• Title, Summary, Keyword: Q-방법론

Search Result 379, Processing Time 0.051 seconds

The Reactions of Emergency Department Nurses to Violence: Q-Methodological Approach (폭력에 대한 응급실 간호사의 반응 유형: Q-방법론적 접근)

  • Park, Eun-Young;Seo, Ji-Min;Ju, Hyeon-Ok;Lee, Eun-Nam
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.37 no.5
    • /
    • pp.762-771
    • /
    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the reactions of emergency department nurses to violence. Methods: Q-methodology which provides a method of analyzing the subjectivity of each item was used. Thirty emergency department nurses classified 33 selected Q-statements into a normal distribution using a 9 point scale. The collected data was analyzed using the Quanl PC Program. Results: Three types of reactions to violence were identified. The first type(emotional and physical reactions) showed a sense of regret on the selection of an occupation and emotional and physical reactions such as anxiety, fear, depression, hopelessness, heart palpitations and trembling hands due to the violence. The second type(problem solving) actively coped to prevent the occurrence of violence, grasped the causes of violence and sought out a problem solving plan. The third type(anger reactions) felt a lot of anger against violence, and resented their reality of working under conditions of inadequately secured facilities and systems. Conclusion: The emotional and physical reactions type and the anger reactions type should be required to attend educational programs to improve attitudes and abilities to solve the problems in a more active and positive manner.

An Explorative Study on the Health Behavior of Middle-Aged Women in the Middle East Area Using the Q-Methodological Approach (Q-방법론을 이용한 중동지역내 중년여성의 건강행위에 관한 탐색적 연구)

  • Park, Chung-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.19 no.3
    • /
    • pp.408-418
    • /
    • 2008
  • The purpose of the study is to understand the types and the features of the health behavior of middle-aged women in the Middle East using Q-methodology. A survey was carried out during the period from the 1st of October to the 30th of December, 2006. Data for thirty five (35) women out of forty-nine (49) were analyzed through Principal Component Analysis and WRAP (Weighted Rotational Analytical Procedure). Analysis results showed that the group was divided into four types: Type I is health management; Type II is social activity; Type III is exercise orientation; and Type IV is religious dependency. Types I, II, and III were in a positive correlation with one another, and Type IV was not correlated with the other types. Subjective perception on the health behavior of middle-aged women in the Middle East (Jordan) was investigated and compared with middle-aged Korean women. The results of this study may provide more effective ways to improve the condition of health management and to promote the quality of life.

  • PDF

Perception Type of the South Korean Propaganda Broadcasts Experts about The Role of Broadcasts in The Process of Unification (남한의 대북방송 전문가들이 갖는 통일과정에서 방송의 역할에 대한 인식 연구 Q방법론을 이용한 북한자유화방송론과 남북교류협력방송론의 차이 규명)

  • Cho, Soojin;Lee, Chahyun
    • Korean journal of communication and information
    • /
    • v.76
    • /
    • pp.61-91
    • /
    • 2016
  • This research is designed to evaluate perception of "the role of broadcasting in the process of unification" among South Korean propaganda broadcasting experts. This research used Q-methodology for in-depth evaluation of the experts' perception towards propaganda broadcasts. Total sixteen experts who work at the propaganda broadcasting company domestically or internationally as well as conduct related researches were selected as P-samples. This research listed sixty Q statements covering issues such as Perception of Unification, General Propaganda Broadcasts, Private Propaganda Broadcasts, Communication between North and South Korea. According to traditional way of Q-analysis, it drew two types of perception; Type 1: North Korean Liberal Broadcasts, Type2: Inter-Korean Exchange and Cooperation Broadcasts. For in-depth analysis, positive and negative statements were analyzed based on its tendency. As a result, positive statements tend to follow 'the Role of Unification Broadcasts' and negative statements followed 'the regulation of Private Broadcasts' When further researches were conducted on positive statements based on its axis of tendencies, Type 1 and Type 2 were categorized as follows; the Role of Unification Broadcasts- North Korean Liberal Broadcasts and Inter-Korean Exchange and Cooperation Broadcasts. On the other hand, when negative statements were analyzed based on its tendencies, the result of Type 1 and Type 2 were as follows; the Improvement of Private Broadcasts- Redeeming the Private Propaganda Broadcasts and Criticizing Private Propaganda Broadcasts. Regardless such differences, experts do agree on the idea which emphasize the role of broadcasts in the process of unification and also they share the same thought on the need to improve the private propaganda broadcasts. This research expected to contribute to society by making differences in analyzing propaganda broadcasting experts' perception in an objective and positive way compare to other existing researches. Therefore, it proposes several suggestions to consider when producing propaganda broadcasts.

  • PDF

The Social Workers' Subjective Perception Type on the School Violence of Adolescents : Application of Q-Methodology (청소년의 학교폭력에 대한 학교사회복지사의 주관적 인식유형 : Q방법론의 활용)

  • Jung, Hyun-Tae;Yeum, Dong-Moon;Lim, Chae-Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.16 no.11
    • /
    • pp.384-398
    • /
    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to explore how school social workers recognize on the school violence of adolescents by using Q methodology. To this study, selected 31 of Q samples related school violence of adolescent by applying Q methodology and 33 of socials workers completed classification table, and three types were derived. The first type is named 'a type of improvement parents' concern with nonprofessional perception' because it has a significant part in bringing up children by parents to prevent school violence of adolescent and also has a negative perception, which is difficult to approach professional intervention. The second type is named 'a type of uncertainty of responsibility with passive perception' because there is an ambiguousness between responsibility and criteria through connection of official on the school violence. The third type is named 'a type of absence of responsibility with professional perception' because it is perceived absence of job roles to prevent school violence. This type showed school social workers, as a professionals of school violence of adolescents, wanted to intervene school violence but realistic intervention was difficult. From this study, it is considered subjective perception of school social workers on the school violence of adolescents will be affected on the change of adolescents in the future, and it is a significant way to use them as a basic data to prevent or remove school violence of adolescents in the school through conception and typology of them.

Conceptual Domain of Organizational Citizenship Behavior : the Application of Q-Methodology (조직시민행동의 개념적 영역 탐구 : Q방법론의 적용)

  • Kim, Kyoung Seok;Lee, Jei Young
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.19 no.8
    • /
    • pp.94-104
    • /
    • 2018
  • This purpose of this study is to extract the perceptual types of Organizational Citizenship Behavior(OCB) conceptual domain. OCB is a employee behavior that goes above and beyond the call of duty, that is discretionary and not explicitly recognized by the employing organization's formal reward system, and that contributes to organizational effectiveness. But, as is generally known, OCB is such a fuzzy concept that many researchers have been questioning the exact conceptual domain of OCB. In this context, we try to applicate Q-methodology to find more effective way of explaining the conceptual domain of OCB. Q-sample was constructed by a thorough review on the relevant literature, and P-sample is 14 employees of an manufacturing company. In conclusion, we find three types of the conceptual domain of OCB, that is coworker-oriented, organization-orienteded, and work-orienteed type. The paper ends with suggestions for future research directions.

Subjectivity on Communication Styles of Nursing Freshmen : Q Methodological Approach (간호대학 신입생의 의사소통 스타일에 대한 주관성 연구 : Q 방법론적 접근)

  • Park, Jeoung-Weon;Jung, You-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.15 no.9
    • /
    • pp.329-341
    • /
    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the types of subjectivity on communication styles of nursing freshmen and explore their properties by using the Q Methodology. Fifty nursing freshmen of P sample classified 55 Q-statements into the normal distribution of 11 point scale. Data were collected from May to June, 2015 and analyzed by using PC-QUANL program. As a result, communication styles are identified as 'Open-interaction facilitator', 'Other-considerate listener', 'Tense-sensitive to criticism person', and 'Non-interactive observer'. Open-interaction facilitators proficiently use verbal and nonverbal expressions, openly disclosing themselves and facilitating interactions with others. Other-considerate listeners primarily consider others before themselves, with careful communication. Tense-sensitive to criticism persons are nervous, sensitive to criticism, and are distractive style, so they have difficulties in intimate interaction with others. Non-interactive observers are bystanders who observe others and feel indifferent to interactions, without any self disclosure. The result of this study will be used for developing communication educational programs for nursing freshmen.

Analysis of the Audience's Subjectivity about Preference of Documentaries on TV (TV방송 다큐멘터리 선호도에 대한 수용자의 주관성 연구)

  • Hyun, Seung-Hoon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.11 no.10
    • /
    • pp.128-136
    • /
    • 2011
  • This is a study on the subjectivity of audiences about preference of documentaries on TV. Accordingly, Q-methodology was used for this study. As a result, audiences' various characteristics by preference types were able to be found. The individual characteristics were classified into three styles: an entertainment-oriented style pursuing enjoyment, public and society interest-oriented style pursuing public purpose, and culture-oriented style pursuing artistic value of documentaries in order. It could be inferred from the classification of preference styles that unlike the past, the choice of TV broadcasting of audiences was shifting from the passive and media-dependent form to positive form. Therefore, the research and development of content delivery and production in the multi-media and multi-channel digital broadcasting era should be focused on not only the content itself but also an audience-centered service development model reflecting audiences' desire and hope.

A Q-Methodological Convergence Study on Images of Radiologists as Perceived by Radiology College Students (방사선과 대학생이 지각하는 방사선사의 이미지에 관한 Q방법론적 융합 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Ran;Seo, Sun-Youl;Jeon, Min-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
    • /
    • v.10 no.12
    • /
    • pp.143-149
    • /
    • 2019
  • Radiologist image perceived by radiology students plays important role for them in establishing a positive Radiology professionalism as well as having a satisfaction on their job. Thus, this study was conducted to examine the image of Radiologist perceived by both radiology students. Q-methodology was used for this study. 110 Q statements were extracted from qualitative survey from 110 radiology students. The selected statements were reviewed and revised by experts and 33 Q samples were finally selected. Then, 30 radiology students were recruited for this study and were asked to arrange the statement cards on a 9 point scale, which shaped a normal distribution. The data were then analyzed by using PQ method program. As a result, two types of Radiologist's images were explored: 'professional technology type', 'safety of patient type' The results of this study will be helpful to provide the direction that we have to pursue regarding educational and political perspectives.

Subjectivity about North Korean refugee : A Q-methodology Approach (북한이탈주민에 관한 주관성 연구 : Q방법론적 접근)

  • Ahn, Lee-Su
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.16 no.2
    • /
    • pp.37-45
    • /
    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the cognizance of North Korean refugee by applying Q methodology, as well as to provide preliminary data for improving North Korean refugee's image. The study process let P sample, the study participants, use Q-sorting methodology to sort Q sample, which is composed of statements. 18 participants sorted 32 statements and 3 types of North Korean refugee cognizance were produced as a result. Those types are 1(N=8), 2(N=6), and 3(N=4), which are type favorable, type whereas negative stereotypical, and type neutralist. Favorable types agreed to ensure North Korean refugee groups' rights as a general protection, whereas negative stereotypical types had strong discrimination and prejudice towards North Korean refugee groups due to lack of related knowledge. Furthermore, neutralist types showed an objection to negative stereotypes against North Korean refugee, but they did not entirely agree to North Korean refugee either. It is necessary to develop a detailed strategy to improve the social image of North Korean refugee.

Subjectivity about Sexual Minority : A Q-methodology Approach (성소수자에 관한 주관성 연구 : Q방법론적 접근)

  • Ahn, Lee-Su
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.527-539
    • /
    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the cognizance of sexual minority by applying Q methodology, as well as to provide preliminary data for improving sexual minority's image. The study process let P sample, the study participants, use Q-sorting methodology to sort Q sample, which is composed of statements from July 1 to 20, 2017. 21 participants sorted 32 statements and 3 types of sexual minority cognizance were produced as a result. Those types are 1(N=8), 2(N=5), and 3(N=8), which are type friendly human rights enthusiast, type whereas negative stereotypical, and type neutralist. Friendly human rights enthusiast types agreed to ensure sex minority groups' rights as a general protection, whereas negative stereotypical types had strong discrimination and prejudice towards sex minority groups due to lack of related knowledge. Furthermore, neutralist types showed an objection to negative stereotypes against sex minorities, but they did not entirely agree to homosexuality either.