womans were made to participate in. Q-sorting. Analysis of Q-type was obtained by use of the QUANAL program. Result: There are three type of NVP experience of Korean womans. The first type focused on family support relate to NVP coping. The second type focused on physical self regulation related to NVP coping. The third type focused on actual strategy related to NVP coping. Conclusion: It is suggested that the results of this study may contribute to the development strategies for the purpose of decreasing the incidence of NVP.

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Fear Factors in Children with Emotional and Behavioral Problems : A Q-Methodological Approach (정서·행동 문제아가 지각하는 두려움의 유형분석 : Q 방법론적 접근)

  • Koo, Mee-Hyang
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.75-90
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    • 2005
  • The structure of fears was identified and measured by Q methodology. Subjects were 40 school-aged children with emotional and behavioral problems. Subjectivity of children's fears was classified into 3 types by the QUANL program. Three types occupied 52% of all variance and correlations ranged between .31 and.52. The first type is "imaginative-sensitive perception" where children are fearful about unreal and imaginative objects related to death. The second type is "rational-empirical perception" where children are concerned about the impact of fearful objects and authoritative figures based on their own personal experience. The last type is "realistic-egocentric perception" where children are fearful of possible violence, crime, and disease.

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An analysis of Kindergarten Teachers' Perceptions of Children's Creativity Employing Q-methodological Approach (창의성에 대한 유치원 교사의 인식 유형 분석 : Q-방법론적 접근)

  • Park, Sun Mi;Yoo, Soo Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.231-248
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    • 2008
  • This research used Q-Methodology to investigate kindergarten teachers' perception style regarding children's creativity. The 30 participants had various teaching experiences and educational backgrounds and were teaching in a variety of types of kindergartens in the cities of Busan and Ulsan. Individual teacher's subjective perspective was the main target for the analysis. Results showed four types of teachers' perceptions of creativity : 1) perceiving creativity as children's creative thinking ability, 2) focusing on creative curriculum development 3) perceiving creativity as children's creative personality, and 4) focusing on either teacher's thorough understanding of children's creativity or teachers' creativity. These results indicate that teachers tend to perceive creativity in narrow and specific domains. These findings are discussed with respect to their educational implications.

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Subjectivity Study for Michelin Guide Restaurant Customers: Applying the Q Methodology (미쉐린 가이드 레스토랑 이용고객에 대한 주관성 연구: Q방법론 적용)

  • Kim, Chan-Woo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.635-646
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    • 2018
  • This study applied Q methodology to graduate students of food service management department in Seoul to grasp subjective perception of customers using Michelin guide restaurant. Six types of analysis result were obtained. Specifically, the first type (N = 3): Restaurant hygiene-seeking type, the second type (N = 6): Restaurant taste-seeking type, the third type N = 5): Select Restaurant Compare Prices type, 4th type (N = 3): Pursuing taste for restaurant price type, 5th type (N = 2) Restaurant full service select type, and 6th type (N = 3): Restaurant menu configuration Select. In the future, the research on the Michelin guide restaurant will be revised and supplemented with more detailed Q methodological questions and analytical techniques based on many documents and empirical studies, to analyze the various opinions of respondents more concrete and objectively.

A Study on Subjective Recognition of Food-truck Customers Using Q Methodology (Q방법론을 활용한 푸드 트럭 이용고객의 주관적 인식 연구)

  • Kim, Chan-Woo;Jung, In-Yeong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.514-524
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    • 2018
  • This study applied Q methodology to consumers who have experience using food trucks to understand subjective perception of food truck customers. The purpose of this study is to characterize the perceptual structure of food truck customers, to describe characteristics of the types and to suggest some implications. The results of the type analysis are as follows. The first type (N = 10): Food truck zone accessibility preferred type, the second type (N = 8): Complex entertainment experience type, the third type (N = 9) = 3): Fast food preference type. Future research on food trucks, restaurants, and tourism will be based on a variety of literature and empirical studies, and will be revised and supplemented with more detailed Q methodological questions and analytical techniques to analyze the various opinions of respondents in a more concrete and objective manner.

The Subjectivity Perceptions of the Image of the Police (경찰 이미지 제고에 대한 주관적 인식유형)

  • Yang, Chang-Hoon;Lee, Jei-Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.220-234
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to understand the types and features of subjectivity perceptions of the police by applying Q methodology that draw upon schematic model in subjectivity study. A survey was carried out among police officers in Gangwon province, South Korea, to classify the 61 selected Q-statements into a normal distribution using a 11 point scale. The collected data was analyzed using QUANL program, and principal component factor analysis using varimax rotation was used to identify the types of perceived image of the police. Type I can be categorized by a strong concern for the education & manpower management, Type II can be categorized by advocating for duty observance, Type III can be categorized by the pursuit of publicized police image and Type IV can be categorized by the suggestions for legal improvement. The use of Q methodology provides insights into the image of the police that would not be available through traditional methodologies and offers a foundation for essential efforts to address and overcome concerns about the image of the police.